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names of our time of shunning, like a pes- out the hope of reaching one of those comtilence, the hordes of vanity struck individ- fortable stations, hope would be extinguistuals who would tear the coats off their ed, talent lie fallow, energy be limited to backs, in desperate adherence to the skirts. the mere attainment of subsistence; great Thoa, too, O Vanity! art responsible for things would not be done, or attempted, greater evils :- Time misspent, industry and we would behold only a dreary level of misdirected, labor unrequited, because use indiscriminate mediocrity. If this be true lessly or imprudently applied : poverty and of professions, in which, after a season of isolation, families left unprovided for, pen- severe study, a term of probation, the knowsions, solicitations, patrons, meannesses, ledge acquired in early life sustains the subcriptions !

professor, with added experience of every True talent, on the contrary, in London, day, throughout the rest of his career, with meets its reward, if it lives to be rewarded; how much more force will it apply to probut it has, of its own right, no social pre-ressions or pursuits, in which the mind is eminence, nor is it set above or below any perpetually on the rack to produce novelof the other aristocracies, in what we may ties, and in which it is considered derogatake the liberty of calling its private life. tory to a man to reproduce his own ideas, In this, as in all other our aristocracies, copy his own pictures, or multiply, after men are regarded not as of their set, but the same model, a variety of characters as of themselves : they are individually ad- and figures! mired, not worshipped as a congregation: A few years of hard reading, constant their social influence is not aggregated, attention in the chambers of the convey. though their public influence may be ancer, the equity draftsman, the pleader, When a man, of whatever class, leaves his and a few years more of that disinterested closet, he is expected to meet society upon observance of the practice of the courts, equal terms: the scholar, the man of rank, which is liberally afforded to every young the politician, the millionaire, must merge barrister, and indeed which many enjoy in the gentleman : if he chooses to individ. throughout life, and he is competent, with ualize his aristocracy in his own person, moderate talent, to protect the interests of he must do so at home, for it will not be his client, and with moderate mental labor understood or submitted to any where to make a respectable figure in his profeselse.

sion. In like manner, four or five years The rewards of intellectual labor applied sedulous attendance on lectures, dissections, to purposes of remote, or not immediately and practice of the hospitals, enables your appreciable usefulness, as in social literature, physician to see how little remedial power and the loftier branches of the fine arts, exists in his boasted art; knowing this, he are, with us, so few, as hardly to be worth feels pulses, and orders a recognized roumentioning, and pity'tis that it should be tine of draughts and pills with the formality so. The law, the church, the army, and which makes the great secret of his prothe faculty of physic, have not only their ression. When the patient dies, nature, of fair and legitimate remuneration for inde course, bears the blame; and when nature, pendent labor, but they have their several happily uninterfered with, recovers his paprizes, to which all who excel, may con- tient, the doctor stands on tiptoe. Hencefidently look forward when the time of forward his success is determined by weariness and exhaustion shall come; when other than medical sciences: a pih-box the pressure of years shall slacken exer. and pair, a good house in some recognized tion, and diminished vigor crave some ha- locality, Sunday dinners, a bit of a book, ven of repose, or, at least, some mitigated grand power of head-shaking, shouldertoil, with greater security of income: some shrugging, bamboozling weak-minded men place of honor with repose-the ambition and women, and, if possible, a religious of declining years. The influence of the connexion. great prize of the law, the church, and For the clergyman, it is only necessary other professions in this country, has often that he should be orthodox, humble, and been insisted upon with great reason: it pious: that he should on no occasion, right has been said, and truly said, that not only or wrong, set himself in opposition to his do these prizes reward merit already passed ecclesiastical superiors; that he should through its probationary stages, but serve preach unpretending sermons; that he as inducements to all who are pursuing the should never make jokes, nor understand same career. It is not so much the exam- the jokes of another: this is all that he ple of the prize-holder, as the prize, that wants to get on respectably. If he is amstimulates men onward and upward : with. Ibitious, and wishes one of the great prizes,

he must have been a free-thinking reviewer, retired to die) at Kingston-upon-Thames. have written pamphlets, or made a fuss It is our melancholy duty to inform our about the Greek particle, or, what will readers that this highly gifted and amiable avail him more than all, have been tutor to man, who for so many years delighted and a minister of state.

