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follower — The slave - dealers — Gardner's nom de voyage
—A generous host—Gardner's dangerous illness—The
Khan of Khiva–A geographical problem—Adventures of
M. Sturzky—Gardner returns to Astraakhn -

CHAPTER IV.

WANDERER AND FREEBOOTER IN CENTRAL ASIA.

M. Delaroche–Gardner again leaves Astrakhan—Crossing the
Aral Sea—Gardner approaches Ura-tube—An adventure
with Kipchak-Kirghiz—“When at Rome act like the
Romans.”—A flight for dear life—Gardner a freebooter—
Approaches Afghanistan

CHAPTER W.

A SOLDIER OF FORTUNE AMONG THE AFGHANS.

The kingdom of Afghanistan–Habib-ulla Khan and his his.
tory—Gardner joins his standard and becomes a soldier of
fortune—Afghan tolls—The romance of war—Gardner's
marriage—The castello–Triumph of Amir Dost Muhammad
Khan—Tragic end of Gardner's married life—Habib-ulla
Khan's resolution . - -

CHAPTER WI.

A FUGITIVE.

Gardner a fugitive—Desperate straits—The value of salt in
Central Asia—The kalendars—Visit to a Kafir priest—A
kind reception—The Khilti Kafirs—Historic remains—
Disposal of the dead by the Kafirs—A relic of the past—
Farewell to the holy man—An attack by robbers—A race
for life—The escape—A good soldier–Bolor—Captain
Younghusband—Note on “Bolor”.

CONTENTS. ix

CHAPTER VII.

THROUGH BAD A KSHAN.

The Kokcha river—The Kunduz chief—Slave-dealing–Trav-
elling companions—Some Badakshan history—The ruins of
ancient Zaruth—The Kafir empire of early times—Difficult
travelling—Attacked by wolves—Undesirable acquaint-
ances—The Therbah's finger—Retribution—The chief of
Shighnan—Justice tempered by mercy .. - ... 102

CHAPTER VIII.

AMONG THE KIRG HIZ.

Beauties of Kafiristan–Titles of the Shighnan ladies—
Methods of obtaining gold from the rivers—Visit to a
Kirghiz encampment—A benevolent ruler–Dress and ap-
pearance of the Kirghiz—A venerable fakir—Visit to the
ruby mines—Wait for the wedding—A disappointment—
Consolation—Wanderings in the Pamirs—A robber chief—
A ride for a wife—A tragic occurrence - - . 123

CHAPTER IX.

A REMARKABLE JOURNEY.

The Garden of Eden—The Akas and the Keiaz—Gardner
leaves Pamir – Crosses the Yamunyar river near Tash-
balyk—The yak–Yarkand—The two cities–Leh and
Srinagar — The great earthquake — Gardner's journey
through Gilgit and Chitral—The strategic importance of
Chitral—Second visit to Kafiristan—Gardner traverses
Afghanistan and is imprisoned at Girishk—Visit to Kabul
—Farewell to the Therbah—Gardner arrives in Bajaur
—Syad Ahmad the reformer–His history—Death of the
Syad–Gardner becomes chief of artillery at Peshawar and
concludes his travels. - - - - . 145
CHAPTER X.

ADVENTURES IN THE PANJAB.

Peshawar—Maharaja Ranjit Singh—Gardner enters his service
—Visits on the way—Dr Harlan and General Avitabile—
Generals Ventura and Court— Raja Dhyan Singh, the
Prime Minister—Gardner's début as a gunner—He becomes
an instructor—Campaign on the Indus—Operations in
Bannu–The Sikh-Afghan war of 1835—Final conquest of
Peshawar by the Sikhs—Gardner obtains command of the
Jammu artillery—Ranjit Singh's last campaign—A rapid
march—The rebellion of Shamas Khan . - -

CHAPTER XI.

THE LION of THE PANJAB.”
Early days of the Sikh army—Ranjit Singh's Gurkhas—The
Maharaja and his paddle-boat — Gulab Singh and the

treacherous merchant—The jocose chaudri—A camel-load
of flattery—Character of Gulab Singh

CHAPTER XII.
INTRIGUE AND ANARCHY.
Death of Ranjit Singh — Ambitious project of the Dogra
brothers—Maharaja Kharrak Singh—Murder of Sardar

Chet Singh—Deposition and death of Kharrak Singh—The
vengeance of Heaven–Death of Nao Nihal Singh .

CHAPTER XIII.

THE DEFENCE OF LAHORE.

The rival claimants—Sher Singh propitiates the army—De-
fence of the fortress—Gardner's defence of the gateway—

175

198

211

CONTENTS. xi

Terms of peace—Murder of the Maharani and accession of
the Maharaja Sher Singh . - - - . 227

CHAPTER XIV.

“HoRRoR on HoRRoR's HEAD.”

The Kabul disaster—Gardner accompanies the Dogra troops
to Peshawar—Brigadier-General Wild delayed by Gulab
Singh—Sir Henry Lawrence—Bad news—Murders of Ma-
haraja Sher Singh and of Dhyan Singh—Sati of his widow
and thirteen slaves—Character of Hira Singh—Rani Jindan
—Death of Suchet Singh—Gardner disguised as an Akali
—Deaths of Hira Singh and Jawahir Singh—Outbreak of
war with the English - - - - . 240

CHAPTER XV.

THE FIRST SIKH WAR.

The Sikh generals—Departure of Ventura and Avitabile—
The apex of the army—Colonel Hurbon–Gulab Singh's
diplomacy—Rani Jindan and the deputation—Occupation
of Lahore—Terms of peace. - - - . .263

CHAPTER XVI.

“Port AFTER storwy SEAs.”

Gardner exiled from the Panjab–“History of the Reigning
Family of Lahore’—Gardner enters Gulab Singh's service
—Settles for life in Kashmir—Birth of his daughter—
Impression of Gardner–Mr Andrew Wilson—Captain
Segrave—The Russian advance towards India—Gardner's
advice to John Bull—Death of the Traveller—The sug-
gestion of his career - - - - . 276
APPENDIX.

COLONEL GARDNER's LIST OF RANJIT SINGH’s of FICERs

MEDICAL OFFICERS - - -
RANJIT SINGH AND HIS WHITE OFFICERS
I. GENERAL VENTURA .
II. GENERAL ALLARD .
III. GENERAL AVITABILE .
IV. GENERAL COURT -
W. DR HARLAN .
WI. GENERAL WAN CORTLANDT
VII. COLONEL FORD
VIII. COLONEL FOULKes
IX. CAPTAIN ARGOUD
X. COLONEL CANORA
XI. COLONEL THOMAS
XII. LESLIE OR RATTRAY .
XIII. COLONEL MOUTON
XIV. COLONEL HURBON
XV. COLONEL STEINBACH
XVI. CAPTAIN DE LA FONT
XVII. CAPTAIN M*PHERSON . -
XVIII.
}* CAMPBELL AND GARRON
XIX.
LIST OF CHARACTERS IN PANJAB HISTORY, FROM THE

OF RANJIT SINGH TO THE BRITISH ANNEXATION

INDEX

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