Imagens das páginas

of winking, or what is equivalent thereto, the for a physician's eye; and humanity to a ruffian sun makes a generous and considerate use of it. proves ihe utmost piích of cruelty to the upofHe never sets without setting us an example of lending public. the sublimest charity, deliberately closing his The opposite distemper is that which has been piercing eye lo ten thousand rogueries, frauds, already noticed, namely, the case of those who and treasons; ten thousand scenes of profigacy consider that to wink at the minutest flaw, or and haunts of dissipation. At what infinite in the slightest transgression, is an offence of the trigues, and assignations numberless, does he kind which the law terms a misprision. They not mercifully wink? What myriads of follies see every thing, and forgive nothing; they are and vices of all sorts might he not witness in the spies, informers, witnesses, prosecutors, and, every stage of their commission, by simply tar- we may add, unpaid beadles and volunteer exerying a few hours longer above the horizon, and cutioners of the circle of society which they exercising his talent of observation with a little infest; and such is the sinfulness of the world, human malice. But he is so far above such that they have only too much employment in paltry curiosity, that he is recorded to have their detestable vocation. more than onee in his career gone out of his But a closer examination of the visual organs way, actually left the high road of Heaven, to of persons of this character, leads us rather to avoid a spectacle of guili-for instance, the hor- conclude that they have brought themselves to rid banquet of Thyestes. How superior to the use their eyelids very little, than that they are moon, who, after keeping her chamber the live- absolutely devoid of ibat ingenious provision of long day, while the inhabitants of the globe are our physical constitution. The fact is, that illabout iheir lawful business, and, generally natured people have lids to their eyes as well as speaking, conducting themselves with decorum, those wlio most abound with the milk and cream issues forth in the evening as it were, expressly of human kindness. It is also beyond dispute, to peep, or sometimes gaze with her full round that nature makes nothing in vain; and hence eye at the very doings which her brother has the question immediately suggests itself, of just plunged into the ocean to shun the sight what use is the eyelid to the multitudes of indiof! The moon is the very mistress of the viduals who wink so seldom, that they are vulSchool for Scandal; but how many eyes imitate garly supposed never to wink at all. This is a her, and how few follow the example of the point of some difficulty ; but we think we shall sun's ! The gazers and starers are numerous explain it satisfactorily; sects, but the winkers are few indeed. Some What is right may be winked at as well as people appear never to wink at all, just as if what is wrong: and may not the eye be so their eyes had no lids to them, and they conse constructed as to be only capable of closing quently observe every thing that is deformed, when the object presented to it is distinguished unsightly, disagreeable, or revolting in the by its physical or moral beauty ? This, we beworld, which is, of course, an inconceivable sat- lieve, is a very common structure of the organ. isfaction to them, or they would learn to shut How many instances have we not known ourtheir eyes upon occasion like their less obser-selves of men who never in the course of their vant neighbors. Philosophers tell us that this lives winked at the slightest blemish in the defect in the apparatus for winking, is particu- character of their neighbor or their friend, yet larly striking in the case of those whose benevo- who possessed, in an eminent degree, the gift lent dispositions are none of the strongest, of winking at his talents and his viriues! Even while the goodnatured man, on the contrary, is where observance was most conspicuous, found to possess an uncommon flexibility of the

And multitudes of virtues passed along, eyelid, by virtue of which he winks a great

