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Whose bounty soothes their sorrows. Rich thou art, | lightful a retreat. I wonder that no poet or romance Yet far less precious than that pearl of price
writer has made this scene the subject of a thrilling Which that fair princess treasured in her heart,
story. The day before the lid of their vast sepulchre Who fixed upon my Whole for her device.
fell, the people were as happy and secure as those of Marguerite of Valois, sure herself a pearl
Pompeii the night of the Vesuvian eruption--and much By name and nature, chose that golden flower,
more innocent. There had been great rains. Vast And sought not things below.'-Lo! where unfurl The banners of the Gospel, to its power
masses of gravel were loosened from the mountains, and With meek humility beltold her bend.
overwhelmed some rich vineyards. The herdsinen And like that flower, her eye still heavenward send !” came hurrying in to give notice that strange more
ments had been taking place, with alarming symptoms
of some great convulsion; that there were great fissures LITERARY NOTICES.
and rents forming in the mountain, and masses of rock Curiosities of Modern Trarel : a Year-Book of Ad falling, just as the cornice of a building might topple venture. BOGUE. 1847.
down in fragments before the whole wall tumbles. The Tus is a selection of some of the most striking inci
cattle were seized with terror, and probably perceiving
the trembling of the ground beneath their feet, fed dents to be found in recently published books of travels.
bellowing from the region. There is little in it which is not well known to those
“Nevertheless, there was no dream of what was to who are at all familiar with that description of reading; follow. The storm cleared brightly away, the sun rose but to those who have not had the opportunity of read and set on the 4th of September as a bridegroom; the ing many larger works of the class, it will no doubt be people lay down securely to rest, or pursued their so interesting, as giving a taste of almost every kind of customed festivities into the bosom of the night, with
the plans for to-morrow; but that night the mountain adventure to be encountered in modern travel. We
fell and destroyed them all. At midnight, a great roar select two specimens :
was heard far over the country, and a shock felt as of THE BCRIED TOWN OF PLEURS
an earthquake, and then a solemn stillness followed: “ A Spot, which was to me one of the most interest in the morning, a cloud of dust and vapour hung over ing in all my rambles, was where the village of Pleurs, the valley, and the bed of the Maira was dry. The river with about twenty-five hundred inhabitants, was over- had been stopped by the falling of the mountain across whelmed in the year 1613 by the falling of a mountain, its channel, and the town of Pleurs with the village if This terrific avalanche took place in the night, and was | Celano had disappeared for ever. All the excavations so sudden, complete, and overwhelming, that not only of all the labourers that could be collected failed to dis every soul perished, but no trace whatever of the village cover a single vestige of the inhabitants or of their or of any of the remains of the inhabitants could after- dwelling-places. The miners could not reach the cathe wards be discovered. The mountain must have buried dral for its gold and jewels; and there they lie at rest, the town to the depth of several hundred feet. Though churches and palaces, villas and hovels, priests, peasuta, the all-veiling gentleness of nature has covered both the and nobles, where neither gold, nor love, nor superstimountain that stood and that which fell with luxuriant tion, nor piety, can raise them from their graves, or vegetation, and even a forest of chestnuts has grown have any power over them."-Cheever's “ Pilgrim of amidst the wilderness of the rocks, yet the vastness the Jungfrau." and the wreck of the avalanche are clearly distinguishable. Enormous angular blocks of rocks are strewn and
BATUS OF LETK. piled in the wildest confusion possible, some of them “ IN coming from the Simplon up the Vallais to being at least sixty feet high. The soil has so accumu | Geneva, one passed the baths of Leuk, a little removed lated in the space of two hundred years, that on the from the Rhone. This hamlet, elevated 4500 feet above surface of these ruins there are smooth, grassy fields at the level of the sea, is shut in by a circular precipice intervals, and the chestnuts grow everywhere. A few that surrounds it like a mighty wall, up which you are clusters of miserable hamlets, like Indians' or gipsies' compelled to climb in steps cut in the face of the solid wigwams, are also scattered over the grave of the for- rock. Its hot springs are visited during the summer mer village, and there is a forlorn-looking chapel that months by the French and Swiss for their healinz might serve as a convent for banditti. The mountains effects. It is something of a task, as one can well rise on either side to a great height in most picturesque imagine, to get an invalid up to these baths. The trans peaks and outlines, and the valley is filled up with a portation is entirely by hand, and the terms are ragusnowy range at the north.