improved the town, and who was a most Thus you perceive, for men whose edu- strenuous supporter of the (Radical or cation is intellectual, but whose practice is Conservative) cause, it is necessary to set more or less mechanical, you have many forth this miserable staiement to awaken the great, intermediate, and little prizes in the gratitude of faction towards the family of the lottery of life ; but where, on ihe contrary, dead,) has left a rising family totally unare the prizes for the historian, transmitting provided for. We are satisfied that it is to posterity the events, and men, and times only necessary to allude to this distressing long since past; where the prize of the circumstance, in order to enlist the symanalyst of mind, of the dramatic, the epic, pathies, &c. &c., in short, to get up a subor the lyric poet, the essayist, and all whose scription).". works are likely to become the classics of We confess we are at a loss to under. future times; where the prize of the public stand why the above advertisement should journalist, who points the direction of pub- be kept stereotyped, to be inserted with lic opinion, and, himself without place, sta- only ihe interpolation of name and date, tion, or even name, teaches Governments when any man dies who has devoted him. their duty, and prevents Ministers of State self to pursuits of a purely intellectual becoming, by hardihood or ignorance, in- character. Nor are we upable to discover tolerable evils; where the prize of the great in the melancholy, and, as it would seem, artist, who has not employed himself mak. unavoidable fates of such men, substantial ing faces for hire, but who has worked in grounds of that diversion of the aristocracy loneliness and isolation, living, like Barry, of talent to the pursuit of professional dis. upon raw apples and cold water, that he tinction, accompanied by profit, of which might bequeath to his country some me. our literature, art, and science are now morial worthy the age in which he lived, suffering, and will continue to suffer, the and the art for which he lived ? For these consequences. men, and such as these, are no prizes in the In a highly artificial state of society, lottery of life ; a grateful country sets where a command, not merely of the essenapart for them no places where they can tials, but of some of the superfluities of retire in the full enjoyment of their fame; life are requisite as passports to society, condemned to labor for their bread, not in no man will willingly devote bimself to a dull mechanical routine of professional, pursuits which will render him an outlaw, official, or business-like duties, but in the and his family dependent on the tardy gramost severe, most wearing of all labor, the titude of an indifferent world. The stimlabor of the brain, they end where they be- ulus of fame will be inadequate to maingun. With struggling they begin life, with tain the energies even of great minds, in a struggling they make their way in life, with contest of which the victories are wreaths struggling they end life ; poverty drives of barren bays. Nor will any man willingly away friends, and reputation multiplies ene consume the morning of his days in amassmies. The man whose thoughts will being intellectual treasures for posterity, come the thoughts of our children, whose when his contemporaries behold him dimminds will be reflected in the mirror of his rning with unavailing tears his twilight of mind, who will store in their memories his existence, and dying with the worse than household words, and carry his lessons in deadly pang, the consciousness that those their hearts, dies not unwillingly, for he who are nearest and dearest to his heart has nothing in life to look forward to ; closes must eat the bread of charity. Nor is it with indifference his eyes on a prospect quite clear to our apprehension, that the where no gieam of hope sheds its sunlight prevalent system of providing for merely on the broken spirit ; he dies, is borne by a intellectual men, by a State annuity or penfew humble friends to a lowly sepulchre, sion, is the best that can be devised : it is and the newspapers of some days after hard that the pensioned aristocracy of give us the following paragraph :

talent should be exposed to the taunt of “We regret to be obliged to state that receiving the means of their subsistence Dr

- Esq. (as the case may from this or that minister, upon supposibe) died, on Saturday last, at his lodgings tions of this or that ministerial assistance two pair back in Back Place, Pimlico, (or) which, whether true or false, cannot fail at his cottage (a miserable cabin where he to derogate from that independent dignity

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of mind which is never extinguished in the " Why is thy mourning thus ?" he said, breast of the true aristocrat of talent, save

“ Why thus doth sorrow bow thy head?

