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Spanish rising against British influence, this writer added, " are the works relating and declared the complete untruth of the to the Detached Forts round Paris in the assertions of its contemporaries.
course of execution, that at this moment, Since this, however, matters have again should a necessity arise, four of the citadels taken another turn. The French Consol at which surround Paris might be armed and Barcelona is gravely and openly accused of occupied.” having contributed to originate and foment Pleasant prospect ! and solely the work of the insurrection; the French government this patriotic Press. Already we seem to precipitately and passionately adopts every hear the voice of Louis Philippe in Paris, act of this Consul, by rewarding him on the as that of Napoleon was heard in the Deinstant with the cross of the Legion of sert:* Citizens! From these Detached Forts Honor ; the French Press is again hounded forty thousand soldiers look down upon to its work; and its cry swells up once you! more, stronger at the close than at the be. We are not unfriendly to the Press of ginning of the Barcelona revolt, “Hatred France. Freely we admit its extraordinary to England.”
talent: with bitterness, when we look to its But the French People, we firmly believe, present condition, reflect upon the enormous are this time on their guard and well pre- capability for good it has of late so utterly pared. By this time they know their Press abused. Fallen, and with but a shadow of pretty well, and they begin to know their its former influence, we now believe that King. We may venture, we think, to pre- Press to be. We have shown, also, that it dict that the game of the Fortifications of has merited its fall. But it may even yet Paris will be played with less success in its be worth its while to consider, that if it be new form of a Bold Stroke for a Bourbon not determined upon sinking itself deeper in intervention in Spain. The newspapers are its present forlorn and pitiable condition, it again astride their hobby, ready as ever to will cease that monotonous din of which the be cheated, but with none of the old power ear of this country is weary, and apply itself to cheat. The " Commerce” may charge us to some useful work. Difficult it may be with the unparalleled atrocity of Barcelona to retrace its steps, but it is not impossible. in a " state of siege,” as the fresh crime The field is ample and almost untrodden. which pollutes the history of the sanguina- As friends we would suggest to them as ry and sordid policy of England; but it is a study, the Institutions of that people not quite forgotten, either in Paris or in against whom it is their pleasure to rail. Lyons, that there have been such things as Are you not ashamed, Newspaper Writers "states of siege" by no means so far from of France, that after two revolutions in the home. The "Débats” may virtuously, but name of Liberty, there is no security for very harmlessly, denounce the extra-legal personal freedom in your country? You severities of Espartero, so long as the extra- know that the police may enter the house of legal condemnation of Dupoty continues to any man, and if he be from home, may fright
freshly remembered. The “Presse,” in en his wife and children, break open his its wild bombastic rage, may track the drawers, and seize his papers. The letter blood which flows at Barcelona,” flowing found in M. Dupoty's box has shown you "to the profit of English cottons,” and, what use may be made of papers in the manifest“ amidst the carnage of execution," hands of an attorney-general, who deciphers and “surrounded by the light of the bomb- their meaning through MORAL CONVICTIONS. shells of the siege," may descry the finger Nay more, it has again and again most of England: but that Spectre England has bitterly occurred to you, that a man may already played her part in nightmares wild- upon mere surmise be thrown into gaol, and er than these, and with what practical results there, upon no better grounds than Moral the French people know too well. Could Conviction, be detained until the pleasure or they by possibility have forgotten, there convenience of the authorities allow him a was a journal in the Barcelona excitement trial; or he may, at the end of a month, or which took care to refresh their memory. a year, or two years, be dismissed from conBe in good heart, citizens of Paris, exclaim finement, with the stain of the prison upon ed that journal; go and see how the fortress him, broken in fortune and in health, and of lvry gets on. It covers more than three hundred acres; it has five enormous bas- * Before the battle of the Pyramids." Soldiers, tions ; eaah bastion is prepared to receive from these Pyramids forty centuries look down upsixteen pieces of artillery; there is a glo- on you!" The parody is the pleasant suggestion rious drawbridge, and, commanding the en: within our design to mention, but always full of trance, a splendid rampart. “So rapidly,” | wit, and rarely deficient in wisdom.
