« AnteriorContinuar »
the arithmetical statements of Sir Peter ;| vested interests should be alarmed, and that and a better specimen of what in the Scotch great misapprehension should exist as to its language is called a stramash, it has never nature and merits. On this subject he in. been our good fortune to meet with :- troduces an admirable illustration :-" In
“We have been told by the worthy knight the early part of my life I remember attend. who introduced-this motion, that to pave London ing a lecture--when gas was first introduced with wood would cost twenty-four millions of — by Mr. Winson. The lecture was deliv. money. Now, it so happens that, some time ered in Pall-Mall, and the lecturer proposed since, I directed the city surveyor to obtain for to demonstrate that the introduction of gas me a return of the number of square yards of would be destructive of life and property. paving-stone there are throughout all the streets in this city. I hold that return in my hand ; and I attended that lecture, and I never came I find there are 400,000 yards, which, at fifteen away from a public lecture more fully conshillings per yard, would not make the cost of vinced of any thing than I did that he had wood paving come to twenty-four millions of proved his position. He produced a quanmoney ; no, gentlemen, nor to four millions, nor tity of gas, and placed a receiver on the tato three, nor even to one million-why, the cost, ble. He had with him some live birds, as gentlemen, dwindles down from Sir Peter's well as some live mice and rabbits; and, iniwenty-four millions to £300,000—(hear, hear, troducing some gas into the receiver, he and laughter.)
"If I go into Fore Street I find every body put one of the animals in it. In a few admiring the wood pavement. If I go on Corn-minutes life was extinct, and in this way he hill I find the same-and all the great bankers deprived about half a dozen of these animals in Loinbard Street say, 'What a delightful thing of their life. Now, gentlemen,' said the this wood paving is ! Sir Peter Laurie must be lecturer, 'I have proved to you that gas is mad to endeavor to deprive us of it. I told them destructive to life; I will now show you that not to be alarmed, for they might depend on it the good sense of this court would not allow 80 it is destructive to property. He had a little great and useful an improvement in street paving pasteboard house, and said, 'I will suppose to retrograde in the manner sought to be effect that it is lighted up with gas, and from the ed by this revolution. I shall content myself carelessness of the servant the stopcock of witb moving the previous question"-(cheers.) the burner has been so turned off as to al
It is probable that Mr. Jones, in moving low an escape of gas, and that it has es. the previous question, contented himself a caped and filled the house. Having let the mighty deal more than he did Sir Peter; gas into the card house, he introduced a . and the triumph of the woodites was in light and blew it up. Now,' said he, 'I creased when Mr. Pewtress seconded the think I have shown you that it is not only amendment :
destructive to life and property ; but that,
if it is introduced into the metropolis, it " If there is any time of the year when the will be blown up by it." wood pavement is more dangerous than another, probably the most dangerous is when the weath
We have now given a short analysis of er is of the damp, muggy, and foggy character the speeches of the proposers and secondwhich has been prevailing; and when all pave- ers on each side in this great debate; and ments are remarkably slippery. The worthy after hearing Mr. Frodsham on the opposiknight has shown great tact in choosing his tion, and the Common Sergeant-whose obtime for bringing this matter before the public. jection, however, to wood was confined to We have had three or four weeks weather of its unsuitableness at some seasons for horsethe most extraordinary description I ever re- manship-granting that a strong feeling in pery; so that the granite has been found so in its favor existed among the owners and inconvenient to horses, that they have not been babitants of houses where it has been laid driven at the common and usual pace. And I down; and on the other side, Sir Chapman am free to confess that, under the peculiar state Marshall-a strenuous woodite-who chal. of the atmosphere to which I have alluded, the lenged Sir Peter Laurie to find fault with wood pavement is more affected than the gran- the pavement at Whitehall, “ which he had very little difference. I am satisfied that, if the no hesitation in saying was the finest piece danger and inconvenience were as great as the of paving of any description in London;" Worthy knight has represented, we should have Mr. King, who gave a home thrust to Sir had applications against the pavement; but all Peter, which it was impossible to parrythe applications we have had on the subject “ We have heard a great deal about humanhave been in favor of the extension of wood ity and post-boys; does the worthy gentlepavement."
man know, that the Postmaster has only The speaker then takes up the ground, within the last few weeks sent a petition that as wood, as a material for paving, is here, begging that you would, with all pos. only recently introduced, it is natural that I sible speed, put wood paving round the
Post-office ?" and various other gentlemen In the first place, the facility of cleansing pro and con—a division was taken, when Sir will be greatly increased. A smooth surPeter was beaten by an immense majority. face, between which and the subsoil is inter.