Why faltereth thus thy faith, that so by unavailing struggles, long-continued,

Abroad despairing thou dost go ? with the unkindness of fortune.

As if the God who gave thee breath, We wish the aristocracy of power to

Held not the keys of life and death!

When from the flocks that seed about, think over this, and so very heartily bid

A single lamb thou choosest out, them farewell.

Is it not that which seemeth best
That thou dost take, yet leave the rest ?
Yes! such thy wont; and even so,
With his choice lilile ones below

Doth the Good Shepherd deal; he breaks
THE LOST LAMB.

Their earthly bands, and homeward takes,
Early, ere sin hath render'd dim

The image of the seraphim !"
From Biackwood's Magazine.

Hearl-struck, the shepherd home return'd; A SHEPHERD laid upon his bed,

Again within his bosom burn'd With many a sigh, his aching head,

The light of faith ; and, from that day,
For him-his favorite boy-on whom

He trode serene life's onward way.
Had fallen death, a sudden doom.
" But yesterday," with sobs he cried,
" Thou wert, with sweet looks at iny side,
Life's loveliest blossom, and to-day,
Woes me! thou liest a thing of clay!
It cannot be that thou art gone;
It cannot be, that now, alone,

A NUT FOR "GRAND DUKES."
A gray-hair'd man on earth am I,
Whilst thou within its bosom lie ?

From Blackwood's Magazine.
Methinks I see thee smiling there,
With beaming eyes, and sunny hair,

God help me but I have always looked As ihou wert wont, when fondling me, upon a "grand duke" pretty much in the To clasp my neck from off my knee!

same light that I have regarded the “Great Was it ihy voice? Again, oh speak, My boy, or else my heart will break !" Lama,” that is to say, a very singular and

curious object of worship in its native coun. Each adding to that father's woes,

try. How any thing totally destitute of A thousand bygone scenes arose; At home-a-field-each with its joy,

sovereign attributes could ever be an idol, Each with its smile-and all his boy

either for religious or political adoration, Now swell’d his proud rebellious breast, is somewhat singular, and after much pains With darkness and with doubt opprest; and reflections on the subject I came to the Now sark despondent, while amain Uonerving tears fell down like rain :

opinion that German princes were valued Air-air-he breathed, yet wanted breath- by their subjects pretty much on the princiIt was not life—it was not death

ple the Indians select their idols, and know But the drear agony between, Where all is heard, and felt, and seen –

ing men admire thorough-bred Scotch terThe wheels of action set ajar;

riers—viz, not their beauty. The body with the soul at war.

Of all the cant this most canting age 'Twas vain, 'twas vain; he could not find abounds in, nothing is more repulsive and A haven for his shipwreck'd mind; Sleep shunn'd his pillow. Forth he went

disgusting than the absurd laudation which The moon from midnight's azure tent

travellers pour forth concerning these peoShone down, and, with serenest light,

ple, by the very ludicrous blunders of comFlooded the windless plains of night;

paring a foreign aristocracy with our own. The lake in its clear mirror show'd Each little star that lwinkling glowd;

Now what is a German grand duke? PicAspens, that quiver with a breath,

ture to yourself a very corpulent, mous. Were stirless in that hush of death;

tached, and befrogged individual, who has The birds were pestled in their bowers; The dew-drops glitter'd on the flowers;

a territory about the size of the Phænix Almost it seem d as pitying Heaven

Park, and a city as big and as flourish. A while ils sinless calm had given

ing as the Blackrock; the expenses of his To lower regions, lest despair

civil list are defrayed by a chalybeate Should make abode for ever there; Su tranquil-so serene--so bright

spring, and the budget of his army by the Brooded o'er earth the wings of night. license of a gambling-house, and then read

the following passage from " Howitt's Life O'ershadow'd by its ancient yew, His sheep-cot mei ihe shepherd's view;

in Germany," which, with that admirable And, placid, in that calm profound,

appreciation of excellence so eminently His silent focks lay slumbering round;

their characteristic, the newspapers have With flowing manile, by his side,

been copying this week pastSudden, a stranger he espied,

“You Bland was his visage, and his voice

may sometimes see a grand duke Sofien'd the heart, yel bade rejoice.

come into a country inn, call for his glass

of ale, drink it, pay for it, and go away as

THE NEWSPAPER PRESS OF FRANCE. unceremoniously as yourself. The conse

From the Foreign Quarterly Review. quence of this easy familiarity is, that Le Courier Français : La Presse : Le Na princes are everywhere popular, and the daily occurrence of their presence amongst La Siècle : Le Constitutionel : Le Journal

tional, 1842. the people, prevents that absurd crush and

des Débats. 1842. stare at them, which prevails in more luxurious and exclusive countries."

