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ward and most significant tone), "that the which, in its character of suspicion, is as clergyman in question discovers of late a mischievous as certainty. decided leaning to the principles of Pu- Or, if hints of this nature be conscienseyism.”

tiously withheld, there are nods and shrugs, Peter Still, the sly dog, conceives himself expressive looks, and explanatory gestures; to be far from destitute of a defence, should and when the true guess is at last made, these charges of betrayal of trust be ever there comes, to crown every other consistcast in his teeth. His answer to the accu- ency, a positive refusal to afford the least sation of publishing secrets will doubtless further clew!-a virtuous and fixed deterbe, that he never promised concealment; mination not to say whether the guess be and it is very true-he never did.

right or wrong !-which is all that the sucNo; when you desire him to understand cessful discoverer requires. that you speak with him in confidence, he It is amongst this class, the largest and makes no comment; he utters no assurance most frequently encountered, that dangers of secrecy; but he just throws out his hand are most thickly sown. Promises of se. loosely, and with the back of it taps your crecy, though well-intentioned and firm, elbow, or, perhaps, with a superior smile, here travel over pitfalls, and the most faithgives you one or two light pats between ful are swallowed up when entirely confithe shoulders. The effect is electrical; dent in their own integrity. People who the action has the air of an oath registered are selfish in every thing besides, are unselfin heaven, and you feel what a comforting ish in secrets, and cannot bear to keep thin ; it is to deal with a man who never them to themselves. They are seized with speaks but when words are wanted. a desire to please persons whom they do

There is an old saying, undeniably true, not like and have no faith in, and to comthat if three people are to keep a secret, mit a grievous offence against others whom two of them should never know it. One they do like and who have faith in them. of these two should be Peter Still, that re- If they do not at once yield up the whole spectable moralist, who holds curiosity in treasure they were to guard, they divest contempt and keeps such a guard upon his themselves piecemeal of the care of it. tongue. The other must belong to the To keep it sacredly and entire, is to sink class represented by our loquacious ac- under an overwhelming sensation, a crushquaintance-a class that might take warning consciousness. No matter how trivial ing by the hero of Wordswortli's ballad, the thing is, it becomes weighty if commit. “Harry Blake,” whose teeth are chattering ted exclusively to their keeping; and the to this hour

very same fact which mentioned openly Chatter, chatter, chatter still.

and carelessly would be utterly insignifi

cant in their estimation, swells in its charBut the danger of being betrayed-betray- acter of a secret, into “a burden more ed perhaps in some tender point of confi- than they can bear.” dence, and that without the smallest atom Every little secret is thus of some conof malignity, or even unkindness-does not sequence; while the really important one exist only in these two directions. There acquires, under this state of feeling, such are myriads of good, trustworthy people, an insupportable weight and magnitude as who never in all their lives revealed in so not to admit of being safely kept by less many words a secret confided to them- than twenty persons at the least. nor indeed ever employed words at all in Where so very few can keep a secret telling it—and yet it is as good as told. quite close, however honorably engaged to This is the middle compound class of be- do so, and where the tendency to whisper trayers, the great bulk of society; who, in half words, even when the interests of although they would all die rather than confiding friends are concerned, so fatally openly disclose what they have faithfully prevails, it is strange that the trumpeters promised to conceal, will nevertheless of their own merits never hit upon the ex. frankly tell you that there is a secret, and pediency of conveying their self.praises in that they happen to know it.

the wide and sure vehicle of a secret. Then perhaps, on another occasion, when Trust a bit of scandal to a whisper, a little off their guard, they will hazard an and how fast and far it flies-because it is allusion to a place, or a person, or a date-whispered. Might not the good deeds, for or to some circumstance on which the which so very few can obtain the desired speculative listener is able to establish a credit, become equally celebrated-might tolerably fair guess at the concealed fact, not the fame of them be so wide-spread, if or at the very least to build up a theory instead of making no secret of them, we in.