Another meeting, of which no public no- posed a thick concrete—which grows as tice was given, was held shortly after to fur. hard and impermeable as iron—will not genther Sir Peter's object, by sundry stable- erate mud and filth to one-fiftieth of the keepers and jobmasters, under the presi. extent of either granite roads or Macadam. dency of the same Mr. Gray, whose horse It is probable that if there were no impor. had acquired the malicious habit of breaking tations of dirt from the wheels of carriages ils knees on the poultry. As there was no coming off the stone streets, little scaven. opposition, there was no debate ; and as no gering would be needed. Certainly not names of the parties attending were pub- more than could be supplied by one of Whitlished, it fell dead-born, although advertised worth's machines. And it is equally evident two or three times in the newspapers.
that if wood were kept unpolluted by the On Tuesday, the 4th of April, Sir Peter liquid mud-into which the surface of the buckled on his armor once more, and led the other causeways is converted in the driest embattled cherubim to war, on the modified weather by water carts—the slipperiness question, " That wood-paving operatiuns be would be effectually cured. suspended in the city for a year;" but after In the second place, the saving of expense a repetition of the arguments on both sides, in cleansing and repairing would be prodi. he was again defeated by the same over- gious. Let us take as our text a document whelming majority as before.
submitted to the Marylebone Vestry in 1840, Such is the state of wood paving as a and acted on by them in the case of Oxford party question among the city authorities Street; and remember that the expenses of at the present date. The squabbles and cleansing were calculated at the cost of the struggles among the various projectors manual labor-a cost, we believe, reduced would form an amusing chapter in the his two thirds by the invention of Mr. Whittory of street rows—for it is seen that it is worth. The Report is dated 1837:a noble prize to strive for. If the experi: “ The cost of the last five ment succeed, all London will be paved
years having been,
£16,881 with wood, and fortunes will be secured by The present expense for the successful candidates for employment. 1837, about
2,000 Every day some fresh claimant starts up and the required outlay
4,000 prosesses to have remedied every defect And the cleansing for 1837 hitherto discovered in the systems of his gives a total for six years of
£23,781 predecessors. Still confidence seems un
" Or an annual expenditure averaging £3963; shaken in the system which has hitherto shown the best results; and since the intro- maintained as a Macadamized carriage-way,
so that the future expenses of Oxford Street, duction of the very ingenious invention of would be about £4000, or 2s. 4d. per yard per Mr. Whilworth of Manchester, of a cart, annum. which by an adaptation of wheels and pul.
“ In contrast with this extract from the parolies, and brooms and buckets, performs the chial documents, the results of which must have work of thirty-six street-sweepers, the per
heen greatly increased within the last three
years, the Metropolitan Wood-Paving Compa. fection of the work in Regent Street has
ny, who have already laid down above 4000 been seen to such advantage, and the objec- yards in Oxford Street, between Wells Street tions of slipperiness so clearly proved to and Charles Street, are understood to be willing arise, not from the nature of wood, but from to complete the entire street in the best manner the want of cleansing, that even the most for 12s. per square yard, or about £14,000—for timid are beginning to believe that the op- rest at the rate of four-and-a-half per cent per an
which they propose to take bonds bearing inteposition to the further introduction of it is injudicious. Among these even Sir Peter for ultimate payment; and further, to keep the
num, whereby the parish will obtain ample time promises to enrol himself, if the public whole in repair
, inclusive of the cost of cleansing favor continue as strong towards it for an- and watering, for one year gratuitously, and for other year as he perceives it to be at the twelve years following at £1900 per annum, present time.
being less than one-half the present outlay for And now, dismissing these efforts at re
these purposes.” sisting a change which we may safely take Whether these were the terms finally ato be at some period or other inevitable, let greed on we do not know; but we perceive us cast a cursory glance at some of the re- by public tenders that the streets can be sults of the general introduction of wood paved in the best possible manner for 13s. pavement.
or 12s.6d. a yard; and kept in repair for
6d. a yard additional. This is certainly test against the acts of injustice above referred to much cheaper than Macadam, and we should and expressing a hope that the French governthink more economical than causeways.stances of the case, would not confirm the acts of
ment, when made acquainted with all the circum. And, besides, it has the advantage—which its admiral in bis unwarranted aggression upon one of the speakers suggested to Sir Peter Tahiti. We fear that this hope is ill grounded, Laurie" that in case of an upset, it is far and that, having obtained a footing upon the Ta. more satisfactory to contest the relative deaf ear to any remonstrance which may be ad. hardness of heads with a block of wood than dressed to it.-Bell's Weekly Messenger. a mass of granite.”
