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London Magazine:

A JOURNAL OF ENTERTAINMENT AND INSTRUCTION

FOR GENERAL READING.

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NATURE'S WITCHCRAFT.

benevolent disposition, gained him general love and

esteem. One of the most distinguished cultivators of science One day, at the beginning of July, 1736, he was seated in Paris, in the middle part of the eighteenth century, | in his study, preparing a lecture, when a country genWas the Abbé Nollet. He was the first to give to his | tleman, a landowner of Andelis, a village on the Seine, countrymen a popular account of the brilliant disco-was announced, requesting permission to ask the advice veries of Newton on Light; and he was associated with of the abbé on a point of importance. He was accomDufay in researches in Electricity, then occupying | panied by several domestics, among whom was one the attention of all Europe. His extensive acquire whose pale and anxious face displayed the terrors of his ments in natural knowledge, his simple eloquence, and mind. The gentleman briefly stated that, being in

VOL. IV.

Paris on business, he was surprised that morning by as a great service, if, on his return to Andelis, he would visit from his gardener, with the report that his garden collect as many of these nests as he could find, and pack was bewitched, and that, if means were not taken to them carefully in a box, and send them to his friend arrest the evil, his tenants feared the whole estate M. Réaumur, at Bercy, by the mail. This the garmight be similarly cursed.

dener promised to do, and the party took leave of the “What leads you to suppose that your garden is good abbé, well pleased with the result of their bewitched ?" asked the abbé.

visit. “My gardener here," said the proprietor," has brought At an early hour the next morning, the Abbé Noida me sundry rolls of leaves, which he says have been con- proceeded to Bercy, in the neighbourhood of Paris, cealed here and there under the surface of the ground. the house of his friend and benefactor, M. Réaumur, ibe I took them to my physician, who, though a very skilful celebrated naturalist, who was then engaged in the man in his profession, was unable to explain the matter; studies on the habits and economy of insects, which but recommended me to apply to you as more skilled have secured to him the reputation, which still atta ba in such things than himself."

to his name, of being the best observer of insects that “Let us see these rolls of leaves," said the abbé. ever lived."

Whereupon the gardener produced a small box, “You remember," said the abbé, “ our conversatica which he opened, and turned out upon the table some respecting some curious nests formed by insects ou half-dozen rolls of leaves, curiously twisted into cylin- of leaves, a single specimen of which was sent me inn ders, two or three inches long. The abbé looked at | Martinique.” them attentively, and inquired when they were found. “Perfectly,” said Réaumur, "and I have been anr: -*

“ The night before last, your reverence," said the ly looking for similar nests in our own country. My gardener.

rose-trees are visited every year by some insect which “How did you happen to find them ?" asked the abbé. cuts out circular and oval pieces from the leaves; bet 1

“Why, your reverence, I was cleaning up the garden, have never been able to find how they are und and, thinking the walks did not look so tidy as they although I have diligently dug up the ground all al ought to do, I determined to put down a little new the trees, and watched for hours, both by night as we gravel. While walking along them, and looking down, as by day.” my attention was caught by a number of holes. Stoop- “A very odd adventure happened to me yestenisy ing down to see the cause, I saw something green, like which I think will help you out of your difficulty, a leaf, sticking out. The gravel about it was very loose, the abbé; who then related the adventure of the pin and on removing some of the pebbles I saw one of these dener, and ended by placing a number of the real rolls. I had not to search far before I found a good before the delighted naturalist. many more."

“Thanks, my kind friend," he said, and proceeded “And you think these rolls are the work of a witch ?" once to examine his treasure. It consisted of a nili asked the abbé.

leaf, or rather of several large oval pieces of leaf of “Of a witch or a sorcerer," said the gardener, "and elm tree, perfectly dry and brittle ; on removing the the abbé of our village thinks so too, and recommends first two or three pieces, which appeared to form a holy water, and I don't know what."

outer case or envelope, about half a dozen little capo A slight blush and a smile pasaed over the Abbé were seen fitting into each other like so many thimble : Nollet's face at the latter remark. Perhaps he thought the smaller end of one passing into the larger opened! the Abbé of Andelis would not be a worse curé if he of the other, and forming altogether a sort of cylindi.fi knew something of natural history. "And why do you On pulling this apart, a large worm was discord think these rolls of leaves the work of a witch, or a sor lodged in a silken cocoon. cerer ?" he asked.