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trusted them to the ever-circulating medi- the very act a verbal confession of its own um of secrecy!

unutterable falsehood. The secret so be. People fall into the capital mistake of trayed should be published as a lie. publishing to all the world their private Let it moreover be some consolation to virtues, their benevolence, disinterested-think that there are more people incapable ness, and temperance; but what if they of a breach of confidence, than those were to keep the reputation of these noble who, like the prince of praters, Charles qualities in the background, and just per. Glib, never had a secret intrusted to mit a friend to whisper the existence of them in their lives. One of them I met them as a great secret, respecting which this morning-it was a friend to whom, of every lip was to be henceforth sealed all others, every man would feel safe in Universal circulation must ensue.

confiding his private griefs, the dearest se. Let it be once stated, in strict confi. crets of his soul. dence, that you stripped off your great-coat “ After the stab I have just received," on a winter night, and wrapped it round a cried I, encountering my friend, “in a base shivering, homeless wanderer, and the town betrayal of confidence, how pleasant to fix will soon ring with your deeds of philan. my trusting eyes once more upon such a thropy-but the little incident must always face as yours—the face which is the mirror be related as a profound secret, or its pro- of your mind, but without revealing any gress towards the popular ear will be slow. one thing that requires to be concealed in Šuch is the natural tendency of a secret to its close and friendly recesses. It is now get into general circulation, and to secure fifteen years since I intrusted to your the privilege of continual disclosure, that sympathizing bosom that dreadful and most it will even carry the heavy virtues with secret story of my quarrel in Malta, and it, and obtain popularity for desert. The of my sudden flight-of the monstrous but gallery of the moral graces is a whispering reiterated charge of murder that dogged gallery.

my steps, through so many cities of EuThe title of the old comedy written by rope, and cast upon my onward path a a woman makes it a wonder that a woman shadow_" should keep a secret; the real wonder is, “ Eh! what! that man should ever have had the desperate “Yes," said I, in continuation, with a assurance to assume a superiority, to claim fervent, a most exalted sense of the steady a more consistent fidelity, in such engage affection which had kept my youthful sements. The sexes

are doubtless well-cret unwhispered, undreamed of by the matched, and the ready tongue finds a most curious, the most insidious scrutineer ready ear.

—with an idolatrous admiration of the conHow many of those who stand, and will stancy and the delicacy of the fine mind ever stand most firmly and strongly by our and the warm heart on which I had so side in the hard battle of life, are weak in wisely relied—“yes," I exclaimed, “fifthis delicate respect! How much of the teen or sixteen years have elapsed since I divine love that redeems our clay from committed to your holy keeping the ghastly utter grossness, the hallowed affection that secret, and not even in your sleep have you knits together the threads of two lives in allowed a single syllable of the awful nar. one, is sullied and debased by this mortal rative to escape you! Who, after this, frailty—the propensity to whisper when shall so far belie his fellow, as to say that the heart prompts silence—to breathe, by a secret is never so sase as in one's own the mere force of habit, into an indifferent bosom.' or a curious ear, some inklings of the secret “ What you say, my dear fellow,” rewhich the hushed soul should have held turned this faithful possessor of my con. sacred and incommunicable for ever. fidence, “is quite right: but I don't exactly

Let us, however, do justice to the just, know what you are ialking about; for upon and wish they were not the minority in the my soul, to tell you the truth, I had enmatter of keeping secrets. Let us even tirely forgotten the whole affair, having spare the weakness that errs through ac- never bestowed a thought upon it from cidental temptation, so long as it does not that day to this !" degenerate into the vice that wilfully betrays. Let us remember how the crime of

Order Of The Bath -Her Majesty has appointtreachery carries with it its own punished his Royal Highness Prince Albert to be the First ment; and how the abject thing that de and Principal Knight Grand Cross, and also Acting

Great Masier of the Most Honorable Order of the liberately reveals what was confided to

Baih, in the room of his late Royal Highness the it in reliance upon its honor, makes in Duke of Sussex.Brilannia.

THE LATE DISCOVERY.

MISCELLANY.
From the Athenaqın.

The Slave Trade.—Lord Brougham, in the She stood where hills were high and green,

British House of Lords, on Tuesday April 1lth, Where flowers were sweet and wild,

rose pursuant to notice given on the previous day, Where ne'er before her steps had been,

10 lay on the table a bill for the betier prevention The city's toiling child ;

of the slave trade. He had enjoyed the aid, in But even ihe glorious spring that shed

framing the measure, of various noble and learned Its sunshine o'er her now,

persons, and they had found, as, indeed, they had Could ne'er restore the spring time fled

expected, the difficulties to be encountered very

great. From that young heart and brow.

