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receive his own reward, ιδιον μισθον ληψεται κατα according to his own la- τον ιδιον κοπον. bour.
9 For we are labourers 9 Θεου γαρ εσμεν συνερtogether with God: ye are γοι Θεου γεωργιον, Θεου οιGod's husbandry, ye are κοδομη εςε. God's building.
10 Αccording to the 10 Κατα την χαριν του grace of God which is Θεου την δοθεισαν μοι, ως
sou are dossia given unto me, as a wise
σοφος αρχιτεκτων θεμελιων master-builder, I have laid
τεθεικα: αλλος δε εποικοδοthe foundation and another buildeth thereon. But let μει” έκαςος δε βλεπετω πως every man take heed how εποικοδομει. he buildeth thereupon.
11 For other foundation 11 Θεμελιον γαρ αλλον can no man lay, than that ουδεις δυναται δειναι παρα is laid, which is Jesus τον κειμενον, ος εςιν Ιησους ο Christ.
Χριςος. 12 Now if any man 12 Ει δε τις εποικοδομει επι build upon this foundation, τον 8ημελιον τουτον, χρυσον, gold, silver, precious αργυρον, λιθους τιμιους, ξυλα, Stones, wood, hay: stubble: γορτον, καλαμην
Ver. 9.-1. Ye are Goi's field. (Beza, arvum.) The word gewpgoor, is used to signify a field, Prov. xxiv. 30. LXX. It may likewise signify a vineyard, or any piece of ground that is under cultivation. See Isa. v. 1, 2. where the Jewish nation is called God's vineyard. The metaphor is aptly used to denote the pains which the ministers of religion, God's labourers, ought to take for making their people fruitful in goodness.
2. God's building. The original word, orxadoun, denotes the act of building, but here it signifies the building itself. The building which God reared by his labours, was the great temple of the Christian church. This metaphor, the apostle prosecutes in the subsequent part of the chapter ; baving discussed the metaphor of the field in the preceding part, where he speaks of his own planting, and of Apollos watering, and of God's making to grow.
Ver. 10.-1 According to the grace of God. This I take to be the grace of apostleship, spoken of, Rom. i. 5. 1 Cor. xv. 10. Gal. ii. 9. See also 2 Cor. vi. 1. xii. 9.
2. As a skilful architect. The word 6000s, literally signifies wise : but it is also used to clenote skilful in any art or business. Exod. xxxi. 3. I have filled him with the Spirit of God, in wisdom, anu in knowledge in all manner of workmanship.
ceive his proper reward, shall receive his proper reward, acaccording to his proper cording to his fidelity in his proper labour.
labour, and not according to his suc
cess in labouring. 9 (ree, 93.) Wherefore, 9 Wherefore, we teachers are joint we are joint labourers of labourers belonging to God. Ye the God. YE ARE God's field, people are God's field, which he emye are Gods building. ploys us to cultivate. And, to use
another similitude, ye are God's building, which he employs us to
rear. 10 According to the 10 According to the grace of aposgrace of God' which is tleship, which I have received of given to me, as a skilful? God, like a skilful architect, I have laid architect, I have laid the the foundation of the temple of God foundation, and another at Corinth properly, by preaching buildeth thereon. But let that Jesus is the Christ,(See ver.11.) every one take heed how and the false teacher buildeth thereon ; he buildeth thereupon. but let every teacher take heed how he
buildeth thereon: let him take heed that the superstructure which he
rears, be suitable to the foundation. 11 For other founda- 11 For other foundation of God's tion no one can lay,' ex- temple, no teacher, if he teaches cept what is laid, which is faithfully, can lay, except what is laid Jesus the Christ.
by me, which is Jesus the Christ, pro
mised in the scriptures. 12 Now, if any one build 12 Now, if any teacher build on the en this foundation, gold, i foundation Christ, sincere disciples, silver, valuable ; stones, represented in this similitude by
gold, silver, valuable stones ; or if he buildeth hypocrites, represented by wood, hay, stubble,
Ver. 11.–1. Other foundation no one can lay. In this place the apostle speaks not of the foundation of a system of doctrine, but of the foundation of the building or temple of God, consisting of all who profess to believe the gospel, as is evident from ver. 9. 16, 17. Of this great temple, Jesus Christ is called the foundation, because on him as the Christ or Son of God, the whole fabric rests. Hence all believers are said, Ephes. ii. 20. to be built upon the foundation of the apostles, and prophets, Jesus Christ himself being the chief corner stone. See Isa. xxviii. 16.
Ver. 12.-1. Build on this foundation gold, &c. As the apostle is speaking of the Christian churcb, consisting of believers of all nations, of which
13 Every man's work 13 'Exazov To epyov Qushall be made manifest. Vepov yevmOETAL in yap nuepa For the day shall declare Snawoel, óti εv avou anoxait, because it shall be
QUATETAL xal éxagov TO Eprevealed by fire; and the fire shall try every man's yov OTTOLOV E51, TO Aup doxiwork, of what sort it is. Maoal.
14 If any man's work 14 EL TIVOS TO Epyov uaabide which he hath built veló EnQxodounde, ulodov thereupon, he shall re- anvetai. ceive a reward.