lated by the director of the baths. These regulations " It was a solemn thing, to stand upon the tomb of | are printed in French, and one relating to corpulent twenty-five hundred beings, all sepulchred alive. No persons struck us so comically that we give a transla efforts have ever discovered a trace of the inhabitants tion of it :-not a bone, not a vestige. The mountain that covers For a person over ten years of age, four porters are necesthem shall be thrown off at the resurrection, but never sary; if he is above the ordinary weight, six porters, but if he before. It was the Mount Conto that fell; the half that is of an extraordinary weight, and the commissary judges prewas left behind still rises abrupt and perpendicular | per, two others may be added, but never more. over the mighty grave. It is singular enough that the There are some dozen springs in all, the principal town was situated itself on the tomb of another village, one of which, the St. Lawrence, has a temperature of which had previously been overwhelmed by a similar | 124 degrees Fahrenheit. The mode of bathing is evcatastrophe. For that reason it was named Pleurs, The tirely unique, and makes an American open his eves at Town of Tears. From the times of old, as often as in first in unfeigned astonishment. The patient begins br Italy one city has been buried, another has been built | remaining in the bath the short space of one hour, and upon the very same spot, except, indeed, in the case of goes on increasing the time till he reaches eight huurk; Pompeii, so that it is no uncommon thing for the same four before breakfast and four after dinner. After each earth to be leased to the dead and the living.
l bath of four hours' duration, the doctor requires one “ The Town of Tears was one of the 'gavest, richest, | hour to be passed in bed. This makes in all ten hours laughing, pleasure-loving, joyous little cities in the per day to the poor patient, leaving him little time for kingdom. It might have been named Tears because it anything else. To obviate the tediousnese of soaking I had laughed till it cried. It had palaces and villas of alone four hours in a private bath, the patients all bathe! rich rentlemen and nobles; for its lovely and romantic | together. A large shed divided into four compartsituation, and pleasant air, attracted the wealthy fami: | ments, each capable of holding about eighteen persons, lies to spend, especially the summer months, in so de constitutes the principal bath-house. A slight gallery
is built along the partitions dividing the several baths, I larged works of the same character, still its contents for visitors to occupy who wish to enjoy the company are well arranged, written in an agreeable style, and to of their friends, without the inconvenience of lying in those of our young friends who wish to peruse the the water. This is absolutely necessary, for if eight leading events in the lives of Lord Rodney, Earl Howe, hours are to be passed in the bath and two in bed, | Earl St. Vincent, Lord De Saumarez, Lord Collingand the person enduring all this is to be left alone in wood, Sir Sidney Smith, and Lord Exmouth, will form the meantime, the life of an anchorite would be far a most acceptable present. They will find much to preferable to it. It is solitary confinement in the peni- amuse and a great deal more to instruct. tentiary, with the exception that the cell is a watery one. All the bathers, of both sexes and all ages and conditions, are clothed in long woollen mantles, with a
A NEW ZEALAND CHILF. tippet around their shoulders, and sit on benches ranged "NENE, or-as he is now more generally known by his - round the bath, under water up to their necks. Stroll | baptized name - Thomas Walker (Tamati Waka), is the into this large bathing-room awhile after dinner, the principal chief of the Ngatihao tribe; which, in comfirst thing that meets your eve is some dozen or fifteen | mon with many others, is comprised in the great beads bobbing up and down, like buoys on the surface assemblage of tribes usually called Ngapuis. The di the steaming water. There, wagging backwards and residence of this celebrated man is near the Wesleyan foraards, is the shaven crown of a fat old friar. Close mission station, on the banks of the river Hokianga; baide, the glossy ringlets of a fair maiden, while be- where he fully established his character, as the friend teen, perhaps, is the moustached face of an invalid and protector of Europeans, long before the regular
over. In another direction, grey hairs are 'floating colonization of the country. In common with most of 2 on the tide,' and the withered faces of old dames peer his countrymen, Nene was, in his younger days, cele!!Pover the flood.' But to sit and soak a whole day, even brated for his expertness in acts of petty pilfering; and