He had had the assistance of his poble.

friend the President of the Board of Trade, now, She saw the happy hamlet homes,

unfortanately, not in bis place from ill-healih, In valleys fair and free ;

together with that of his learned friend Dr. Lush. And heard, among the meadow blooms,

ington, and that of his gallant friend Captain Den. The voice of childhood's glee ;

man, and also the invaluable assistance of Mr. Bell, Bu: from those early shaded eyes

the barrister, who had studied the slave trade law The tears were falling fast,

more, he believed, than any man who had not, like As thus, amid her dying days,

Dr. Lushington and himself, been occupied in fram. The blighted spoke at last :

ing it. He should shortly state an outline of his

measure. There were three main objects in his "Ah! had the earth such glorious things

view. The first was the prevention of that slave Beneath so blue a sky,

trade which had hitherto prevailed to a considera. While all my cheerless, hopeless springs

ble extent, but about which there were legal doubis, In darkness glided by ?

and the highest authorities were divided. The Did all these lovely scenes expand,

question was whether a British subject residing These happy hearts exist,

abroad, not within the bounds of a British settle. And yet, amid the pleasani land,

ment, buying slaves in a foreign island or place, How was my portion mist ?

and carrying them in a boat to his plantation, was

guilty of felony or not. The question was not setFor I have seen the palace hall

iled in Westminster Hall, he must say somewha! 10 In distant splendor gleam,

his surprise, and, therefore, some enactment was And heard the midniglit festival

wanted to put an end to all doubt upon the pointAwake my weary dream ;

It was necessary that the doubt should be set at rest by And all that wealth from farthest shore

a declaratory act. It was quite clear that Parliament Or distant wave could bring,

meant to prohibit this, that a man should be able to Mine eyes have seen, but ne'er before

go to Cuba to buy slaves, and carry back the slaves Beheld the blessed spring.

lo his plantation ; that should be prohibited, and,

as the present law was not held sufficient to acThough oft such visions long ago

complish that end, it was necessary to declare My lonely dreams have crossd,

whai the law was to be in future. The first object Yer never knew my soul, till now,

of the act was to declare that this system should not The all that it had lost.

be tolerated, and to abolish it altogether. The nesi Oh, lovely vales ! oh, glorious skies !

object was to legislate respecting persons holding Oh, flowers of balmy breath!

foreign slave plantations; for as foreign slave plan, How will ye gladden other eyes

talions could not be cultivated without slaves, and When mine are sealed in death.

as such an estate might come to him by inheritance,

devise, marriage settlement, or gist, and upless be Alas! for human sacrifice,

did some act he ought not to be considered as an The stain of every clime ;

owner of slaves, as it was intended to excuse all For all whose youth unpitied dies,

those who, without any act of their own had come I'he lost, the doomed of time.

into the possession of slaves. The next object of Ah! well, well, may that promised shore

the bill was to prevent joint-stock companies estaBe bright with tearless bliss,

blished for carrying on projects abroad from buying If it to withered hearts restore

and selling slaves. Many of the partners in those Their summers lost on this.”

companies in this country, not knowing about the April 4, 1813.

Frances Brown.

matier, knowing only that they were buying a cer. tain quantily of scrip, had, in fact, been employing slaves. Another object was, if possible to sirike at the traffic on the coast of Africa, and this was to be done in two ways: the first was by establishing a better mode of irial, and an easier trial, of slave trading practices by British subjects. The next ob

ject which he wished to effect by this measure was THE CHINESE PRESENTS.-During the past to increase the facilities for obtaining evidence, to week, these curious gifts from his Imperial Majesty be used in this country, or in any places abroad have been unpacked at Buckingham Palace. The where legal proceedings with reference to the slave tent is of very large dimensions; the color, borders trade might be adopted. He proposed to adopt the and ornaments beautiful. The bed is an extraor. practice which was introduced by the East India dinary specimen of elaborate workmanship. The Judicature Act, which enabled a party prosecuting four posts are of gold, the entire surface being to obtain a mandamus from the Court of Queen's embellished with a continuous patern, of remark. Bench, and so to put in motion the judicatures of able richness. The hangings and furniture are of the colonies, and to procure through them, under a oright green color, variously adorned at the certain regulations, evidence which might be recorners and borders. A large carpet, the design ceived by the legal iribunals in this country, and in of which corresponds with the draperies of the other places. Another, and indeed the great object S'ate bed, is also among the number of presents. of this bill, was to endeavor to prevent practices Court Jour.

