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med by information received from the inhabitants | humble part, the extraordinary invention of Mr. Babe northern parts of Brazil, Dr. Gardner is led bage actually substitutes mechanism in the place of ieve that the puncture which the vampire makes man. A problem is given to the machine, and it solves - skin of animals is effected by the sharp-hooked it by computing a long series of numbers following f its thumb, and that from the wound thus made, some given law. In this manner it calculates astronotracts the blood by the suctorial powers of its lips mical, logarithmic, and navigation tables, as well as ongue. That these bats attack man as well as tables of the power and products of numbers. It can inels is certain; for Dr. Gardner has frequently been tegrate, too, innumerable equations of finite differences,
the scars of their punctures in the toes of many and, in addition to these functions, it does its work nad suffered from their attacks; but he never met cheaply and quickly; it corrects whatever errors are aca recent case. The bats grow to a large size ; the ciilentally committed, and it prints all its calculutions ! r having killed some that measured two feet be. This grand invention of the age was, after much nego- the tips of the wings.
tiation, patronized by the British government, and Mr. EXTRAORDINARY MIRAGE.
Babbage gratuitously devoted the energies of his mind
to its completion; but the liberality of the state was out the middle of March, there was seen early in
not commensurate with the genius of the inventor. The norning, at Ulm, a mirage; the weither being
government had contracted for the machine originally and cold, and the sun rising brilliantly. From
submitted to its notice. During its progress, Mr. Babpint of the steeple of the cathedral of Ulm, rose a
| bage invented one more perfect and useful, the construcW ray, of a dark colour, almost vertical, with a ' tion of which required a fresh appeal to the Treasury, inclination to the west. Near this ray the image
which has been refused. “ Some Eastern monarch,” says e upper half of the steeple was designed, with its
a contemporary, “ intent upon glory, or perhaps, some , and all the numerous and delicate Gothic orna
democratic community in the far West, intent upon 3 which decorate it on every side. This image
gain, may welcome and naturalise this exile of mechano correct that it might have been mistaken for a
ism, and cheaply supply the navies of England with assentation made by the Daguerréotype; and the
tronomical and nautical tables to guide them through menon was repeated eight times.
the ocean." The Calculating Machine first named has “A BAD ROOM FOR HEARING.”
been placed in the museum at King's College, London. . J. Scott Russell has thus lucidly explained one
WEIGHT OF THE ATMOSPHERE. causes of bad qualities in the construction of a Pascal shows that all the phenomena and effects - He shows that in a large square room, of the hitherto ascribed to the horror of a vacuum, arise from
form, the reflexion of the same sound is carried to the weight of the mass of air; and after explaining the peaker's ear by different paths, and in different variable pressure of the atmosphere in different localities, ds of time; the result of which is the confusion of and its different states, and the rise of water in pumps, asive sounds and syllables with each other, and so he calculates that the whole mass of air round our globe olific cause of indistinct hearing. It requires an- weighs 8,983,889,440,000,000,000 French pounds. principle to afford the remedy for these evils,
ABSENCE OF SNOW IN SIBERIA. Mr. Russell believes to be quite new. He calls it rinciple of non-reflexion and lateral accumulation
There is in Siberia, M. Erman informs us, an entire e sound wave. It was originally suggested to him
| district, in which, during the winter, the sky is conbe observation of a similar phenomenon in the
stantly clear, and where a single particle of snow never of the first order in water. This wave he con
falls.-Arago. s to be the type of the sound wave ; and on exami
GIGANTIC BIRDS' NESTS. n, he finds experimental evidence of the same Mr. Gould describes the Wattled Talegalla, or Brush omenon in the latter wave. He has observed | Turkey, of Australia, as adopting a most extraordinary at angles below 45°, the sound wave is no longer | process of nidification. The bird collects together an letely reflected from the surface on which it im- | immense heap of decaying vegetable matter as a de28; and, that when the obliquity of the wave to the pository for the eggs, and trusts to the heat engendered ce is 60°, a phenomenon follows of total non-re- by decomposition for the development of the young. in, and the wave continues merely to roll along | The heap employed for this purpose is collected by the urface in a direction parallel to it. This fact fur | birds during several weeks previous to the period of :s a ready means to remedy the evils so often pro- | laying. It varies in size from two to four cart-loads, I by the reflexions, and echo, and interference of and is of a perfectly pyramidal. form. Several birds lin public buildings. Whereveritis possible to place work at its construction, not by using their bills, but r curved surfaces at such angles that the direction of by grasping the materials in their feet, and throwing bund shall be very oblique to the surface, it may be them backwards to one common centre. In this heap, lessly disposed of, and prevented from injurious the birds bury the eggs, perfectly upright, with the cion. This is exactly what the stalls of a choir, large end upwards; they are covered up as they are laid, side chapels of a cathedral, and the partitions and allowed to remain until hatched; when the young xes in an opera-house, do so successfully for build birds are clothed with feathers, not with down, as is of a large class. The same principle enables Mr. usually the case. It is not unusual for the natives to ell to explain the whispering gallery of St. Paul's obtain nearly a bushel of eggs, at one time, from a single h is circular), and another equally celebrated, men | heap ; and as they are delicious eating, they are eagerly d by Saunders, which is perfectly straight. The sought after, as well as the flesh. The birds principle also explains the conveyance of sound stupid, and easily fall a victim to the sportsman, and
the smooth surface of a lake, and over the flat will sit aloft and allow a succession of shot to be fired ce of a sandy desert; as well as the extraordinary at them until they are brought down. beration or accumulation of sound in some portions
DAVY'S VOLCANIO THEORY. uilding.