a company, is no slight penalty, and so to while away he himself will now laugh heartily, if reminded of his
be lazy hours, one is engaged in reading a newspaper, 1 vonthful tricks. On one occasion, when on a visit to - which he holds over his head : another in discussing a one of the missionaries at Waimate, a fine gander at
bit of toast on a floating table; a third, in keeping a tracted his attention, and he secretly ordered it to be 1 thered nosegay, like a water-lily, just above the sur-seized, and prepared for his dinner in a native oven ;
lace, while it is hard to tell which looks most dolorous, but, to prevent detection, the bird was cooked in its ce the withered flowers or her face. In one corner, two feathers. However, it was soon missed, and a rigorous Fin persons are engaged playing chess; and in another, inquiry instituted by its owner, but without success ;
Ihree or four more, with their chins just out of the until certain savoury steams arising from Nene's camp water, are enjoying a pleasant “ tête-à-tête" about the excited suspicion. To tax him with the theft, however, delectability of being under water, seething away at a wonld have been contrary to all the rules of New Zeatemperature of nearly 120 degrees, eight hours per day. | land etiquette; and the mystery of its disappearance
Persons making their daily calls on their friends are was not unravelled until the morning after he had e entering and leaving the gallery, or leaning over, en taken his departure, when the ill-fated gander was
gaged in earnest conversation with those below them. found concealed among the bushes; it having been not much etiquette is observed in leave-taking, for if found too touch for even a New Zealander's powers of the patient should attenipt a bow, he would duck his mastication. Some years after this, a chief of East head under water. Laughable as this may seem, it is Cape killed a relation of Nene's ; and, according to the Devertheless a grave matter, and no one would submit enstomary law in New Zealand of blood for blood,'
to it except for health, that boon for which the circle of Nene went in a vessel, accompanied by only one atten1 the world is made, the tortures of amputation endured, dant, to seek revenge. Landing near the spot where
and the wealth of the millionnaire squandered. The the chief resided, Nene entered his pah, called the => strictest decorum is preserved, and every breach of pro- murderer by name, and after accusing him of the crime,
prety punished by the worthy burgomaster with a fine deliberately levelled his gun and shot him dead at his Df two francs or thirty-seven and a half cents. A set offent, and then coolly walked away. Though in the regulations is hung a rainst the walls specifying the midst of his enemies, none dared to touch the avenger: manner in which every patient is to conduct himself all were paralyzed at his sudden appearance and deteror herself. As specimens. we give Articles 7 and 9, mined bravery. But Nene is no longer the thoughtless,
mich will also be found. in Mr. Murray's Guide- mischievous New Zealander: for many years he has book :
been playing a nobler part in the great drama of life; :Art. 7. Personne ne peut entrer dans les bains sans être / ana D
and his conduct has deservedly gained for him a lastPesitue d'une chemise longue et ample, d'une étoffe grossiere,
ing reputation. Some traits may be mentioned to his 17. Nous peine de deux fr, demande.
honour. About the year 1839, the body of an European Art. 9. La mame peine sera encourir par ceux qui n'en en was discovered on the banks of one of the tributary
ient pas, ou n'en sortiraient pas d'une maniere décente. streams of Hokianga, under circumstances which led to Translation. Art. 7. No one is permitted to enter these the suspicion that he had been murdered by a native wat die withont being clothed in a long, ample, and thick called Kete, one of Nene's slaves. A large meeting was edemise," under the penalty of a fine of two francs.
convened on the subject, and, the guilt of Kete being Am. 9. The same penalty will be incurred by those who do not enter or depart in a becoming manner.
established, Nene condemned him to die; the mur
derer was accordingly taken to a small island in the reat care is taken that everything should be done / river called Motiti, and there shot! So rigid were ently and in order,' and there is nothing to prevent ! Vene's ideas of justice! When Captain Hobson ar"ple from behaving themselves while sitting on rived, and assembled the chiefs at Waitangi, in order
ncs under water as well as above water.”-Headley's to obtain their acquiescence in the sovereignty of the dips and the Rhine."
