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we are made a spectacle like persons who, being appointed to to the world, even to an- death, are brought out last on the gels, and to men. 2 theatre; and that we are made a

spectacle to the world, even to angels

and to men. 10 We ARE fools (doce, 10 We are reckoned fools, for suf112.) on account of Christ;1 fering on account of preaching Christ but ye ARE wise in Christ: truly. But ye are wise in your meWe Are weak, but ye ARE thod of preaching Christ. We are strong: ye ARE honoured, ridiculed as weak in body and mind; but we are despised. but ye no doubt are strong in both.

Ye are much esteemed by your adhe

rents ; but we are despised by them. 11 To the present hour, 11 But which of us are most weboth hunger and thirst, worthy of esteem as preachers ? In and are naked, and are buf- preaching Christ, I, to the present feted, , and have no certain hour, both suffer hunger and thirst, and dwelling-place ;3

am badly clothed, and smitten on the

face, and have no fixed dwelling place; 12 And labour, 1 work- 12 And labour in the gospel withing with our own hands : 2 out hire, working with my own hands when reviled, we bless: for maintenance, even in Ephesus. when persecuted, we bear: When reviled, I bless ; when perse

cuted, I patiently bear it.

done from the Corinthians. For the Ephesian Christians being both numerous and rich, if he had received maintenance from them, he would not have suffered hunger and nakedness, in which the wretchedness of poverty consists, but would have been plentifully supplied with the ordinary necessaries of life. Had the apostle spent the whole of his time in working at his trade of tent-making, he no doubt could have procured for him. self a sufficiency of convenient food and raiment. But as he employed the most of his time in preaching, his gains were small; and even these he shared with his assistants, Acts xx. 34. No wonder, therefore, that he was often in great want. -For a more particular account of the apostle's sufferings, see 1 Cor. xi. 23.-28. 2 Cor. vi. 3.-5.

2. And are buffeted. Kond01?esv, signifies to strike one on the head with the hand. Here it is used metaphorically, to denote that the apostle was treated in the most ignominious manner by the heathens in Ephesus.

3. And bave no certain dwelling-place. The apostle, it seems, was often obliged to change his lodging in Ephesus, to elude the searches of his enemies.

Ver. 12.-1. And labour. This word is often used by the apostle, to denote the labour of preaching the gospel, 1 Cor. xy. 10. 1 Thess. v. 12.

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13 Being defamed, we 13 Βλασφημούμενοι, παραintreat : we are made as καλουμεν ως περικαλαρματα the filth of the world, and του κοσμου εγενηθημεν, πανare the off-scouring of all,

al των περιψημα έως αρτι. things unto this day.

14 I write not these 14 Ουκ εντρεπων υμας γραthings to shame you, but φω ταυτα, αλλ' ως τεκνα μου as my beloved sons I warm αγαπητα νουθετω. you.

15 For though you have 15 Εαν γαρ μυριους παιδαten thousand instructers in γωγους εχητε εν Χριςω, αλλ' Christ, yet have ye not ma- ου πολλους πατερας εν γαρ ny fathers : for In Christ Χριςω Ιησου δια του ευαγγεJesus I have begotten you

" λιου εγω υμας εγεννησα. through the gospel.

16 Wherefore I beseech 16 Παρακαλω ουν υμας, you, ye be followers of me. μιμηται μου γινεσθε.

17 For this cause have I 17 Δια τουτο επεμψα sent unto you Timotheus, υμιν Τιμοθεον ός εςι τεκνον who is my beloved son, and μου αγαπητον και πιςον εν faithful in the Lord, who Kυριω, ος υμας αναμνησει

2. Working with our own hands ; namely, for maintenance. This he mentioned to the Corinthians, to put the false teacher to shame, who not only demanded maintenance from them, but was living in ease and luxury through their liberality to him.

Ver. 13.–1. We are become as the purgations of the world. The Scholiast on Aristophan : Plut. line 453. observes, that the persons who were sacrificed to the gods, for averting their anger, and for procuring deliverance from any public calamity, were called Kataguard, Purifiers : and were commonly very mean and worthless persons ; and at the time of their being sacrificed, were loaded with execrations, that all the misfortunes of the state might rest on them. The word used here, is αερικαθαρματα; yet as the LXX. translate the Hebrew word, which signifies an expiation, by περικαθαρμα, Proν. xxi. 13. it is generally supposedl, that by taking this appellation, the apostle compared himself to those devoted persons who were sacrificed for the purpose above mentioned. Wherefore, there is no occasion for the reading in Erasm. Schmidius's eclition of the New Testa. ment, mentioned by Wetstein ; namely, “ασπερει καθαρματα. See Park. hurst's Diction.

2. The filth of all things. The word Tigefnud, signifies filth scoured of, from 2131446, to scour, or scrape off all around. It is used most commonly to devote the sweepings of streets and stalls, which being nuisances, are removed out of sight as quickly as possible.