yet no satisfaction, no redress! Would I and obtain guarantees for that peace which you not, O Journalists, be better employed it is still asserted that he loves, and wbich in agitating for the adoption of a measure it will then be his honor to have maintained. for the security of personal freedom, (M. But let him mark well, that upon no other Guizot will tell you about our English ha- condition than this, is either the one or the beas-corpus,) than in rendering yourselves other permanently fixed. And notwithworse than useless by your folly, and so de- standing the grave censure which we have priving the public of the only public defend- been obliged to pass upon the Paris Journals, er left to it. We propose but one glorious we think sufficiently well of them to believe feature of liberty to you, lest we might that they would yet support the monarch in confound you with too much light. Here the wise, just, liberal, and yet most prudent is a noble, useful, necessary object, for the course, which we humbly suggest to him. advocacy of which the country would thank A more grateful task could not occur to us you, in the efforts for which the country than that of welcoming back the NEWSPAPER would sustain you, and in the pursuit of Press Of FRANCE, in circumstances such as which you would once more take your le these, to a position they never would have gitimate place as the guides and guardians forfeited, if the possession of most remarkof a virtuous public necessity.
able talents, and the recollection of services If the Journalists of France adopted this for which in times past they made the whole counsel, the glory would be all their own. civilized world their debtor, could of themThe popular leaders in the Chamber show selves have retained them there. not the least inclination to make a stand for public liberty. Thiers helped to pass the
WEALTH.-One of the best and most satisfactory September laws against the Press, which uses of wealth, my dear boy, (says Punch, in his made him what he is; and without Odillon “Letters to his Son,”) is to dazzle with our riches the Barrot, the Bastilles could not have been eyes of our neighbors. Your dear mother once hit carried. We hear enough of soldiers and this point to a nicely: We had long expected the
payment of a small legacy bequeathed io her by a sailors, but not one word about civil institu- distant relation, whose exact degree of kindred I tions. M. Dufaure and M. Passy are sepa cared not much to inquire into. It was enough for os rated from M. Guizot only by so many sail that your dear mother's name was down in ihe will; of the line; they have not a word to offer fully perform
the injunctions of the dear deceased. for the electoral franchise. Here, we re- "And when we get this money," said your mother peat, is a wide, and to the shame of the to me in a moment of connubial confidence." I lell statesmen and legislators of France, an you what we'll do with it-I tell you, my love, what
we'll do with it.” As I knew she would proceed no untrodden path. To the Press we again say, further until I begged to know her intentions, I at take it, occupy it, plant it with fresh and once put the question: ". What, my dearesi, what vigorous Institutions for the shelter and se. will you do with it ?" "Why, my love," answered curity of the People, and do cease to play take the plate oul of pawn, and give a party.
your parent, her eyes sparkling with pleasure, we'll
Yes; those tricks which make you objects of pity the great gratification to be gathered from the legacy to your neighbors.
was, that we might fash our four lea-spoons and pair We are the more earnest in offering this of tongs in the eyes of people for whom we had not advice, because we think the present time ther had, I know, on three occasions captiously remost favorable for an experiment in favor of fused the loan of her bellows. ' * I think I have Liberal Institutions. The country enjoys heard you say my love the face of Natnre-the profound internal tranquillity; but the coun. open sky-the fields, the trees, the shining river, all
My dear boy, whatever may try is standing still; and an ardent, intelli- be your present delighi in contemplating these obgent and accomplished people, will not con- jecis, as yet you know nothing of their value. Look sent to stagnate, while every other nation upon them with the eye of a proprietor, and that a is, if not in progress, at least in a state of bloom will coine upon the picture! Every bit of
Lurf will be an emerald to you; every grasshopper activity: It is because the attention of will chirrup-a very angel to your self-complacency; France has not been fixed upon practical every tree. moved by the wind, will bow to you as reforms, that in particular fever'fits she you pass by it; the very fish in the river will turns to foreign war as the sole path to glory. Show the sun their war'd coats dropp'd with gold. It was the hope of war, deprived of the fear reflecting there your wealıb, and not their beauty. of invasion by the Fortification of the Capi. Nay, that portion of the sky which rains and shines tal, which allowed that feudal measure, so
ils blessings upon your land, you will behold as
yours; yea, human pride, strong in its faith of profull of danger to liberty, to be passed in a perly,' will read upon the face of heaven itselfmoment of artificial excitement. Let Louis Meum!" Every sunbeam will be to you as if it Philippe boldly widen the popular basis of were an ingot. How delicious and how entrancing his throne, and he will secure the dynasty in Eden, to find himself-a landed proprietor ! of whose continuance he is so apprehensive, Charivari.
