Imagens das páginas

creature can

ralizing influence” in the habitual use of|(which we cannot too often place, with the such language as this, in which the “Cou-" Washington Intelligencer," the "Boston rier” notices one of the cabinet organs of Daily Advertiser,” and the “New York EveWashington,* a paper called the “Madiso. ning Post," apart from their disreputable nian,” somewhat mild in its tone: indeed, contemporaries,) and observe the terms in as will be observed, only too mild for the which the head of the Republic of America taste of the “Courier."

is spoken of there. It refers to a "mock

veto message" addressed to Congress. “It “Mr. Tyler and his cabinet employ a paper which is an utter disgrace to the country, and was received,” says the American, “ with would be a diegrace to its chief magistrate, if

unanimous contempt. The poor that were predicable of such a man. It would lower hardly get himself the honor of a loud laugh John Tyler in the estimation of every decent citi- from the house now. He has settled into a zen in ihe United States, if that individual were hopeless and helpless quietude of infamy, from not already at the bottom. As an exponent of the which nothing will disturb him till 1845. No. intellect, the feelings, and the public character body cares what he says or does or thinks. of the present President, we do not undertake to He can do us no hurt, and he can do the loco pronounce this Madisonian' much out of the way: but judged by any other standard, or tried focos no good. No gentleman in Congress by any other test, that stupid official is a subject calls on bim; and he is left to the companof national humiliation. Would that it were as ionship of the very scavengers of a licengross as the Globe' in ils ruffianism! Would tious press. He is already a wholesome exihal it had any stamina or vigor of talent of any sort. ample to all traitors and ingrates. ...

One curse (Tyler) at a time is enough, Despised, abused, derided, and almost spit upon even for our sins."

by those for whose unmeaning promises and Oh moral "Courier"! indignant assailer of deceitful smiles he renounced good faith and the languageof vice. But this is little. We truth'; abhorred by the good for his dishon. have heard a good deal amongst ourselves esty, and scorned by the bad for his folly ; lately of inducements to assassination, but more pitiable instance of self punished crime what can an inducement to suicide be meant was never seen by an astonished world. His for ? It would be a nice question for the present elevation is a mere pillory to him. But casuists. “Suicide,” remarked the “Cou- we will pelt him no more ; for that


of rier” on the 20th of December last, “is the sentence has exhausted itself. A more agreed on all hands to be a horrible crime, signal retribution than we now witness in but if Mr. John Tyler should be left to commit bim, the most ferocious and unforgiving 60 shocking an act, it would be easier to look vengeance could not ask.” Can—we are up EXTENUATING CIRCUMSTANCES, than in any obliged to ask, when we read this language case, ancient or modern, within our know- from a quarter we must respect-can even ledge!" And what is the effeet of all this- such forms of government as Washington waiting that final and terrible effect which, and his great associates established, be exif waited for, will come—but to make the pected long to outlive this reckless system passion for "strong writing" so universal, of party warfare ? that decency is rejected as mere spiritless One word before we quit these papers on stuff. Let us turn for a moment even lo that what the reader may have seen boasted in able and respectable paper, the “American" some of our extracts as the “out.general

ling” of Lord Ashburton. We feel bound * Another " Tyler paper” we find thus characteristically referred to in one of the opposition. The to say that this was any thing but the tone proprietors of the newly-established Tyler newspa- of the majority of the American papers,

in Philadelphia -the Evening Express-have until the publication, in the Courier and been unfortunate in business: having been arrested Enquirer," of what was called the private able to gei the 2,000 dollars bail which was demand history of the Ashburton Treaty.” “It was ed." Then, some days later, we have the palliation contained in a letter of remonstrance from by the repentant and reformed editor of this unlucky a friend of Mr. Webster's, against the con. newspaper, of his experiences of the party with tinued abuse of that statesman, and it cer. which he had been so lately connected. And such are the almost daily revelations of this atrocious tainly succeeded in turning aside wrath. press! “Our recent accidental association (!) with Whether or not on reasonable grounds, we the Tyler administration as editor of the 'Evening leave others to judge. Our present busiExpress has enabled us thoroughly to understand

ness is not to meddle with red-lined maps, and appreciate the peculiar principles of that branch of Federalism, known as the CORPORAL'S Guard or smart doings, and we simply give the so(the President's Cabinet ?), and to salisfy our own called private history as a matter of some mind that a more wiCKED, CORRUPT, and BANDITTI- present interest, which occurred to us as LIKE SET OF SCOUNDRELS, never before leagued 10gether in this republican country, as a political par

we went through the painful and repulsive ty, clique, cabal, or faction."

