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And, when love speaks, the voice of all the gods Makes heaven drowsy with the harmony.'

in Lyly's Mydas, a play which most probably preceded Shakspeare's. Ac i V. fc. i. Pan tells Apollo : " Had'thy lute been of lawrell, and the strings of Daphne's haire, thy tunes might have been compared to my notes,

&c. T. WARTON.
Lyly's lidas, quoted by Mr. Wárton, was published in 1592.
The same thought occurs in How to chufe a Good Wife from a
Bad, 1602 :

“ Hath he not torn thofe gold wires from thy head,
" Wherewith Apollo would have ftrung his harp,

66 And kept them to play musick to the gods ! Again, in Storer's Life and Death of Cardinal Wolfes, a poem, 1399 :

6. With whose hart-ftrings Amphion's lute is ftrung,
• And Orpheus' harp hangs warbling at his tongue.

STEEVENS. s And, when love speaks, the voice of all the gods

Makes heaven drowsy with the harmony. ] This nonsense we should read and point thus :

os And whtu love Speaks the voice of all the gods,

• Mark, heaven drowsy with ine harmony. i. e. in the voice of love alone is included the voice of all the gods. Alluding to that ancient theogony, that Love was the parent and support of all the gods. Hence, as Suidas tells us, Palaphalus wrote a poem called, "Aqpoè'imus ir "Ep070 Qevi nj abyci The voice and speech of Venus and Love, which appears to have beeu a kind of cosmogony, the harmony of which is so great, that it calms and allays all kinds of disorders : alluding again to the ancient use of music, which was to compose monarchs, wher, by reason of the cares of empire, they used to pass whole nights in restless inquieinde.

WARBURTON, The ancient reading is, 66 Make heaven'

JOHNSON. I cannot find auy reason for Dr. Warburton's emendation, nor do I believe the poet to have been at all acquainted with that ancient theogony mentioned by his critick. The former reading, with the flight addition of a single letter, was, perhaps, the true one. Vihen love speaks, (says Biron, ) the assembled goils reduce the element of the sky to a calm, by their harmonious applauses of this favoured orator.

Mr. Collins observes, that the meaning of the pallage may be this, - That the voice of all the gods united, could in;pire only drowsinefs, when compared with the cheerful effects of the voice of Lore, That sense is fufficiently congruous to the rest of the fpeech; and

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Never durft

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Until his ink were temper'd with love's fighs;

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much the same thought occurs in The Shepherd Arfileus' reply to Syrenus' Song, by Bar. Youg; published in England's Helicon, 1600 :

• Unlesse mild Love possesse your amorous breasts,

“ If you fing not to him, your songs do wearie. Dr. Warburton has raised the idea of his author, by imputing to him a knowledge, of which, I believe, he was not possessed: but should either of these explanations prove the true one, I shall ofier no apology for having made him ftoop from the critick's elevation. I would, however, read,

56 Makes heaven drowsy with its harmony.' Though the words mark! and behold! are alike used to bespeak or summon alicuion, yet the former of them appears so harsh in Dr. Warburton's emendation, that I read the line several times over before I perceived its meaning. To speak the voice of the gods, appears to me as defe&ive in the same way, Dr. Warburton, in a note on All's Viell that ends Well, observes, that to speak a found is a barbarism. To speak a voice is, I think, no less reprehensible.

STEEVENS. The meaning is, whenever love speaks, all the gods join their voices with his in harmonious concert. HEATH.

Makes heaven' drowsy with the harmony. ] The old copies read make. The emendation was made by Sir T. Ha mer. More corređ writers than Shakspeare often fall into this inaccuracy when a noun of multitude has preceded the verb. In a former part of this speech the same error occurs: cach of you have forsworn

For makes, r. make. So, in Twelfth Night; "- for every one of these letters are in my name. Again, in K. Henry V.

" The venom of such looks, we fairly hope,

" Have lost their quality." Again, in Julius Cafar:

• The poslure of your blows are yet unknown." Again, more appositely, in K. John:

" How oft the fight of means to do ill deeds

46 Make ill deeds done." So Marlowe, in his Hero and Leander :

“ The outfiile of her garments were of lawn." See also the facred writings : ". The number of the names together were about an hundred and twenty. Aas i. 15. MALONE.

Few passages have been more canvassed than this. I believe, it wants no alteration of the words, but only of the pointing:

O, then his lines would 'ravish savage ears,
And plant in tyrants mild humility.
From women's eyes this do&rine 1 derive;"

And when love speaks (the voice of all) the gods

Make heaven drowsy with thy harmony. Love, I apprehend, is called the voice of all, as gold, in Timon, is said to speak with every tongile; and the gods ( being drowsy them. selves with the harmony) are supposed to make heaven drowsy. If one could possibly suspeå Shakspeare of having read Pindar, oue should say, that the idea of music making the hearers drowsy, was borrowed from the first Pythian. TYRWHITT.