CardinaL Wolsey's CHAPEL AT. WINDSOR. We can only add in conclusion, that ad. From the extensive nature of the repairs and im. vertisements are published by the Commis-provements which are to be commenced in the in. sioners of Sewers for contracts to pave with terior of St. George's Chapel immediately after wood Cheapside, and Bishopsgate Street, | edifice for a period, it is expected, of upwards of and Whitechapel. Oh, Sir Peter !-how three weeks. Her Majesty has just been most are the mighty fallen!
graciously pleased to give permission, upon the application of the dean and canons of the Royal Chapel of St. George, for Cardinal Wolsey's Chapel to be used for the purpose of the performance of
divine worship during the period which will be MISCELLANY.
occupied by the workmen in the adjoining chapel.
The last time public worship was celebrated in Frencu OCCUPATION OF TAHITI.-A numerously Wolsey's Chapel was in the reign of James JI., attended meeting of the friends of Protestant mis- (now upwards of 150 years ago,) who, upon his sions was held on Wednesday at Exeter-hall, for accession to the throne, in 1685, had this magnifi. the purpose of considering what course it would be cent building converted into a chapel, where mass mosi advisable to pursue in consequence of the was performed with unusual pomp and splendor. recent aggressions of the French at the island of Verrio (several of whose paintings still adorn the Tahiti. Č. Hindley, Esq., M. P., was in the chair ceilings of many of the apartments at Windsor The chairman gave a brief history of the progress Castle,) was engaged by that monarch to execute of Protestant missionary exertions in Tahiti, from a richly-emblazoned and ornamented ceiling ; which it appeared that after laboring for many but this, including the superb stained windows years without any apparent good resulting from and all the internal decorations, was shortly after. iheir exertions, the missionaries were cheered by wards wholly destroyed by a mob, during a popu. the change which began to manifest itself. The lar commotion, which was occasioned in conse. King (Pomare,) was the first who einbraced the quence of the sovereign having given a public en. Gospel ; from that moment down to the present tertainment at Windsor to the Nuncio of the Pope. time the progress of the truth among ihe natives It remained in the state in which it was thus left has been of the most gratifying nature-every until the reign of George III., and that monarch vestige of idolatry being swept away, and the having determined upon a royal cemetery being inhabitants, almost universally, exhibiting in their constructed underneath the building, an excava. peaceful and industrious habits the power and pu- tion to the depth of 15 feet was made in the chalk rity of the Gospel of Christ. In 1836, two Roman foundation, and of the length and width of the Catholic priests landed clandestinely on the island. building. In the mausoleum are deposited the The proceeding, being contrary to the law, they bodies of the following illustrious members of the were desired to leave, and on their refusing to com- royal family :-The Princess Ainelia, the Princess ply, they were put on board the vessel in which Charlotte, Queen Charlotte, Duke of Kent, George they came, without any injury being inflicted III., Duke of York, George IV., and William IŤ. upon them. For this alleged insult the Queen of Tahiti was compelled, in 1838, to apologize and
FORGERY OF Tasso's WORKS.- A recent trial at pay a fine of 20,000 dollars, under threat of hostili. Rome has convicted the Count Mariano Alberti of ties on the part of France. To save the island wholesale forgery of works which he had professed from the horrors of war, some of the foreign resi: to discover and publish as Tasso's. Some small dents advanced the sum demanded. In 1839 a
portion of these works, which is considered to be French frigate, having received some damage on a
genuine, he had interlarded with the rest, to leaven coral reef, put into the principal harbor of Tahiti the mass and give it the greater air of authenticity. to repair ; the natives rendered every assistance in In his lodging were found an immense collection of performing this work, and as an expression of his writing.tools, inks of different kinds and tints, old gratitude, the French commodore compelled the copybooks, blank paper torn out of old books, and authorities to abrogate the law prohibiting the innumerable exercises in imitation of the hand. residence of Roman Catholic priests on the island, writing of more than fifty eminent individuals of under the threat of landing 500 men, and establish? Tasso's time. The Count's reply was not knowu ing a new government. In consequence of the on the 10th March.-Spectator. police of the island having put the captain of a Heat and Light.–The Emancipation of Brussels French whaler into confinement for drunkenness announces that the directors of the Belgian rail. and rioting, a third visit was paid by the French, roads have made a discovery, and proved it by who inflicted another act of humiliation upon the trial on the southern line, whereby the consumpQueen in compelling her to disband her police tion of fuel may be reduced by 50 per cent. It is force. The next and last aggression was that to said to consist in the improvements of the drawers which the public attention is now so strongly di. of the engine and in the steam-pipe. The Presse rected, and the circumstances connected with mentions that a trial of a mode of lighting by which have been fully detailed in our paper. The means of a new voltaic pile is about to be made, meeting was addressed by several ministers, and on the Boulevards. It is said that the light is ten resolutions were passed, containing a solemn pro- l times more brilliant than that of gas.— Ibid.