Each pressing foremost in ihe mighry throngdeal, and thus avoids the observation of a thousand matters and incidents calculated to hurt they saw no more of the procession than a blind the sight. In some men this facility of winking man does of the Lord Mayor's show. They is excessive, and it leads them into every sort winked until the pomp went by, and might have of extravagancy; they shut their eyes to the declared with perfect truth, that they saw nothmost enormous crimes, as well as to the most ing so lovely in an Eleanora, nothing so benetrifling peccadilloes. They are sure that the volent in a Howard, or nothing so great in a swindler intended to return the property of his Chatham or a Franklin. Eyes of this descripdupe, and that the murderer never meant to tion may be said to connive at worth, just as hurt a hair of his victim's head. They wink at those of another formation connive at infirmities the most barbarous assassination, and amiably or foibles. They are perfeculy, incapable of designate it a 'homicidal monomania. If their the impertinence of remarking the good points sovereign is shot at by a traitor, they are the of their acquaintance; they hold that nothing people who doubt that the pistol was loaded, can be more rude than to stare at any man's and call for the production of the ball. This is amiable peculiarities; in a word, they pay Virthe sort of vision which Shakspeare calls the tue the distinguished compliment of treating perpetual wink,' and there is no doubt whatso-her as they treat the sun on the meridiad, ever but that it results from an unhealthy state whose spots it is lawful to observe and gaze at

, of the organ, and ought particularly to engage but whose glories may not be searched by the attention of the oculist. That the disorder mortal eye. is eminently favorable to the impunity of the

What is more familiar than the practical inmost dangerous malefactors, is clear from tragi- version of the poet's amiable precept, cal experience; the murderer may be said to

Be to her virtues ever kind, escape in the twinkling of a juror's, a judge's,

Be to her faults a little blind !

The reverse would seem to be a maxim in notja donkey; the Tories cry "a Numa !" or "a a little vogue,

Solon !" Another senator arrives in his cab—

the Tories pronounce him a knave and a job. Be to her virtues ever blind,

ber; the Whiys see a Fabricus or an Aristides; Be to her failings never kind,

che Radicals would appear not to see him at all, 60 completely has no small portion of mankind | as if he was but the ghost of a legislator, or Mr. habituated their organs of observation to see Nobody in proper person. Again a carriage nothing but the foul, and wink at nothing but draws up, and behold a judge comes up the the fair,-to connive at beauty, and feed their scene. eyes upon the beast. The torture devised by “Scroggs !" growls one partisan. the Roman satirist for the punishment of vice, is “A Daniel !” exclaims bis opponent. eluded by this method of eye-education.

To a third, the noble and learned lord is eimVirtutem videant, intabescantque relictâ.

ply another Mansfield; to a fourth, as palpable

à Jefferies as the eye of man ever beheld. Then How inany thousands are there who would are seen two or three pedestrian senators walkno more recognise any one of the cardinal vir- ing arm-in-arm to the great council of the nation. tues, were they to meet her bodily in the streets One observer sees a flight of eagles; upon the of London, than they would Nebuchadnezzar or retina of another, the self-same objects paint the Abednego? Were the said virtues even to ap- forms of so many kites, or "mousing-owls;" to pear in cardinal's hats, it is much to be doubted a third eye, they are a flock of plain geese as if ten men in England would recognise one of ever gabbled on, or in the Commons. The next the four. There are observers who behold comer is a right-reverend, or most reverend incarnate fiends wherever they turn, yet who bishop, in the purple and fine linen, borrowed never saw an incarnate angel in their lives. from the divine example of the millionaire in the Nay, when angels put on the flesh, they are apt parable. The Radical at once recognises my to be taken for demons by men who have Lord. Dives; the Chartist takes him for luciser, trained their retinas to receive no images but and peeps under the lawn for the cloven foot: those of deformity and vice. Thus Religion oft the Tory rounds his neighbor in the ear, and clothes herself in the flesh of the mitred pontifl, observes, “ How like his lordship is to the piconly to be called intolerance, sensuality, or hyture of St. Peter!" or, “He might sit for the pocrisy. Thus Justice arrays herself in the portrait of Barnabas ;" or, if a devout Tory inhunan limbs of chancellors and judges, yet deed, and one who has often shed salt tears for continues as much unknown as before her the poor estate of the church, he imagines that incarnation. Thus Wisdom, too, takes the it is Lazarus himself he sees before him. Last shape and substance of some great minister, or arrives the minister. shepherd of the people, and intending to re- “ A present deity !" bursts from the ministerial veal herself, only puts on a more complete dis- section of the spectators. guise. _Economy, in the form of a Chancellor "A demigod! of the Exchequer, is called Extravagance; and " A devil!" Liberty, in the likeness of a Secretary of State, 6 Another Cecil!-a second Chatham !" is taken for Oppression. No wonder ihat public “ A gecond Strafford !--another Walpole !" virtue, thus abused and dishonored, should soon 6 A Lamb!" . shuffle off the mortal coil,' and leaving the min- "A Woll!" isterial frame to be animated by its own inferior A modern Cicero !" spirit, and illuminated by its own feeble light, “ The Mummius of his day!" hasten to join Astræa in her kindred skies. This “And the Verres !" is perhaps the true explanation of the marvel- « To the tower with him !" lously small stock of prudence with which the " To the Pantheon !" affairs of kingdoms are proverbially said to be 6 A la lanterne !" administered, and it is also the best apology "Such is the effect of that particular acrid huthat can be suggested for the follies and absur: mor, called party-spirit, upon the optic nerve.dities of statesmen. The minister is reproached A blind man in ihe crowi, ignorant of the prevwith casting off Wisdom, when the truth is, that alence of this description of opthalmia amongst Wisdom in despair has flung off the minister. our countrynien, would suppose that some

