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though, through, head, dead, earl, bowl, four, soul, fourth, dread, sweat, mould, deaf, mourn, morn, there, where, then, when, an'y, man'y, among', amongst', rude, rue, rule, true, truth, who, whose, whom, wound, prove, juice, fruit, pour, tour, soup, group, lose, move, full, put, push, bush, pulpit, bullet.

door, floor, of'ten, sof'ten, wind, wind'y, to wind, wind'ing, wound, luxury, luxurious, luxuʼriously, luxuʼriant, luxuʼriance, enthu'siasm, enthusiastic, fra'grance, fra'grant, experience, exper'iment, experimenʼtal, exteʼrior, infeʼrior, inferior'ity, superior, superior'ity, sublime', sublime'ly, sublim'ity, sub'lunary, create', crea'tion, crea'tor.

si'lence, bi'as, sen'tence, tri'umph, com'fort, sol'ace, con'strue, res'cue, res'pite, gov'ern, har'ass, can'cel, men'ace, canal', hab'it, tep'id, sin'ner, con'scious, sub'ject, page'ant, val′iant, palace, establish, imag'ine, cav'ern, fam'ine, fam'ily, tal'ent, pa'tent, cush'ion, bullion, butch'er, guard, large, charge, mas'ter, fa'ther, rath'er, oblige', pa'tron, patronage, ma'tron, an'cient, fa'tal, com'fort.

can'dour, valour, above', type, guile, guise, ty'rant, tyr'anny, tyrannize, tyrʼannous, tyrannic, tyran'nical, geʼnii, ra'dii, cheer'ful, cheer'fully, cheer'less, cheer'lessly, sti'pend, pi'lot, climb, ide'a, he'ro, hero'ical, heroine, her'oism, fe'ver, cleanse, pleas'ant, pleas'ure, treas'ure, peas'ant, jealous, weap'on, endeav'our, el'egant, ev'ident, neigh'bour. The diphthong oi, which always sounds oy, is, in many counties of Scotland, pronounced so as to rhyme with the Scotch sound of i, in time, mine, thine, &c. This may be guarded against by frequently pronouncing the following words, carefully observing to sound oi so as to rhyme with oy in toy, boy, joy, cloy, &c.

oint, joint, conjoint', disjoint', anoint', point, appoint', disappoint', voice, void, void'able, avoid', oil, boil, coil, accoil', recoil', foil, moil, bemoil', turmoil', spoil, despoil", broil, embroil', disembroil', soil, toil, coin, foin, join, subjoin', adjoin', rejoin', enjoin', benzoin', conjoin', interjoin', disjoin', misjoin', loin, purloin', quoif, quoif'fure, quoit.

Sounding w like v before r is also a common error.

wrath, wrath'ful, wretch, wretch'ed, wretch'edly, wretch'edness, wrist, writ, write, writ'er, writhe, writ'ing, writ'ten, wrong, wrong'. ful, wrongly, wrote, wroth, wrought, wrung.

Such as lisp, or cannot sound the letter s properly, should often pronounce

the following words; carefully observing, that in sounding the s, the tongue should be pointed above the teeth, and not protruded between them.

boss, moss, gloss, miss, bliss, hiss, guess, sess, press, dress, some, such, sure, shall, succeed', success', suc'cessor, sim'ple, safe, sis'ter, soci'ety, so'cial, suspense', suspenʼsion, sustain', sus'tenance, sat'isfy, satisfaction, susceptible, assume', assump'tion, assert', access', recess', transgress', suppose', assess', possess', count'ess, host'ess, dismiss'. Northumbrians, and those who bur, or give the letter r a guttural sound, should, in pronouncing the following words, trill that letter with the point of the tongue upon the roof of the mouth.

are, were, there, where, share, stare, fear, near, rear, spear, tear, bear, senior, ju'nior, infeʼrior, exte'rior, war'rior, bar'ter, gar'ter, char'ter, convert'er, pervert'er, com'forter, import'er, support'er, extort'er, dream'er, stream'er, rum'mer, astronomer, for'mer, reform'er, perform'er, gar'dener, war'rener, mar'iner, cri'er, dri'er, bar'rier, car'rier.

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The following Words admit of a variety in the pronunciation.

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ON PAUSES OR POINTS.

There are two kinds of pauses, viz. Grammatical and Rhetorical pauses. Grammatical pauses are denoted by certain points or marks; at which it is necessary to pause or stop a little, for the purpose of breathing and elucidating the meaning of a sentence.

Rhetorical pauses are those stops made by a reader or speaker, which, though frequently not marked, serve to beautify delivery, by giving it all that variety and ease of which it is susceptible.

The Grammatical pauses are distinguished into

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And those which are accompanied with an alteration in the tone of the voice, into

Semicolon
Colon
Period

The Comma

The Semicolon

The Colon
The Period

The Interrogation
The Exclamation
The Parenthesis

Semicolon
Colon

Period

at the

marked thus

Besides these, there is another pause called the hyphen or dash, marked with a short line, thus

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Some writers suppose that the

-is a pause double the time of the

Comma,
Semicolon,
Colon.

Others are of opinion that the

double

triple
quadruple

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the time of the Comma.

is a pause

Perhaps the Pupil might be told to pause

one.

Comma

Semicolon while he could deliber-one, two.
Colon
ately pronounce

Period

one, two, three.

one, two, three, four.

Comma,

The number of pauses may be reduced to three; namely,
The Smaller Pause
The Greater Pause answering to the Semicolon and Colon,
The Greatest Pause
Period.

The interrogation and exclamation points are said to be indefinite as to their quantity of time, and to mark an elevation of voice; and the parenthesis, to mark a moderate depression of the voice, with a pause greater than a comma, The time of the hyphen or dash is also indefinite.

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TABLE of the Two SLIDES, or INFLECTIONS of VOICE.

The acute accent (') denotes the rising, and the grave accent ()the falling inflection.

1. Did they act properly, or improperly?
2. Did he speak distinct'ly, or in`distinctly?
3. Must we act according to the law, or contrary

to it?

4. Did he go willingly, or un'willingly?
5. Was it done correctly, or in'correctly?
6. Did he say cau'tion, or cau`tion?
7. Did he say wisely, or wisely?
8. Did he say value, or value?
9. Did he say wis'dom, or wis'dom?
10. Did he say fame', or fame'?
11. You must not say fa'tal, but fa'tal.
12. You must not say e'qual, but e'qual.
13. You must not say i'dol, but i'dol.
14. You must not say o'pen, but o'pen.
15. You must not say dubious, but dubious.

16. They acted properly, not im'properly.
17. He spoke distinctly, not in'distinctly.
18. We must act according to the law, not con'-
trary to it.

19. He went wil'lingly, not un'willingly.
20. It was done correctly, not in'correctly.
21. He said caution, not cau'tion.
22. He said wisely, not wise'ly.

23. He said value, not val'ue.

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24. He said wis'dom, not wis'dom.

25. He said fame', not fame'.

26. You must say fa'tal, not fa'tal.
27. You must say e`qual, not equal.
28. You must say idol, not i'dol.

29. You must say o'pen, not o'pen. 30. You must say dubious, not du'bious.

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TABLE OF THE INFLECTIONS OF THE VOICE.

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