drudgery of transcribing specimens of American Newspaper Literature for the pur- himself for its reception with men of all poses of this review.

opinions and parties. But such a man can " When Lord Ashburton arrived in Washing- afford to “ go on fearless," knowing the ton, he took an early day to open the subject of his audience he will address at last ; and we mission ; and with the frankness which marked make a grave error, if his book is not found his whole course throughout the negotiation, he in the long run to have hit the hardest, those advised Mr. Webster that the nature ofhis instruc-evils of the American character which cry tions forbade his yielding any portion of the dis- loudly for instant counteraction, and with puted territory north of the line of Highlands, the most exquisite feeling and skill to have boundary. This, of course, presented the question developed those germs of good, in which, in a very serious light; and Mr. Webster very rightly and generously cultivated, the endupromptly informed his lordship that he must ring safety of America and American insti. recede from this demand or terminate his mission. tutions will alone at last be found. In two As his instructions were peremptory, he was French works named at the head of this about to close his mission of peace, and war be article (and to which we regret that we tween the two countries appeared inevitable; have only left ourselves room for very when Mr. Webster persuaded him to enter into a full examination of the whole question, with a slight allusion,) we have been struck with view to make himself acquainted with its real the unconscious support which is given in merits. This he did in obedience to Mr. Web- almost every page of one of them, to the ster's urgent solicitations; and such was the character of Mr. Webster's representation of the facts-, written by Daniel O'Connell to a correspondent in so perfectly simple did he render this intricate sulyject this couniry,Thank God Dickens is not an Irishby bringing to bear upon it the force of his mighty man-he is of the texture of a Saxon glution—and intellect, that Lord Ashburton acknowledged his con. the more you fill him and stuff him with the good Ticiion of the injustice of the claims of his govern- things of this life, the more overbearing and unment to the extent insisted upon, and actually grateful you make him. The more kindness you agreed to remain at Washington until he could extend, and the more praise you bestow upon a gorreceive additional instructions from his govern- turbulent notions you drive into his empļy and sy

mandizer of this order, the more aristocratic and ment, instead of promptly closing his mission, as cophantic noddle. ... Daniel O'Connell.' This is he was authorized to do! A delay of six weeks capital and is a pretty fair account of the celebrafollowed, during which time nothing was heard ied Boz.” in relation to this negotiation; but at the expi- It may have been this, or it may have been some ration of that period the anxiously looked for other—for Mr. O'Connell, as a great favorite with instructions arrived, and the treaty was actually the patriots” from the fact of himself and his great made according to the line of boundary fixed upon of England, is subject to have his authority daily by Mr. Webster afler Lord Ashburton's mission forged-on 'which remark is made in the following under his first instructions had virtually closed. It extracts from a letter addressed to the editor of the is the secret history of that negotiation which can Pilot." alone do justice to the Secrelary of Slate."

" I saw with great surprise, in the last 'Pilot,'a As for the other British negotiator, who paragraph which you ceriainly took from some other is said to have been “out-generalled,” we purporting to be a quotation from an alleged leiter of

newspaper, headed 'O'Connell and Dickens,' and suspect that some mistake may possibly be mine to the editor of a Maryland newspaper, pubfore long be discovered in that quarter, too, vocate." The thing is, from beginning to end, a

lished at Baltimore, and called the · Hibernian Adand that they may not have won who have gross lie. I never wrote a letter to that newspaper ; laughed the most. Mr. Dickens (to whom nor am I in the habit of corresponding with editors many allusions have been made in these of American papers. I have seen, indeed, with pages,) having written a perfectly honest great contempt, but without much surprise, in sev

eral American newspapers, letters deliberately pubbook,* must be presumed to have prepared lished under my signature, given to the American