CHORUS OF ELVES,
THE ENCHANTED LILY.
And a circle of tiny, elf-like things,
Which they fann'd, with the leaves of their beamy
Into eddies of rainbow light.
Softly they wing'd their airy way,
Like butterflies buoy'd in the beams of MayTHERE is a sweet and dim recess
Now dipt in the wave, now dyed in the sheen In the depths of a lone green wilderness
of the tremulous rays that reposed on the green ; 'Tis form'd of cedar, beech, and pine,
And thus, as they wove their mystic ring,
The marvelling warrior heard them sing :-
Our task is done
Our task is done ! With quivering light in the noontide hours ;
We have drugg'd the dark enchanter's sleep, But when the moon is bright and high,
Since sunset hour, She pours through the web-like tracery
With the poppy flower, A tremulous and tender glow
And lock'd him in slumber, fast and deep ! Upon the velvet sward below.
We have pluck'd the wand There erills a thin and silvery brook,
From his red right handThrough the grass and flowers of the fairy nook, No more shall his victim in bondage weep; Which is fed by a clear and sparkling well,
The magic is won ! That springs in the midst of the leafy cell;
Our task is done ! And hitler at night the elves would come,
The charm we sever-the spell we break! When the skies were bright and the winds were dumb,
Pale Vesper's ray
Is sick with the light of the rushing day !
To brake and fell,
To vale and dell,
To forest and mountain-away! away!
Softly and sweetly the echoes died
In the voiceless space of the welkin wide, And free the nymph from the magic well.
Till nouglat was heard but the sleepy trill The sprite of his vision then portray'd
Of the eager waves of that infaut rill, The shadowy form of the captive maid,
As they leap'd along, with a lulling song, The waters heaved on their glassy breast
The moss and the flowers and leaves among ;
And the fays dissolved in the ether blue,
As fades in the beams of morn the dew.
But quick as their mysterious flight, As fill’d the breast of the sleeping knight
A queen-like lily, fair and bright, With a tumult of wonder and wild delight.
Display'd her lithe and sylphite bell Oh, never, I ween, had he gazed before
On the placid breast of the azure well.
There stood sh9, like a fair young bride,
In her dream of joy and her hour of pride,
Ascending out of her liquid cave,
And viewing her limbs in the limpid wave ;
The pausing moon or her forehead shone,
And the eye of the knight was fix'd thereon.
So modestly folding her virgin charms,
A creature bright, of dazzling light,
The spell was burst-the nymph was freo
But ah! too eager be to grasp
His treasure in a lover's claspAlood he call'd upon 'squire and thrall,
No sooner did his mortal hold They were chain'à in slumber, each and all
lu rapturous clasp her form enfold, So deep, that but for the heaving breath,
Than one long, low, mysterious wail He had deem'd them lock'd in the sleep of death! Was borne to silence by the gale, And their steeds reposed on the shady ground, And in a shower of sighing rain In the same deep magic of slumber bound. She sank amid the waves again! With a frown of anger he grasp'd his lance, To rouse them up from their mystic trance, The morning broke, but nowhere found When a murmur of melody, sweet and low, His serfs their lord ;--they sought around Arose on his ear, with a lute-like flow,
Each gloomy thicket, dell, and cleft, And sank to his soul like the bloomy balm
In vain-in vain- no trace was left! Of a spring-tide eve, when the skies are calm. And 'squire and thrall, with troubled look,
At length their anxious search forsook, The notes grow louder, and seem'd to swell And each, in mystic wonder bound, From the still blue depths of the waveless well, Stole, awed, from that enchanted ground.