Queen over the islands of New Zealand, the Governor
was received with doubt, and his proposals were at first The Wooden Walls of Old England :the Lives of annearance, the aspect of affairs was changed: Nene,
rejected; but when Nene and his friends made their Celebrated Admirals. By MARGARET FRASER TYTLER. ' bv his eloquence and by the wisdom of his counsel, I rol. Pp. 330. With Frontispiece. Hatchard. turned the current of feeling, and the dissentients were
is one of that numerous class of juvenile works / silenced. In short, Nene stood recognised as the prime Which the present generation abound, and al-agent in effecting the treaty of Waitangi. On another
no reason is assigned why this volume is occasion, his intervention was of great service to the sary, considering the many similar and more en- ! British authorities. After the flag staff at the Bay was
cut down by Heki, Governor Fitzroy proceeded to the disaffected district with a considerable body of military, thinking by a show of force to overawe the rebellious natives. A large concourse of chiefs was gathered together, and many speeches were made; but amongst them all the words of Nene were conspicuous for their energy. If,' said he, another flag-staff is cut down, I shall take up the quarrel,' and nobly has he redeemed his pledge. "During the whole course of the rebellion, up to the present period, he has steadily adhered to his purpose, and has on numerous occasions rendered the most essential assistance to the military. He fought in several engagements with the rebels, and each time has proved himself as superior in courage and conduct in the field, as he is in wisdom and sagacity in the council. The settlers in the northern parts of New Zealand are under the greatest obligations to this chief. But for him and his people, many a hearth, at present the scene of peace and happiness, would have been desecrated and defiled with blood; many a family, now occupying their ancient homes, would have been driven away from their abodes, exposed to misery and privation. Those settlers who were living near the disaffected districts, but remote from the influence and out of the reach of the protecting arm of Nene, have been driven as house. less wanderers to seek safety in the town of Auckland ; and such would most probably have been the universal fate of the out-settlers but for the courage and loyalty of this brave and noble chief."-From Angas's Sarage Life and Scenes in Australia.
Soft, as the shower from autumn trecs,
[In Original Poetry, the Name, real or assumed, of the Author, is printed in Small Capitals under the title; in Selections, it is printed in Italics at the end.)
A TRUE TALE.
By S. MWien, for these feeble days, we paint The pureness of some parted saint, Our praise is great-our faith is faint ! We dwellers in the vale below, Look to the far hills' lucid snow, Nor dream Man's footsteps there may go. Not Lore, up gazing, and at rest, Can reach the wonder of that crest, But toil,--stern, patient, undeprest. Yet even this deaf and faithless time Hlears some fair cadence of the chume, Which charmed to praver its holier prime; Fragments and trembling echoes, sent To souls for one brief season lent, And taken hence while innocent! For childhood, like the Church's morn, Of God's free spirit freshly born, Meets sin with strange and happy scorn ; Eyes, washed by no remorseful tear, Pure heart, and unpolluted car, What we believe, se see and hear!
SWEARING IN COURT. Lord Ellenborough's interruptions of counsel mal sometimes assume a jocular form. When Mr. Part (the late Justice Allan Park,) had been moved in one case that appealed to the feelings to repeated exclama tions, and had called hearen to witness, and so fort, while addressing the jury, “Pray, sir," said my Lori "pray don't swear in that way here in court." It cffect of this interruption, in a grave tone, was imme sistible, and Mr. Park heartily joined in laughing s! this unexpected practical pleasantry.--Townstads Lira of the Judges.
With folded hands and drooping head,
NB-A Stamped Edition of this periodical can be forwarde free of postage, on application to the Publisher, for the COATS nience of parties residing at a distance, prire 28. 6d. per quarter
Page Grisildis (with Illustration | The Emperor's Brother ...***
by Tenniel) ................... 337 A Christinas Party in the On ihe use of Ether ......... 338 Country, Chap. X. ** The Merchant (concluded). 340 | Literary Notices ........ ***** Frank Fairlegh; or, Old A New Zealand Chief Companions in New
POETRT:Scenes, Chap. XII. How
A True Tale................ Oaklands bruke his horsewhip ........................... 342 MISCELLANEOUS *******
PRET:n by RICROND CH , of Park Terrace, Highburn, in the
St. Marr, Islingten, at his l'rirting Otter, Nes i ar r est on the Parish of St. Nicholas Olare, in the City of London, and bTRAN> BAUTEN SRARre, of 1 strener Street ta the hori St. Sepulchre, in the City of London.-Saturday, March 9, 14.
The Ordeal's fatal trumpet sounded,
And sad pale Adelgitha came;
But, when he knelt to claim her glove,
For hapless Adelgitha's love.
Whose arms should now have set me free;
He rais'd his vizor-at the sight
It was, indeed, her own true knight.-Campbell.