public as genuine documents—all, of course, being 'ur attention has been directed since this was forgeries, but published by the editors as if perfectly written to an indignant disclaimer by Mr. O'Con. genuine. This is a species of outrageous rascality Dell of a forged letter with his signature that had which has been seldoin attempted in this country, " gone the round” of the American press. These and seems reserved for the vileness of a great por. practices are of such every-day occurrence, that lion of the newspaper press in the United States... hough several are marked in the notes we had ta- Perhaps it is right ihai I should add, that few people ken for our review, we found no opportunity or admire more the writings of Dickens, or read them special occasion to refer to them. Indeed the abuse with a deeper interest than I do. I am greatly pleasof Mr. Dickens has arrived at such an ultra-horrible ed with his “American Notes.' They give me, I and hyperbolical pitch of atrocity, as to render in think, a clearer idea of every-day life in America dignation needless, and be matter of simple laughter. than I ever entertained before; and his chapter conWe hardly open a paper of the States, half of which taining the advertisements respecting negro slavery, is not devoted to reprints of his wrilings, and some is more calculated to augment the fixed detestation portion of the other half io libels on himself. We of slavery than the most brilliant declamation, or do not know the exact forgery to which Mr. O'Con- the most splendid eloquence. That chapter shows Dell alludes, but we find among our memoranda the out the hideous features of the system far better than following, taken from the New York Herald. any dissertation on its evils could possibly produce “ An eastern paper contains an extract of a letter lihem-odious and disgusting to the public eye.”


sound and impartial observation of Mr.sible interest comprehended or concerned. Dickens, and with the excellent means of Some such mistake as this, we think, is the judgment supplied by the other, as to the mistake of an eloquent, manly, thoughtful, way in which his style and manner of re- and most acute writer, in the last number cording those impressions would affect an of that excellent periodical, the “North intelligent, and perfectly impartial mind. American Review.” He thinks that the M. Philarète Chasles (whom we are also profligate papers,

numerous as they are, happy to claim as an assenting party to our and widely as their circulation ranges, views on the American press,) gives it as may open their foul mouths in full cry his opinion, that after examining carefully upon a man of character, year after the late books of travels in the United and through every state in the Union," but, States, he has found the most recent of " can barm him no more than the idle wind. them—though neither piquing itself on They are read, despised, and the next day philosophy nor profundity, though neither utterly forgotten.” We do not know all ill-humored nor presuming-by far the most that may lurk in that expression—a man of gay, the most spirited, the most effective character—but we do know that there has and complete, in its delineation of Ameri- not been a public man engaged in the sercan life and character. He quotes, in a vice of the American state, since the death capital translation, some of the comic of Washington, whose means of usefulness sketches of Mr. Dickens, and remarks of have not been impaired by these insamous them that no doubt they may be charged as assailants. But we discussed this fully on a dealing with petty and insignificant detail, former occasion, and will only put it to this but that this very detail it is which reveals honest writer now, whether on greater re. the peculiarities of such a people. “It is flection he would feel as sure, supposing by those familiar and minute facts,” he ob- these prints to be "despised,” that they serves, “ that you arrive at the true under would still continue to be "read.” Of him, standing of a nation, as yet too young and and of others with the same cultivated already too powerful, too informed and yet mind and lofty purpose, we would earnestly too advanced, to have escaped the suscepti. implore to look abroad from the small and bilities, the weaknesses, the bullying, the select community in which they live, and * niaiseries des parvenus.' I prefer these understand without further compromise, or sketches, for my own part," he adds, "to hinderances self-imposed, the mischiefs of learned dissertations." And this prefer this wide-spread pestilence. We believe ence, we may safely predict, will be one that, by forming a rallying point for all that day pretty general.

is good and virtuous in America, they have It will have been seen, in the course of it in their power to stay the plague. Nor our present remarks, that we are not with. are we without the confident hope of hav. out some expectation, fairly grounded, of a ing, at no distant day, to record some gal. possible and early revolt of the educated lant and successful effort towards that great classes of America against the odious ty. Jend. ranny which we have thus done our best to

At any rate, when we meet the Ameri. expose. We have noted what we are fain cans next, it will be with some pleasanter to believe plain symptoms of its having al- things to say to them. It is our intention ready begun. In that case we shall not be to examine the more general characteristics easily tempted to return to a subject which of the original works they have put forth it is on every account most decorous 10 within the last few years, as their claim to leave in the hands of those whose welfare the commencement of a literature of their it most nearly concerns, and which we only own. Our former remark on this subject in the first instance approached with deep has been greatly misunderstood, if not and unaffected reluctance.

greatly misrepresented. When we donbted But it will not do to begin the strife by if the foundations had yet been laid of a undervaluing the power of the antagonist. NATIONAL literature, we could not mean to We never knew good result from a feeling imply any thing so manifestly unjust, as of that kind. The first element of success that natives of America, since the estab. in every such struggle is to grapple at lishment of their Republic, have not written once with the whole extent of evil : not to many able and admirable books. look at it with the reservation of your own delicacies and doubts, and perhaps limited field of experience, but fully, unreservedly, and with that broad-if you will, that vulgar-gaze, which shall take in every pos!