REVOLUTION HAYTI.—This noble island, which There is, fortunately, at this moment a respectahas been the scene of so many extraordinary chan ble British force on this station, and, as both parges of Government, has been lately disturbed by ties have appealed to us for protection, first those, another political revolution, which, urlike those with M. Espinasse at their head, who had been that have preceded it, has been accomplished with driven into exile by the arbitrary proceedings of out bloodshed. A letter published in the Times the president, and now Boyer himself
. with bis imgives the following narrative of proceedings. It mediate adherents, reduced to a similar condition, will be seen that both parties have appealed to the it is to be hoped that the peaceful portion of the British force off the island--a testimony of the community will not be reduced to the necessity of respect in which our name is held, and of the con- choosing between anarchy and slavery.--The Bri. fidence reposed in our disinterestedness and sense tannia. of justice Kingston, Jamaica, March 20.
Brute INTELLIGENCE.-A rather remarkable The revolution which has for some time been
occurrence transpired a short distance from Dews. impending in the neighboring island of St. Domin. bury a few days ago. While two young men were go has at length come to a crisis, and as yet, I am taking a walk down the side of the river Calder, happy to say, a bloodless one. The ex-President. their master's warehouse dog, which was Ican Pierre Boyer, with thirty-two of his adherents, panying them, strayed into an adjoining field, and having sought shelter in one of her Majesty's ships, seeing an ass, suddenly fell upon it, worrying is
A number of men arrived here yesterday morning on board ihe Scyld in a most ferocious manner. la. He had been driven to this step by the resist being at a short distance, and seeing the dog likely ance which was offered to the means he had adopt. in a short tiine to worry the poor ass to death, went ed to get rid of the opposition to the measures of and commenced a fierce attack upon the dog with his government in the national legislature. At the hedge stakes, but without succeeding in getting head of this opposition was the Senator Dumeille, him off the ass. A horse, belonging to Mr. G. Fell, the representative of the province of Aux Cayes of Earlsheaton, witnessed these procecdings, evi who on five different occasions had been forcibly dently under most agitated feelings, and as if conexpelled from the Senate Chamber at the point of scious the poor ass must perish unless he inter. the bayonet, and on each occasion had been tri
fered, made a rush through the hedge, cleared off umphantly re-elected by his original constituents. the men who were trying to liberate the ass, and
Under the apprehension of proceedings of a still in a most ferocious manner seized the dog with more despotic and unconstitutional character, in his teeth and dragged him off, and aimed several appears that M, Dumeille bad addressed himself blows with his fore and hind feet, and had not the to the regiment of artillery stationed at Aux Cayes. dog made off, the horse would have dispatched him
When the horse had accom. by the whole of whom he was readily joined ; and in a few minutes. the feelings of the people were so strongly engaged plished this feat, he, with his head and tail erect, in his favor by what had previously taken place, scampered about the ass in a noble and most dig: that in the course of a very few days he found nified manner, as if proud of having gained a himself at the head of a force of 6,000 men, with mighty conquest, and inanifested evident tokens of which he was preparing to march on the capital. pleasure, as if sensibly feeling that he had effected In the meantime, with the view of demonstrating derful deed of Mr. Fell's borse were powerfully
an act of benevolence. All who beheld this won. to bis fellow-citizens that he was not actuated by motives of personal ambition, he proposed to M struck with his evident intelligence and sympathy Beaugillard, the Governor of Aux Cayes, who has for his fellow brute.—Wakefield Journal. been very generally regarded for the last ten or twelve years as the probable successor of Boyer innan who acquired considerable celebrity as the