13 When defamed, we 13 When defamed, we meekly bebeseech: we are become (as seech our enemies to abstain from Tepirataquete) as the pur- calumniating us. We are so hated galions 1 of the world, by idolaters, that we are in their (migrynus) the filth of all eyes fit to be sacrifices for averting things, ? until now. the calamities of the world. We are

regarded as the filth of all things, un

til now. 14 I write not these 14 I write not these things to shame things to shame you, you, for having increased my sufbut as my beloved chil- ferings by the calumnies ye have dren, I instruct you. uttered against me, but as my be

loved children, I instruct you how much I exceed the teacher who

hath your esteem. 15 For, though ye have 15 For though ye have numberless ten thousand (faiday ayosteachers who pretend to instruct you Gal. ii. 24. note.) teachers in the gospel, ye have not many fain Christ, yet rE HAVE thers ; ye have not many possessed not many fathers : for, of affection, fidelity and disinterest(v, 163.) to Christ Jesus, edness like me. For, to Christ Jesus, through the gospel, I have through faithfully preaching the gosbegotten you.

pel, 1 huve begotten you as disciples. 16 Wherefore, I be- 16 ITherefore, I beseech you be imiseech you, be imitators of tators of me, rather than of the false me.

teacher, who instructs you from

selfish motives. 17 For this purpose I 17 For this purpose, I have, some have sent to you Timothy,, time ago, sent to you Timothy, who who is my beloved son, is my beloved disciple, and a faithful and faithful in the Lord; . minister of the Lord. He will put you he will put you in mind of in mind of my behaviour and doctrine

Ver. 14.-1. I write not these things to shame you, &c. In this apology for mentioning his sufferings, the apostle hath shewn admirable prudence, and the greatest goodness of heart.

Ver. 17.-1. I have sent to you Timothy. The sending of Timothy into Macedonia, is mentioned, Acts xix. 22. But from this passage it is evident, that he was ordered to go on to Corinth, if he found it convenient. The great success with which the apostle preached at Ephesus, after he heard of the dissentions in Corinth, having induced him to remain a while longer at Ephesus, 1 Cor. xvi. 8. he judged it proper to send Timothy and Erastus into Macedonia, to learn how matters stood at Corinth. And if on the infor. mation they received, they should judge their presence would be of use, in composing the dissentions among the Corinthians, they were to go forward

shall bring you into re- τας οδους μου τας εν Χριςω, membrance of my ways καθως πανταχου εν παση which be in Christ, as I εκκλησια διδασκω. teach every where in every church.

18 Now some are put- 18 Ως μη ερχομενου δε ed up as though I would μου προς υμας, εφυσιωδησαν not come to you.

τινες. 19 But I will come to · 19 Ελευσομαι δε ταχεyou shortly, if the Lord ως προς υμας, εαν ο Κυριος will, and will know, not

δηληση, και γνωσομαι ου τον the speech of them which

λογον των πεφυσιωμενων, are puffed up, but the

αλλα την δυναμιν power.

20 For the kingdom of 20 Ου γαρ εν λογω η God is not in word, but in βασιλεια του Θεου, αλλ' εν power.

δυναμει. 21 What will ye? shall 21 Τι θελετε και εν ραβδω I come unto you with a ελλω προς υμας, η εν αγαrod, or in love, and in the πη, πνευματι τε πραότητος και spirit of meekness?

and attempt it, by putting them in remembrance of the apostle's doctrine and practice. Yet he was uncertain whether Timothy went to Corinth : for he says, chap. xvi. 10. If Timothy come, &c.

Ver. 21.-1. Shall I come to you with a rod? The apostle terms the power of punishing obstinate offenders by miracle, a rod, because it was to be exercised for chastisement. Perhaps also he had in his eye, the rod which Moses used when he brought the plagues on Egypt. The opposition which St. Paul met with from the faction at Corinth, led him to speak of his power of punishing obstinate offenders miraculously, as a thing which they


View and Illustration of the Matters contained in this Chapter. The messengers from Corinth, as well as the members of the family of Chloe, had informed the apostle, that one of the brcthren was cohabiting with his father's wife, in his father's lifetime. In this chapter therefore, St. Paul reproved the whole Corinthian Church, for tolerating a species of whoredom, which was abhorred, even by the heathens, ver. 1.-And this scandal was the greater, that they were puffed up with pride, on account my ways, which are in as an apostle of Chfist, even 18 I teach Christ, even as I teach every opere, andsin every church; by everywhere in every which ye.will know, that I never church.

acpommodate either my doctrine or my practice, to the humours of

wicked men. 18 Now some are puf. 18 Now some are grown insolent, fed up, as if I were not as fancying, because I have sent coming to you.

Timothy, I am not coming to Corinth

myself, being afraid to come. 19 But I will come to 19 But I will come to you soon, if you soon, if the Lord will, the Lord with, and shall know, not the and shall know, not the boasting of then who are puffed up, but speech of them who are their power to defend themselves puffed up, but the power. from the punishment which I will

inflict on them, if they do not repent. 20 For noe by speech is 20 For not by the plausible talking the kingdom of God which ye Greeks call eloquence, is ESTABLISHED, bumby pow. the gospel established, but by the power er.

of miracles, and of spiritual gifts. , 21 What do ye incline? 21 To the false teacher, thereShall I come to you with fore, and to his adherents, I say, a rod ?? Or in love, and What do ye incline? Shall I come to in the spirit of meek- you, with a cod to punish you ? Or in ness?

love, and in the Spirit of meekness, because ye have repented ?

knew he possessed, 2 Cor. x. 6. xii. 2. 10. And as he speaks of it, not for the information of posterity, but to terrify the faction, the evidence of his possessing that power, which arises from his having mentioned it so confidently on this occasion, is very strong.

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of the knowledge and learning of the teacher, by whose influence it was tolerated, ver. 2.-But to make the Corinthians sensible, that their boasting of a teacher who had patronised such an enormity was criminal, as well as to correct the enormity itself, the apostle ordered them forthwith, in a public assembly of the church called for the purpose, to deliver the offender to Satan, for the destruction of his flesh, that his spirit being reformed, he might be saved in the day of the Lord, ver. 3, 4, 5.

-Then shewed them the necessity of cutting off the incestuous person, by comparing vice unpunished to leaven, on account of

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