A LITTLE TALK ABOUT BUCKINGHAM PALACE. PERCHANCE the reader is familiar with Vertue's ground-, "for the purpose of erecting and establishing certain plan of the Palace of Whitehall, or & well-engraved public offices.” This purchase was made soon after the bird's-eye view of that very interesting pile, "as it ap- birth of the heir apparent to the throne, George Augor peared about the reign of James the First." In either tus Frederick, at Kew, Aug. 12, 1762. Thenceforth
| until her death in 1818, Queen Charlotte resided : case, he may trace that, at the period above named, in
Buckingham House, alternately with Windsor auc the left distance, might be seen Arlington House, the i Kew: and nearly all her fourteen children were best mansion of Henry Bennet, Earl of Arlington, one of the ; here, this being, indeed, the private town residence of th: famous “ Cabal." This property was afterwards pur- king and queen; whilst St. James's, “ said to be th. chased by John Sheffield, Duke of Buckingham, who most commodious for royal parade of any in Europe. obtained an additional grant of land from the Crown, was used for drawing-roomis, levees, and state cerer pulled down the old mansion, and, at a short distance
nies. The domestic happiness of George the Thind and
'Queen Charlotte at Buckingham House, and their po 1 from it, built, in 1703, the large red brick edifice sub
sonal superintendence of the early education of the sequently known as Buckingham House. It was in the children. must have formed a delightful relief to tbe heavy, yet ornate, style of the time, the house and offices courtly splendour of St. James's ; whilst this retiremedi occupying three sides of a quadrangle; the red brick was important to the country ; for, it has been well oth and stone finishings, relieved by figures ; on the enta- served of the king, that “the decorum of his prin blature of the eastern front was inscribed in large
conduct was of much service to him, as well as probabit
efficacious in no slight degree in giving a higher tout gilt Roman capitals, “Sie siti lætantur lares;" and the
| to the public manners, and in making the domesti front to the north bore “Rus IN VRBE;" with sculp- virtues fashionable even in the circles where they are tural impersonations of the seasons. Pennant describes most apt to be treated with neglect." te mansion as " rebuilt in a most magnificent man. We may here mention that the wall of what rere ner." The duke has left a curiously minute picture of called the gardens of Buckingham House, formed on his mode of living at Buckingham House, in a letter to side of the main street of Pimlico: these gardens US. the Duke of Shrewsbury, of which Pennant cunningly | however, have been strangely neglected; for, in 18X7 says:-"He has omitted his constant visits to the they were described as consisting merely of a gare! noted gaming-house at Marybone, the place of assemblage walk, shaded by trees, with a spacious and unador of all the infamous sharpers of the time. His Grace area in the centre. In size and splendour, Buckingham always gave them a dinner at the conclusion of the sca: IIouse was rivalled by Tart Hall, long the depository son, and his parting toast was, May as many of us as of the Arundelian marbles : the latter mansion fate remain unbanged next spring, meet here again. I the park, on the present site of James-street ; its gande. remember the facetious Quin telling this story at wall standing where Stafford row is now built. Bath, within the hearing of the late Lord Chesterfield, We remember the dull, heavy, facade of Buckinghas : when his lordship was surrounded by a crowd of worthies House in 1826; the mansion itself stripped of its of the same stamp."
statues and sculptured ornaments, the fountain removed i The site of the mansion, and the grounds, was for and the basin in the lawn filled up in the taste tha: merly the once famous Mulberry Gardens: it must have I rushed from one extreme to the other_framt been a strange retreat. Defoe describes it, in 1714, as ornate to the taste which excluded ornament altogether:: “ one of the great beauties of London, both by reason of if we except the four fluted pilasters of the central por its situation, and its building." At the date of the old tion, and the semicircular colonnade connecting it with print we have spoken of, no buildings extended beyond the two wings, each having pilasters and a pedimen St. James's, to the left; the north was open to Hamp- the whole forming three sides of a quadrangle. Mr stead, and the view of the Thames almost uninterrupted Pyne, in his "History of the Royal Residences, " has left from the south-west corner of the park.
us a description of the interior, remarkable for its The Duke of Buckingham died in 1720: his duchess, plainness: the King had, however, assembled here a daughter of James II. by Catherine Sedley, lived here till large collection of pictures, and among them manr of her death. She was succeeded by the duke's natural son, | the works of his pet painter, Benjamin West: for his Charles Herbert Sheffield, on whom his Grace had entailed “ Regulus," the King paid one thousand guineas, s the property, after the death of the young duke, who liberal commission in those days, but now sometimes died a minor. It was purchased from Sir Charles by paid by our gentry, for a few sittings to a portrait King George the Third; and, subsequently,“ Buckingham painter. Of far greater consequence to the country House, now called the Queen's House," was, by Act of was the collecting of a magnificent library at Bucking. Parliament, settled on Queen Charlotte, in lieu of So- | ham House by George the Third. This collection he merset House, (settled in 1761 on the Queen Consort, bequeathed to the nation, and it is now deposited in a in the event of her surviving the King,) the latter edi. splendid apartment, built for its reception, in the British fice being vested in the Kins, his heirs, and successors, ! Museum. The public have, however, derived compara