Here it may not be amiss to remark a very mighty wizard-a Merlin, a Michael Scott, or curious peculiarity in the organization of the thrice great Hermes' himself, hovered over human eye, and one which strikingly exemplifies Palace-yard, and entertained himself by mothe astonishing connexion between the body and mentary metamorphoses of the public characters the mind; we allude to the way in which the of the day. This would satisfactorily explain sight is influenced by political and party feeling: how a man alighting from his coach, is cheered One would never suppose, arguing a priori, by some of the bystanders as an impersonation that the fact of being Whig, Tory, Radical, or of virtue; and before he takes three steps across Chartist, had any connexion whatever with the the flagway, hooted by others as the evil prinphysical machinery by which we either see or ciple itself in the form of a lawgiver or ruler. wink; but experience assures us that the con- The only other account of the phenomenon, is nexion is very close indeed. Of this any body that which hns been given above,--namely, a may satisfy himself by planting himself in a distemper of the vision which has hitherto eludgroup of politicians, close to the doors of eithered the skill of Mr. Alexander, and the other emHouse of Parliament. A gentleman alights inent oculists of Europe. from his horse-the Whigs call him a goose or But still the question “what not to observe,"

Vol. II. No. II. 13

remains unanswered. It is pretty much the Of tremulous admiration. Such troe fame same as the question “when to wink ?" We Awaits her novo; but, verily, good deeds would wink at a great many things that pass in Do no imperishable record find the world, upon which many people gaze as in- Save in the rolls of Heaven, where her's may live tently as if they were paid for turning their eyes The high souled virtues which forgetful earth into microscopes. We would not observe a Has witnessed. Oh! that winds and waves could hundred thousand little abuses, delinquencies,

speak, and malversations which, if we were commis- of things which their united power called forth sioners of inquiry, and salaried inquisitors, we From the pure depihs of her humanity! would most unmercifully probe to the bottom. A maiden gentle, yet, at duty's call, We would wink at the spots on the sun's disk, Firm and undinching as the lighthouse reared and allow him to set off his general splendor on the island rock, her lonely dwelling place; against the few scattered specks discovered by Or like the invincible rock itsell, that braves, the malevolence of astronomers, who would fain Age after age, the hostile elements, be the only luminaries in the world. In like As when it guarded holy Cuibbert's cell. manner, should there be a mole upon the neck All night the storm had raged, nor ceased, nor of beauty, we would prefer winking at the mole paused, to shutting our eyes upon Venus herself. In When as day broke, the maid, through misty air, morals we would act upon the same principle,-Espies far off a wreck, amid the surf, see as much worth and merit in all about us as Bearing on one of those disastrous islesthey have to exbibit , and leave it to the unwink Had vanished, swallowed up with all that there

Half of a vessel--half-no more; the rest ing ones to contemplate and scrutinize their. Had for the common safety striven in vain, foibles. We would wink at tbe dark instead of Or thither thronged for refuge. With quick glance the bright side of every object presented to our Daughter and sire, through optic glass discern, view; being none of those who prefer a satyr to clinging about the remnant of this ship, Hyperion, and being rather (saving the immo- Creatures-how precious in the maiden's sighe! rality) of the same mind with Juan, who, For whom, belike, the old man grieves still more

Than for their fellow sufferers engulfed Turned from grizzly saints and martyrs hairy Where every parting agony is hushed, To the sweet portrait of the Virgin Mary.

