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DUM. To look like her, are chimney-fweepers

black. LONG. And, since her time, are colliers counted

bright. King. And Ethiops of their sweet complexion

crack. Dum, Dark needs no candles now, for dark is

light. BIRON. Your mistresses dare never come in rain,

For fear their colours should be wash'd away. King. 'Twere good, yours did; for, fir, to tell

you plain,

I'll find a fairer face not wash'd to-day. Biron. I'll prove her fair, or talk till dooms-day

here. KING. No devil will fright thee then so much as

she. DUM. I never knew man hold vile fluff so dear. Long. Look, here's thy love: my foot and her face fee.

[Showing his shoe. Biron. O, if the streets were paved with thine

eyes, Her feet were much too dainty for such tread! Dum. O vile! then as she goes, what upward

lies The street should fee as she walk'd over head. KING. But what of this? Are we not all in love? Biron. O, nothing so fure; and thereby all for

fworn. King. Then leave this chat; and, good Birón,

110w prove Our loving lawful, and our faith not torn.

Dum. Ay, marry, there ;-some flattery for this

evil. LONG. O, fome authority how to proceed; Some tricks, some quillets, how to cheat the devil.

Dum. Some salve for perjury.

0, 'tis more than need!
Have at you then, affection's men at arms: 9
Consider, what you first did swear unto;-
To fast,--to study,--and to fce no woman ;-
Flat treason 'gainst the kingly state of youth.
Say, can you faft? your stomachs are too young;
And abstinence engenders maladies.
And where that you have vow'd to study, lords,
In that each of you hath forsworn' his book:
Can you still dream, and pore, and thereon look ?
For when would you, my lord, or you, or you,
Have found the ground of study's excellence,
Without the beauty of a woman's face?
From women's eyes this doctrine I derive:
They are the ground, the books, the academes,
From whence doth spring the true Promethean fire.
Why, universal plodding prisons up



some quillets, ] Quillet is the peculiar word apdlied to law-chicane, I imagine the original to be this. In the French plea dings, every several allegation in the plaintiff's charge, and every diftin& plea in the defendant's answer, began with the words qu'il eft ; from whence was formed the word quillet, to Gignify a false charge or an evasive anfwer. WARBURTON.

offeflion's men at arms: ] A man at arms, is a soldier armed at all points both offensively and defensively. It is no more than, Ye Soldiers of affection. JOHNSON.

hath forsworn ---] Old Copies —have. Correded by Mr. Pope. MALONE. 3

prisons up —] The quarto, 1598, and the folio, 1623, read – poisons up. The emendation was made by Mr. Theobald. A passage in King John may add some support to it:


The nimble fpirits in the arteries ;
As motion, and long-during action, tires
The finewy vigour of the traveller.
Now, for not looking on a woman's face,
You have in that forsworn the use of

And study too, the causer of your vow:
For where is any author in the world,
Teaches such beauty as a woman's eye?'
Learning is but an adjunct to ourself,
And where we are, our learning likewise is.
Then, when ourselves we see in ladies' eyes,
Do we not likewise see our learning there?
O, we have made a vow to study, lords;
And in that vow we have forsworn our books;
For when would you, my liege, or you, or you,
In leaden contemplation, have found out
Such fiery numbers,' as the prompting eyes

'Or, if that surly spirit, melancholy, " Had bak'd thy blood, and made it heavy, thick, " Which else runs tickling up and down the veins," &c.

MALONE. 4 The nimble Spirits in the arteries ;] In the old fyftems of physic they gave the same office to the arteries as is now given to the aerves; as appears from the name, which is derived from àepe tupeil.

WARBURTON. s Teaches such beauty as a woman's eye? ] i. e. a lady's eyes give a fuller notion of beauty than any author. JOHNSON.

our books;] i. e. our true books, from which we derive most information ; the cyes of women. MALONE. 7 In leaden contemplation, have found out

Such fiery numbers, ] Numbers are, in this pallage, nothing more than poetical measures. Gould you, says Biron, by Solitary cone templation, have attained such poetical fire, such spritely numbers, 45 have been prompted by the eyes of beauty? JOHNSON. In 1caden contemplation, ] So, in Milton's Il Penferoso :

" With a sad, leaden, downward caft." Again, in Gray's Hymn to Adversity :

" With leaden eye that loves the ground." STSEVENS.


you with ?

