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Statistics of TRAVELLING.–The following apMARRIAGE OF THE EMPEROR OF BRAZIL

pears in a provincial paper. We cannot vouch for AND THE

its entire accuracy: “Only eleven mail coaches PRINCESS TERESA CHRISTIANA MARIA, SISTER OF

now leave London daily for the country. A few

years since, before railways were formed, there THE KING OF THE TWO SICILIES.

were nearly eighty that used to leave the General From our own Correspondent.

Post-office. The number of miles which the mail

coaches going to and from London daily travel on Naples, May 31st, 1843. turnpike roads is about 5,000. The number of miles The close of our season has been considerably which the different railway companies convey mails enlivened during the last few days by the marriage daily is 4,435. Cross-road mails in England, Scot of the king's youngest sister, the Princess Teresa land, and Wales, run over nearly 12,000 miles of Christiana Maria, with the Emperor of Brazil, Don ground every day. Thus, by principal convey. Pedro the Second. You are aware the Courts of ances, the correspondence in this country is con. Naples and the Brazils have long continued a cor- veyed over more than 20,000 miles of ground every respondence, for the purpose of concluding this 24 hours. From these principal conveyances, inhappy event. Report says the king's elder sister numerable mail carts and horse and foot letter-carrefused the emperor, who is quite a youth, and not riers branch off, and every road, lane, street, and very prepossessing in his appearance. Be that as court in the kingdom, is traversed from sunrise to it may, the Princess Teresa, the younger sister of sunset."Colonial Magazine. bis majesty, is now Empress of the Brazils.

A few days since, some Brazilian frigates arrived, SHAKSPEARE.—Some interesting discoveries rebringing the special ambassador, his Excellency lating to Shakspeare and his family have been transCarneiro Leao, and a few Brazilian dames d'onore, mitted from Warwickshire to the London Shakfor the purpose of solemnizing the marriage by speare Society, and confided to the charge of Sir F. proraya The Brazilian Ambassador read several Madden and Mari John Bruce, for publication. They letters to his majesty, and other branches of the are said, inter alia, to trace the poet's father, Jobs, royal family, wherein the emperor_formally de- and his mother, from Snittersfield 10 Stratford, and manded the hand of the princess. The king ex

to establish the fact that the former, as justice of the pressed his utmost satisfaction at the mission of the peace and bailiff of Stratford, could not write his embassy; after which preparatory formalities, the name, and consequently made his mark. In 1577 marriage ceremony took place on the 30th inst. he was in difficulties; and in 1579, with his wife,

At an early hour the streets were enlivened by sold property in Snittersfield to Robert Webbe. In the equipages of the nobility and ambassadors 1597 it appears that William Shakspeare of Chapelthronging towards the royal palace. At ten o'clock, street ward had ten quarters of malt in his possesthe Count Siracusa, the brother of the royal bride, sion, probably raised on his own land, and, at any (and proxy to the emperor,) conducted the princess rate, malted on his premises. Other papers relaie to the royal chapel in the king's palace, where his to his purchase of tithes, &c., and some extend to a majesty, the queen dowager, and all the members date beyond the poet's death, and refer to his sur. of the royal family, with the ecclesiastical authori. viving relatives.- Lit. Gazette. ties, were in waiting for the performance of the ceremony. The princess was elegantly dressed, DRAWINGS IN WESTMINSTER Hall.-It affords and looked exceedingly pretty: Her features are us great and unfeigned pleasure to state, and that regular and pleasing, and no doubt her light hair from authorities of such taste and judgment as to be and blue eyes will be much esteemed at the court most worthy of public reliance, that the drawings of Don Pedro; where, if we may judge from his sent in to the Royal Commission on the Fine Arts, Brazilian majesty's subjecis now in Naples, all and now preparing for exhibition in Westminster wear " the shadow'd livery of the burning sun. Hall, in order to ascertain the competency of BritThe count, acting as proxy, placed the ring on the ish artists to embellish the new Houses of Parlia. princess's finger, after which she received the holy ment with fresco-paintings, fully to justify the highsacrament, and the company left the royal palace. est opinion entertained of the ability of our native

The empress will leave Naples in a few days, by school to meet this occasion. We understand that one of the Brazilian frigates, which is fitted up in nearly 150 designs in chalk have been offered in the most costly style. She has received a quantity competition ; and that, though one-third of them of very valuable presents from her royal husband, may be deemed failures, there is yet among the and a most brilliant reception awaits her imperial other two-thirds many productions of great genius majesty on her arrival at Rio de Janeiro. Nearly in conception and skill in execution. In short, that all the ministers of his Neapolitan majesty have re- the generality have far exceeded the expectations ceived valuable presents from the emperor. formed by these distinguishad artists and connois.