Potassium is lighter than water. It breaks into flame BABBAGE'S CALCULATING MACHINE.
the moment it touches water or ice. If plunged le construction of a calculating machine, which into water, there is no combustion, but hydrogen is
deserves the name, was reserved for our distin- discharged without turbulence or resistance. These ved countryman, Mr. Babbage. While all previous remarkable, but far from anomalous properties, sugivances performed only particular arithmetical gested to the teeming mind of the electro-chemist! itions under a sort of copartnery between the man Davy, the conjecture that the solid body of the world is the machine, in which the latter played a very composed of potassium and the metals that resemble
it; and that volcanized eruptions are produced by the
LORD ROSSE'S LEVIATHAN TELESCOPE. occasional incursion of the waters of the deep, or of the To the frame of this vast instrument is fixed a large great mountain-tanks, on the still domain of these at- cubical wooden box, about eight feet wide, in which lantic metals. The far greater part of the investigated there is a door, through which two men go in to remove, crust of the earth is certainly composed of such oxidated
or to replace, the cover of the mirror. To this box is fast. metals, and the specific gravity of the whole globe is ened the tube, which is made of deal staves, and booped supposed to be less than that of even the rocks ; so that like a huge cask. It is about 40 feet long, and a feet it is, at least, possible that there may be more of sound diameter in the middle. The Dean of Ely walke prediction in this sublime conception than the majority through the tube with an umbrella up! are inclined to think.-North British Review.
Dr. Scoresby, who has viewed the moon through this ATOMS OF THE ELEMENTS.
huge telescope, states that every object on the roads
surface, 100 feet high, may be distinctly seen. There are The fifty-five elements, in their simplest forms, are craters of extinct volcanoes, rocks, and numberlen considered as minute particles, points, or atoms, each, | masses of stones : but there are no signs of habitaties according to its elementary nature, endowed with spe | --no vestiges of architectural remains--to show that the cific properties. So minute, indeed, are the parts of moon is, or ever was, inhabited by a race of morals these elements in their ultimate state of division, in similar to ourselves. It presents no appearance wlich which condition they are usually termed atoms, as to can lead to the supposition that it contains anything elude all our powers of inspection, even when aided I like the green fields and lovely verdure of this beantiful by the most powerful microscopes. Who can see the world of ours. There is no water visible; not a sea, er particles of gold in a solution of that metal in aqua | river, or even the measure of a reservoir for supplying regia, or those of common salt when dissolved in town'or factory: all seems deso water? That respected veteran of science, the celebrated
NUTRIMENT IN COFFEE. professor of chemistry in the University of Glasgow, has
M. Rayen, from elaborate experiment, shows that estimated the bulk of an ultimate particle, or atom of
coffee slightly roasted is that which contains the mailead, as less than an au mom oth of a cubic inch; and I imum of aroma, weight, and nutrition. He declares concludes that its weight cannot exceed the 10.000.000. Om
coffee to be very nutritious, as it contains a large quan
310,000,000,000th of a grain |--North British Review.
tity of azote; three times as much nutriment as tea;
and more than twice the nourishment of soup (bouillosi “ FOOTSTEPS BEFORE THE FLOOD."
Chicory contains only half the nutriment of cotite. “ The historian." says Dr. Buckland. “ may have pur- | M. Rayen has also succeeded in obtaining from coffee sued the line of march of triumphant conquerors, whose an extract in the form of a white crystalline substance, armies trampled down the most mighty kingdoms of capable of giving a deep green colour to five thousand the world. The winds and the storms have utterly | times its weight of water or spirit. obliterated the ephemeral impressions of their course.
