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Sole imperator, and great general
Of trotting paritors, ' _O my little heart!
And I to be a corporal of his field,
And wear his colours like a tumbler's hoop!'


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6 of trotting paritors,] An apparitor or paritor, is an officer of the bishop's court, who carries out citations; as citations are most frequently ifsued for fornication, the paritor is put under Cupid's government. JOHNSON.

7 And I to be a corporal of his field, ] Corporals of the field are mentioned in Carew's Survey of Cornwall; and Raleigh speaks of them twice, Vol. 1. p. 103, Vol. II. p. 367, edit. 1751.

TOLLET. This officer is likewise mentioned in Ben Jonson's New Inn:

s. As corporal of the field, maestro del canipo." Giles Clayton, in his Martial Discipline, 1591, has a chapter on the olice and duty of a corporal of the field. In one of Drake's Voyages, it appears that the captains Morgan and Sampson, by this name, “ had commandement over the rest of the land-captaines." Brookesby tells us, that " Mr. Dodwell's father was in an office then known by the name of corporal of the field, which he said was equal to that of a captain of horse." FARMER.

It appears from Lord Strafford's Letters, Vol. II. p. 199, that a corporal of the field was employed as an aid-de-camp is now, « in taking and carrying too and fro the directions of the general, or other the higher officers of the field. TYRWHITE.

8 And wear his colours like a tumbler's hoop! ] The conceit seems to be very forced and remote, however it be understood. The notion is not that the hoop wears colours, but that the colours are worn as a tumbler carries his hoop, hanging on one shoulder and falling under the opposite arm. JOHNSON.

Perliaps the tumblers' hoops were adorned with their master's colours, or with ribbands, To wear his colours, means to wear his badge or cognisance, or to be his servant or retiiner. So, in HolinShed's Hift. of Scotland, p. 301: “ The earle of Surrie gave to liis servants this cognisance (to wear on their left arm) which was a white lyon, &c. So, in Stowe's Annals, p. 274:

1. All that ware the dukes fign, or colours, were faine to hide them, conveving them from their necks into their bosome." Again, in Selden's Duello, chap. ji: " his esquires cloathed in his colours.' Biron banters himself upon being a corporal of Cupid's field, and a fervant of that great general and imperator. TOLLIT.

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What? I! I love! I fue! I seek a wife!
A woman, that is like a German clock,
Still a repairing;' ever out of frame;

It was once a mark of gallantry to wear a lady's colours. So, in Cynthia's Revels, by Ben Jonson : dispatches his lacquey to her chamber early, to know wliat her colours are for the day, with purpose to apply his wear that day accordingly, " &c. I am informed by á lady who remembers morris-ciancing, that the chara&er who tumbled, always carried his hoop dreiled out with ribbands, and in the position described by Dr. Johnson. STEEVENS.

8 What? I! I love! ] A fecond what had been supplied by the editors. I should like better to read What? 1! I love!


Mr. Tyrwhitt's emendation is supported by the first line of the present speech:

6. And I, forsooth, in love! I, that have been love's whip Sir T. Hanmer fupplied the metre by repeating the word What.


9 som like a German cloch,

Still a repairing; ] The same allusion occurs in Wejiward-Hoc, by Decker and Webster, 1607 : " no German clock, no mathemao cal engine whatsoever, requires so much reparation," &c, Again, in A Mad World any Masters, 1608 :

the conGsts of a hundred pieces,
" Much like your German clock, and near allied :
“ Both are so nice they cannot go for pride. -
“ Besides a greater fault, but too well known,

" They'll strike to ten, when they should stop at one. Ben Jonson has the same thought in his Silent Woman, and Beaui mont and Fletcher in Wit without Money.

Again, in Decker's News from Hell, &c. 1906. - 6 their wits (like wheels of Brunswick clocks) being all wound up as far as thoy could Atretch, were all going, but not one going truly.'

The following extract is taken from a book called The Artificial Clock-Maker, 3d. edit. 1714: Clock-making was supposed to have had its beginning in Germany within less than these two hundred years. It is very probable that our balance-clocks or watches, and some other automata, might have had their beginning there ;' &c. Again, p. 91. -- " Litile worth remark is to be found till towards the 16th century; and then clockwork was revived or wholly invented anew in Germany, as is generally thought, becaufo the ancient pieces are of German work. Vol. VII,


And never going aright; being a watch,
But being watch'd that it may still go right?
Nay, to be perjur’d, which is worst of all;
And, among three, to love the worst of all;
A whitely wanton with a velvet brow,
With two pitch balls stuck in her face for cyes ;
Ay, and, by heaven, one that will do the deed,
Though Argus were her eunuch and her guard :
And I to figh for her! to watch for her!
To pray for her! Go to; it is a plague
That Cupid will impose for my neglect
Of his almighty dreadful little might.
Well, I will love, write, figh, pray, sue, and groan;'
Some men must love my lady, and some Joan.'