"Why, this is the nymph of a bee !" said Réard, “Oh, because I don't believe a man could make such "and I strongly suspect that this is the nest of a solitari things; and if he could, why should he bury them in bee hitherto unknown in this country. You master's garden, if it were not by way of a charm! The indeed, brought me a treasure. Yes! here is a : whole village is full of alarm about it, and something not so far advanced : it has not consumed all its les terrible will happen if your reverence cannot help us." bread." ?

“ Have you opened any of these rolls l" asked the “My honest gardener has engaged to send you sera abbé.

more of these nesta," said the abbé ; who did not to “God forbid !” exclaimed the terrified gardener, as long his visit, since he saw how eager his friend * if the very mention of the thing was as dangerous as study the specimens without interruption. the thing itself.

It is scarcely necessary to inform the reader that inserta “Well," said the abbé, “I strongly suspect these rolls provide for the continuance of their species by depin? are the work of neither witches nor sorcerers, but ing their eggs in some safe place, with food at hari simply of insects, and are, in fact, nests for their young. the sustenance of the young grubs as soon as they at I have in my possession some rolls not unlike these, hatched. In many cases, the parent insect consist : | which I know to be the work of insects. I will show a separate cell for each individual grub, filling it them to you." The abbé then opened a cabinet, and food, depositing a single egg in the midst of the text pulled out a sliding shelf, on which various insects, and then carefully sealing up the cell. in due timetheir nests and eggs, were arranged ; and among them some species not before the following spring,-them was a roll similar in construction, but not of the same is hatched and begins to consume the food provided size, as those which had excited the terror of our honest its careful mother; it grows rapidly, and fills up : gardener.

narrow cell in proportion as its food disappears. W811 “This," said the abbé, " is an insect's nest; now let nothing more is left to eat, the grub prepares for ": us open one of these which have caused you so much metamorphosis; it spins a silken shroud or mais alarm." Whereupon he pulled one apart, and a large white grub fell out before the astonished eyes of his

(1) His Mémoires pour serrir à l'Histoire des Insectes ese 1 company.

six thick quarto volumes, illustrated by numerous p ates. : The gardener's face, which before had expressed were published between 1734 and 1742, and contain the team terror and dismay, now suddenly changed to delight

numerous observations made principally in his own gan!

he kept insects of all kinds, for the purpose of studying the ha and surprise. He rubbed his hands, laughed, and ap- metamorphoses, &c. His style is somewhat diffuse, buit peared like a man who had just escaped from some | city of observation, ingenuity of means, and cautious decor heavy calamity. His master exchanged a smile with

they are perfect models for the naturalist, and possess al

charms of a romance for the general reader. the abbé, and the gardener was beginning to express

(2) Bee-bread is a mixture of honey and the pollen of Boris his gratitude, when the abbé told him he would do him | with which bees feed their young.

in which it entirely conceals itself, remaining perfectly at work. He had not long to wait, for, about noon on motionless and without food often during the whole the second day of his watch, he observed a bee alight vinter. It is now called a chrysalis, and is the transi. on a shrub near the rose-bush to which he chiefly tion state between a caterpillar with perhaps sixteen directed his attention, and, apparently finding every legs, powerful jaws, and a voracious appetite, and a thing quiet, the insect came over to the rose-bush, winged insect with six legs and a tube or proboscis placed herself beneath a leaf, seized with her two for sipping the nectar of flowers, or other liquid or mandibles the edge nearest to her, and cut it as easily juicy food. This is the imago or perfect insect, which as with a pair of scissors, advancing first towards the passes a short but active life, employed chiefly in principal nervure of the leaf, and then sweeping round providing for another generation, which she is des- again to its edge, soon detached a piece, with which she ined never to behold, for as soon as her nest is flew away. All this was done with as much rapidity as mon. plete, and all her eggs deposited, she falls a victim one could cut out a similar piece from a sheet of paper o the first cold of autumn. Such is the general outline with a pair of good scissors. of insect existence; there are many variations, it is true, M. Réaumur did not see this operation repeated more jut these need not occupy our attention here.