THE DOOM OF OUR WORLD. Not a track remains of a single foot, or a single hoof, of What this change is to be, we dare not even conje all the countless millions of men and beasts, whose pro- | ture : but we see in the heavens themselves some true gress spread desolation over the earth. But the reptiles of destructive elements, and some indications of their that crawled upon the half-finished surface of our infant
power. The fragments of broken planets the destent planet, have left memorials of their passage, enduring
of meteoric stones upon our globe the wheeling comtis and indelible.” As a moral lesson, the remark is beau
welding their loose materials at the solar furnace the tiful and appropriate.
volcanic eruptions on our own satellite--the appearance VELOCITY OF LIGHT.
of new stars, and the disappearance of others-are al
foreshadows of that impending convulsion to which the Light moves through a space equal to the circum
system of the world is doomed. Thus placed on a planes ference of the earth in the eighth part of a second-in the twinkling of an eye. Could an observer, placed in
which is to be burnt up, and under heavens which are
to pass away; thus treading, as it were, on the cemeteries, the centre of the earth, see this moving light as it de
and dwelling in the mausoleums of former worlds, let scribes the earth's circumference, it would appear a
us learn the lesson of humility and wisdom, if we have luminous ring, that is, the impression of the light, at
not already been taught it in the school of revelation.the commencement of its journey, would continue on the retina till the light had completed its circuit. Nay,
North British Review. since the impression of light continues longer than the
PREDICTION OF THE WEATHER. fourth part of a second, two luminous rings would be M. Arago is decidedly of opinion that the influences seen, provided the light made two rounds of the earth, of the moon and of comets on the changes of the weatha and in paths not coincident.—North British Review. are almost insensible; and, therefore, that the prediction
of the weather can never be a branch of astronoms, TEMPERATURE OF LONDON AND ITS ENVIRONS.
properly so called. And yet, our satellite and connets According to Howard, the mean temperature of Lon | have, at certain periods, been considered as prepos don exceeds that of the neighbouring country about derating stars in meteorology. Again, M. Arago be 1° 8' Fahr.
lieves that he is in a condition to deduce from bis DISTANCE OF THE EARTH FROM THE FIXED STARS.
investigations this important result:- Whatert pray
be the progress of the sciences, never will obserrera, eko The light of the sun takes 160 minutes to move to
are trustworthy, and careful of their reputation, rektan the Georgium Sidus, the remotest planet of our own
to foretell the state of the weather solar system ; and so vast is the unoccupied space between us and the nearest fixed star, that light would
CHANGE IN THE LEVEL OF THE CASPIAS SEA. require five years to pass through it. But, as the tele- One of the most singular features in the ancient estscope has disclosed to us objects many thousand times dition of the surface of the globe which modern te more remote than such a star, the creation of a new star searches have brought to light, is that exhibited by the at so great a distance could not become known to us region around the Caspian; affording the most [D for many thousand years, nor its dissolution recognised equivocal proofs of great changes in the relative leite for the same length of time. Had the fleet messenger of the land and water at a period geologically retail that was charged with the intelligence of its birth, or | Over a vast region, a calcareous argillaceous depacel its death, started at the creation of the world, he would, exists in nearly horizontal stratification, abounding in at the present time, be only nearing our own planetary fresh-water shells and others analogous to, and ta system.--North British Review,
I great extent identical with, species now living in the Caspian, attaining, in some places, a thickness of 300 | Hampden, Lord Falkland, and Clarendon (a somewhat feet; which appears to prove that, at the time it was heterogeneous trio !) are "going on as well as can be exdeposited, there existed an inland sea, of brackish pected" under the bands of their respective sculptors; water, exceeding in size the present Mediterranean, and that eighteen brazen barons and prelates (we could and of which the present Caspian is the diminished scarcely have imagined so many, unless living specimens relic. The President's Address to the Geological Society, I may be included) are to occupy the niches prepared for 1846.
them in the new House of Lords, at the cost of 2,7001. INSIGNIFICANCE OF MAN.