Dorsaz, THE GUIDE OF BONAPARTE.-Dorsaz, the the Presidency, to declare the office vacant, and guide who saved the life of Napoleon, on the pas to proclaim M. Beaugillard provisionally President sage of St. Bernard, died a few days ago in the vil. until an opportunity could be taken to assemble lage of St. Pierre,' in the Vallais, where he had the Senate and complete bis election by țhe forms been residing several years, and was known under which the Haytian constitution prescribes. It ap. The name of the guide of Bonaparte. Dorsaz, on pears that at the period in question, now some three the occasion which conferred this name upon him, weeks ago, M. Beaugillard declined to avail hini. was close to the mule on which Napoleon was rid. self of this offer of M. Dumeille, but I believe it ing, when it made a false step, and would have was perfectly understood that he did not look with plunged its rider over a precipice, if the guide bad disfavor on the armed resistance which was offered not, at the hazard of his lite, prevented the accident. to the violent proceedings of the President, al. In á lille time afterwards, Dorsaz, ignorant of the though he did not think that the time was yet rank of the person whose life he had saved, and come for his placing himself at the head of this fearing that he would be compelled to accompany revolutionary movement. In all probability, how the army as a guide farther than he wished to go, ever, the embarkation of Boyer with his leading disappeared suddenly with his mule, which Napoadherents will have proved the signal for his defi- leon was no longer riding, and it was not until six nitively declaring himself.
months after the battle of Marengo that he could be At the same time there is some reason to appre- heard of. At this time the authorittes were ordered hend, as those portions of the population who to seek him out, and to present to him a sufficient speak the Spanish language have had but little in- sum of money to build a house for him to reside in, tercourse with their fellow-citizens at the other end if he was noi already in possession of one; or, in of the island, whose manners and habits are framed the latter case, to refund to him the amount wbich on the French model, that some attempt may now it had cost him. As Dorsaz had a house, this latter be made 10 re-establish the political separation course was adopted. The guides of this part of the which formerly existed between them. “As yet country, for many years after the event, raised amthere is no palpable indication of any such design, ple contributions from travellers, by pretending to but, from what I know of the country personally, each that the mule upon which he rode was the and of the views of many of its inhabitants, I in- identical mule crossed by Napoleon at the passage cline to think that the tranquil and permanent es of the St. Bernard. The truth, however, is, tbat tablishment of its affairs will be exposed to more this mule was purchased by Napoleon, when he danger from this cause than perhaps from any other.' had discovered the residence of his preserver.
SCIENCE AND ARTS.
action in living plants ; and that it is the cause of
the continual transmission of fluids from the interAscExT OF THE SAP.-Experimental Inquiry into vascular and intercellular spaces into the interior the cause of the Ascent and Continued Motion of of the vessels and cells, and also of the ascent of the Sap; with a new method of preparing plants the sap.- Athenæum. for physiological investigation, by George Rainey, Esq.-The ascent of the sap in vegetables has been The Nerves.-"On the Nerves," by James generally ascribed to a vital contraction either of Stark, M. D.-The author gives the results of his the vessels or of the cells of the plant; the circum- examinations, both microscopical and chemica!, stances of that ascent taking place chiefly at cer- of the structure and composition of the nerves ; tain seasons of the year, and of the quantity of and concludes that they consist, in their whole fluid, and the velocity of its motion being propor- extent, of a congeries of membranous tubes, cytional to the development of those parts whose lindrical in their form, placed parallel to one an. functions are obviously vital, as the leaves and other, and united into fasciculi of various sizes ; flowers, have been regarded as conclusive against but that neither these fasciculi nor the individual the truth of all theories which professed to explain tubes fare enveloped by any filamentous tissue ; the phenomenon on purely mechanical principles. that these tubular membranes are composed of The aim of the author, in the present paper, is to extremely minute filaments, placed in a strictly show that these objections are not valid, and to longitudinal direction, in exact parallelism with prove, by a series of experiments, that the motion each other, and consisting of granules of the same of the sap is totally independent of any vital con. kind as those which form the basis of all the solid tractions of the passages which transmit it; that it structures of the body ; and that the matter which is wholly a mechanical process, resulting entirely fills the tubes is of an oily nature, differing in no from the operation of endosmose ; and that it takes essential respect from butter, or soft fat; and replace even through those parts of a plant which maining of a fluid consistence during the life of have been totally deprived of their vitality. The the animal, or while it retains its natural temperalower extremity of a branch of Valeriana