than two or three times during this season; but, in the As soon as M. Réaumur had received the promised | following spring, no sooner were his rose-trees in leaf, apply of leaf nests from Andelis, he examined them than he cast an eye upon them every time he went into ery minutely. Each roll contained six or seven little his garden, and, as soon as any of the leaves had been ups of equal size, all concealed under a common en- cut, he began to watch them : this was about the end of elope of leaves. These cups, as already noticed, fitted May, and he soon bad the satisfaction of frequently witDto each other, end to end, forming cells, each of which nessing the little artisans at work in collecting sections tas destined to shelter a single worm from the time of of leaves for their nests. During this season he made te birth until it had attained the perfect insect form, an immense number of observations, from which we nd containing also the proper supply of liquid honey, / select the following general reinarks :r bee-bread, for its nourishment. All this was done When a bee arrives at a rose-bush, it generally hovers Fith morsels of leaf skilfully arranged without paste or over it for some seconds as if to select a leaf. In the fiue, but simply by lapping over each other in a curved very act of alighting she seizes it between her mandibles, orto.

and begins to cut, not ceasing until the whole piece is The pieces which compose each cell are of nearly the detached. As the piece is cut, the bee bends it between ime shape. When cut from the leaf each piece is of her legs, and, when in the act of separating it from the ourse fiat, but the bee knows how to bend it to her leaf, she vibrates her wings; then, giving the final cut, urpose, and she even folds down a portion of each piece she falls through a few inches, recovers herself, and fies

0 as to form a base to the cell. Thrce similar and equal merrily away. The facility and precision with which . deces of a somewhat oval form are more than sufficient she cuts the different pieces, the oval, the semi-oval,

o form a cell three lines in diameter and about six lines and the circular, varying their size according to cirong. Strength is given to the cell by making the cumstances, are truly wonderful ; without any guide pieces which compose it lap over each other, and they but the instinct with which the Almighty has furnished kre retained in their places by the spring which they | her, she cuts out geometric figures in a position lequire in drying. A cell, however, of three pieces is | which one would think most disadvantageous to correct fot sufficiently strong to hold the grub securely, and workmanship. Without rule or measure, and even Srevent the escape of its liquid food ; the careful mother, without seeing the line along which she cuts, she is therefore, folds three more pieces round the cell, and able to tell at a distance from her nest the exact size of sdjusts them in the same manner, and sometimes three | the little circular lids to her honey pots, and also to or even six more ; so that it is not uncommon to find adjust the varying dimensions of the oral pieces for the & cell composed of twelve pieces of leaf, all of the same cells, and for their common envelope. dize, or nearly so, skilfully and artistically folded into ! But, before the little insect begins to form her nest, the form of a hollow cup, capable of holding liquid she must excavate a tunnel in the earth for its reception,

This is a work of great labour, in which she is entirely Nor is this all. The little pot of honey being placed unassisted (the male taking no part in the concerns of horizontally, a cover must be provided to prevent the the household). she has to dig and to remove much loose iquid from flowing out. As soon, therefore, as the earth before a nicely rounded cylinder is completed, bee has filled the cell with bee-bread, within about half proper to mould the leaves to the necessary degree of a line of the top, and has deposited an egg, she cuts out curvature. This being done, M. Réaumur supposed her a circular piece of leaf and fits it accurately into the proceedings to go on in the following order : she first open mouth of the cell. If one does not seem sufficient, lines the tunnel with leaves, which, in fact, form the be applies another, or even a third of these circular outer case or envelope of the pile of cells already plates, which are kept in their places by the slightly noticed. Entering the tunnel with the piece folded conical form of the cell. The rim of the cell projects between her legs, she spreads it out, pressing it careabove these covers, forming a slight hollow, into which fully against the sides; she repeats this process many the bee carefully inserts the base of a new cell which is times, always using large oval pieces, until a very comfinished as before ; and in this way she completes a pile pact lining is formed. She then proceeds to construct TslX or seven cells, forming a tolerably equal cylinder. the first cell at the bottom of this tube, and, having ally, she covers up these cells with an envelope completed it, goes out to collect the nectar of flowers, formed of larger pieces of leaf than those previously covering herself at the same time with pollen; she used, and thus the nest is complete.

elaborates the one in her stomach into honey, and dis. M. Réaumur found the bee-bread in the cells to be of gorging it into the cell mixes the other with it, thus a reddish colour, of a sweet yet acid taste, and as fuid forming her bee-bread. She next deposits an egg, and

then once more visits the tree to cut out a disk of leaf, quand on sait ce que l'on doit chercher à voir, et with which she stops up the cell. This cell being

peut voir, on a une grande avance pour y par- completed, and not before, a second is begun and mp, thought M. Réaumur on entering his garden, after finished in like manner, then a third, and so on until wing carefully examined the nests of the leaf-cutter the whole is finished.