- a very moderate sum, it must be confessed, when we The Earth is 8000 miles in diameter; the atmosphere
consider that it allows only 1501. for each individual, is calculated to be 50 miles in altitude; the loftiest
taking the clerical with the lay. We are told that, “it mountain peak is calculated to be 5 miles above the
has been thought advisable to keep principally in view level of the sea (for this height has never been visited
the expression of some specific idea, and its illustration by man); the deepest mine that he has formed is 550 |
| by some well-known historic or poetic incident adapted yards; and his own stature does not average 6 feet.
for representation in painting.” To judge how far these Therefore, if it were possible for him to construct a good intentions have been carried out, we cannot do globe 800 feet-or twice the height of St. Paul's Cathe
better than extract the following observations from one dral-in diameter, and to place upon any one point of
of our leading journals. After mentioning that Marlits surface an atom 1-4380th of an inch in diameter,
borough and Nelson have been selected to fill two out of and 1-720th part of an inch in height, it would cor
four pedestals in St. Stephen's Porch, while the comrectly denote the proportion that he bears to the earth
partments intended for painting are proposed to be upon which he stands.-Griffiths's Chemistry of the Four
dedicated to Peace and War; the article proceeds thus :
“The subjects recommended for the decoration of the Seasons.
Hall of St. Stephen's are, on the whole, dignified and APPROACH OF ICEBERGS.
appropriate. An early Trial by Jury, the Signing of Icebergs sometimes cover immense spaces ; we may, | Magna Charta, and the Privileges of the Commons, therefore, suppose that they sensibly disturb certain asserted by Sir Thomas More against Cardinal Wolsey, zones of the oceanic temperature, and then, by means are all calculated to keep in recollection the origin of of communication, the temperature of islands and con many of the liberties that are to this day enjoyed. The tinents. Thus, on March 28, 1818, in 41° 50' north corridors, from the Central Hall, it is proposed to delatitude, 53° 13' longitude west of Paris, Captain Vivian corate with paintings illustrative of the great contest felt, during the whole day, an excessively cold wind which commenced with the Long Parliament. In order blowing from the north, which led him to suppose that to accommodate prejudices which may still be in existice was approaching. And, in fact, on the following ence, an attempt has been made to do justice to the day, he saw a multitude of floating islands, which occue heroic virtues that were displayed on both sides.' Thus, pied a space of upwards of seven leagues. “Many of we have a little Royalism on one hand, balanced by a these lands,” says he, “were from 200 to 250 English little Republicanism on the other; but the latter, as it feet high above the water."
ought to be, is kept considerably subdued. The CenDECAY OF THE TEETH.
tral Corridor shall, it is proposed, illustrate the gradual Mr. Alexander Nasmyth considers that, in addition
progress of our institutions by paintings, exhibiting to the ordinary diseases of the teeth. called decay. the the contrast between me extremes of ignorance and effeminacy of social life the almost exclusive and un enlightenment which Britain has experienced. We remitting exercise of the mental faculties, and a con
have Cook in Otaheite proposed as a corrective to the sequently superinduced morbid, nervous susceptibility,
Phænicians in Cornwall; a Druidical sacrifice debited cause disease to appear in the sockets of the teeth,
to us, and, on the credit side, the English authorities which produces their expulsion, although the bodies of
preventing the sacrifice of a Suttee; while the exposure the teeth themselves may be perfectly sound. That
of Anglo-Saxon captives in the Roman market-place is peculiarity, of which both modern and ancient social
met with a set-off in the emancipation of negro slaves. life affords abundant examples, is frequently found to
We next come to the Upper Waiting-hall, where it is have existed in the sockets of the ancient Egyptians,
suggested that Chaucer, Spenser, Shakspeare, Milton, but never to have been observed in races of men who
Dryden, and Pope, shall be admitted. That the poets have followed a natural course of life.
should be confined to the Ante-Chamber, as if waiting for national patronage, is but too much in accordance with historical truth ; but if accuracy is affected in a
matter in which the nation has so much reason to feel DECORATIONS OF THE NEW HOUSES OF
ashamed, we must protest against the doubtful taste of
proposing as subjects of historical paintings for the PARLIAMENT.
