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accidents of a public nature unattended with per- Jelectro-chemical power so much, that this power, sonal injury, and it appears thal there were 21 acci- almost nil or very weak, becomes equal to that of dents of this nature during the past year. The a pile of several pairs.- Ibid. aggregate length of railway-lines has been increased
The Speaking Machine.- I have as yet seen no by 179 miles, 9 lines having been extended, and thus the total length of railways is now 1829 miles, notice in your valuable periodical of an invention, The number of passengers carried upon 50 railways which is, at present, attracting great attention here, during the twelve months from 1st July 1811, 1o Ist and which certainly merits every praise that can July, 1812, amonnted 10 18,453,504; of whom be bestowed upon unwearied perseverance and suc2,926 980 were first-class passengers, 7,611,966 cessful ingenuity. It is the Sprachmaschine or the second class, 5,322,501 third class, and 2,582,057 Speaking Machine, not quite appropriately called passengers whose class is not distinguished. The Euphonia, of Mr. Faber, the result of a beautiful gross receipts of the railways from passengers adaptation of mechanics to the laws of acoustics. amounted to 2,731,6871, and from goods to 1,088,8351. You are aware that the attempts of Cagniard in The number of trains amounted to 298,974, which la Tour, Biot, Müller, Steinle, to produce articu. gives 61 persons to each train. The average speed late sounds, or even to imitate the human voice, exclusive of stoppages, on all the lines is 214 miles have not been very successful; in fact, our know. per hour, the greatest speed being 36 miles per. ledge of the physiology of the larynx and its aphour.- Ibid.
pendices has been so limited, that we have not
even an explanation of the mode in which the CHEMICAL ACTION OF A SINGLE VOLTaic Pair.- falsetto is produced. Mr. Faber's instrument solves Paris, April 22, 1843 — M. de la Rive read a me the difficulties. I can only give you a very imper• moir on the chemical action of a single voltaic sect idea of the instrument. To understand the pair, and on the means of increasing its power. mechanism perfectly, it would be necessary to take The object of M. de la Rive's investigation was, it to pieces, and the dissection naturally is not whether instead of using a second pair to augment shown the visitor-less from a wish to conceal any the current of the first, he could not employ the thing, than from the time and labor necessary for first so as to increase its own intensity. And this such a purpose. The machine consists of a pair be effects by a very simple apparatus, which he of bellows at present only worked by a pedal simi. calls condensateur electro-chimique. Its principle lar to that of an organ, of a caoutchouc imitation is the production of an inductive current, which of the larynx, tongue, nostrils, and of a set of keys causes the same effect in a single pair as the addi. by which the springs are brought into action. (The tion of another pair would. The apparatus con further description would be unintelligible without sists of a piece of soft iron, surrounded by thick diagrams.) The rapidity of utterance depends of metallic wire, covered with silk. The current of course upon the rapidity with which the keys are the pair is made to traverse the wire and mag played, and thoughi my own attempts to make the netise the iron ; immediately a copper shank, instrument speak sounded rather ludicrous, Mr. armed with iron, is attracted by the magnetised Faber was most successful. There is no doubt that iron, and raised so as to break the circuit. There ihe machine may be much improved, and more es. is then developed in the wire a current of induc. lpecially that the timbre of the voice may be agreetion, which traverses the voltaic pair, and which, ably modified. The weather naturally affects the joined to the current of the pair itself thus rein. tension of the India rubber, and although Mr. Faber forced, passes through the voltameter and decom. can raise the voice or depress it, and can lay a poses water. But the soft iron not being magnet stress upon a particular syllable or a word, still ised, the copper shank falls back, the metallic one cannot avoid feeling that there is room for im. circuit is again closed, the iron is again magnet. provement. This is even more evident when the ised, and the same phenomenon again presents instrument is made to sing, but when we remember itself. By means of this arrangement, a pair of what difficulty many people have to regulate their Groves' which only slightly decomposes water, or own chordæ vocales, it is not surprising that Mr. a pair of Daniells' which does not sensibly decom. Faber has not yet succeeded in giving us an instru. pose it, becomes capable of doing so with great mental Catalani or Lablache. Faber is a native of energy. By employing it, the gases are not at all Freiburg, in the Grand Duchy of Baden-he was mixed, and they may be collected separately with formerly attached to the Observatory at Vienna, great facility. 'M. de la Rive, in concluding, but owing to an affection of the eyes, was obliged summed up the results of his researches; he be to retire upon a small pension ;, he then devoted lieved that he has established that a single pair himself to the study of anatomy, and now offers may produce even powerful chemical effects : he the results of his investigations and their applicahas proved it-Ist, by showing that, in vacuo, tion to mechanics, to the world of science. where the adherence of the gases to the surfaces Hamburgh, March 31.