in this country, which, if not amounting io aetual

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trading in slaves, at least tended to the encourage Much interest was yesterday (Sunday) excited ment and promotion of the traffic on the coast of throughour the city in consequence of the announceAfrica. In order to do this, he proposed to vest in ment ihat those ministers of the city churches who her Majesty in Council the power of making cer- have adhered to the new secession would no lontain orders for the purpose of placing persons en- ger preach in their own pulpits, and had provided gaged in the African trade under similar obliga- ihemselves with separate places of worship. It was tions, superintendence, and restrictions, to those originally understood that they were to continue which he had proposed to apply to joint stock compa- their ministrations till the first Sunday in June, nies engaged in mining, and to other slave trading when they would finally and formally demit their companies. The bill contained other provisions, charges; but the steps taken by the General Asseminto which it was unnecessary for him to enter ai bly for declaring the churches vacant, and provide present; for his only object now was to give a genering for their supply, rendered this course no longer ral outline of the measure, in order to facilitate its practicable. Accordingly seven of the city churches consideration by their lordships during the recess:- were yesterday vacated by their former ministers, He would move the first reading of the bill to-nighi, and others provided in their stead. St. George was and the second reading would nut, of course, také occupied by Professor Grav; the Tron by Professor place until after the recess. He begged to move, Hill; St. Enoch's by Dr. Graham, of Killearn; St. *thal this hill be now read a first time."— United Paul's by the Rev. Mr. Beveridge of Inveresk; St. Service Gazette.

David's by Dr. Macnaughten of Arran; St. John's

by the Rev. Mr. Fisher of Rosebank; and St. AnThe Scorch CHURCH.—The General Assembly drew's by the Rev. Mr. Smith of Cathcart. The and the Free Assembly have both adjourned: the attendance in each of these churches was much former until May, 1814; the latter until October thinner than usual; and we are not aware that any Dext. After the passing of the resolutions on either public intiination was made in any of them in reside for legally completing the separation of the se- ference to the disruption that had taken place. The ceding body, the Assemblies were principally occu- seceding clergymen were variously distributed pied with routine business. The total number of throughout the city. Dr. Brown (St. John's) preach. seceders is 430, of whom 393 have signed the pro- ed in ihe City-hall in the forenoon, and Dr. Buchantest. This is something less than a third of the nan (Tron) in the afternoon and evening. Dr. entire Presbyterian ministry. The Marquis of Henderson (St. Enoch's) officialed, forenoon and Breadalbane has joined the Free Assembly, and it is afternoon, in the New Corn-exchange, Hope-street. rumored iniends to contribute£10,000 to their funds. Dr. Paterson. (St. Andrew's) occupied the Black

On adjourning the General Assembly, on Mon- Bull Hall; Dr. Forbes (Si. Paul's) the Methodist day last, the Moderator, in his short address, said: Chapel, Cannon-street; Dr. Smyth (St. George's)

I congratulate you upon the measures which occupied Wilis's Church, Renfield-street; and Mr. you have taken to sustain ihe admirable schemes of Lorimer (St. David's) preached in the Assemblyyour church, and to provide for the efficient supply rooms. Such of these temporary places of worship of those charges which have been vacated by your as required alteration were comfortably fitted up for seceding brethren; and I shall humbly pray with the occasion with pulpits and forms and all of them you that the spirit of your Great Master, the God of crowded to overflowing with respectable audiences. peace and love, may guide and strengthen you." In the City hall especially the crowd was immense.