And hope and fear mix not in further strife. 'All this would we do, or not do, forour own peace: A few may yet be saved.” The daughter's words,

" But courage, father! let us out to seacomfort and enjoyment, merely, and indepen- Aer earnest tone, and look beaming with faith, dently of all considerations of ethics or religion; Dispel the father's doubts; nor do they lack not but that we entertain an opinion, ground- The noble minded mother's helping hand ed upon our notions of Christian charity, highly To launch the boat; and with her blessing cheered favorable to a more frequent use of the eyelid, And inwardly sustained by silent prayer, but because we would not for a moment be Together they put forth, father and child ! thought to insinuate a doubt of the seraphic Each grasp an oar, and struggling on they go, dispositions of those who feel it to be their duty Rivals in effort; and, alike intent to observe every thing, and to wink at nothing. Here to elude and there surmount, they watch Be it however, remembered, that nothing here- The billows lengthening, mulually crossed in contained is to be understood as conveying As if the wrain and trouble of the sea

And shattered, and regathering their miglit; the slighest sanction or approbation of those who were by the Almighty's sufferance prolonged, carry the practice of winking to such extreme That woman's fortitude-so tried, so proved lengths, as to connive at any thing, however May brighten more and more! flagrant, that promises to be profitable to themselves; or of that other class of winkers before

True to the mark, alluded to, who have constituted themselves into They stem the current of that perilous gorge,

Their arms still strengthening with the strengthena society for the succor and protection of persons laboring under the disease of

ing heart, homicidal

Though danger, as the wreck is near'd, becomes monomania."

More imminent. Not unseen do they approach;
And rapture, with varieties of fear
Incessantly conflicting, thrills the frames
Of those who, in thai dauntless energy,

Forelaste deliverance; but the least perturbed

Can scarcely trust his eyes, when he perceives BY WORDS WORTH.

That of the pair-tossed on the waves to bring From the Kentish Observer.

Hope to the hopeless, to the dying life

One is a woman, a poor earthly sister, Among the dwellers in the silent fields

Or, be the visitant other than she seems, The natural heart is touched, and public way. A guardian spirit sent from pitying heaven, And crowded streets resound with ballad strains, In woman's shape. But why prolong the tale, Inspired by one whose very name bespeaks Casting weak words amidst a host of thoughts Favor divine, exalting human love;

Armed to repel them ? Every hazard faced Whom,since her birth on bleak Northumbria's coast, And difficuliy mastered, with resolve Known unto few, but prized as far as known, That no one breathing should be left to perish, A single act endears to high and low

This last remainder of the crew are all Through the whole land—to manhood, muven in placed in the little boat, then o'er the deep spite

Are safely borne, landed upon the beach, Of the world's freezing care-to generous youth, And in fulfillment of God's mercy, lodged

To infancy, that lisps her praise--and age, Within the sheltering light-house. Shout, ye waves! Whose eye reflects it glistening through a tear Pipe a glad song of iriumph, ye fierce winds !