The king has given some very gay dinners and seurs who are appointed to judge of their merits. balls on the occasion, to which a few English have We have reason to suppose that several Royal been honored by invitations. The whole of the Academicians are among the candidates ; but, we royal party attended San Carlo on the evening of believe we may also truly add, that the hand of no the marriage, and the house was crowded to excess. individual painter has been recognized in the style The whole city was brilliantly illuminated in the of the pictures examined by the commissioners. evening, and nothing which pertains to an Italian They are all now in process of being hung up; and fista was forgotten. The Brazilian Ambassador is in ten days or a fortnight the exhibition will be to give a grand entertainment previous to the de-opened to the public. If we might presume to sug. parture of the princess.

gest aught to those wbo have the direction of the There are but few English now residing at Na affair, we would advise the admission for a week or ples. Among the loiterers, however, we may men. two to be charged at a shilling, by which a considtion, Lady Vernon, Earl and Countess of Winchel- erable fund would be raised for the encouragement sea, Mr. Cholmondeley and family, Gen. Sir J. of the arts herein embarked ; and afterwards throw Vandelere, Lady Caroline Greville, and Colonel the hall open to the public gratuitously. This plan and Lady Meyrick.-Court Journal.

would conduce to more orderly and less crowded

assemblages. But, however managed, it is certain- ELECTRICAL SOIREE-t is with pleasure that we ly a most gratifying result, to be assured that there record an evening passed at Mr. Gassiot's, Clapneed be no call upon foreign artists to display their ham, devoted to electrical exhibition. The purpose talent upon an English national structure; and of ihe assembling on Monday was also highly that the demand for an almost novel species of or creditable-lo do honor to M. de la Rive, an emi. nament, on a grand scale, has been nobly met by nent continental electrician, and to display to him our own countrymen.-Ib.

the spirit with which electrical inquiry is conducted

in this country. No private individual in Great PUNCH'S RECIPES.

Britain stands higher in this respect than Mr. Gas

siol; he ranks with Mr. Cross and Lord Rosse, the TO MAKE SHOES WATERPROOF.-Take a pound former an electrician, the latter a practical me. and a half of rose-pink, an ounce of camphor, with chanic and chemist on a gigantic scale. As prooi, a quart of the liquid in which a rabbit has been on Monday a Grove's battery of 100 pairs was in boiled; stir these gently together, and pour the action, also a very extensive series of the gaseous shoes full of the mixture when you go to bed at battery, and a water battery, comprising 3,520 night.

pairs; the latter has been in action upwards of TO TAKE Stains out of TABLE-LINEN.-Spread two years, and sparks at a hundreths of an inch the damask cloth on the table, and with a sharp and in seconds of time have been obtained from it. pair of scissors cut holes half an inch in each direc The effulgence of the light from the carbon points tion beyond the edge of the stain. There is an of the first arrangement was almost beyond belief. other, but more expensive method, which is, sim. To look at it direct was painful. Its effect, bow. ply, to put the linen into the fire.

ever, we fully appreciated, by observing the bril. A DELICATE LIP-salve.-Wash and grate four liancy it imparted to the natural colors of foreign carrots, add to these a dram of assafætida, and two moths and butterflies in a case suspended against ounces of Norway tar; tie it down close, and put the wall.. Had they been in fluttering existence, into a small saucepan with as much water and winging their way through tropical sunlight, they ground oyster-shells as will come nearly to the top Another pleasing proof of the power of the clec

could not have looked more bright or beautiful. of the gallipot. Do not let it boil over ; pour into trical light was the distance, through the window, small boxes for present use.