Dr. Chalmers, the Moderator of the seceding Upwards of 4 000 persons must have been present body, in closing the Assembly, spoke at great length. at each diet of worship, and hundreds wiihdrew He adverted, among other things, to the position unable to obtain admittance.-Britannia. which they were to hold with reference to the Establishment, and spoke of its downfall as a probable The City or HAMBURGh has resolved to present result of their labors. That must not deier them to the Sovereigns, who assisted the inhabitants affrom going forward. If their principles were worth:er the conflagration of last year. letters of thanks, sacrificing their place in the Establishment for, they to be painted upon tablets of oak saved from the were worth the Establishment itself. They had no ancient city hall, and framed in bronze of the bells ill-will towards those who remained, and would of the churches that were destroyed. Each indi. have po pleasure in seeing them lose their stipends; vidual who contributed to the relief is to be pre. but, if the assertion of their principles caused them sented with a medal of the same material, and to leave their own livings, surely they would not those foreigners who on the spot assisted in check. now give up!hose principles, simply because it risk. ing the progress of the calamity are to be honored ed ihe loss of the livings of others. That would be with the freedom of the city. - Alhenæum. to love their neighbors not as, but a great deal beller than, themselves—(Great laughter). The M. Gaultier d'Arc.-On looking over the obitu. Rev. Doctor concluded his address with many ex- aries of the past week, our eye has been caught hortations tv zeal, and a fervent recommendation to in the Paris Journal, by a naine, having some prethem to abound in prayer. He then dissolved the tension to a record as of an oriental scholar, but Assembly in the name of Christ, and the proceed- principally remarkable as a great historic designaings were closed with prayer and praise about one tion, which dies with the subject of this notice. o'clock on the morning of Tuesday last.

M. Gaultier d'Arc was the last descendant from The consequences of this remarkable movement Pierre d'Arc, the brother of the great French heyet remain to be developed. If, as is most improbarine-had long been secretary, in Paris, to the ble, both bodies should continue to exist, they can School of Living Oriental Languages, and was reonly do so in opposition to each other, and by a di-cently Consul- General in Egypt.-Ibid. vision in nearly every parish in Scotland. Dr. Chalmers, it will be seen, expects the dissclution of STATUE OF Joan of Arc.—The Statue of Joan the Establishment, including much the larger por of Arc, the fine work of the late Princess Marie of tion of the Scottish clergy. The Establishment, on France, presented by her royal father to the Dethe contrary, looks for the gradual dispersion of the partment of the Vosges, was inaugurated, on the seceders, as the zeal and excitement created by their oth of the present month, in its new abode in the separation dies away. If numbers are to prevail, it house at Domreiny, where the heroine was born, would seem from the subjoined paragraph given by amid an immense concourse of spectators collected the Glasgow Herald, that the seceders will be the from all points of the department.-Ibid. strongest party :-

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IN

SCIENCE AND ARTS.

solder from straining the surface; they are then

soldered on by means of a hydro-oxygen blow-pipe. SILVER Plating.- Plating on copper was first The article is next boiled in a solution of pearlash introduced in the year 1742, by Mr. T. Balsover, a or soda, and scoured with fine Calais sand; the member of the Corporation of Cutlers al Sheffield. mounts are polished by a lathe, as silver articles, It was not, however, until about forty years after- with rollen-sione and oil; then cleaned with while wards thai the ornamented parts of plaied articles, ing, and finished with rouge. A scratch-brush of called mountings, were constructed of silver. This brass wire is used for deadening the parts required; greal improvement caused the manufacture of plated and the plain surfaces are burnished with iools of wares to become one of the staple trades of Shef-blood-stone or steel-soap and water being used in field. The process of manufacturing plated articles this operation, which is performed by women.-Lil. may be described as follows :-an ingot of copper Gazeite. being cast, and the surfaces carefully prepared by THE QUANTITY OF CARBONIC ACID GAS EXHALED filing so as to remove all blemishes, and a piece of silver, also having one surface perfectly cleaned, draw the following conclusions from a series of es.

RESPIRATION.-Messrs. Andral and Gavarret are tied together by means of iron wire. A mixture periments instituted by them, to discover the quantiof borax in water is then passed round the edge with a quill; the mass is then placed in a common air y of carbonic acid gas exhaled from the lungs in furnace heated to a proper iemperature, with a small haled in a given time, varies according to the age,

man :-- Ist. The quantity of carbonic acid gas, exaperture in the door for an inspection of this part of sex, and constitution. 2d. In man, as well as in the process. As soon as the union of the two budies is effected, which is known by the loosing of the woman, the quantity is modified according to the metal when the fusion of the iwo metals has taken age, independently of the weight of the individuals place, the bar is removed from the furnace. The experimented on. 3d. Al all ihe periods of life, bequality of the silver used in this process is what is 'ween the age of eight years and extreme old age, iermed standard, containing about 18 dwts, of copper in the quantity of carbonic acid gas exhaled by their