Ye screaming sea-mews, in the concert join ! entirely lost, we would make no more sacrifices And would that some immortal voice, a voice of the very serious and extensive nature which Fitly attaned to all that gratitude

could alone be effectual, except under postive inBreathes out from floor or couch, through pallid lips structions from England, for the re-establishOf the survivors, to the clouds might bear(Blended with praise of that parental love,

ment of our supremacy throughout the country. Beneath whose watchful eye ihe maiden grew

We have particularly felt it our duty distinctly, Pious and pare, modest, and yet so brave,

at this distance, to give instructions applicable Though young so wise, though meek so resolute)--to all contingencies, and therefore to contemMigbt carry to the clouds and

the stars,

plate the most unfavorable issue to the strugYes, to celestial choirs, Grace Darling's name! gle which our troops are maintaining at Cabul,

and in this case, upon the anticipation of which we cannot conceal from ourselves the hazard of extending dangers, and of the insurrection assuming in other quarters also the same national

and united character, we have authorized GeneTHE EVACUATION OF AFFGHANISTAN. ral Nott and Major Rawlinson, with such cau.

tion and deliberation in their military and political From the Asiatic Journal.

proceedings as may serve to avoid discredit and The papers laid before both Houses of to promise safety, so to shape their course as Parliament, relating to the military opera. quishment of our direct control in the several

best to promote the end of the eventual relintions in Affghanistan, besides throwing Affghan provinces, and to provide for the conconsiderable light upon other subjects concentration of all forces and detachments, as may nected with that country, have decided the be most conducive to the security of the troops. vexed question, by whom its evacuation by

In their letter to the Commander-inthe British forces was first determined Chief, Sir Jasper Nicolls, dated 3rd Decem, upon. Much obloquy has been cast upon ber, the Governor-General in Council bad the present Governor-General for having distinctly enunciated the intention of "readopted the "cowardly” policy of with: tiring from the country with the least posdrawing our armies within the Indus, and sible discredit,” collecting fresh forces on thos abandoning a country from the oc- the frontier only for the sake of demonstracupation of which his predecessor had in- tion. This policy is adhered to in the next tended to derive such great advantages to despatch to the Secret Committee (January the political and commercial interests of 9th), and was not changed by the receipt British India. It turns out that the abandon of intelligence of the murder of the British ment of Affghanistan, and with it all those Envoy and the extreme jeopardy of the delusive visions of security and prosperity army, farther than that orders were given which the retention of that country was for reinforcements " to strengthen our poexpected to yield, was decided upon by sition on the Affghan frontier.” The acLord Auckland. We surmised as much counts of the destruction of the army infrom a remarkable expression which, in duced Lord Aukland and his Council (as the heat of discussion, fell from Sir Robert stated in their despatch of the 19th FebruPeel in the House of Commons on the 10th

ary, 1842) even to direct Major-General August last.

Pollock, then at Peshawur, to withdraw the The insurrection broke out at Cabul in garrison of Jellalabad, and the assemblage November, 1841; it reached its acme in af all his force at or near Peshawur: " the ensuing month, and the British army have made our directions, in regard to was annihilated in January, 1842. The withdrawal from Jellalabad,” they say (p. very first paper in the collection, which is 106), “clear and positive." a dispatch from the late Governor-General

It appears that Mr. Clerk, the agent at in Council to the Secret Committee of the Lahore, strenuously urged the policy of East-India Company, dated 22nd Decem- holding Jellalabad, with a view of advanc. ber, 1841, when nothing was known but ing from it and Candahar upon Cabul, and the actual outbreak of the insurrection, con- having regained our former position there, tains the following passages:

and the influence which such proof of We have applied ourselves immediately to power must give, “we should then withconcerting such measures, and issuing such in- draw with dignity and undiminished honstructions, as the exigency of the case seemed or." Sir Jasper Nicolls opposed this meato require and admit.—It will be seen that we bave laid it down as a rule of our conduct that sure, on the ground (p. 118) that the means we would do all in our power to rescue our de were inadequate, and the Governor-General tachments wherever they may, be encompassed

in Council (p. 120) reiterate their directions by danger; but that, if the position of command that the garrison of Jellalabad should be and influence which we have held at the capital withdrawn to Peshawur. In conformity of Affghanistan should once be absolutely and with this direction, Sir Jasper Nicolls


he says:

wrote to General Pollock on the 1st Febru- "compel us to adopt the conclusion that ary :