Paste for CHAPPED HAND s.-At the full of the it penetrated the outer darkness, shooting over the moon, take a pound and a half of coarse brown su- lawn ; but now softened into the sweetest moon. gar, immerse it in a pint of aquafortis, one ounce of light, and yet clothing the shrubs and turf with in. gum benjamin, one ounce of Florence iris ; simmer of this extensive series were the influence of the

iense green. The experiments with the electrodes ihese ingredients in a gall-bladder for an hour, then magnet on the luminous arc ; the differevce of pour off into gallipots. The application will not heating effects in the two poles ; the sulphuret of only whiten the hands, but produce double joints, antimony, a non-conducting substance, rendered a which are so much admired. - Charivari.

conductor by fusion, &c. &c. In another and an

other room were objects of attraction ;-a WheatAurora Borealis. The aurora borealis seen at stone's electro.magnetic machine ; electrotypes ; Paris, Rheims, Brussels, and other places, on the microscopic objects, amongst them the Acarus 6th instant, was described as follows:

Crossii ; metalochromes ; cum multis aliis.-Lit. M. Desdouits, at Paris, remarked that the direc. Gazelte. tion of the luminous band was not that of the mag.

Unburnt BrickS FROM THE PYRAMIDS.-Some netic meridian, it inclined sliglitly towards the east. specimens of unburnt bricks from the Pyramids of M. Moigno says the inclination of this band to the Daskoor (Egypt) were exhibited hy Mr. Newton. horizon was at an angle of about 70%. He had From the description by Mr. Perring, who brought observed the almost sudilen appearance of two them to England, it appeared that they were made great centres of diffused light to the right and to

from the alluvial soil of the Valley of the Nile, the left of Cassiopeia, but a little higher. These mixed up with chopped straw; that they were two centres, for nearly a quarter of an hour, gave made with cavities in the sides like the modern out ligh: sufficiently bright to dim stars of the 4th bricks, and that the interior of the Pyramids was magnitude. At Brussels, M. Quetelet had observed formed of arches, the bricks composing them being that the phenomenon was accompaniei! by mag; either packed behind with pieces of flat pouzery, netic disturbance of greater force than any noted there for four years during which time regular ob. There existed at Thebes some extensive ranges of

or cut away to radiate equally from the centre. servations on terrestrial magnetism have been arches, of about twelve feet span, the bricks of madle. The mean of the magnetometer is nearly which they were built bearing the name of Sesos. at the division of 6300 ; at 11 h. 46 m. on the even. liris, and consequently they must have stood unin. ing of the 6th May the instrument marked 77-67, a jured upwards of 3180 years; the arches were difference compared with the mean s.ale of abom liurned in concentric half-brick'rings.-Ibid. 15 divisions, or 54 minu'es. M. Coulvier-Gravier bad seen, about eleven o'clock, a meteor shoot from EDUCATION OF THE ROYAL INFANTS.—The pub. near the tail of the Great Bear in a direction from lic will observe with much satisfaction the appear. S. W. 10 N. E., traversing the square of the Litile ance above the walls of the garden of Buckingham Bear, and a mass of very bright light entirely cov. Palace, iwo green wooden uprights, with a rope's ering this square. He distinctly observed the ine. end attached to each of them. On making inquiteor, obscured by this luminous mass, regain its ry, we have discovered that the objects in question brigluness after having passed is. Another meieor, belong to a swing which has been erected in the at abont 11 b. 18 m., traversing the heavens from garden for the use of the Royal Infants. By this S. to N., and meeting with this luminous cloud. admirable arrangement it will be inculcated into was eclipsed for some time. M. Coulvier-Gravier their minds at an early age, that even princes are deduces froin these iwo observations that the height subjected in this life to ups and downs, and that of these shooting stars is much greater than that of we inust go backward as well as forward ; a truth she fluid or luminous gas which gives rise to the that cannot be too soon impressed on the under. aurora borealis.- Lit. Gazette.

slanding of infancy.-Charivari.

SCIENCE AND ARTS.