decoration of the Royal Ante-Chamber and the Royal THERE are few of our readers, it may be presumed, who Gallery, events that history altogether repudiates. have not, ere this, paid a visit to the new and magnificent Eleanor sucking the poison from the wound in her huspalace in which the peers of Great Britain and Ireland | band's arm is a pretty incident for a romance, but, are destined, we trust, through future ages, to deliberate unfortunately, it is almost certain that this heroic act of in their wisdom, on all matters touching the weal and suction was never performed. Raleigh spreading his woe of this great kingdom. And amongst these numer-cloak as a carpet for the Queen forms a pleasing subject ous visitors we can scarcely imagine one in any degree for an anecdote of gallantry, but its interest is destroyed capable of appreciating such things, who has not left when we remember that in all probability the thing this splendid creation of architectural genius equally never occurred. surprised and delighted by the taste and judgment " The only point of controversy which appears to which could plan, and the skill which could execute, a have divided the cominissioners, or rather to have cut whole so perfect even in its minutest detail. Consider- off Sir Robert Inglis from the main body, has been his ing, however, that the fine arts are certainly not indi. dissent from a resolution of his colleagues, to substitute genous to our country, we cannot but feel some little Henri de Londres, Archbishop of Dublin, for William, anxiety with regard to the decorations which are to | Bishop of London, who was originally elected one of the complete this monument of pational taste in the nine- eighteen metal notables intended to fill the niches in the teenth century; and we have therefore read, with much | House of Lords. Sir Robert Inglis has gone into a interest, the report which the commissioners entrusted | learned disquisition to show that Henri de Londres was to decide upon these embellishments have just put less worthy than William to occupy a niche in the wall forth. It is, no doubt, satisfactory to learn, that within the new palace at Westminster. While giving
I'm so glad I fixed on Nancy!
They all loved me-how intensely Maiden ladies only knowOh, I pity them immensely, They have much to undergo! Such devotion, such attention, Whispers, blushes, smiles, and tears; But 'tis hardly fair to mention All they do, poor little dears!
Nancy's hit the proper medium,
every credit to the hon. baronet for his research into the character of Henri de Londres, we must candidly confess that the elaborate disquisition reminds us of the six-sheet octavo pamphlet, written by some enthusiastic syncretic to try and solve the doubtful question whether the husband of the nurse in Romeo and Juliet really was a “ryghte merrie manne.' Sir Robert has discovered that Henri went by the uncomplimentary nick. name of Scorchvillain, from which it may be presumed that he was a desperate firebrand, and that consequently William of London ought to be preferred. Sir Robert is, however, in a minority, and Scorch villain is destined to shine out from a nook in the House of Lords.”
Let it not be supposed, however, from what has been here quoted, that we wish to speak in an unfriendly spirit of the labours of the Commissioners of Fine Arts, so far as they have gone. We do full justice to the taste and liberality displayed by them in their management of the important matters confided to their care ; and we rejoice especially in the encouragement given to British artists by the principle of competition which they have adopted. The revival of the old art of fresco-painting, which has been in a great measure accomplished, in this country, under their auspices, is sufficient in itself to entitle them to the thanks of the present generation of their countrymen; and their selection of this style of painting for the decoration of these “storied" walls is most judicious. The subdued colouring harmonizes well with the rich tint of the oak, and the somewhat liberal proportion of gilding by which it is relieved, while it avoids entirely the gaudy effect which must have been produced by the stronger contrasts of oil painting. True it is that fresco requires the utmost correctness of outline, and that any defect in drawing obtrudes itself painfully upon the eye, when deprived of the veil which might be thrown over it by more brilliant colouring. This observation is exemplified in the large fresco which already decorates the House of Lords. The figure of Ethelbert appears to us decidedly faulty, the head being unnaturally small, and the stoop of the shoulders awkward in the extreme; and the hands of the otherwise beautifully drawn figure of St. Augustine are so ill defined by the shading, as to render it difficult to distinguish whether it is the right or left hand which he is about to place on the head of the king who kneels before him. These, however, are defects which belong not to the style, but to the indi. vidual artists, and when time and experience shall have matured their efforts in this so lately revived art, we do not despair of their producing frescos of sufficient merit to entitle them to a place in the magnificent Hall of St. Stephen.
How I wooed her, how I pressed her,
When she plays I'll turn the leaves, and
Every moment play the lover,
Happy then, thrice happy we, love,
[In Original Poetry, the Name, real or assumed, of the Author, is printed in Small Capitals under the title; in Selections, it is printed in Italics at the end.)
N.B.-A Stamped Edition of this periodical can be forwarded free of postage, on application to the Publisher, for the coare nience of parties residing at a distance, price 2s. 6d. per quartei.
LAYS OF MARRIED LIFE,
(Illustration by Weigall). 3 Curiosities of Science......... The Action of Water......... 3 Decorations of the New The Maiden Aunt, No. IV.
Houses of Parliament... --Chap. III.................... 373 | POETRY:-The Last Years of the Last Lays of Married Life, No.
Saxon King. ................. 377 | 1.-The Wedding Day ... 584
PRINTED by RICHARD CLAY, of Nos. 7 and & Bread Street Hill in
Parish of St. Nicholas Olave, in the City of London, at has triating 03 at the same place, and published by THOMAS BOWDLRR SHATT, Skinner Street, in the Parish of st. Sepulchre, in tbe City of Loode Saturday, October 9th, 1847.