“You may deem it perfectly certain the possession of Affghanistan, could we that Government will not do more than recover it, would be a source of weakness detach this brigade, and this in view to rather than of strength, in resisting the support Major-General Sale, either at Jel. invasion of any army from the West, and Jalabad, for a few weeks, or to aid his re- therefore, that the ground upon which the treat: it is not intended to collect a force policy of the advance of our troops to that, for the re-conquest of Cabul.”

country mainly rested has altogether ceasMajor-General Nott, at Candabar, was ed to exist." The policy to be pursued, informed of these views of the Govern. therefore, was, in their opinion, to be ment, though his measures in relation to guided by military considerations—the them were in a great measure lest to his safety of the detached bodies of our troops discretion.

at Jellalabad, Ghuzni, and Candabar; the When Lord Ellenborough arrived and security of our forces then in the field from assumed the government, he thus found unnecessary risk; "and finally, the renot only that the resolution had been form- establishment of our military reputation by ed to withdraw the forces from Affghanis- the infliction of some signal and decisive tan, and to abandon all intention of re-en- blow upon the Affghans, which may make tering the country, but that instructions, it appear to them, to our own subjects, and “clear and positive," had been given to to our allies, that we have the power of that effect to the British commanders. inflicting punishment upon those who comThe measures adopted by his lordship to mit atrocities and violate their faith, and carry into effect his predecessor's views that we withdraw ultimately from Affghanin this respect appear somewhat vacillating, istan, not from any deficiency of means owing to the constant change and Auctua. to maintain our position, but because we tion of circunstances. In bis first des are satisfied that the king we have set up patch to the Secret Committee, March 22nd, has not, as we were erroneously led to

imagine, the support of the nation over We have recently judged it expedient to en- which he has been placed.” ter again upon an exposition of our views re- Subsequent to this despatch, although, garding the line of policy which it may be pro- upon the whole, the prospects had to some per for us to pursue in relation to Affghanistan. extent improved, in his letter to the Secret To our despatch of the 15th inst. on this subject, Committee of April 22nd, Lord Ellenbo. addressed to his Exc. the Commander-in-Chiet, rough states that his deliberate opinion as we would solicit the particular attention of your to the expediency of withdrawing the hon. Committee. It contains our deliberate sentiments on the present position of atfairs in that troops had in no respect altered, and that country, and the course we should pursue to this opinion is founded “

upon a general wards the retrieval of our late wilitary disgrace, view of our military, political, and financial and our final withdrawal of our army from Aff situation.”. Three days previously, orders ghanistan. It points out the conditions on which had been issued (p. 223) to Major-Gen. we can sanction the continuance during the Nort to evacuate Candahar and to retire to coming season of Major-General Pollock's force in the valley of Jellalabad, after he shall have Sukkur, the fall of Ghuzni, Lord Ellenbo. penetrated by force or by negotiation the Khy- rough observes to Sir Jasper Nicolls ber Pass. It discourages the expectation that (p. 224,) having removed the principal obMajor-Gen. Nott's force, though reinforced by ject for which it was expedient to retain that of Brig. England, will, in consequence of the force at Candahar, and the check sus. the inefficiency of its field equipments, be able to tained by Brig. England “having crippled effect much more than the relief of the posts of the before limited means of movement and Kelat-i-Ghilzie and of Ghuznee, and the security of action which were possessed by Majorof its own retirement to the Indus.

Gen. Nott." The letter to the Commander-in-Chief, In compliance with this resolution, pe. above referred to, lays fully before him remptory orders were issued to General " the deliberate views of the Government Pollock, who had the pass, and reached with respect to the measures to be pur. Jellala bad, to retire from thence. The sued in Affghanistan.” The disasters want of carriage, however, which had prewhich had befallen our army at Cabul, vented the general from advancing, op. “ followed by the universal hostility of the posed equal obstacles to his retiring; and whole people of Affghanistan, united against General Nott, in a well reasoned despatch us in a war which has assumed a religious of March 24th (p. 24+,) urges the inexpeas well as a national character," the Gov. diency of a hasty retirement. "At the ernor-General and his Council observe, present time," he observes, “the impres


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