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Sole imperator, and great general
6 of trotting paritors,] An apparitor or paritor, is an officer of the bihop's court, who carries out citations; as citations are most frequently issued for fornication, the paritor is put under Cupid's government. JOHNSON.
7 And I to be a corporal of his field, ] Corporals of the field are mentioned in Carew's Survey of Cornwall; and Raleigh speaks of them twice, Vol. 1. p. 103, Vol. II. p. 367, edit. 1751.
TOLLET. This officer is likewise mentioned in Ben Jonson's New Inn:
" As corporal of the field, maestro del canipo." Giles Clayton, in his Martial Discipline, 1591, has a chapter on the office and duty of a corporal of the field. In one of Drake's Voyages, it appears that the captains Morgan and Sampson, by this name, to had commandement over the rest of the land-captaines." Brooke by tells us, that " Mr. Dodwell's father was in an office theo known by the name of corporal of the field, which he said was equal to that of a captain of horse." FARMER.
It appears from Lord Strafford's Letters, Vol. II. p. 199, that a corporal of the field was employed as an aid-de-camp is now,
66 in taking and carrying too and fro the directions of the general, or other the higher officers of the field.” TYRWHITT.
8 And wear his colours like a tumbler's hoop! ] The conceit seems to be very forced and remote, however it be understood. The notion is not that the hoop wears colours, but that the colours are worn as a tumbler carries his hoop, hanging on one shoulder and falling under the opposite arm. JOHNSON.
Perlaps the tumblers' hoops were adorned with their master's colours, or with ribbands, To wear his colours, means to wear his badge or cognisance, or to be his servant or retainer. So, in HolinShed's Hift. of Scotland, p. 301: “ The earle of Surrie gave to liis servants this cognisance (to wear on their left arm ) which was a white lyon,” &c. So, in Stowe's Annals, p. 274:
66 All that ware the dukes fign, or colours, were faine to hide them, conveying them from their necks into their bosome.' Again, in Selden's Duello, chap. ji: " his esquires cloatbed in his colours." Biron banters himself upon being a corporal of Cupid's field, and a fervant of that great general and imperator. TOLLIT.
What? I! I love! ' I fue! I seek a wife!
It was once a mark of gallantry to wear a lady's colours. So, ia Cynthia's Revels, by Ben Jonson : dispatches his lacquey to her chamber early, to know wliat her colours are for the day, with purpose to apply his wear that day accordingly, " &c. I am informed by a lady who remembers morris-dancing, that the chara&er who tumbled, always carried his hoop dreiled out with ribbands, and in the polition described by Dr. Johnson. STEEVENS.
8 What? 1! I love! ] A fecond what had been supplied by the editors. I should like better to read - What? 1! I love!
Mr. Tyrwhitt's emendation is supported by the first line of the present speech:
* And I, forsooth, in love! I, that have been love's whip -.' Sir T. Haamer fupplied the metre by repeating the word What.
s like a German clock,
Still a repairing; ] The same allusion occurs in Westward-Hoc, by Decker and Webster, 1607 " no German clock, no mathemas tical engine whatsoever, requires so much reparation," &c. Again, in A Mad World my Masters, 1608 :
to the confifts of a hundred pieces,
". They'll strike to ten, when they should stop at one. Ben Jonson has the same thought in his Silent Woman, and Beau. mont and Fletcher in Wit without Money.
Again, in Decker's News from Hell, &c. 1606. " their wits (like wheels of Brunswick clocks) being all wound up as far as thoy could ftretch, were all going, but not one going truly."
The following extra& is taken from a book called The Artificial Clock-Maker, 3d, edit. 1714: --" Clock-making was supposed to have had its beginning in Germany within less than these two huna dred years.
It is very probable that our balance-clocks or watches, and some other automata, might have had their beginning there ; &c. Again, p. 91.
- 6 Little worth remark is to be found till towards the 16th century; and then clockwork was revived or wholly invented anew in Germany, as is generally thought, becaufor the ancient pieces are of German work. Vol. VII.
And never going aright, being a watch,
A skilful watch-maker informs me, that clocks have not been commonly made in England much more than one hundred years backward.