He examined his rose-trees, and found that por. Although a great number of bees flew away every day as had been cut out of the leaves exactly correspond with their segments of leaves, M. Réaumur had not as % to the sections which composed the nests. He yet succeeded in tracing the locality of any one nest.

pore determined to watch during several hours at Were he able to follow a bee to her home he would not erent parts of the day, in hopes of seeing the insect l be able, it is true, to watch her proceedings in her dark

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abode; yet, by examining the nest when about half circumstances. It may also be stated that the grub is finished, some new circumstances might be developed quite white; that its cocoon consists of a thick si tending to confirm the view taken of the course of the silk attached to the sides of the cell. The enterior d? insect's proceedings in constructing her nest.

the cocoon is of a coffee-brown colour, but the interix M. Réaumur was one day at Charenton, watching, is a fine whitish silk, smooth and lustrous, like satis with the patience of a naturalist, a bee excavating a So that, should the leaves become damp and decay, the tunnel for her nest, when, happening to raise his eyes cocoons afford a warm and dry abode, in which their to the surface of a terrace near him, he saw something sect, in one of its states of worm, nymph, or perfect the green disappear in a crack between two badly joined | passes the whole of the winter. stones. On cautiously approaching the spot he saw fly out therefrom a beo of a larger size than the rose-leaf cutters. She flew to a voung chesnut-tree ten or twelve feet off, and cut out a large oval piece, with which she returned. She was soon out again for another piece, and in less than half an hour had made more than twelve excursions, returning laden each time.

SOME PASSAGES FROM THE JOURNAL OF As none of the pieces which the bees had cut were

A WILTSHIRE CURATE. circular, M. Réaumur judged that the nest was only just begun, and that no cell was yet finished. He therefore

[GOLDSMITH'S Vicar of Wakefield was first printed in determined to examine the work, to see if an outer case

London in the year 1772. This circumstance, but lite or envelope was really made first, as he supposed. The stones (below one of which the nest was situated) were

interesting to the generality of his readers, is merup covered with a grassy turf some inches thick, which mentioned, because it is possible that celebrated authtj; being removed, he gently disengaged one of the stones, took the first idea of his work from the British Magazm choosing for the purpose the moment when the bee had of 1766, which contains the Journal, or, more property quitted the nest, after having remarked that her jour speaking, some Extracts from the Journal of a pune neys occupied more and more time. As soon as the

Wiltshire Curate. The editor of the British Magazine stone was removed, the pieces of leaf were scen rolled up into a sort of tube which immediately sprung open

assures the reader of the undoubted authenticity of the when relieved from pressure, because, not having had

Extracts, which are not indebted for any of their bear:;!. time to dry, they still retained their natural elasticity. to poetical additions or embellishments. It was, however, perfectly evident, that nothing but the It is, however, difficult to establish this authentici outer case or envelope of the nest was as yet prepared. upon any other grounds than inward conviction; and Jl. Réaumur put everything in order as well as he could, | the kind reader is therefore requested to peruse these removed some of the loose earth which had fallen among the leaf cuttings, and carefully replaced the stone. He

extracts, in all faith and confidence ; perhaps he martens. had not time to replace the turf when the bee arrived : sufficiently pleased with them to regret that thes are she had no sooner entered her nest than she darted out, but extracts.] doubtless in alarm and amazement at the disorder and December 15, 1764.- This day I received from The confusion in which she found her household. Soon, Snarl, my rector, the sum of ten pounds sterling, bez however, she took courage, and returned ; and began to the amount of my half year's salary; but even us repair the damage, removing the loose carth by pushing hardly-earned pittance was not obtained without us it out with her hind legs. M. Réaumur watched her till doing much mortification. After waiting for those eight o'clock in the evening, when he was obliged to quarters of an hour, I was at last shown into the reams return to Paris.