From the London Charivari.


I sank back in my chair, and endeavored HIS EXPULSION FROM FRANCE—LETTER THEREON

to review my past doings. How-how, TO KING LOUIS-PHILIPPE.

thought I, can I have stirred the philosophic bile of my good friend, Louis Philippe ?

For what can he have thus turned me out Packet Boat Inn, Dover, Feb. 11. of Boulogne--wherefore stop my travels in Citizen King.–For once indignation has France ? been too much for sea-sickness. I have Whilst in this exceedingly brown study, this moment, in a half-tempest, arrived from a Frenchman entered the room. He threw Boulogne-thrust from the port by the a piercing look at me, lifted his hat with a point of the sword. Yes; it is true-Punch mixture of scorn and forced politeness, and is no longer to be admitted into France. said—“Mille pardons —mais-n'est-ce pasPunch, who-but I have swallowed another Ponch ?goutte of brandy, and will subdue my feel- “ Then you know me, monsieur ?" said I. ings.

Oui monsieur—I have read your things And is it thus, Louis,-is it thus you use in Boulogne - in Paris" — and still the an old friend! You, whom I have counted Frenchman scowled, then laughed, as I upon as almost my idolater; you, whose thought, vindictively. wariness ---whose ingenuity-whose fine “Šir, I am happy at this meeting. You sense of self-preservation made you seem inay, perhaps, resolve a doubt that just now to the eyes of all men the first disciple of eats up my brain. In the first place, I have the school of Punch-do you now use your -yes-Punch has been turned out of old master as whilom Plato maltreated So. France." crates ?

C'est bien-c'est fort bien," said the It is barely two days since, and with what Frenchman, with open delight. a jocund heart did I leave my wife (I am “Bless me!" I exclaimed—“Why, what proud to siy with a complimentary mist in have I done ?" her eyes) at the wharf of London bridge! “What have you not done ?" roared the How did that heart sink as the boat boiled Frenchman. past the Reculvers—how very ill, indeed, With subdued voice, I begged of him to was I off the North Foreland-how more enumerate my written offences. It seemed than puppy-sick ere I reached the port of to him a labor of love, for he drew his chair Boulogne ? "Never mind,” thought I, as close to the table, squared his elbows upon I quitted the Magnet ; "here, at least

, is it, and his eyes flashing, and his moustache Balm of Gilead at two francs a bottle!” twisting and working like a young eel, thus and with the thought the violet hue of my began. nose subsided, my blood quickened, and I « In the first place,-Did yon not call stept out airily towards the Custom-house. Louis-Philippe hard names about the Span.

"What is your name?” says the clerk, ish business? When, Orca, Leon, and rith a suspicious look-a look significantly others were tricked to be shot by Christina, answered by a corps of douaniers—“What did you not accuse Louis-Philippe of having is your name ?"

his finger in the bloodshed ?" You know the graceful bend of my back “I did." -the smile that ordinarily puckers up my “Secondly,- Did you not place the mouth. With that bend and that smile then, Great Napoleon on a monument of froth, I answered" Punch."

spouting from a bottle of imperial pop ?" "C'est bien—it is henceforth not per- “ It can't be denied." mitted that your blood shall circulate in “Thirdly,--Did you not sneer at our France. Otez ce coquin--take the vagabond colonies ? Did you not more than doubt away!” Thus spoke the man in authority; the justice of our cutting Arab throats, and and in a trice, I was escorted to the Water extracting true glory from bloodshed? Did Witch, then starting for Dover, and was in you not laugh at the Trappists, and fling two hours and a half seated in an English hard names upon General Bugeaud ? inn, where

“All quite true.” [I beg your pardon, but I am interrupted. “Fourthly,–Did you not desecrateA man (a Dover waterman) has followed yes, desecrate--the eloquence of Monsieur me to my hotel to beg—that is, enforce- Dumas, when he turned a funeral oration " sixpence” for the accommodation of a on poor Orleans into a drama for the Porte plank from the wharf to the boat, the steam St. Martin ?" company, the mayor and magistrates of “I confess it." Dover smiling blandly on the extortion.] “And do you not, almost every week,


preach up what you insolently call the mis- | REMINISCENCES OF MEN AND THINGS. chief of glory, and question the born right of every Frenchman to carry fire and bloodshed into every country he can get into