To the inartificial construdion of these first pieces of mechanism executed in Germany, we may suppose Shakspeare alludes. The clock at Hampton-Court, which was set up in 1540, (as appears from the inscription affixed to it) is said to be the first ever fabricated in England. See, however, Letters of The Pafton Family, Vol. II 2d edit. p. 31. STEEVENS.
" In some towns in Germany, (lays Dr. Powel, in his human Industry, 8vo. 1661,) there are very rare and elaborate clocks to be seen in their town-halls, wherein a man may read astronomy. and never look up to the skies. - In the town-ball of Prague there is a clock that shows the annual motions of the sun and moon, the names and numbers of the months, days, and festivals of the whole year, the time of the sun rising and setting throughout the year, the equinoxes, the length of the days and nights,' the rising and setting of the twelve signs of the Zodiack, &c. But the town of Strasburgh carries the bell of all other steeples of Germany in this point." These elaborate clocks were probably often is out of frame. MALONE.
I have beard a French proverb that compares any thing that is intricate and out of order, to the coq de Strasbourg that belongs 10 the machinery of the town-clock. S. W.
-Sue, and groan; ] And which is not in either of the authen.
Enter the Princess, ROSALINE, MARIA, KATHARINE,
Boyet, Lords, Attendants, and a Forester.
Prin. Was that the king, that spur'd his horse
BOYET. I know not; but, I think, it was not he.
tic copies of this play, the quarto, 1598, and the folio, 1623, was added, to supply the maire, by the editor of the second folio.
MALONE. 3 Some men must love my lady, and some Joan. ] To this line Mr. Tbeobald extends his second ad, not injudiciously, but without fufficient authority. JOHNS
where is the bush, That we must stand and play the murderer in? ] How familiar this amuseinent once was to ladies of quality, may be known from a letter addrefied Lord Wharton to the Earl of Shrewsbury, dated from Alnewik, Aug. 14, 1555 : "I besiche yor Lordeshipp to tayke some sporte of my litell grounde there, and to comaund the fame even as yo.' Lordeshippes owne. My ladye may fhote with her crofbowe," &c. Lodge's Illustrations of British History, &c. Vol. I.
Again, in a letter from Sir Francis Leake to the Earl of Shrews. bury, Vol. III. p. 295.
" Yo 'Lordeihype hath sente me a veric grcatte and fatte ftagge, the wellcomer beynge froken by 30.t röght honorable Ldie's hande, &e.
For. Here by, upon the edge of yonder coppice; A stand, where you may make the fairest shoot.
Prin. I thank my beauty, I am fair that shoot, And thereupon thou speak'st, the fairest shoot.
For. Pardon me, madam, for I meant not fo. Prin. What, what? first praise me, and again
O short-liv'd pride! Not fair? alack for woe!
For. Yes, madam, fair.
Nay, never paint me now; Where fair is not, praise cannot mend the brow. Here, good my glass,“ take this for telling true ;
[ Giving him money. Fair payment
for foul words is more than due.
- My balde bucke lyves styll to wayte upon yo.” L. and my Ladie's comyng hyther, w.chl expe& whenfoever thall pleas yow to appointe; onelė thys, thatt my Ladie doe nott hytt kym throgh the nose, for marryng hys whyte face; howbeitt I knoc her Ladishipp takes pitie of my buckes, sence the last tyme yt pleased her to take the travell to fhote att them," &c. Dated July, 1605. STEEVENS.
4 Here, good my glass,] To understand how the princess has her glass so ready at hand in a casual conversation, it must be remem. bered that in those days it was the falhion among the French ladies to wear a looking-glass, as Mr. Bayle coarsely represents it, on their bellies; that is, to have a small mirrour set in gold hanging at their girdle, by which they occasionally viewed their faces or adjusted their hair. JOHNSON.
Dr. Johnson, perhaps, is mistaken. She had no occasion to have secourse to any other looking-glass than the Forester, whom the rewards for having fhown her to herself as in a mirror.
STEEVENS. Whatever be the interpretation of this passage, Dr. Johnson is right, in the historical fa&. Stubbs, in his Anatomie of Abuses, is very indignant at the ladies for it : “ They must have their lookingglasses carried with them, wherefoever they go: and good reason, for how else could they see the devil in them?” And in Maslinger's City Madam, several women are introduced with looking-glases at their girdles. FARMER.