These curious results of scientific investigation

are probably capable of many other and of even THE WORLD A VOLTAIC TELEGRAPH !-Be not more important applications than Mr. Bain at prealarmed, gentle reader, at the startling announce- sent contemplates. To military men, for example, ment: though “the great globe which ye inhabit” it may suggest the idea of applying the galvanic is now proved to be one vast voltaic battery, with agency of the earth to the means of impregnable power equal to effect its own destruction, there is defence against invaders, by converting the islands no present danger of its committing suicide. He of Great Britain and Ireland into gigantic torpedos. who has detected the latent torpedo has no inten. It is well known, that instant contact with a few tion of employing it to annihilate the world, but plates of metals differently oxidizable will melt the solely for the annihilation of space. Yes, truly, we hardest rocks and convulse the strongest animals : and the Antipodes may soon be placed in contact who then can calculate the effects when all the copby galvanic influence-mentally at least with per and tin in the bowels of Cornwall combine with heads to heads in lieu of feet to feet.

the iron of Wales to produce a never-ending sucIn a former notice of the improvements effected cession of shocks?-- Spectator. by Mr. Bain in his electrical telegraph, we communicated his discovery that the circuit of a voltaic Gaulis) ANTIQUITIES.—There has just been battery may be completed, by the earth as a con- discovered in the ground excavated for the railroad, ductor, from any points however distant. We then between St. Leu d'Essevens and Montalair, a girdle anticipated that the next step would be the appli- of solid gold, wrought to imitate a cord, having a cation of the air as a conductor for the return cur hook at each end. The weight is 342 grammes, rent, so that earth and air might call and respond and the gold is valued at 880fr. It was found within to each other from all quarters of the globe. Mr. two and a half feet of the surface, and no other ar. Bain has, however, shown that he can do more ticle was discovered near it. It is supposed to bethan this. He has converted the globe itself into a long to the Gaulish period, about Julius Cæsar's constant voltaic battery, and proved that it may be time.Athenæum. rendered the means of carrying on instantaneous correspondence through the earth. This result Roman ANTIQUITIES.-In September, 1838, à was the sequence of the previouy discovery : for, valuable piece of mosaic, representing Orpheus having ascertained that the moisture of the earth is and Ceres, with her attributes, was discovered in sufficiently conductive of the electric current of a the forest of Brothonne, in Normandy. Since then voltaic battery, he inferred that by placing a plate the Archæological Society of Caen have extended of copper and a plate of zinc under ground and con. the researches, and found a long suite of Roman necting them with an isolated wire, an electric apartments, and several baths. One of the rooms current would be formed. The experiment was is splendidly decorated, and on the walls are the tried in Hyde Park, with zinc and copper plates finest specimens of mosaic work, representing variplaced a mile asunder; and with complete success. ous aquatic birds. One side is a large stove, with This discovery made, it was readily applied to sim- Aues to convey the heat, and on the hearth were plify and work the electric telegraph. A single charcoal and ashes, as fresh as if newly brought wire, connected with a copper plate at one terminus there. Another room was entirely paved with moand with a zinc plate at the other, is now all the saic, but unfortunately only a few fragments remain electrical apparatus required. The principle on entire, the rest having been crushed by the falling which the telegraph operates with this simple self-in of a wall. There were also found coins, wità acting battery is this–At each terminus there is a the profiles of Nero, Antoninus, Gallienus, Claucorresponding apparatus, with series of wheels like dius, and other Roman emperors, with bricks, tiles, clock-work, which are set in motion by powerful double-headed nails, vases of terra cotta of different springs or weights: this apparatus is so contrived, colors, pieces of stone, marble, and glass, and sev. that when the hand of a dial is stopped at any letter eral articles in iron, bronze, and ivory. There marked thereon, that letter is printed on paper; were also numerous stags' horns, boars' tusks, and the hands on the dials at each station are adjusted bones of animals.-Ibid. alike; therefore, when set in motion and stopped at the same instant, the hand of each dial will point EARTHQUAKES.- A communication has been to and print the same symbol. Electrical agency is made by the French Minister of War to the Acaderequired only to set the apparatus in motion : ihis my, being the letter of an inhabitant of Guadaloupe, it effects, whenever the voltaic connexion is broken, dated, dated March 7, which gives an account of a by deflecting a coil of wire, which action removes phenomenon apparently connected with the catasa stop ; the instant the voltaic circuit is renewed, trophe of February 8. The gentleman relates, that the machinery ceases to act. The communications between the eastern point of Mariegalante and may thus be carried on for any time with great ra- Guadaloupe, and in mid-channel, a column of wapidity ; the symbol indicated on one dial being in- ter, black in color, and of large diameter, arose dicated on the other instantaneously, however far from the sea with great force. All around it, to a apart. As the velocity of electricity is immeasura- considerable distance, a quantity of vapor covered ble; and as the conducting power of the earth is the sea. This appearance lasted about half an hour. without stint, there appears to be no assignable No doubt was entertained by him of its being the limit to the action of this terrestrial voltaic tele- effect of a submarine volcano.-Ibid. graph. Should the Lords of the Admiralty conclude satisfactorily their pending negotiation with “ ON THE RESPIRATION OF THE LEAVES OF the patentees for the construction of a telegraph on Plants," by William Haseldine Pepys, Esq.-The this principle between Portsmouth and London, the author gives an account of a series of experiments copper sheathing of the guard-ship in Portsmouth on the products of the respiration of plants, and harbor would form a magnificent negative plate for more particularly of the leaves; selecting with this the actuating battery; the positive pole of which view, specimens of plants which had been previcould be supplied by the water-tanks at the Admi- ously habituated to respire constantly under an in. ralty, the space between them constituting an closure of glass; and employing for that purpose earthenware cell, on a large scale.