From Fraser's Magazine. and more, do you not laugh at and de

M. THIERS. nounce, what is as dear to every Frenchman as the recollection of his mother's When first my eyes caught a glimpse of milk, a hatred, an undying hatred, to En- the shining silver spectacles of little Mon. gland and all that's English ?"

sieur Thiers, he was living in a very

modest “I own to every word of it."

manner on a rather high étage in a by no "And more—do you not ....?means prepossessing house in Paris. Dingy,

“I beg your pardon, monsieur,” said a dark, and dirty was the staircase, and the stage-coachman, at this point entering the porter growled a sullen "oui" when the room, "if you are the gentleman as is go friend whom I accompanied inquired, if ing to Canterbury, time's up."

Mr. Adolphe Thiers resided in the dwellThe Frenchman did not finish his sening of which that illustrious keeper was the tence, but rising, and again lifting his bat, legally authorised preserver. Í fear that he with a grim smile and flashing eyes, at that time the little man was not so gen. stalked away.

erous in his “etrennes" to the aforesaid And now, my quondam friend Louis. porter as he was afterwards in a position Philippe, I have put the above colloquy to to be, since at any rate it struck me forcipaper, that I may herewith ask you, if your bly, that Thiers was not a popular name in subject and fellow-citizen is right as to the the establishment in question. This was causes which (under your orders) have shut prior to the Revolution of 1830, and at that me out of France ? If they be not, you time our hero loved and swore by that very will drop me a line. If they be, I will take Armand Carrel, whom afterwards he perseyour silence (and smuggle accordingly) for cuted and traduced. The former was enaffirmation. Yours,

gaged in writing for the republican Nation" As thou usest me,”

Punch. al, which he had assisted in establishing,

and in preparing the minds of the too ardent" Jeunes Gensfor that call “ to arms" which the tocsin of the capital soon after

thundered in their ears. Thiers was one of Julia Cesarea. The following is an extract from those who conspired to bring about the a letter written from Algiers by an artillery oflicer, Revolution of 1830. He did this, first, beand communicated to the Academy of Belles Let. cause his principles or his doctrines, his tres." I have just spent some days amidst the convictions or his professions, were at that ruins of Julia Cesarea. I have some right to give time of a republican character. He did so, been the first to discover four inscriptions bearing second, because I think he believed that it the name of that ancient city. I have found many was the intention of the elder branch of the other less important inscriptions. Would that I house of Bourbon to overthrow the consti. could also place under your eyes the admirable Co: tutional character of Louis XVIII., and to rinthian capital, the granite pillars, and the ancient tombs—the fellows of the Kebor Roumiæ, and, like render it purely monarchical. He did so, it, no doubt, of Numidian origin. The English third, because he saw no hope for himself, traveller Shaw mentions the gigantic wall of three or for the extreme party with which he was leagues circuit which formed the inclosure of Ce. sarea, but he says nothing of the period of its con.

connected, of ever arriving at power and struction. I think that the erection of this wall office, without “the men of the past” were must be referred to the second occupation of Africa all driven from their posts to make room by the Romans, when ancient civilization shed its for “ Young France;" and he did so, fourth, first light on these shores." Many persons, reck: because he belonged to those who hated the ancients when they find that our engineers have Bourbons. One of his associates at that nothing better to do than to fortify themselves bc.. time was Mignet, of whom they tell the hind walls raised by engineers who lived fourteen following curious anecdote. When asked centuries ago. The old part of this city also bears by the Duke de Guiche what was the reason witness to the power of the Romans.'”-Athen'm.

of his animosity to the Bourbon race, as a Tue CHINESE TREASURE — Yesterday evening, at 7 o'clock, five waggons, each drawn by four horses, race, he replied, Parceque je n'aime pas les and a carl drawn by two horses, all heavily laden,

Bourbons." “But why do you not love the entered the gateway of the Royal Mint, escorted by Bourbons ?" demanded the duke. “It is a detachment of the 60th Regiment, with the Chi- not an answer to my inquiry why do you nese silver, amounting to £ 1,000,000 sterling, being hate the Bourbons to say, because I do not the first consignment of the indemnity to be paid by the Celestial Empire.

love them.” Mignet smiled, but retorted

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