S. of the electrodes is less, the current is much better -16. transmitted ; 2d, by showing that the current of a
MARINE GLUE.—Mr. Whishaw read a paper bepair rendered alternate by the employment of a condensateur, traverses easily a platinum-plate Jeffrey's Marine Glue, the peculiar properties of
fore the Royal Institution, London, April 7, on Mr. voltameter charged with acidulated water ; 3d, which are, its being insoluble in and impervious to that it is the same as a direct current of a pair, water, elastic, so as to expand or contract, according when it is made to traverse a voltameter through to the strain on the timber or the changes of tem. which a current of induction passes at the same perature, sufficiently solid to fill up the joints and time, although in a contrary way to that of the add strength to the timber construction, and adhe. pair ; 4th, in constructing a pair in which the pla. sive, so as to connect the timbers firmly together. tinum is replaced by an oxide, and especially by Several practical experiments have been made in the peroxide of lead, which renders this pair, even Woolwich and Chatham Dockyards; among these when only charged with a single liquid (acidulated may be mentioned the following :--Two pieces of water, 1-9 sulphuric acid), capable of decomposing African oak, 18 inches long by 9 inches wide, and water with great energy, giving off the gases well 41 inches thick, were joined together longitudinally separated ; 5th, in employing the current of the by the marine glue, with a bolt of 17 inch in diamepair itself to produce a current of induction, which, ter, passed through each of them from end to end. by traversing the pair in a given way, increases its | The day after the marine glue had been applied, the
I am, &c.
blocks were tested by means of a hydraulic machine., Nancy. “A globe of fire,” says that paper, " three A strain was applied to the exient of 19 tons, at or four mètres in length, traversed the heavens from which point one of the bolts broke, but the junction west to east, about iwo in the morning. This im. of the wood by the glue remained perfect. Two mense meteor was of a brightness so intense, that bolts of 15 inch in diameter were inserted on the the inhabitants of the country, who witnessed this following day, and the strain was again applied un-extraordinary spectacle, were terrified into the betil it reached 21 tons, when one of the bolts was bro- lief that they were instantly to be destroyed by it. ken, the junction of the wood still remaining per- The meteor appeared not more than thirty metres fect, and apparently not affected. Another experi- above the earth, travelled at the slow rate of about ment was iried with two blocks of African oak of one kilomètre per minute, and was preceded by an similar dimensions, but bolted in a different man. electric detonation. The horses of the diligence ner, so as to apply the strain at right angles to the from Metz to Nancy took fright at its aspect, and junction made with the glue at the centre. The overturned the carriage.—1b. wood split at a strain of 5 tons, but the joint re. mained perfect. The glue in one case was applied PELLETAN LIGHT.—This light, like the " Bocto elm; it resisted a strain equal to 369 lb. on the cius,” and others, takes its name from the in. square inch. This trial was made while the block ventor, a professor of chemistry, we believe, in was in a wet state, which state is considered most France, now residing in Fitzroy.square, where favorable for the effect of the glue. Several large some weeks ago we witnessed the brilliant effects pieces of timber were glued together and suspended of several burners. The light was beautifully io the top of the sheers at the dockyard at Wool-white and pure, emitting no smoke, nor showing wich, ar á height of about 70 feet above the ground. color, even when raised to a considerable height, From that elevation they were precipitated on to the and was free from smell. At that time the patent granite pavement, in order to test the effect of con
was incomplete, and of course, the material and cussion; this wood was shattered and split, but the apparatus employed were kept secret ; we there. glue yielded only in one instance, in which the joint fore refrained from noticing it. Now, however, it was badly made, and after the third fall. An ex appears that the vapor of naptha is the only com. periment was made with reference to the composi- bustible ingredient: and that the invention con. tion being used as a substitute for copper sheathing. sists in the construction and arrangement of a
This composition was applied without poison to machine by means of which this vapor can be defour sides of wooden blocks, and on the iwo other livered to the lamps.—Ibid. sides it was applied in combination with poison equally destructive to animal and vegetable life.- TENDENCY OF PLANTS TOWARDS Light._"10. After the lapse of twenty three months, these blocks quiries into the tendency of stalks and stems to. were taken up, and were found to be covered with wards the light." It had long been known that small shell-fish on the four unpoisoned sides, while plants placed in the dark incline towards any open. the two sides charged with the poison were clean, ing which admits the light, but it was not known The whole of the composition was slightly changed which of the solar rays caused this tendency. M. in color, but was not deteriorated or affected in re-Payer has resolved the point. He examined the spect to its useful qualities. Another use consists solar action first by niovable colored glasses used in its application to the construction of masts. Its as screens, and, secondly by a fixed spectrum. The powers of adhesion and elasticity fit it for the pur- four glasses which he used allowed only certain pose of joining the spars of which masts are com- rays to pass, viz.:-No.1, red; No. 2, red, orange, posed. A great reduction of expense is likely to yellow, and green ; No. 3, red, light orange, yelfollow its adoption for this purpose, as shorter and low, green, and blue ; No. 4, red and violet. The smaller timbers may be rendered available, and two first caused no inclination ; but the other two most, if not all, the internal fastenings may be dis rapidly produced that effect.- 1b. pensed with. The mainmast of the Eagle, a 50 gun ship, and the Trafalgar, 120 gun ship, have
ENTOMOLOGICAL SOCIETY.-Mr. G. Newport, pre. been put iogether with this glue, and the mainmast sident, in the chair. Amongst the donations were of the Curacoa, now reducing from a 32 to a 24.gun a series of volumes presented by the Royal Society, ship, are in progress of being joined. This inven. and a large and singular ant's nest, found between tion may also be applied in the construction of dock- the floor and ceiling of a cottage near Cobham gates, sluices, piers, wooden bridges, &c.-Athen- Park, presented by Miss Combe. Mrs. Saunders
exhibited a box of insects from New Holland
some of great rarity, including a fine and large COMETS.—M. Arago made a communication of new species of Rhipicera. Mr. Bond exhibited the discovery of a telescopic comet, by M. Mauvais, specimens of some of Mr. Cuming's Manilla Cur. on the 2d instant, (ante. p. 470). M. Arago joined culionida, from which he had entirely removed the to this communication some remarks on the most grease and restored the brilliancy of the metallic celebrated of all comets, that of Halley, which scales, by plunging them into pure naptha, and made its last appearance in 1835. Our readers are then covering them with powdered chalk. Mr. aware that several astronomers have examined the Waterhouse read descriptions of some new exotic Chinese records, for the purpose of ascertaining Curculionida ; and Mr. Westwood the continua. whether any observation had been made on the tion of a memoir “On the Geotrupidæ and Troappearance of Halley's comet. The researches of gide.”—Lit. Gaz. M. Biot have shown that Halley's comet was observed in China on the 26th of Sept. 1378; and
Handcock's IMPROVED Axle.-Capt. Handcock M. Arago has compared the observations made in produced a brass and cone of his improved axle, Europe on Halley's comet, and finds them coincide which had been used under an engine on the South 80 perfectly with the observations made in China ampton Railway, and had run upwards of 21,000 on the comet of 1378, that he entertains no doubt miles; the brass scarcely exhibited any signs of that the comet was that called Halley's comet.-16. wear, while a brass of an axle of the old form,
which had only run 8,000 miles, was nearly one LARGE Meteor.—The Journal de la Meurthe | inch shorter than when it was first put on, besides gives the following account of a meteorological having worn considerably into the journal and the phenomenon, which on the 4th of the present box.- Ib. month, affrighted the town and neighborhood of
that he recognised even her. Excess of mental la. ROBERT SOUTHEY, Esq. LL. D. March 21.--At
bor in every department of literature-poetry, his.
tory, biography, criticism, and philosophy, conKeswick, aged 68, Robert Southey, Esq. LL. D. Dr. Sonthey was born at Bristol on the 12th of his strong spirit at last, and obscured the genius
tinued from year to year, without cessation, bowed Angust, 1774. His father was a linen-draper in which had so long cast a glory upon the literature Wine-street. He was sent to school when six years of the age. As a poet, with an exuberance of ima. of age to Mr. Foote, a Baptist minister ; was sub. gination seldom equalled, and a mastery of versifisequently taught by a Mr. Flower, at Corston, near Cation never surpassed ; and as a prose writer, at Newton St. Loe, and by Mr. William Williams, a Welshman, from whom little scholarship was to be once elegant and forcible, his name will endure as got; was subsequently placed at Westminster, in long as the language in which he wrote. In all 1788, by his maternal uncle, Mr. Hill; and finally allowed, by those who knew him best, to be truly
the relations of lise Mr. Southey was universally at Baliol College, in 1792, with the design of his entering the Church. But Southey's Oxford ca.
exemplary. His house at the Lakes was open to reer closed in 1794 ; for his tendency towards So all who presented themselves with suitable introcinian opinions made the plan of life chalked out tion who have passed through that picturesque
duction, and there are few persons of any distincfor him altogether distasteful. In the same year region who have not partaken of his hospitality. he published his first poems, in conjunction with He enjoyed a pension of 3001. a year from the goMr. Lovell
, the friends assuming the names of Mos. vernment, granted in 1835 by Sir R. Peel, and has chus and Bion. About that time, too, he took part left personal property amounting to about 12,000l. in the famous Pantisocracy scheme, to which all By his will, dated the 26th of August, 1839, he has the eager contributors brought golden theories, but of more tangible coin so little
, that the Utopian bequeathed to his wife all the personal property project was necessarily relinquished. In the No. possessed by her previously to their marriage, toveinber of the following year, 1795, he married gether with the interest of the sum of 20001. during Miss Fricker, of Bristol, the sister of Mrs. Cole- the above 20001. he has bequeathed to his four
her life. The residue of his property, including ridge. In the winter of the same year, while the children, Charles Cuthbert Southey, Edith Mary author was on his way to Lisbon, Joan of Arc” Warter,' Bertha Hill, and Katharine Southey, was published. He returned to Bristol in the fol; equally, and, in case of the death of any of them lowing summer; in the subsequent year removed before the testator, their share is to be divided to London, and entered Gray's-Inn. He passed amongst their children (if any.) The executors part of the years 1800—1 in Portugal, and was for named are his brother Henry Herbert Southey, a short time resident in Ireland, (as secretary, we M. D., of Harley-street, and Mr. Henry Taylor, of believe, to Mr. Corry or to Mr. Foster.) His final
the Coloni establishment at Keswick, in the lake-country, took and valuable collection of bis letters, which we pre
Office, who possesses a voluminous place early in the present century. On the decease of Mr. Pye, in the year 1813, Southey was appoint
sume will be published. ed laureate ; he received his Doctor's degree from
The library is consigned to the charge of Mr. the university of Oxford in the year 1821; and Leigh Sotheby for public sale, and will speedily be June 4, 1839, contracted a second marriage with brought to London. The collection, inasmuch as Caroline-Anne, daughter of the late Charles very many of the books bear internal evidence of Bowles, Esq. of Buckland, North Lymington, one
their constant use by the late Poet Laureate, will of the most pathetic and natnral among contempo- no doubt create considerable interest. Dr. Southey rary authoresses. That he was at different times
was ardently fond of Spanish literature, in which offered a baronetcy and a seat in parliament are his library is particularly rich. facts well known to his friends; the rest of his ca
The remains of Dr. Southey were interred in the reer is to be traced in the works which he poured burial ground attached to the parish church at forth, with a versatility, a care, and a felicity un- Crosthwaite, where repose the ashes of different rivalled in these hasty and superficial days.
members of his family, and were followed to their To give a complete list of his labors would be final resting place by all the wealth and respectadifficult
. The principal poems are Wat Tyler, bility of the neighborhood. - Gentleman's Magazine. Joan of Arc, Thalaba, Metrical Tales, Madoc, The
RICHARD ARKWRIGHT, Esq. April 23.-At his Curse of Kehama, Carmen Triumphale, Roderick, residence, Willersley, Derbyshire, after an illness The Vision of Judgment,- -to say nothing of fugi- of only four days, Richard Arkwright, Esq tive pieces. His prose works comprise translations of the poems of the Cid, of Amadis, and Pal consequently in his 88th year, and, notwithstanding
Mr. Arkwrighi was born Dec. 19, 1755. He was merin of England :-Essays, allowing the Letters he had attained this very advanced age, yet the of Espriella, Sir Thomas More's Colloquies, and vigor of his mind remained unimpaired until he the slighter Omniana to bear his name :-Histo- was attacked with the paralytic affection which terries, among which are The Book of the Church, minated his valuable life. the History of the Peninsular War, the History of This highly respected and deeply lamented genthe Brazils :-Criticism, including his voluminous tleman was the only son of the celebrated Sir and important contributions to the Quarterly Re- Robert Arkwright, of whose invention of the spinview,-and Biography. Foremost in this last de ning frame, and great improvements in the cotton partment were-the Life of Nelson, one of the most manufacture, &c. it would be superfluous here to popular and perfect specimens of its class which speak. On ihe decease of his father in 1792, Mr. our language possesses, noble in feeling, and fault- Arkwright took possession of the beautiful mansion less in style, -the Life of Chatterton, the Life of at Willersley (built by Sir Richard Arkwright, but Kirke White, the Life of Wesley, and the Life of we believe never inhabited by him), where he conCowper, all of which are in different degrees valua. tinued to reside until his death, he had for some ble contributions to our literature.
years previously been living at Bakewell, and his For the last three years Mr. Southey had been great fortune héd its commencement from the colin a state of mental darkness, and a twelvemonth ion-mill at that place, which his father had given ago he was not able to recognise those who had up to him Inheriting the wealth of his father, and been his companions from his youth. Scarcely the still more valuable endowments of his sagacious could his wife console herself with the poor hope I and comprehensive mind, Mr. Arkwright com. menced life with prospects vonchsafed to few. Ac- In every sense of the word Mr. Arkwright was a customed early to habiis of business, to strict method perfect gentleman. He was accessible to all, and and punctuality in the arrangemeni of his time, and inost kind, obliging; and courteous in bis manners. not being led aside by the allurements of wealth, he No one ever left his presence with his feelings carried on the extensive concerns established by Sir wounded by an unkind or supercilious remark, or Richard Arkwright with so much success that he humbled and degraded in his own estimation. His was probably at fihe time of his death the richest high and delicale sense of honor, his inherent love commoner in England. To attempt to detail the of justice, and his inflexible rectiiude and integrity, various incidents of Mr. Arkwright's long, happy, led him however to despise and to avoid the society and most useful life, or of the unexampled prosperiiy of those in whom he found these qualities deficient. which marked the whole course of it, would far ex. He was exemplary in all the relative duties of life, ceed the limits allotted to a notice of this kind. We a kind and indulgent parent, a good and beloved shall therefore confine ourselves to a brief sketch of master, an excellent landlord, and a zealous and sinhis character, the varied excellencies of which we cere friend. shall have difficulty to compress within parrow Mr. Arkwright married, in 1780, Mary, daughter limits. The basis of all excellence, strong, natural of Adam Simpson, Esq. of Bonsall. By this iroly good sense, Mr. Arkwright possessed in an eminent estimable lady, who died in 1827, he had issue six degree. His knowledge was various and extensive, sons and five daughters. The former wereaccurate and ready for use, his judgment sound and Ist. Richard, who was in Parliament many years, clear. His whole life was one of observation and and died after a short illness. without any surviving of practical usefulness, and his opinions of men and issue, at his residence, Normanton, Leicestershire. things so accurate as to give his conversation an He married Mariba Maria, the daughter of the aphoristic style, although chastened and subdued by Rev. W. Beresford of Ashbourn, who died in 1820. his innate diffidence and modesty.
2. Robert, of Sution, near Chesterfield, a magis. The native vigor of his mind enabled him to trate, and deputy lieutenant of the county. He mar. unravel the most difficult and complicated questions ried Frances Crawford, the daughter of Stephen and subjects. With the science and docirines of George Kemble, Esq. and has issue four sons and political economy, of finance, the monetary system, one daughter. His eldest son George is M. P. for &c., Mr. Arkwright was quite familiar, and had Leominsier. formed clear and definite opinions on these contro- The handsome mansion of Sutton, with the large verted subjects, which have perplexed, and still con- surrounding estate, was purchased by the late Mr. tinue to perplex the most intellectual and thought- Arkwright of the Marquess of Ormonde in 1824. ful men.
3. Peier, of Roche House, near Matlock, a magisIt is much to be regretted that his views on these trate of the county. He married Mary Ann, the important inquiries have not been given to the daughter of Charles Hurt, Esq. of Worksworth, and world. Indeed, had Mr. Arkwright been able to has a numerous family, two of whom are married, overcome his reluctance to appear in public life, viz. the Rev. Henry Arkwright, Vicar of Bodenhis talents would have been of ihe greaiest service ham, Herefordshire, lo Henrietta, the daughter of to the country, and he would have adorned any sta- the late Rev. Charles Thornycroft, of Thornycroft
, tion. In his political views he was decidedly Con- near Macclesfield ; and Susan, to the Rev. Joseph servative. But he was guarded in his opinions, and, Wigram. Rector of East Tisted, Hanis. Mr. Peter adopting none without deep thought and reflection, Arkwright, who emulates the good qualities of his he was not the indiscriminating advocate of any father, and treads in all his footsteps, is, we underulira or party question. On the subjects of trade, stand, going to reside at Willersley. commerce, &c. he was inclined to the doctrines of 4. John, of Hampton Court, Herefordshire, a the late Mr. Huskisson ; indeed, many of his opin- magistrate and high sheriff of the county of Here. ions assimilated with ihose of that distinguished ford in 1831. He married Sarah, the eldest surviv. slatesman. Mr. Arkwright was well versed in the ing daughter of Sir Hunger ford Hoskyns, Bart. of science of mechanics and in most of the useful arls Harewood, and has a large family. The Hampton of life. He thoroughly understood the principles Court estale was bought by the late Mr. Arkwright of warming and ventilating houses and manufacto of the Earl of Essex, in 1639. ries, and the great salubrity of his mills and the 5. Charles, of Dunstall, Staffordshire, a magis. more than average health of his work-people de trate for that countr and Derbyshire. He married monstrated the success with which he applied his Mary, the daughter of the late E Sacheverel W. knowledge.