| study. He was sitting in a large arm-chair at ks At the end of two days he returned to Charenton exwriting table; my money was really counted out hesitate pressly to see how the little architect was getting on him. He replied to my salute by a majestic nod, at with her nest. He arrived at about five o'clock in the removing for an instant the black silk cap which coven! evening, and saw her enter the chink without carrying his head. Certainly, there is a great deal of diga any leaf; he therefore thought it probable she was about him ; I always feel somehow as if I was afrak bringing in a supply of bee-bread. After she had gone him. I do not think I should feel more awe in the por out and returned two or three times without conveying sence of the king himself. The rector pointed to the any leaf, M, Réaumur removed the stone and found the money; and my heart beat powerfully when I attemy nest now to consist of a tube nearly five inches in to give utterance to a request for a slight increasi length. The leaves did not burst open as on the former | my miserable salary. Although this request had occasion, for they had taken in drying a permanent been prepared, and I had almost learned br rote the bend. On introducing a straw at the open end, it pene words in which I intended it should be proffered. We trated only to the third of its length, the remaining | my unconquerable mauvaise honte (which gives two thirds being evidently occupied with cells. The the feelings of a criminal, even when doing the w stone was again carefully readjusted ; but the bee, on re-innocent things) quite overcame me. I stammerei, turning, was evidently aware that all was not quite trembled ; thrice I began in vain; voice and me right, for she flew out in evident alarm; gradually, both deserted me: large drops of perspiration slow however, she took courage, and returned to her nest, upon my forehead. which in due time was filled with the usual number of " What is it you wish for?" said the rector, in a ? cells.

condescending manner. Such is the history of the leaf-cutter bee, for the " What I wish is .... every thing is so dear...1 knowledge of which we are indebted, first, to the sim- with my small income, in these bad times, I can searce," plicity of the gardener of Andelis, next to the enlight manage to live." ened and benevolent Abbó Nollet, and lastly, to the “Small income, Sir! What are you talking about genius and skill of M. Réaumur; and it is highly cre- / Why, I could find another curato for fifteen polhus ditable to this naturalist, to be able to state, that he a-year, any day I pleased !" made this history so complete, that little or nothing

te, that little or nothing * For fifteen pounds !-Well, if he has no family be has been added to it. Mr. Newport has recorded a might possibly manage to live upon it; but .... curious fact of one of these bees, which, being about to i I imagine your family is not increased, Sir! 104 construct her nest in a brick wall, and finding the hole have but two daughters ?" uneven, first carefully lined it with cotton, thus proving “ No, Sir, but they are growing up. Jane, the e that the insect can vary its proceedings according to l is not eighteen, and her sister Polly is twelve years ago

re

"So much the better. Can't the girls work for shillings; so that I have only two pounds, nine shilthemselves !

| lings, remaining, and with this I must keep house I was going to answer, but he interrupted me, rose for half a year. God help me! The beautiful black from his seat, walked towards the window, and, tapping suit, which tempted me so much in Cutby the tailor's the glass as he spoke, said, “Well, I have no more time window, must now be given up, though I am sadly in to waste. Consider whether you will retain the curacy want of it. To be sure, it was not dear, but Jenny must Fith a salary of fifteen pounds a year, and let me know. have a new dress. I cannot bear to see the poor girl If not, I wish you a better curacy by New-year's Day.” going about in a cotton gown this cold weather. Polly He bowed civilly, and raised again his cap.

must be satisfied with the merinos her sister wore last I rathered up my money, and took my leave. I was year, which she has turned and arranged for her so ympletely thunderstruck. Never before had he re- nicely. vived me so coldly, or dismissed me so hastily. Doubt-! I am sorry to say I must also give up my share in the less, he must bave heard something to my disadvantage. weekly paper which I have been in the habit of taking He never even offered me any luncheon, as he had al with Westburn, the bookseller. I regret this very rays done hitherto, and I had reckoned upon it, for I much; for without it, in this secluded place, one never eft Cricklade early without breakfasting, and now felt hears what is going on in the world. They say that at aint and tired; however, I bought some bread in the the last Newmarket Races the Duke of Cumberland Onn; and that was sufficient till I got home again. won five thousand pounds from the Duke of Grafton. How subdued and disappointed I felt, as I retraced my How curious it is, that we should thus, every day, see teps ! I wept like a child the bread I was eating the words of Holy Writ so literally fulfilled, “ To him ras moistened with my tears!.... At last, I roused that hath shall be given, and from him that hath not Dyself: "For shame!” I exclaimed; "shame upon this shall be taken oven that which he hath !” Even I weakness! Is this your trust in God? What more must lose five pounds from my poor little income!