[ Exit.

A skilful watch-maker informs me, that clocks have not been commonly made in England much more than one hundred years backward.

To the inartificial construdion of these first pieces of mechanism executed in Germany, we may suppose Shakspeare alludes. The clock at Hampton-Court, which was set up in 1540, (as appears from the inscription affixed to it) is said to be the first ever fabricated in England. See, however, Letters of The Pafton Family, Vol. II 2d edit. p. 31. STEEVENS.

" In some towns in Germany, (says Dr. Powel, in his Human Industry, 8vo. 1661, ) there are very rare and elaborate clocks 10 be seen in their town-halls, wherein a man may read astronomy. and never look up to the skies. - In the town-hall of Prague there is a clock that shows the annual motions of the fun and moon, the names and numbers of the months, days, and festivals of the whole year, the time of the sun rising and setting throughout the year, the equinoxes, the length of the days and nights,' the rising and setting of the twelve signs of the Zodiack, &c. But the town of Strasburgh carries the bell of all other steeples of Germany in this point. These elaborate clocks were probably often 66 out of frame. Malone.

I have heard a French proverb that compares any thing that is intricate and out of order, to the coq de Strasbourg that belongs to the machinery of the town-clock. S. W.

sue, and groan; ] And which is not in either of the authen.

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Boyer, Lords, Aliendants, and a Forester.

Prin. Was that the king, that spur'd his horse

fo hard
Against the steep uprising of the hill?

BOYET. I know not; but, I think, it was not he.
Prin. Whoe'er he was, he show'd a mounting

Well, lords, to-day we shall have our despatch;
On faturday we will return to France.---
Then, foreiter, my friend, where is the bush,
That we must stand and play the murderer in?!


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lic copies of this play, the quarto, 1598, and the folio, 1623, was added, to supply the meire, by the editor of the second folio.

MALONE. 3. Some men must love my lady, and some Joan.) To this line Mr. Tbeobald extends his second ad, not injudiciously, but without sufficient authority. JOHNS

where is the bush, That we must stand and play the murderer in?] How familiar ihis amuseinent once was to ladies of quality, may be known from a letter addrefled by Lord Wharton to the Earl of Shrewsbury, dated from Alnewik, Aug. 14, 1555: “I besiche yor Lordeshipp to tayke some sporte of my litell grounde there, and to comaund the fame eveni

as yo.' Lordeshippes owne. My ladye may Jhote with her Crojbowe," &c.' Lodge's Il/iftrations of British History, &c. Vol. I.

Again, in a letter from Sir Francis Leake to the Earl of Shrews. bury, Vol. III. p. 295.

" Yo 'Lordeihype hath sente me a veric grcatte and fatte ftagge, the wellcomer beynge firyken by your right honorable Ldie's hande, 86,

p. 203.

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For. Here by, upon the edge of yonder coppice; A stand, where you may make the fairest shoot.

Prin. I thank my beauty, I am fair that shoot,
And thereupon thou speak'st, the fairest shoot.

For. Pardon me, madam, for I meant not so.
Prin. What, what? first praise me, and again

say, no?

O short-liv'd pride! Not fair? alack for woe!

For. Yes, madam, fair.

Nay, never paint me now;
Where fair is not, praise cannot mend the brow.
Here, good my glass,“ take this for telling true;

[ Giving him money. Fair payment for foul words is more than due.

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- My balde bucke lyves styll to wavte upon yo.: L. and my

Ladie's comyng hyther, w.chl expect whensoever thall pleas yow to appointe; onele thys, thatt my Ladie doe nott hytt kym throgh the nose, for marryng hys whyte face; howbeitt I knoc her Ladishipp takes pitie of my buckes, fence the last tyme yt pleased her to take the travell to Jhote att them,” &c. Dated July, 1605. STEEVENS.

4 Here, good my glass, ] To understand how the princess has her glass so ready at hand in a casual conversation, it must be remembered that in those days it was the falhion among the French ladies to wear a looking-glass, as Mr. Bayle coarsely represents it, on their bellies; that is, to bave a small mirrour set in gold hanging at their girdle, by which they occasionally viewed their faces or adjusted their hair. JOHNSON.

Dr. Johnson, perhaps, is mistaken. She had no occasion to have , secourle to any other looking-glass than the Forester, whom she rewards for having fhown her to berself as in a mirror.

STEEVENS. Whatever be the interpretation of this passage, Dr. Johnson is right, in the historical fa&. Stubbs, in his Anatomie of Abuses, is very indignant at the ladies for it: “ They must have their looking. glasses carried with them, wherefoever they go: and good reason, for how else could they see the devil in them?" And in Maslinger's City Madam, several women are introduced with looking-glasses at their girdles. FARMER.

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