Sitwell, Esq., of Stainsby, near Derby, and has no The beautiful and picturesque grounds and pro- family. ductive gardens of Willersley. (which through his 6. Joseph, in holy orders, of Mark Hall, Esser. kindness were shown to the public) are at once a He married Anne, ihe daughter of the late Sir Rob proof of his taste and the correctness of his infor- ert Wigram, Bart of Walthamstow, and has a mation in landscape gardening and horticulture. large family, of whom Mary is married to the Rev. The medal of the Horticultural Society was award- Edward Bruxner rf Aston. ed to him for his successful and improved method The daughters were-1. Elizabeth, married to of cultivating grapes, an account of which he pub- Francis Hurt, Esq., of Alderwasley Park, late M. P. lished in their Transactions.
for the southern division of Derbyshire. This amiaThe qualities of Mr. Arkwright's heart were ble and excellent lady died in 1838, leaving issue one equal to those of his head. He was generous with son and six daughters, of whom the two eldest are out ostentation, and charitable without parade. In married; Francis to Cecilia, the daughter of Richard his grants to public charities and institutions he Norman, Esq., and niece of the Duke of Rutland, and was liberal and judicious, but his true benevolence Mary to the Hon. and Rev. Robert Eden, brother of was most shown in his extensive private charities. the Earl of Auckland, and vicar of Battersea. In seeking out the objects of his bounty he was care- 2. Anne, married Vice-Chancellor Sir James ful to avoid publicity, and the seasonable and fre- Wigram, and has a large family. quent relief he gave to numberless indigent sami. 3. Frances. lies he wished to be known only to themselves. In 4 and 5. Mary and Harriet, who both died in his charitable donations as well as in his other good their minority. offices, he sirictly followed the scriptural injunction The will of this wealthy commoner has been
not to let thy left hand know what thy right hand proved in Doctors' Commons, by the oaths of Robdoeth."
ert Arkwright, Peter Arkwright, and Charles Ark. who refers with satisfaction to Justin Martyr and Miss Airin states in her preface that “she has the ancient fathers, who, like him, recognize Plato undertaken, in these memoirs, to supply a real de and Socrates as eminent Christians, who treat their ficiency in our literature.” Why is there no life of philosophy as a civil handmaiden of Christian theAddison, while there are lives of Pope, and Swift, ology, and would devoutly use it as a subordinate and Dryden? It is not easy to say why, unless revelation of God's eternal truth to the Greek that there was less to tell of so correct and fortu- nations. nate a person as Addison that the world cared for hearing, or beyond what had already been made A fewo Observations on the Increase of Commerce by known in the lives of his contemporaries, and in
wright, three of the sons and executors named in the fluous, which had for its subject the most conspicu. will
, which is dated 16th December, 1841. Mr. ous writer in the Spectator, the life of the reformer Arkwright gives to his son Robert, £100.000; to his and refiner of English manners and English style ; son Peter, £40,000; to his son John, £50,000; to the moralist of the social circle and the fireside. his son Joseph, £80,000; to his grandson Francis Qualified for this task by her previous habits of hisHurt, £35,000; to six of his granddaughters, £14. torical and biographical research, Miss Aikin pos000 each; and 10 all of his other grandchildren, sesses, in addition, that unbounded, and almost en£5,000 each; to his daughter Ann, wife of Vice- thusiastic, admiration for Addison, which is no Chancellor Wigram, £25,000 absolutely, and a life mean element in writing the annals of a man of interest in £50,000 with power of disposal at her calm passions ; never, though in all apparent modeath; to the Derbyshire General Infirmary: £200; desty, wanting to his own interests, who glided to the General Hospital near Nottingham, £200; to smoothly and cannily through life. If she has not the Lunatic Hospital and Asylum near Manchester, been able to give her hero a strong interest in the £200; 10 his buller, £100; and to his housekeeper, affections of her readers, the fault
is certainly not £100The residue of his property is given to his with her. She has thrown startling doubts on many five sons, who are named executors.