The literature of the American NewspaThat princes do go into country inns, per is not more distinguishable from that of call for ale, and drink it, I firmly believe; a the French, than darkness is from light. circumstance, however, which I put the But as we have shown, in the case of less value upon, inasmuch as the inn is America, a most unjust and scandalous inpretty much like the prince's own house, fluence created, without character and withthe ale very like what he has at home, and out talent; we believe it will be instructive the innkeeper as near as possible in breed to show, in the case of France, that without ing, manner, and appearance, his equal. something more than the highest order of That he pays for the drink, which our talent, even aided by the best repute, a author takes pains to mention, excites all just and creditable influence cannot be remy admiration ; but I confess I have no tained. words to express my pleasure on reading It will startle many to be told that the that “ he goes away again,” and, as Mr. Newspapers of France have in a great meaHowitt has it, as unceremoniously as sure lost their celebrated hold of the opinyourself,” neither stopping to crack the ions of the French People. But every atlandlord's crown, smash the pewter, break tentive observer knows the fact, whatever the till, nor even put a star in the looking the cause may be ; and could accurately tell glass over the fire-place, a condescension you the when, if not the why, of this visible on his part which leads to the fact, that decline of power. As in these cases it often “princes are everywhere popular."

happens, Journalism was at the height of its Now considering that Mr. Howitt is a greatest triumph in Paris, when the disease Quaker, it is somewhat remarkable the which struck down its strength appeared. high estimate he entertains of this “grand While a journalist was yet prime minister ducal" forbearance. What he expected of France, its influence began to give way; his highness to have done when he had though not till another journalist had receiv. finished his drink, I am as much at a loss ed sentence and imprisonment as a selon, to conjecture, as what trait we are called was its degradation openly proclaimed. We upon to admire in the entire circumstance; are not, as we shall prove, using language when the German prince went into the inn, too strong for the occasion. and knocking three times with a copper Some time in the early part of last year, kreutzer on the counter, called for his the electors of Corbeil were invited to hear choppin of beer, he was exactly acting up the addresses of two candidates for the to the ordinary habits of his station, as honor of their representation.

We can when the Duke of Northumberland, on his easily satisfy ourselves by a simple aritharriving with four carriages ut the “Clar- metical calculation, that if thirty-four mil. endon," occupied a complete suite of apart-lions of Frenchmen give but a hundred and ments, and partook of a most sumptuous fifty thousand electors, the meeting held at dinner. Neither more nor less. His Grace the village of Corbeil could have contained of Alnwick might as well be lauded for his but a fraction of electoral freedom. As ducal urbanity as the German prince for public meetings are not tolerated in France, his, each was fulfilling his destiny in his an approach to one, although confined to the own way, and there is not any thing a few, who, notwithstanding the infinite diwhit more worthy of admiration in the one vision of property into which the country case, than in the other.

is parcelled, are yet able to pay two hundred But three hundred pounds per annum, francs or eight pounds sterling direct taxaeven in a cheap country, afford few lux. tion, is worthy of an encouraging attention. uries; and if the Germans are indifferent to Perhaps the locality itself may help us to cholic, there might be, after all, something an analogy. Corbeil, about twenty miles praiseworthy in the beer-drinking, and here distance from Paris, possesses the rare honor I leave it.

