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With ears that sweep away the morning dew;'
The. No doubt, they rose up early, to observe The'rite of May; ' and, hearing our intent,
the same description, has them both in one verse, ibid. p. 34. 2. " This latier was a hounde of Crete, the other was of Spart."
T. WARTON. 3:50 Sanded; ] So marked with small spots. JOHNSON.
Sandy'd means of a sandy colour, which is one of the true des notements of a blood-hound. STEEVENS.
3. With ears that sweep away the morning dew; ] So, in Heywood's Brazen Age, 1613 :
- the fierce Thesalian hounds,
66 From their moilt breasts." STEEVENS. 4 I wonder of ] The modern editors read - I wonder at, &c. But changes of this kind ought, I conceive, to be made with great caution ; for the writings of our author's contemporaries furnith us with abundant proofs that many modes of speech, which now seem harsh to our ears, were justified by the phraseology of former times. In All's well that ends well, we bave:
they rose up early, to obferte The rite of May; ] The rite of this month was once so universally observed, that even author's thought their works would obtain a more favourable reception, if published on May-Day. The fol. lowing is a title-page to a metrical performance by a once celebrated poet, Thomas Churchyard,
Came here in grace of our solemnity.-
horns. Horns, and shout within. DEMETRIUS, LYSANDER,
HERMIA, and HELENA, wake and start up.
[He and the rest kneel to THESEUS. THЕ.
I pray you all, stand up. I know, you two are rival enemies; How comes this gentle concord in the world, That hatred is so far from jealousy, To sleep by hate, and fear no enmity?
Lys. My lord, I shall reply amazedly, Half sleep, half waking: But as yet, I swear, I cannot truly say how I came here: But, as I think, (for truly would I speak,And now I do bethink me, so it is; ) I came with Hermia hither: our intent Was, to be gone from Athens, where we might be Without the peril of the Athenian law.
" Come bring in Mage with me,
" My Maye is fresh and greene;
" To "serue a mayden Queenc.” " A discourse of Rebellion, drawne forth for to warns the wanton wittes how to kepe their heads on their shoulders."
" Imprinted at London, in Fletestreat by William Griffith, Anno Domini 1550. The first of Maye." STEEVENS.
Saint Valentine is past ; ] Alluding to the old saying, that birds begin to couple on St. Valentine's day. STEEVENS,
; you have
EGE. Enough, enough, my
enough: I beg the law, the law, upon his head.They would have stol'n away, they would, Demetrius, Thereby to have defeated you and me: You, of your wife; and
my consent; Of my consent that she should be your wife.
DEM. My lord, fair Helen told me of their stealth. Of this their purpose hither, to this wood; And I in fury hither follow'd thcm; Fair Helena in fancy following me. But, my good lord, I wot not by what power. (But by some power it is, ) my love to Hermia, Melted as doth the snow,' seems to me now As the remembrance of an idle gawd, 8 Which in my childhood I did dote upon: And all the faith, the virtue of my heart,
6 Fair Helena in fancy following me. ] Fancy is here taken for love or affection, and is opposed to fury, as before:
Sight and tears, poor Fancy's followers." Some now call that which a man takes particular delight in, his fancy. Flower-fancier, for a florist, and bird-fancier, for a lover. and feeder of birds, are colloquial words. JOHNSON. So, in Barnaby Googe's Cupido Conquered, 1563 :
". The chyefe of them was Jsmenis,
• Whom best Diana lov'd,
" Whom Fancye never mov’d."
". With all persuasions sought to win her miod
“ To fancy him." Again:
• Do not enforce me to accept a man
- as doth the snow, ] The word doth which seems to have been inadvertently omitted, was fupplied by Mr. Capell. The emendation here made is confirmed by a pallage in K. Henry V:
as doth the melted snow " Upon the vallies.” MALONE.
an idle gawd,] See note on this word, p. 7. STEEVENS.
The object, and the pleasure of mine
The. Fair lovers, you are fortunately met:
[ Exeunt THESEUS, HIPPOLYTA, EGEUs and train.
guishable, Like far-off mountains turned into clouds.
Her. Methinks, I see these things with parted eye, When every thing seems double.
So methinks : And I have found Demetrius like a jewel, Mine own, and not mine own.
ere I saw Hermia : ] The old copies read-ere I feem.
STEEVENS. · like in sickness, ] So, in the next line--- as in health," The old copies erroneously read— « like a Gickness.” I owe the present correction to Dr. Farmer. STEEVENS.
3. Come, Hippolyta. ] I suppose, for the sake of measure, we should read ... Come my Hippolyta." STEEVENS. 4 And I have found Demetrius like a jewel,
Mine own, and not mine own. ] Hermia had observed that things appeared double to her. Helena replies, fo methinks, ans
It seems to me,
then subjoins, that Demetrius was like a jewel, her own and not her own. He is here, then, compared to something which had the property of appearing to be one thing when it was another. Not ilie property fure of a jewel: or, if you will, of none but a false one,
We should read:
“ Mine own, and not inine own." From Gemellus, a twin. For Demetrius' had that night a&ed two such different parts, that she could hardly think them both played by one and the same Demetrius; but that there were twin Demetriuses like the two Sofias in the farce. From Gemellus conies the French, Gemeau or jumeau, and in the feminine, Gemelle or jumelle. So, in Maçon's translation of The Decameron of Boccace" Il avoit trois filles plus agees que los masles, des quelles les deux qui eftoient jumelles avoient quinze ans." Quatrième jour. Nov. 3.
WARBURTON. This emcndation is ingenious enough to deserve to be true.
JOHNSON. Dr. Warburton has been accused of coining the word, gemell: but Drayton bas it in the preface to his Beton's Wars.
" The quadrin doth never double; or to use a word of heraldrie, never bringeih forth gemels." FARMER.
STEEVENS. Helena, I think, means to say, that having found Demetrius unexpectedly, the considered her property in him as insecure as that which a person has in a jewel that he has found by accident; which he knows not whether he shall retain, aud which therefore may properly enough be called his own and not his own. She does not say, as Dr. Warburton has represented, that Demetrius was like a jewel, but that she had found him, like a jewel, &c.
A kindred thought occurs in Antony and Cleopatra:
" His fretted fortunes give him hope and fear
Of what he has, and has not."'.
" Where ev'ry something, being blent together,
Exprell, and not expreft.” MALONE.
? It seems to me, ] Thus the folio. The quartos begin this speech as follows: