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To trust the opportunity of night,
And the ill counsel of a desert place,
With the rich worth of your virginity.

Hel. Your virtue is my privilege for that. '
It is not night, when I do fee your face,
Therefore I think I am not in the night:
Nor doth this wood lack worlds of company;


my respect, are all the world : Then how can it be said, I am alone, When all the world is here to look on me? Dem. I'll run from thee, and hide me in the

brakes, And leave thee to the mercy of wild beasts.

Hel. The wildest hath not such a heart as you. Run when you will, the story shall be chang'd : Apollo flies, and Daphne holds the chase; The dove pursues the griffin; the mild hind Makes speed to catch the tiger: Bootless fpeed ! When cowardice pursues, and valour flies.

- for that.] i. e. For leaving the city, &c. TYRWHITT. 4 It is not night, when I do fee your face, &c.] This passage is paraphrased from two lines of an ancient poet (Tibullus] :

Tu no&te vel atra " Lumen, & in folis tu mihi turba locis." JOHNSON. As the works of King David might be more familiar to Shakspeare than Roman poetry, perhaps on the present accafion, the eleventh verse of the 13gth Psalm, was in his thoughts. the darkness is no darkness with thce, but the night is as clear as the day."

STEEVENS. Nor doth this wood lack worlds of compuny;] The same thought occurs in K. Henry VI. P. II:

" A wilderness is populous enough,

" So Suffolk had thy heavenly company." MALONE. 6 The wildest hath not such a heart as you.]

Mitius inveni quam te genus omne ferarum." OVID. See Timor of Athens, Ad IV. sc. i:

where he shall find 66 The unkindcit beasts more kinder than mankind." S. W.


" Yea,

Dem. I will not stay thy questions; ? let me go: Or, if thou follow me, do not believe But I shall do thee mischief in the wood.

Hel. Ay, in the temple, in the town, the field, You do me mischief. Fie, Demetrius! Your wrongs do set a scandal on my fex: We cannot fight for love, as men may do; We should be woo'd, and were not made to woo. I'll follow thee, and make a heaven of hell, To die upon the hand I love fo well. 8

[Exeunt Dem. and Hel. Obe. Fare thee well, nymph: ere he do leave


grove, Thou shalt fly him, and he shall seek thy love. -

Re-enter Puck.
Hast thou the flower there? Welcome, wanderer.

Puck. Ay, there it is.

I pray thee, give it me, I know a bank whereon' the wild thyme blows, Where ox-lips * and the nodding violet' grows;

? I will not pay thy questions ;] Though Helena certainly puts a few insignificant questions to Demetrius, I cannot but think our author wrote question, i. e, discourse, conversation. So, in As you like it : " I met the duke yesterday, and had much question with him." STEEVENS.

8 To die upon the hand, &c.] To die upon, &c. in our author's language, I believe, means - "to dic by the hand.” So, in The Two Gentlemen of Verona :

" I'll die on him that says so, but yourself." STEEVINS.

whereon -] The old copy reads - where. Mr. Malone fupposes where to be used as a disfyllable ; but offers no example of such a pronunciation. STELVLNS.

2 Where ox-lips] The oxlip is the greater cowslip. So, in Drayton's Polyolbion, Song XV :

" To sort these flowers of thowe, with other that were sweet, " The cowlip then they couch, and th' oxlip for her meet.

STEEVINS. the nodding violet -) i. e, that declimes its head, like a drowsy person. STEBYENS.



Quite over-canopied with lush woodbine,
With sweet musk-roses, and with eglantine:
There sleeps Titania, some time of the night,
Lull'd in these flowers with dances and delight;
And there the snake throws her enamel'd skin,
Weed wide enough to wrap a fairy in :
And with the juice of this I'll streak her eyes,
And make her full of hateful fantasies.
Take thou some of it, and seek through this grove:
A sweet Athenian lady is in love
With a disdainful youth: anoint his eyes;
But do it, when the next thing he espies
May be the lady: Thou shalt know the man
By the Athenian garments he hath on.'
Effect it with some care; that he may prove
More fond on her, than she upon her love:
And look thou meet me ere the first cock crow.
Puck. Fear not my lord, your servant shall do so.

[Exeunt. § Quite over-canopied with lush woodbine,] All the old editions read luscious woodbine.

On the margin of one of my folios an unkuown hand has written lush woodbine, which, I think, is right. This hand I have since discovered to be Theobald's. JOHNSON.

Lush is clearly preferable in point of sense, and absolutely necefsary in point of inetre. Oberon is speaking in rhime ; but woodbine, as bitherto accented upon the first syllable, cannot poffbly correfpond with eglantine. The substitution of lush will restore the passage to its original harmony, and the author's idea. RITSON.

I have inserted lush in the text, as it is a word already used by Shakspeare in The Tempeft, A& II :

" How lush and lufty the grass looks? how green?" Both lush and luscious (fays Mr. Henley) are words of the same origin.

Dr. Farmer, however, would omit the word quite, as a useless cxpletive, and read " O'er-canopied with luscious woodbine." STEEVENS.

hath on.] I defire no surer evidence 10 prove that the broad Scotch pronunciation. once prevailed in Englaud, than such a rhyme as the firft of these words affords to the second.


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Another part of the Wood.

Enter TITANIA with her train.

Tila. Come, now a roundel, and a fairy fong; Then, for the third part of a minute, hence:3

-a roundel, and a fairy song;] Rounds, or roundels, were like. the present country dances, and are thus described by Sir John

es, in his Orchestra, 1622 :
" Then first of all he doth demonstrate plain

" The motions (even that are in nature found, " Upward and downward, forth, and back again,

! To this side, and to that, and turning round;
" Whercof a thousand brawls he doth compound,

" Which he doth teach unto the multitude,
" And ever with a turn they must conclude.

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" Thus wlien at first love had them marshalled,

6. As erst he did the shapeless mass of things,
“ He taught them rounds and winding hays to tread,
". And about trees to cast themselves in rings :
" As the two Bcars whom the firft mover flings

- With a short turn about heaven's axle-tree,

• In a round dance for ever wheeling be." RIED. A roundel, rondill, or roundelay, is sometimes used to signify a song beginning or ending with the same sentence ; redit in orbem.

Puttenham, in his Art of Poetry, 1589, has a chapter On the roundel, or Sphere, and produces what he calls A general resemblanco of the roundel to God, the world, and the queeń.

STEEYENS. A roundel is, as suppose, a circular dance. Ben Jooson seems to call the rings which such dances are supposed to make in the grass, rondels. Vol. V. Tale of a Iub, p. 23: 56 I'll have no rondels, I, in the queen's paths."

TYRWHITT, So, in The Boke of the Governout by Sir Thomas Elyot, 1537: co In ftede of these we have now base daunces, bargenettes, pavyons, turgions, and roundes." STEEVENS.

3. Then, for the third part of a minute, hence:] Dr. Warburton reads

- for the third part of tho midnight

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4 Some, to kill cankers in the musk-rose buds; Some, war with rear-mice' for their leathern wings, To make my small elves coats; and some, keep back Theclamorous owl, that nightly hoots, and wonders At our quaint spirits : 6 Sing me now asleep; Then to your offices, and let me rest.

1 But the persons employed are Fairies, to whom the third part of a minute might not be a very short time to do such work in. The critick might as well have objeded to the epithet tall, which the fairy bestows on the cowslip. But Shakspeare, throughout the play, has preserved the proportioa of other things in respect of these tiny beings, compared with whose fize, a cowslip might be talt, and to whose powers of execution, a minute might be equivalent to an age.

STEEVENS. in the musk-rose buds; ] What is at present called the Musk Rose, was a flower unknown to English botanists in the time of Shakspeare. About fifty years ago it was brought into this country from Spain.


with rear-mice -] A rere-mouse is a bat, a mouse that rears itself from the ground by the aid of wings. So, in Albertus Wallenstein, 1640 :

“ Half-fpirited fouls, who strive on rere-mice wings." Again, in Ben Jonson's New Inn:

I keep no shades « Nor shelters, I, for either owls or rere-mice. Again, in Golding's translation of Ovid's Metamorphosis, B. IV. edit. 1587, p. 58. b:

" And we in English language bats or reremice call the same." Gawin Douglas, in his Prologue to Maphæus's 13th book of the Æneid, also applies the epithet leathern to the wings of the Bat:

66 Up gois the bat with her pelit leddern flicht." STEEVENS. 6

quaint spirits :) For this Dr. Warburton reads against all authority:

quaint sports. But Prospero, in The Tempeft, applies quaint to Ariel. JOHNSON.

“ Our quaint spirits." Dr. Johnson is right in the word, and Dr. Warburton in the interpretation. A spirit was fometimes used for a sport. In Decker's play, If it be not good, the Devil is in It, the king of Naples says to the devil Ruffman, disguised in the chara&er of Shalcan: " Now Shalcan, fome now Spirit? Ruff. A thousand wenches ftark-naked to play at leap-frog. Omnes. O rare fight!" FARMER.

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