of being approached from the capital by a railway, at that time certainly the longest in the kingdom. Now the meeting of which we speak bore about the same proportion in privileges and immunities to our own Mehemet Ali over the Pachalic of Egypt, tumultuous yet orderly assemblages, which, would be regarded by France as a Casus noisy as the waves, are yet as obedient to Belli. Many of M. Thiers's partisans conhigh laws and influences, as does the twenty sidered this note, after the stimulus which miles' Paris and Corbeil railway, to the im- had been given to popular feeling by the mense network of iron which overspreads watch word that France had been insulted,' England. Yet as to that short and solitary a very diluted specimen of diplomatic spirit; railway (for its fancy rivals for holiday cus- and the suspicion was so generally spread tom to Versailles are hardly worth speaking that M. Thiers had been acting only meloof) gives promise of rising enterprise, so dramatic anger from various motives, to the rare meeting at its terminus seemed full some of which we shall not even allude, that of hope, of growing liberty. The occasion his dismissal caused comparatively very was a more than usually important one. little sensation. This note of the 8th of The Thiers Ministry had just fallen. 'Their May, whose effect upon public feeling we successors, opposed by nearly the whole have just glanced at, was the document of press, were anxious to receive the sanction all others which M. Faucher felt bound to of popular opinion. A vacancy in a me. adopt and jnstify. His manner of doing so tropolitan district was an excellent oppor. deserves attention, inasmuch as upon that tunity of ministers to test the favor of the point turns much of the remark we shall country, while the ex-administration were have to offer upon Journalism in Paris. anturally eager to win for themselves that M. Faucher, then announced to his astoncrown of approbation which still remained ished bearers that He, not a cabinet miniswanting to the security and glory of their ter, not a member of the government, not successors. With all respect for the gov. holding a seat in the chamber, but simply ernment candidate, we shall pass his name Editor of the Courier Français,' and as Edi. over, and introduce at once to our readers tor, did assist at the drawing up of that M. Leon Faucher, editor of the Courier very note of the 8th of May, declaring unFrançais.

der certain conjunctures, WAR. And what M. Faucher was upon this occasion plac. a War! One in which, as M. Thiers himed in one of those peculiar situations, where self subsequently declared, the blood of the stake to be played for is so high, that ten generations would be shed !' The charge he who is ambitious of winning puts his against the note was, that it was prepared whole fortune on the cast. Not only did in so cautious a form, and contained so he risk the character of M. Thiers and his much qualification, as to neutralize its own party, whom he represented, but, what was menace.

M. Faucher labored to show, more important still, the credit and charac. therefore, that it was in truth and substance ter of Journalism were to stand or fall by that which it professed to be : a declaration his election. Whether, then, from personal of War in certain given circumstances, vanity, or the legitimate object of present which circumstances, he contended, were ing to the electors the strongest point in his likely to have arisen, and only did not arise, own favor, the editor of the Courier'cer. because of that very menace made with tainly tore away with a bold if not a rude his own sanction : and that in fact, Mehemet band, the veil which had hung over the con- Ali owned to M. Thiers, and himself, M. dexion between the Press and the Thiers Faucher, that he was not driven out of ministry.

Egypt as he had been out of Syria. We do It is known to every body who takes the not stop to contest M. Faucher’s reasoning, slightest interest in the politics of the day, or to dispute his facts: our object is to thal M. Thiers resigned because the king, show, from evidence furnished by the editor upon the eve of the opening of the chambers, of a leading journal, the position occupied refused to admit a passage in the spaech, by Journalism in France even up to the peproposed to be spoken from the throne, riod of M. Thiers's resignation. When M. which he regarded as tantamount to a declar. Faucher told the electors of Corbeil that he ation of war against the Four Great Pow- sanctioned the note of M. Thiers, he did so ers, who, in conjunction with the Porte, had upon the assumption of his own unquestion. signed the treaty of July for the settlement able popularity. He dropped the office of of the Eastern Question. Previously to this, advocate or apologist for Thiers. He threw and while M. Thiers enjoyed the full exercise the guarantee of his own character between of ministerial power, he bad drawn up the public suspicion and the ex-minister, not celebrated note of the 8th of May, address- doubting for a moment, that in the presence ed to Lord Palmerston, and declaring that of the people he stood the higher. He al. an interference with the hereditary rights of most dared them to doubt the word of one

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