rubra cure, but becoming granular or solid when the ani. was placed, soon after being gathered, in a solu- mal dies, or its temperature is much reduced. As tion of bichloride of mercury. In a few hours a oily substances are well known to be non-conduct. considerable quantity of this solution was absorbed, ors of electricity, and as the nerves have been and the whole plant, which had previously some shown by the experiments of Bischoff to be among what shrunk from the evaporation of its moisture, the worst possible conductors of this agent, the recovered its healthy appearance. On the next author contends that the nervous agency can be day, although the lower part of the branch had lost neither electricity nor galvanism, nor any property its vitality, the leaves and all the parts of the plant related to those powers; and conceives ihai tbe into which no bichloride had entered, but only the phenomena are best explained on the hypothesis of water of the solution, were perfectly healthy and undulations or vibrations propagated along the filled with sap. On each of the following days course of the tubes which compose the nerves, additional portions of the stem became affected in by the medium of the oily globules they contain. succession ; but the unaffected parts still preserved He traces the operation of the various causes which their healthy appearance, and the flowers and produce sensation, in giving rise to these undula. leaves developed themselves as if the plant had tions; and extends the same explanation to the yegetated in pure water, and the whole stem had phenomena of voluntary motion, as consisting in been in its natural healthy state. On a minute indulations, commencing in the brain, as deter. examination, it was found that calomel, in the minded by the will, and propagated to the muscles. form of a white substance, had been deposited on He corroborates his views by ascribing the effects the internal surface of the cuticle ; but no bich o. of cold in diminishing or destroying both sensibility ride of mercury could be detected in those parts and the power of voluntary motion, particularly as which had retained their vitality ; thus showing exemplified in the hybernation of animals, to its that the solution of bichloride had been decomposed mechanical operation of diminishing the fluidity, into chlorine, calomel, and water, and had destroy: or producing solidity, in the oily medium by which ed the vitality of the parts where this action had these powers are exercised.-Ibid. taken place : after which, fresh portions of the solution had passed through the substance of the LITHOTINT.—Mr. Rotch, V P., delivered a lecpoisoned parts, as if they had been inorganic ca- ture on Mr. Hullmandel's Lithotint process, which nals. Various experiments of a similar kind were was illustrated by a variety of specimens.—The made on other plants, and the same conclusions art of lithography was invented in 1796, by Alois were deduced from them. As the addition of a Senefelder. While one of his dramatic works was solution of iodide of potassium converts the bichlo- going through the press, he spent much time in the ride of mercury into an insoluble biniodide, the printing office, and made himself fully acquainted author was enabled by the application of this test with the art of printing. Numerous plans occurred to thin sections of the stems of plants into which to him for producing a substitute for the ordinary the bichloride had been received by absorption, to printing process, in none of which, however, he ascertain, with the aid of the microscope, the parti. succeeded till his attention was accidentally dicular portion of the structure into which the latter rected to a fine piece of Kelheim stone wihch he had penetrated. The result of his observation was, had purchased for the purpose of grinding his cothat the biniodide is found only in the intercellular lors. It occurred to him, that, by covering the and intervascular spaces, none appearing to be stone with ink composed of wax, soap, and lamp. contained within the cavities of either cells or ves- black, he might use it for his exercises in writing sels. As the fluids contained in the vessels and in backwards. One day, as he had just succeeded in the cells hold in solution various vegetable com- polishing a stone which he intended to cover with pounds, their density is greater than the ascending etching.ground, his mother entered the room, and sap, which is external to them, and from which asked him to write for her a bill for the wasber. they are separated by an intervening organized woman, who was waiting for the linen. Having membrane. Such being the conditions requisite no paper at hand, he wrote the required bill on the for the operation of the principle of endosmose, the stone with his composition ink, which he intended author infers that such a principle is constantly in to copy at bis leisure ; suddenly he thought of bit