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dent refuses to the House of Representatives the Papers respecting Diplomatick transactions-His interpositions in favour of the Marquis La Fayette -Takes the Son of the Marquis under his Protection and Patronage

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CHAPTER XIII.

The President calumniated-His Letter to Mr. Jeffer.

son-Statement of the Secretary of the TreasuryThe French Directory's attempt to control the American Government-Review of the transactions with France~ The President declares his resolution to retire from Publick Life—Mests Congress for the last time-Describes the Letters that had been forged—Attends the Inauguration of Mr. AdamsRetires to Mount Vernon—Threatening attitude of France-General Washington appointed Com. mander in Chief of the American Forces His opi. nion of Publick measures--His indisposition and Doath-Conclusion

166

LIFE

OF

GEORGE WASHINGTON.

CHAPTER VIII.

Arnold is appointed a Brigadier in the British Service and invader Virginia--Plan to capture him-Mutiny in the American Camp - Violence of the Pennsylvania Line-Order restored-Weak State of the army-The French Court grants a Loan to the United States—Exertion of the States to enable the General to open the Campaign-The French Troops march to the American Camp Plan to surprise the British Post at King's Bridge-Expedition to Virginia-Count de Grasse arrives in the Chesapeak-Yorktown besiegod—British Redoubts stormed— The British make a Sortio Lord Cornwallis attempts to escapo-He capitulates and surren. ders his Posts—Indecisive Action between the French and English Fleets—Sir Henry, too late, embarks his Troops for YorktownThanks of Congress to the American and French Commanders, and to the Army-General St. Clair despatched to Carolina--- The other corps of the Army return to the Neighbourhood of NewYork, and

go

into Winter Quarters.

1781. ARNOLD, having been appointed a Brigadier General in the British arry, was with about sixteen hundred men detached to invade Virginia. With his armed ships he sailed up James' river, and at Rich. mond and other places destroyed publick and private property to a great amount. He at length indicated a design to establish a permanent post at Portsmouth.

The French fleet since its arrival on the American coast had been blocked up in the harbour of Newport, and the land forces had remained inactive in that town. But about this time the British blockading squadron suffered by a violeni storm, and a temporary superiority was given to the French.

General WASHINGTON thought that a fair opportu

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