the apparatus which he had formerly used in es.

near

perimenting on the combustion of the diamond, and fried on in the open air, and that if they are obliged consisting of two mercurial gasometers, with the to choose some in-door employment, it should be addition of two hemispheres of glass closely joined one requiring strong exercise, and that they, more together at their bases, so as to form an air-tight than others, should avoid cxposure to dust and globular receptable for the plant subjected to exper- habits of intemperance.-Ib. iment. The general conclusions he deduces from bis numerous experiments, conducted during sev. A Gigantic Bird.–At a late meeting Dr. Buckeral years, are, first, that in leaves, which are in a land read some interesting letters detailing the disstate of vigorous health, vegetation is always ope-covery of the bones of a gigantic bird, which must rating to restore the surrounding atmospheric air to have recently inhabitated New Zealand, should it its natural condition, by the absorption of carbonic not be proved to be still an inhabitant of that colony. acid and the disengagement of oxygenous gas; that The first announcement of its supposed existence this action is promoted by the influence of light, was conveyed in a letter from Mr. Wm. Williams, but that it continues to be exerted, although more dated February 28, 1842, in which he says, that slowly, even in the dark. Secondly, that carbonic hearing from the natives that an extraordinary acid is never disengaged during the healthy condi- monster inhabited a cave on the side of a hill near tion of the leaf. Thirdly, that the fluid so abun- the river Weirva, he was induced to offer a reward dantly exhaled by plants in their vegetation is pure to any one who should produce either the bird, water, and contains no trace of carbonic acid. or one of its bones. In consequence, a large bone, Fourthly, that the first portions of carbonic acid gas but much worn, was soon produced ; and shortly contained in an artificial atmosphere, are taken up after, another of smaller size was found in the bed with more avidity by plants than the remaining of a stream which runs into Poverty Bay. The portions; as if their appetite for that pabulum had natives were then induced to go in large numbers diminished by satiety.-16.

to turn up the mud in the bed of the same river, and soon brought a large number of bones, which

proved to have belonged to a bird of gigantic dimenInfluence of EmployMENTS UPON HEALTH.- sions. The length of the large bone of the leg is The materials from which this paper was compiled, two feet and ten inches; they have been found a were obtained from the registers of the out-patients little below the surface, in the mud of several other of King's College Hospital, and comprised upwards rivers, and in that situation only. The bird to of 3000 individuals, all engaged in various occupa- which they belonged is stated to have existed at no tions. A series of elaborate Tables accompanied very distant period, and in considerable numbers, the paper, showing the different diseases