The properly has been sworn to exceed in value £1,000,000, but of the most disparaging anecdotes that have been this may be only a nominal sum, as the scale of currently received as to the habits of Addison, and stamp duties goes no higher. The probate bears a of his conduct in particular instances; and some of stamp of £15,750, and the legacy duty will amount the worst of these she has clearly disproved. This to a inuch larger sum.-Ibid.
quiet, unpretending, but sagacious and worldly for
tunate man was, not improbably, the object of some M. Jover, of AutuN.–Formerly a pupil of Da small envy among his early friends and literary vid, he was one of those appointed by the great contemporaries.— The Irish Sketch-Book. painter to the management of his attelier, when ex. iled into Belgium. Subsequently he returned to his The Life and Times of John Reuchlin or Capnion, native town of Autun-of which he was appointed by Francis BARHAM, Esq., &c. fcp. 8vo. * Lonlibrarian, in 1825; and there his career has been, as don : Whittaker & Co. it were, a provincial copy of that of M. Dusomme. rard in the capital. His museum includes a superb Savonarola," of which we gave a notice in a late
A companion volume this to the “ Memoirs of collection of engravings of all masters, with remark. Number, and one still more interesting; for in point able MSS. of Holbein, Lucas Van Leyden, John of mind and character the German was much supeof Bruges, Hemlinck, Salvator Rosa, Poussin, and rior to the Italian religious reformer; if, indeed, ihe Benvenuto Cellini. All that the revolution, and latter term is properly applicable to the eloquent the pillage of tourists had left to Autun of her an and zealous monk of Florence. For notwithstandcient splendor, he had collected together. But one of the most important of his discoveries was that of ing his merits, which were of a very high, and his the grand mosaic on which he constructed his sufferings, which were of a very painful, description, dwelling. To the preservation of this relic, one of arola was any thing more than a Roman Catholic,
we have always had our doubts as to whether Savonthe most curious chat the soil of Gaul has given up: incited by local circumstances to a career of tragic he sacrificed his fortune ; it became the basis of his collections; and eight years of his life were devoted agitation. Reuchlin, on the other hand, was a man to its patient restoration. M. Jovet has desired to whose influence in the reformation was powerful be buried in the midst of his collection-thus inak. and direct. In his mind its principles were clearly ing the pleasant labor of his life his monument in impressed, and they prompted him to organic death. Ibid.
changes. On this account, agreeable as Mr. Bar
ham's volume is, we could have wished for more John VARLEY.-This eminent painter in water details, for more of the man, his thoughts, and colors, and eccentric man, died suddenly, at the writings. There is nothing in biography like making age of 64.
Mr. Varley has long been among the the subject of it, tell his own story. Michelet in artists most distinguished in a branch of art pecu- his Life of Luther, and D'Aubigné in his History of liarly English; and in very many of his produc. the Reformation, have given excellent examples of tions displayed both feeling and grandeur equal to this admirable mode of daguerreotyping a life, whom the highest efforts of this school. Mr. Varley was quite as famous for his astrological propensities. Ib. eate the career of a great man, will do well to imi.
every author who henceforward undertakes to delintate closely. At the same time we are bound to add that we have derived great pleasure from the work.
It is well written, displays an extensive range of BIBLIOGRAPHICAL NOTICES. reading, and is particularly commendable for the
liberal spirit it breathes in many places. We highly The Life of Joseph Addison. By Lucy Aikin. 2 commend the perceptions and feeling of the writer, vols. Longman & Co.
means of the River Indus. By T. Postans, BomJohnson's preface to Addison's works. Yet the bay Army. London. P. Richardson. life of so distinguished an English classic surely de- The events in Scinde, whatever be the ultimate served to be written with all the care and amplitude destination of that country, must have the effect of which literary research and talent could supply. making " the navigation of the Indus free to all Among the myriad books published on all manner nations." This great marine highway will open of subjects, that one could not be considered super- a direct commercial intercourse not only with