Controlling the State: Constitutionalism from Ancient Athens to Today

Capa
Harvard University Press, 30/06/2009 - 407 páginas
This book examines the development of the theory and practice of constitutionalism, defined as a political system in which the coercive power of the state is controlled through a pluralistic distribution of political power. It explores the main venues of constitutional practice in ancient Athens, Republican Rome, Renaissance Venice, the Dutch Republic, seventeenth-century England, and eighteenth-century America. From its beginning in Polybius' interpretation of the classical concept of mixed government, the author traces the theory of constitutionalism through its late medieval appearance in the Conciliar Movement of church reform and in the Huguenot defense of minority rights. After noting its suppression with the emergence of the nation-state and the Bodinian doctrine of sovereignty, the author describes how constitutionalism was revived in the English conflict between king and Parliament in the early Stuart era, and how it has developed since then into the modern concept of constitutional democracy.
 

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A textbook for a class which finished today. History of constitutionalism from ancient Athens to some of its present incarnations - the American and British systems. Ancient Athenian and Roman ... Ler crítica na íntegra

Índice

Introduction
1
1 The Doctrine of Sovereignty
19
2 Athenian Democracy
60
3 The Roman Republic
86
4 Countervailance Theory in Medieval Law Catholic Ecclesiology and Huguenot Political Theory
116
5 The Republic of Venice
129
6 The Dutch Republic
166
7 The Development of Constitutional Government and Countervailance Theory in SeventeenthCentury England
223
8 American Constitutionalism
284
9 Modern Britain
327
Epilogue
358
References
363
Index
387
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Página iv - In all governments, there is a perpetual intestine struggle, open or secret, between AUTHORITY and LIBERTY; and neither of them can ever absolutely prevail in the contest. A great sacrifice of liberty must necessarily be made in every government; yet even the authority, which confines liberty, can never, and perhaps ought never, in any constitution, to become quite entire and uncontrollable.

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