to as bones of more than thirty individuals had been which males and females had been subject, from collected by the natives. Mr. Williams had also which the author arrives at the following conclu- heard of a bird having been recently seen sions. In females, the ratio of cases of pulmonary Cloudy Bay in Cook's Straits, by an Englishman consumption to those of all other diseases, is high- accompanied by a native, which was described to est in those following sedentary employments, less be not less than fourteen or sixteen feet in height, in those having mixed in-door employments, and which he supposes to be about the size of the least in those occupied out of doors. The highest largest of those to which the bones belonged. Of ratio occurs in the case of females whose habits of these bones one case has already arrived, and a life are irregular. In men, the ratio of cases of second is daily expected. A letter from Professor pulmonary consumption to those of all other dis- Owen detailed the contents of the box, which has eases is somewhat higher in those following in-door arrived; and from these fragments it was clear that occupations, than in those working in the open air they had belonged to the species of bird which the The ratio of cases of pulmonary consumption to Professor had already described in the Zoological those of all other diseases in the case of men fol- Transactions, vol. ij. from a fragment of a femur lowing in-door employments varies inversely as the which he had received some time previous.- 1b. amount of exertion, being highest where there is least exertion, and lowest in employments requiring strong exercise. Neither a constrained posture,

PRESERVATION OF MEATS BY FERRUGINOUS SYnor exposure to a high temperature nor a moist RUP:-A memoir was received from M. Dussourde temperature appear to have any marked effect in on the preservation of meats by ferruginous syrup, promoting pulmonary consumption. The ratio of -a syrup which undergoes no deterioration by cases of pulmonary consumption to those of all keeping: Meat which has been steeped in this other diseases, is highest in the case of men wbose syrup dries with only a slight diminution of volume, employments expose them to the inhalation of dust, and is not affected by the most active agents of there being, in persons so employed, two cases of putrefaction. When required for use, the meat is consumption, for less than three of all other diseases. put into cold water, and it soon assumes its original The ratio is also high in the case of persons ad- size. Its color and odor are then like those of fresh dicted to habits of intemperance, there being two meat, of which it has all the properties. The syrup cases of pulmonary consumption to five of all other is made by boiling iron in an impalpable powder diseases. The age at which pulmonary consump

with common syrup until the latter becomes suffition makes its attack varies with the employment, ciently impregnated with the iron.—16. being earlier in those occupations characterized by a high ratio of consumptive cases. Thus it is ear- CONTINENTAL RAILWAYS.— Negotiations have lier in those following in-door occupations than in been opened between the Canton of Geneva and those employed in the open air, and in those using Sardinia for the construction of a railroad from Gelittle exertion than in those using much. It also neva to Chambery. Since the Government has occurs very early in those who indulge in intem- come to the aid of the shareholders of the Lombardoperance, and in those whose occupations lead to the Venetian railway, the works have been going on inhalation of dust. The practical rule to be deduced very actively at all the unfinished sections. A from the preceding observations, is, that those per- Hamburgh journal mentions a project for a railroad sons who have an hereditary tendency to consump- between that city and Berlin by the right bank of tion should make choice of occupations which are car- | the Elbe. A new section of the railroad of Upper Silesia, that from Brieg to Oppein, was opened on

OBITUARY. the 29th ult. We learn from Brunswick that the railroads in that country are urged on with so much John Allen, Esq.—April 3. In South street, energy, that the road from the capital to Madge- aged 73, after a short illness, John Allen, Esq., M. burg will be finished in the course of the next D, Master of Dulwich College. month, and that from Brunswick to Hanover may He was born in January 1770, at Redford, a few be opened very shortly after.— Court Journal. miles west of Edinburgh-a beautiful small prop

erty to which he succeeded by the death of bis EARTHQUAKES PREVENTED BY ARTESIAN Wells, grandmother, and which was afterwards sold. He M. Delpon believes that, by boring artesian wells, graduated at the University of Edinburgh as M. D. localities subject to earthquakes may be protected ive member of the Association then instituted at

in 1791, and in 1792 he became a zealous and act. from such calamity: he says, whatever be the force that city to forward Parliamentary Reform, along which causes subterraneous explosions, it would be with Thomas Muir and many other promoters of neutralized by the opening of wells, which would the measure, of whom Mr. Robert Forsyth, advoserve for the escape of this force.-Lit. Gaz.

cate, and Mr. William Moffatt, solicitor, are be

lieved to be the only survivors. ANTIQUITIES.-The dredging machinc, employ.