Of beauteous tutors & have enrich'd
Other slow arts entirely keep the brain ;'
And therefore finding barren practisers,
Scarce show a harvest of their heavy toil:
But love, first learned in a lady's eyes,
Lives not alone immured in the brain;
But with the inotion of all elements,
Courses as swift as thought in every power;
And gives to every power a double power,
Above their fun&tions and their offices.
It adds a precious seeing to the eye;
A lover's eyes will gaze an eagle blind;
A lover's ear will hear the lowest found,
When the suspicious head of theft is stopp'd;'


8 Of beauteous tutors - ) Old Copies beauty's. Corre&ed by Sir T. Hanmer. MALONE.

9 Other how arts entirely keep the brain ; ] As we say, keep the house, or keep their bed. M, MASON.

the suspicious head of theft is stoppid; ] i. e. a lover in pursuit of his mistress has his sense of hearing quicker than a thief (who sufpe&s every found he hears) in pursuit of his prey.

WARBURTON. 6. The Suspicious head of theft is the head suspicious of theft.” “ He watches like one that fears robbing," says Speed, in The Two Gene tlemen of Verona. This transposition of the adje&ive is sometimes met with. Grimme tells us, in Damon and Pythias : " A heavy pouch with golde makes a light bart."

FARMER. The thief is as watchful on his part, as the person who fears to be robbed, and Biron poetically makes theft a person.

M. MASON. Mr. M. Mason might have countenanced his explanation, by a paffage in the third part of K. Henry VI:

" Suspicion always haunts the guilty mind:

" The thief doth fear each bush an officer:" and yet my opinion concurs with that of Dr. Farmer; though his explanation is again controverted, by a writer who figos himself Lucius in The Edinburgh. Magazine, Nov. 1786. 1. The suspicious

Love's feeling is more soft, and sensible,
Than are the tender horns of cockled ? fnails;
Love's tongue proves dainty Bacchus gross in taste:
For valour, is not love a Hercules,
Still climbing trees in the Hesperides?"}
Subtle as sphinx; as sweet, and musical,
As bright Apollo's lute, strung with his hair ;



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head of theft (says he) is the suspicious head of the thief. There is no man who liftens so eagerly as a thief, or whose ears are so acutely upon the stretch,

STEEVENS. I rather incline to Dr. Warburton's interpretation. Malone. cockled --] i. e. inshelled, like the fish called a cockle.

STEEVENS. 3 Still climbing trees in the Hesperides?] Our author had heard or read of " the gardens of the Hesperides," and seems to have thought that the latter word was the name of the garden in which the golden apples were kept; as we say, the gardens of the Tuillories, &c.

Our poet's contemporaries, I have lately observed, are chargeable with the same inaccuracy. So, in Friar Bacon and Frier Bungay, by Robert Greene, 1598:

" Shew thee the tree, leav'd . with refined gold,
" Whçreon the fearful dragon held his seat,

" That watch'd the garden, call's HESPERIDES. The word may have been used in the same sense in The Legend of Orpheus and Eurydice, a poem, 1597:

16 And, like the dragon of the Hesperides,
- Shutteth the garden's gate, -

MALONE. 4 As bright Apollo's lute, ftrung with his hair;] This expression, like that other in The Two Gentlemen of Verona, of.

Orpheus' harp wa's strung with poets' finews, is extremely beautiful, and highly figurative. Apollo, as the sun, is represented with golden hair; so that a lute ftrung with his hair, means to more than ftrung with gilded wire. WARBURTON.

as sweet and musical " As bright Apollo's lute strung with his hair." The author of the Revisal supposes this expression to be allegorical, p. 133. Apollo's lutc ítrung with sunbcams, which in poetry are called hair. But what idea is conveyed by Apollo's lute firing with funbeans ? Undoubtedly the words are to be taken in their literal sense ; and in the fiile of Italian imagery, the thought is highly elegant. The very fame fort of conception occurs

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