ould you do had you lost the curacy itself? It is but But shame upon me, here I am again complaining ! : reduction of five pounds! though that is one-fourth and why? Because I must give up the luxury of a

if your little income, which must support three people; newspaper. Shame upon me! Surely I shall know .. nd though it is but a diminution of a few pence daily, soon enough, whether Paoli can maintain the inde

till it will deprive us of some of our little comforts! pendence of Corsica. The French have sent assistance And what then ?-He who clothes the lilies of the field, to the Genoese, but Paoli has at least twenty thousand He who feeds the young ravens, will not desert us !” veteran troops. However, it does not matter much to December 16.-Truly, my Jenny is an angel ! Her

me. mind is still more lovely than her person. I am quite December 18.-How happy we are all to-day! Jane shamed to see her so much better, so much more truly has bought an excellent second-hand winter dress from pious than myself.

a pedlar, wonderfully cheap, and there the two girls sit, I had not courage yesterday to tell the children of our working at it, as merry as possible. Jenny understands misfortune. When at last I mentioned it to them, Jane bargaining far better than I do ; indeed, 1 almost think became very serious; then smiling sweetly, “Do not be her sweet and winning manner makes people give her uneasy, dearest father," said she.

everything she wants on her own terms. How they are “ Not uneasy!"

both laughing as they work ! Jenny means to appear "No, indeed, you must not."

in it for the first time on New-year's Day; and Polly is “My poor child, how can we ever avoid debt 'and prophesying what wonderful conquests she will make. vant? I know not which way to turn. We want so No queen was ever so pleased with her diamonds, as many things and fifteen pounds will scarcely give us these two girls with this simple dress : but, after such bread!"

an expense, Jenny says we must be very economical. Instead of answering, Jane put one arm softly round What a worthy man is Westburn, the bookseller! I

deck, and, pointing with the other to Heaven, said, told him yesterday that I must give up the newspaper, * There, father—there we shall find help !”

because I had lost part of my income, and was not even My little Polly seated herself upon my knees, and, sure of retaining the curacy itself. He shook me kindly stroking my face, said, “Do let me tell you a dream I by the hand, and said, “ But I will continue to take it had last night. I thought it was New-year's Day, and

in, and you, my revered friend, will do me the favour of that the king, mounted on horseback, with all his court, I reading it as before.” One should never be tempted to came to our door. There was a piece of work! What despair; there are many more good men in the world 2 noise of drums and trumpets! What a clatter and than one thinks; and full as many may be met with confusion! Then we all set to work to roast and bake

ake, among the poor, as among the rich. .... However, the king had brought his own food in

18 own food in Same Day. Evening. The baker is a hard-hearted gold and silver dishes, and, when it was served, what man after all! The last time Polly went for bread, she should they bring in upon a crimson velvet cushion, found fault with it for being under weight, and badly but a golden mitre for you, just such a one as is on the baked : this offended him so bitterly, that he called her bishop's head, in the pictures in the old Bible. You

all manner of names, and ended by desiring she would looked very well in it, though I was ready to die with

tell me, although I am no longer a sixpence in his debt, laughter when you put it on. Just then Jenny woke

that he would not serve me upon credit, and that we me, which made me very angry. There must be some might get our bread elsewhere. meaning in such a dream, particularly when it only

iream, particularly when it only! Poor Polly! We had enough to do to console her! wants a fortnight to the new year."

I cannot make out how the inhabitants of Cricklade get “ Pooh! nonsense, child !" said I. “Dreams are all folly ?"

all their news. Every one in the village says that Dr.

Snarl is going to put another curate in my place. It “But," she answered, “ dreams come from God.”

would be the deati of me! The butcher must have I cannot help thinking so too, sometimes; 80 I have heard something of it. But for that, he never would noted this one down, to see if it was really sent to con- have sent his wife to me, to complain of the hard times, mole us. It is very possible we may receive some New- Land to tell me that, in future, he could only sell his Fear's gift, which may be welcome to us all !

meat for ready money. The woman was very civil, and :! have passed this whole day in calculating, though

repeated many times how greatly she esteemed and reIt is an employment I detest. All money matters puzzle my head, and leave my heart barren and empty, yet

oney matters puzzle spected us. She advised us to try Smith, for the small

(1) It must be remembered that our curate had probably a pro

| vision of corn meal, dried vegetables, fruit, and other necessaries pard, except one. I have paid away seven pounds, eleven stored away for winter use.

very heavy.

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