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Not a word with him but a jest.
And every jest but a word. Prin. It was well done of you, to take him at
his word. Boyet. I was as willing to grapple, as he was to
board. Mar. Two hot sheeps, marry! BOYET.
And wherefore not ships ? No sheep, sweet lamb, unless we feed on your lips.'
Mar. You sheep, and I pasture ; Shall that finish
Boyet. So you grant pastare for me.
[ Offering to kiss her. Mar.
Not so, gentle beast; My lips are no common, though several they be.
unlefs we feed on your lips, ] Our author has the same ex preflion in his Venus and Adonis :
" Foed where thou wilt, on mountain or on dale;
" Graze on my lips. MALONE. 6 My lips are no common, though several they be. ] Several is an inclosed field of a private proprietor; so Maria says, her lips are private property. Of a lord that was newly married, one observed That'he grew fat; “ Yes, said sir Walter Raleigh, will grow fat, if you take him from the common and graze him in the several." JOHNSON. . So, in The Rival Friends, 1632 :
my sheep have quite disgrest " Their bounds, and leap'd into the several." Again, in Green's Disputation, &c. 1592 : " rather would have mewed me up as a henue, to have kept that severall to himself by force," &c. Again, in Sir John Oldcastle, 1600 :
" Of late he broke into a feverall
“ That does belong to me. Again, in Fenton's Tragical Discourses, 4to, bl. 1. 1597. -" he entered commons in the place which the olde John thought to be reserved severall to himself," p. 64. b. Again, in Holinjhed's Hift. of England, B. VI. p. 150, "not to take and pale in the come mons, to enlarge their severalles." STEEVENS.
Boyet. Belonging to whom?
fortunes and me. Prin. Good wits will be jangling: but, gentles,
My lips are no common, though several they be. ] In Dr. Johnson's note upon this passage, it is said that SEVERAL is an inclosed field of a private proprietor. Dr. Johnson has totally mistaken this word.
In the first place it Mould be fpelled feverell. This does not signify an iuclosed field or private property, but is rather the property of every landholder in the parish. In the uniaclosed parishes in Warwickshire and other counties, their method of tillage is thus. The land is divided into three fields, one of which is every year fallow. This the farmers plough and manure, and prepare for bearing wheat. Betwixt the lands, and at the end of them, some little grass land is intersper. sed, and there are here and there some little patches of green swerd. The next year this ploughed field bears wheat, and the grass land is preserved for hay; and the year following the proprietors fow it with beans, oats, or barley, at their discretion; and the next year it lies fallow again; so that each field in its turn is fallow every third
year; and the field thus fallowed is called the common field, on which the cows and sheep graze, and have herdsmen and shepherds to attend them, in order to prevent them from going into the two other fields which bear corn and grass. These last are called the severell, which is not separated from the common by any fence whatever; but the care of preventing the cattle from going into the severell, is left to the herdsmen and shepherds; but the herdsmen have no authority over a town bull, who is permitted to go where he pleases in the severeil. DR. JAMES.
Holinlhed's Desiription of Britain, p. 33, and Leigh's Accedence of Armourie, 1597, p. 52. spell this word like Shakspeare. Leigh also mentions the towo bull, and says, s all severells to him are common. TOLLET. · My lips are no common, though several they be.] A play on the word several, which, besides its ordinary fignification of separate, distinê, likewise signifies in uninclosed lands, a certain portion of ground appropriaied to either corn or meadow, adjoining the coma mon field, In Minsheu's Di&ionary, 1617, is the following article: • To sever from others. Hinc nos pascua & campos seorlim ab aliis separatos Severels dicimus.' In the margin he spells the word as Shakspeare does -- feverels. - Our author is feldom careful that his comparisons thould answer on both sides. If several be under
The civil war of wits were much better used
seldom lies, ) By the heart's itill rethorick, disclosed with eyes," Deceive me not now, Navarre is infected.
PRIN. With what?
eye, As jewels in crystal for some prince to buy;
stood in its rustick sense, the adversative particle stands but awkwardly. To say, that though land is several, it is not a common, seems as unjustifiable as to assert, that though a house is a cottage, it is not a palace. MALONE.
7 By the heart's still rhetorick, disclosed with eyes, ] So, in Da. niel's Complaint of Rosalind, 1594 :
so Sweet silent rhetorick of persuading eyes ;
16 Dumb eloquence – 8 His tongue, all impatient to speak and not see, ] Tliat is, his tongue being impatiently desirous to see as well as speak. JOHNSON.
Although the expresion in the text is extremely odd, I take the sense of it to be that his tongue envie de the quickness of his eyes, and strove to be as rapid in its utterance, as they in their perception. Edinburgh Magazine, Nov. 1786. STEEVENS. 9 To feel only looking – ] Perhaps we may better read:
" To feed only by looking JOHNSON,
Who, tend’ring their own worth, from where they
were glass'd, Did point you to buy them, along as you pass’d. His face's own margent did quote such amazes,' That 'all eyes saw his eyes enchanted with gazes : I'll give you Aquitain, and all that is his, An you give him for my fake but one loving kiss. PRIN. Come, to our pavilion: Boyet is dis
pos'd Boyet. But to speak that in words, which his
eye hath disclos'd :
news of him. Ros. Then was Venus like her mother; for her
father is but grim.
What then, do you
fee? Ros. Ay, our way to be gone.
. BOYET. .
You are too hard for me..
2 His face's own margent did quote, &c.] In our author's time, notes, quotations, &c. were usually printed in the exterior margin of books. So, in Romeo and Juliet:
" And what obscur'd in this fair volume lies,
" Find written in the margin of his eyes.” Again, in Hamlet: 66 I knew you must be edificd by the margent."
ARM. Warble, child; make passionate my sense
of hcaring. Moth. Concolinel
[ Singing. Arm. Sweet air !-Go, tenderness of years; take this key, give enlargement to the swain, bring him feftinately hither; “ I must employ him in a letter
to my love.
3 Concolinel - ) Here is apparently a song loft. JOHNSON.
I have observed in the old comedies, that the songs are frequently omitted, On this occasion the stage diređion is generally - Here they fing -- or, Cantant. Probably the performer was left to choose his own ditty, and therefore it could not with propriety be exhibit. ed as part of a new performance. Sometimes yet more was left to the discretion of the ancient comedians, as I learn from the following circumstance in K. Edward IV. P. II. 1519:
'Jockey is led whipping over the stage, speaking some words, but of no ime portance. Again, in Greene's Tu Quoque, 1614:
" Here they two talk, and rail what they lift." Again, in Decker's Honest Whore, 1635 :
o. He places all things in order, singing with the ends of old ballads as he does it. Again, in Marlton's Dutch Courtefan, 1605:
66 Cantat Gallice.' But no song is set down, Again, in the 5th A&:
" Cantat saltatque cum Cithara." Not one out of the many songs supposed to be sung in Marston's Antonio's Revenge, 1602, are inserted; but instead of thein, cantant.
STEEVENS. - festinately hither; ] i. e. hastily. Shakspeare uses the adjeđive feftinate, in King Lear: • Advise the Duke where you are going, to a most feftinato preparation." Steevens.