Perhaps here is an accidental transposition. We may read, as I think, fome one has proposed before:

The voice makes all thợ gods

" Of heaven drowsy with the harmony." FARMER. That harmony had the power to make the hearers drowsy, the present commentator might infer from the effe& it usually produces on himself. In Cinthia's Revenge, 1613, however, is an instance which should weigh more with the reader :

" Howl forth some ditty, that vaft hell may ring

" With charms all potent, earth asliep to, bring. Again, in A Midsummer-Night's Dream :

music call, and strike more dead
“ Than common feep, of all these five the sense."

STLIVENS. So also, in King Henry IV. P. II,

softly pray;
on Let there be no noise made, my gentle friends,
" Unless some dull and favourable hand

" Will whisper mufick to my wearied spirit." Again, in Pericles, 1609:

Most heavenly musick!
“ It nips me into listening, and thick sumber

“ Hangs on mine eyes. — Let me reft.” MALONE. 6 From women's eyes this do&rine I derive: ) In this speech I fuspe&t a more than common instance of the inaccuracy of the firft publishers :

From women's eyes this do&trine I derive, and several other lines, are as unnecessarily repeated. Dr. Warburton was aware of this, and omitted two verses, which Dr. Johnson has fince inserted. Perhaps the players printed from piece-meal parts, or retained what the author had rejeded, as well as what

They sparkle fill the right Promethean fire;
They are the books, the arts, the academes,
That show, contain, and nourish all the world;
Else, none at all in aught proves excellent:
Then fools you were, these women to forswear;
Or, keeping what is sworn, you will prove fools.
For wisdom's fake, a word that all nien love;
Or for love's fake, a word that loves all men;



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had undergone his revisal. It is here given according to the regu. lation of the old copies. STEEVENS.

This and the two following lines, are omitted by Warburton, not from inadvertency, but because they are repeated in a fubsequent part of the speech. There are also some other lines repeated in the like manner. But we are not to conclude from thence, that any of these lines ought to be struck out. Biron repeats the principal topicks of his argument, as preachers do their text, iu order to recall the attention of the auditors to the subjeđ of their discourse. M. MASON.

a word that loves all men :) We should read:

a word all women love." The following line:

" Or for men's sake (the authors of these women ;) which refers to this reading, puts it out of all question.

WARBURTON. Perhaps we might read thus, transposing the lines :

Or for love's fake, a word that loves all men;
For women's sake, by whom we men are men ;

Of for men's sake, the authors of these women. The antithesis of a word that all men love, and a word which loves all men, though in itself worth little, has much of the fpirit of this play. JOHNSON.

There will be no difficulty, if we corre& it to " men's fakes, the authors of these words. FARMER.

I think no alteration should be admitted in these four lines, that destroys the artificial ftruâure of them, in which, as has been observed by the author of the Revisal, the word which terminates every line, is prefixed to the word fake in that immediately following. Tollet.

a word that loves all men;] i, e. that is pleasing to all men. So, in the language of our author's time, -- it likes me well, for it Pleases mno. Shakspeare uses the word thus licenciouly, merely for

Or for men's fake, the authoiss of these women;
Or women's fake, by whom we men are men;
Let us once lose our oaths, to find ourselves,
Or else we lose ourselves to keep our oaths:
It is religion, to be thus forsworn:
For charity itself fulfils the law;
And who can fever love from charity ?
King. Saint Cupid, then! and, soldiers, to the

Biron. Advance your standards, and upon them,

lords;' Pell-mell, down with them ! but be first advis'd, In conflict that you get the fun of them.” Lonc. Now to plain-dealing; lay these glozes

by : Shall we resolve to woo these girls of France ? KING. And win them too: therefore let us de

vise Some entertainment for them in their tents. Biron. First, from the park let us conduct them

thither ; the sake of the antithesis. Men in the following line are with sufficient propriety said to be authors of women, and these again of men, the aid of both being necellary to the continuance of human kind. There is surely, therefore, no need of any of the alterations that have been proposed to be made in these lines. MALONE.

the authors -] Old copies -- author. The emendation was suggested by Dr. Johnson. MALONE.

9 Advance your standards, and upon them, lords ;] So, in King Richard 111: • Advance our fiandards, set upon our foes; ".

STELVENS. but be first advis'd, In confli&t that you get the fun of them. ] In the days of archery, it was of consequence to have the fun at the back of the bowmen, and in the face of the enemy. This circumstance was of great advantage to our Henry the Fifth at the battle of Agincourt. .Our poet, however, I believe, had also an equivoque in his thoughts.




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