Mr. Allen gave lectures on comparative anatomy ed in clearing the bed of the soane at Cbalons, at Edinburgh, which were of such excellence as to has bronght up many interesting remnants of an.

have induced M. Cuvier eagerly to seek his actiquity. -Among thein are some coins of Charles, quaintance. At the beginning of the present cenCardinal do Bourbon, of great rarity-a small tury he left Edinburgh, and since that time was a brass plate, on which appears a Christ

on the constant inmate, first with Lord Holland, and, afcross, with symbolical aninials at the four corners,

ter the death of that amiable and enlightened statesand some Gothic characters which have not yei man, with Lady Holland. All who resorted to been deciphered, apparently a work of the earliest Holland House valued his extensive research, his part of the middle age-some amphoræ and cine. accurate knowledge, his ever ready and exact mem. rary urns in good preservation. But the most ory, and his kindness in imparting information to valuable prize is a beautiful vitrified cup. It is those who sought it. His facility in unravelling the shallow and broad like a dish, but the outside is intricate and obscure parts of history was remarka. enriched with wavy and spiral ornaments in relief; ble. His articles in the Edinburgh Review,* and affording a new proof that the art of moulding in his other works, attest his various and profound glass was well known in ancient days, and indi. learning. His zeal for the Constitution led him to cating the residence of the Romans at Cabillo search for its foundations in the Anglo-Saxon laws, num, after the Eduens and previously to the Bur. and to study a language comparatively little known. gundians.-Ibid.

He published “ An Inquiry into the Rise and

Growth of the Royal Prerogative, in England;" ELECTRICITY OF STEAM.-We have so recently · A Vindication of the Independence of Scotland;" (Lit. Gazette, No. 1369, page 239) given the results and a Reply to Dr. Lingard, who had remonstrated of Mr. Faraday's investigations in regard to the upon a criticism of his History of England wbich electricity of steam, that we should not again recur Mr. Allen had contributed to the Edinburgh Reto them were it not for the relation they bear to view. He wrote, indeed, more than one article that extraordinary operation of nature, the thunder- upon that work, at first approving Lingard, but afstorm, to which many of the remarks on Friday terwards censuring his partiality, particularly bis evening had reference. How is the atmosphere misquotation of Strada, with regard to the massaelectrified? Is it by evaporation ? by means of it cre of St. Bartholemew. clouds and mists, rains and dews, are formed; but

Mr. Allen was one of the members of the late does the same operation carry up and supply elec- Commission on Public Records. tricity ? Hitherto our knowledge extended to this :

An inmate in Holland House for more than forty we knew that by pouring water into a hot crucible, years, Mr. Allen had the opportunity of becoming for instance, and by the first bursting into vapor, acquainted with all the distinguished men of ali electricity could be obtained ; and hence evapora- countries, and his long life may be said to have tion was supposed to be a source of electricity. been passed between the best reading and the best The discovery of the electricity of the steam-boiler conversation. Nor in a society where Romilly, and appeared likely to extend our views in this respect; Horner, and Mackintosh, were welcome and defor if the quantity of electricity produced were a re-lightful guests, was there a single person who did sult of the mere issue of steam, then might atmos

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not listen with respect to the voice of one with pheric electricity be affirmed to be due to evapora- whom Lord Holland searched the records of history tion. But Mr. Faraday asserts that there is no for the materials of his speeches, and to whose connexion between evaporation and atmospheric friendly eye were submitted those admirable proelectricity; and proves that the electricity of steam

tests in which the cause of liberty was so eloquently is not produced by the evolution of steam, but by pleaded. the friction of the water only, and that consequent

In the Exhibition at the Royal Academy last ly there is no substance in nature so high in the year was a pleasing picture of Lord and Lady Holscale of electric bodies as water : it takes rank land and Mr. Allen, seated in the library of Holabove catskin, hitherto the head of the list. land House, painted by Leslie.

Literary Gazette. He was esteemed and loved by Lord Holland,

which is eulogy in itself, and there can be no doubt

that his affliction for the loss of such a friend shortLIFE-COLORED DAGUERREOTYPES.-A letter from ened his life. Nice, of the 27th March, announces that an artist named Iller has succeeded in obtaining daguerreo- * To Mr. Allen's article in the Edinburgh Review, XXVI. !ypes with all the colors of life, the rapidity of tak- 341, Sir James Mackintosh refers as having been written" by ing them being undimished.-Ib.

rned of our constitutional antiqueries." Hist. of England, 1. 241. Mr. Allen wrote the life of Fox in the Encyclopedia Britannica.

one of the most acute and

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