men and women are distinguishd by the difference to the lb. troy. The ingot being thus prepared, the next operation is to form it into sheets, by passing lungs in a given time. All things being otherwise the bar several times through large cylindrical roll. equal, man always gives forth a much more coners, generally moved by steam-power; the lamina- siderable quantity than woman. This difference is tion which the silver undergoes during the operation especially

marked between the ages of sixteen and of rolling shows the perfeci unity of the two bodies. forty, at which periods man furnishes nearly twice manufactured by hammering chiefly, but also by bonic acid gas is constantly increasing from the From the sheet of metal the article required is the quantity of carbonic acid gas from the lungs that

a woman does. 41b. In man, the quantily of carstamping when the shape is very irregular; the article, if hollow, being filled with pitch, the receding suddenly very great at the period of puberty ; from

eighth year to the thirtieth, ihe increase becoming parts are forced in wards, so that the projections re- the thirtieth year the exhalation of carbonic acid gas main of the thickness of the sheei before being begins to decrease, the diminution becoming more wrought, while the indentations are somewhat remarked as age advances, so that at the extreme point duced in thickness. The dies consist of blocks of lof life the exhalation of this gas may not be greater steel, on the face of which the pattern of the orna: ihan it was at the tenib year. 5ih. In woman, the ment is accurately drawn: the dies are moderately exhalation of this gas increases according to the heated in an open fire, and then placed upon a

same laws as in man during infancy; but at the leathern sandbag. The die-sinker then proceeds period of puberty, at the same time that menstruato cut out the ornaments with hammer and chisel; ion appears, this exhalation, contrary to that which when sunk to the proper depth, the surface of the happens in man, is suddenly arrested in its increase, sinking is dressed off

, and prepared for the orna- and remains stationary (nearly as the amount which ments to be stamped in. The stamp consists of a vertical frame of iron, the uprights of which are function is duly performed; when it ceases, the ex

it exhaled was in infancy) as long as the menstrual formed with grooves, in which the hammer or drop halation of the gas from the lungs is increased in a slides. The foundation of this machine consists of remarkable manner, after which it decreases, as in a square stone, and on its upper surface is fixed an iron anvil, to which the uprights are firmly attached; man, in proportion as the woman advances towards the hammer is raised by a rope passing over a pulley halation of the gas for the time equals the quantiy

extreme old age. 6th. During pregnancy, the er. fixed in the head. piece of the frame; the die is given forth by woman in which menstruation bas placed on the anvil immediately under the hammer, ceased. And, 71h. In both sexes, and at all ages, and is kept in its proper position by screws. A Juting of oil and clay is placed round the edge of the constitution is strong, and the muscular system well

the quantity of the gas exhaled is greater when ibe sink of the die, and melted lead is then poured into the cavity; when cool, the hammer is allowed to fall

developed.- Medical Times. upon the lead, to which it firmly adheres by means ACCIDENTS On Railways.--"On accidents and of a plate of iron roughed as a rasp, and which traffic upon the railways in Great Britain, in 1842," is called the lick-up. The silver used for the pur- by Mr. C. R. Weld. This paper consisted of an pose of the mountings is also of the standard quali- analysis of the various returns made to the railwariy, and is rolled to the required thickness: several deparıment, at the Board of Trade. The most pieces of the requisite size are then placed between agreeable feature is the remarkable diminution in pieces of copper of the same substance, and put upon the number of accidents of a public nature as comihe face of the die; the hammer is then raised, and pared with the returns of 1811. During 1841 the allowed to fall gently upon them: This operation accidents of this description amounted io 29, with is continued for some time, gradually increasing 24 dealbs, and 71 cases of injury; but during 1813 !he fall of the hammer, and diminishing the num- the number of accidents of this description bas been ber of pieces struck, until they are forced to the only 10, and the number of deaths of passengers bottom of the die; it is necessary occasionally lo an. while travelling by a train, and observing a proper neal the mountings. The mounts, being struck as degree of caution, was only 5, the number of cases described, are now filled with solder consisting of of injury being only 14. These do not include the lin and lead; and afterwards secured by wires 10 accidenis that have happened to the servants of the the article to be ornamented, the body being covered company. A new clause in the act of parliament with a inixture of glue and whiting to prevent the compels' the railway.companies to give reiurns of all

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