15 If any man's work 15 E TIVOS TO Epyov shall be burnt, he shall xaraxanoetar, nuwInOeTAL suffer loss: but he him- autos de owSnoetai, Štos de self shall be saved; yet so, ós dia rupos. as by fire.
foundation, called gold, silver, &c. cannot represent the doctrines, but the disciples of Christ : So Jerome, Theodoret, and Vecumenius thought. Besides, in no passage of scripture, is the temple or church of God said to consist of the docuines, but of the disciples of Christ, who are called living stones built up a spiritual house or temple, 1 Pet. ii. 5, 6.
Ver. 13.-1. It is revealed by firc, That the fire of which the apostle speaks, is the fire of persecution, I think evident from 1 Pet. iv. 12. where the persecution to which the first Christians were exposed, is called cupris, a burning among them, which was to them for a trial.- According to the common interpretation of this passage, the doctrine which one teaches, is called his work. But in that case I wish to know, how doctrines can be tried by the fire either of persecution, or of the last judgment; or how they can be burnt by these fires. To introduce doctrines into this passage, quite destroys the apostle's imagery, in which he represents the whole body of those who then professed to believe in Christ, as formed into one great house or temple, for the worship of God; and that temple, as soon to have the fire of persecution thrown upon it. And therefore, if nominal believers, represented by wood, hay and stubble, were by any teacher built into the church, the fire of persecution would discover them ; because, as parts of the church, they would soon perish by apostacy. The false teacher at Corinth, had in this respect been very blameable, by complying with the passions and prejudices, both of the Jews and Gentiles : and by encouraging them in their sins, had allured into the church at Corinth, a number of wicked men, particularly the person who was guilty of incest, and others who denied the resurrection of the dead, whereby he had corrupted the temple of God, ver. 17.
Some of the fathers, perceiving that the apostle in this passage spake, not of doctrines but of persons, supposed that the fire which was to try every one's work, was the fire which is to happen at the day of judgment. And therefore, as the apostle speaks of persons, whose work was to be burnt,
13 Everyone's work 13 Every teacher's disciples shall shall be made manifest : be made manifest in their true chafor the day will make it racters: for the day of persecution plain, because it is reveals which is coming on them, will make ed by fire ;' (xel, 212.) and every one's character plain, because it 80 the fire will try every is of such a nature as to be revealed one's work, of what sort by the fire of persecution ; and 80 it is.
that fire falling on the temple of God, avill try every teacher's disciples, of
what sort they are. 14 If the work of any 14 If the disciples which any one remaineth, which he teacher has introduced into the church, hath built upon THE FOUN- endure persecution for the gospel DATION, he shall receive without apostatizing, such a teacher a reward.
shall receive the reward promised to them who turn others to righteousness, (Dan. xii. 3.)
15 If the disciples of any teacher, one shall be burnt, he will shall, in time of persecution, fall suffer loss : himself, how away through the want of proper ever, shall be saved, yet so instruction, he will lose his reward : as (doc trup) through a he himself, however, having in genefire.
ral acted sincerely, shall be saved ; yet, with such difficulty, as one is saved, who runs through a fire.
but themselves saved, they fancied that all men, the righteous as well as the wicked, are to be burnt in the general conflagration ; that the separation of the righteous from the wicked is thereby to be made ; that the wicked are to be consumed ; and that the righteous are to suffer, some more, some less, according to their character. The passages of the fathers to this purpose, Burnet hath collected, De Stat. Mort. ch. vi But the Romish clergy, perceiving that this doctrine, properly managed, might be made an inex. haustible source of wealth to their order, have represented this fire of pur. gatory as lighted up from the very beginning of the world, and have kept it burning ever since, and have assumed to themselves, the power of detaining souls in that fire, and of releasing them from it, according to their own pleasure ; whereby they have drawn great sums of money from the ignorant and superstitious.
Ver. 15.-1. Yet so, as dice que , through a fire. This, as Elsner observes, is a proverbial expression, for one's escaping some evil with great difficulty, Psal. Ixvi. 12. Alan Jouey dece trupo xed dose udaro, We went through fire and through water ; that is, we were in the greatest danger.-Isa. xliii. 2. Wben thou walketh through the fire, thou shalt not be burnt.-- Amos iv. 11. re were as a fire brand plucked out of the burning.- Jude ver. 23. Snatching them out of ibe fire. See the note on that verse.
Ver. 17.-1. If any one, o Feigel, destroy the temple of God. Here the apostle describes the sin and punishment, not only of such teachers as from worldly motives, allure bad men into the church, or continue them in it, by wilfully perverting the doctrines and precepts of the gospel ; but also of those hypocrites who, for worldly ends, intrude themselves among the faithful, and put on a great shew of godliness. Whereas, in ver. 15. he describes the sin of those teachers, who introduce bad men into the church, by igno. rantly misrepresenting the doctrines and precepts of the gospel.--The expression in this verse, If any one destroy the temple of God, being general, is no doubt applicable to any false teacher and hypocritical Christian, who spoils the temple of God. Nevertheless, I agree with Locke in thinking, that the apostle, in this passage, had the false teacher and the faction at Co. rinth more particularly in his eye, who had spoiled the temple of God in the manner above described.
Ver. 18.-1. If any one among you, doxe, thinketh to be wise. So Soxu is translated, 1 Cor. viii. 2 The false teacher at Corinth, thought himself, it seems, extremely wise, because he had allured the heathens into the church, by concealing some of the doctrines and precepts of the gospel, and by mis-> representing others of them. But that sort of wisdom the apostle severely condemned, because it stood in opposition to the wisdom of God, who commanded all the preachers of the gospel, to teach its doctrines and precepts sincerely.