ANTI-CORN.LAW LEAGUE. nounce the imputations of the Tory press.
He was interrupted by some person, who Tae Anti-Corn-law League had a "grand called out “Question!” an interruption Metropolitan demonstration” on Wednes. which Mr. Cobden with much temper and day-a public meeting of their friends and adroitness, turned to accountsupporters at the Crown and Anchor Tav.
"That gentleman, whether he be friend or Mr. Hamer Stansfield of Leeds took enemy, is right. It is a mistake, and a great the chair; and there were present, Mr. John fault on our par to allow ourselves for a moBright of Rochdale, Mr. Brooks of Man. ment 10 be diverted from the real question. It chester, Mr. Joseph Hume, Mr. Cobden, Mr. is the game, the deliberate game of our enemies,
to scatier charges against us, and thus divert the Milner Gibson, Mr. Ewart, Dr. Bowring, Mr. minds of the people from the object which we R.R. R. Moore of Manchester, Mr. Paulton, have at heart. and a great number of the Chairmen and
He described the peaceful weapons of the Secretaries of the branch Associations of League—the printing-press, and lectures ; the Metropolis. The meeting is said to its object--to make the Corn-law known, have been the largest held at the Crown and understood, abhorred, and therefore speedAnchor for twenty-four years : not only the ily put to an end. After a clever Anti-Corngreat room, but all the ante-rooms and pas- law address, Mr. Cobden again adverted to sages, were crowded ; and deputations were the charges against the League ; referring sent from time to time to the platform for particularly to the speech of the Rev. Mr. speakers, who came out and addressed the Bayley, of Sheffield, on the 6th of July, auxiliary meetings. Frequent allusion was made to the scene in the House of Com
“ Their enemies might single out an individual mons last Friday night. The Chairman re- with: and what then? Let a man, whether he
speech or an individual act to reproach them marked
be a real enemy or a false friend, single out the “If there be any characteristic of an English- individual speech of a minister of the gospel, and man which distinguishes Richard Cobden more say that his language was violent and indiscreet, than another, it is his love of fair play. Now, and Mr. Cobden would say to him, as had been foul play has been practised on that gentleman. said to another before him, 'Let him who is with(Vehement cheering.) The higher the party out sin among you cast the first stone. There from whom it emanated, the fouler the deed. was no doubt but that the short life of the League To accuse a man openly of instigating to the had witnessed acts of indiscretion, as there were commission of assassination, if there were acts of indiscretion in the daily and weekly lives grounds for such a charge, it would be manly of them all : but was it the part of a friend to it would be bold-it would be English to make mount the most public stage he could find in the it: but to insinuate what it is not dared to ex- country, and declaim against a member of the press, is worthy of a mind practised in duplicity: Anti-Corn-law League, in language which he (Loud cheers.) But let Mr. Cobden be assured knew would be seized hold of by the Monopolist that, from whatever source this atrocious stigma press and applied to the whole League? Was proceeds--whoever aims the foul blow-whether it right that a friend to their cause should take it be a wily enemy or a false friend—(Loud cries such a way of reproving individual acts of memof 'Roebuck! and groans)-his countrymen will bers of their body? or should he not have writrally round him and see that he has fair play.” ten upon the subject to those members of the (Continued cheering.)
League with whom he was in close correspond. Mr. Cobden himself said, he would rather exculpate the members of the League from
ence at the time? But he did not attend there to that the transaction had not been alluded charges which might have been brought against to: he should leave it in the hands of his them. He heard these charges with regret, but intelligent countrymen, and be satisfied with he knew that the League had outgrown such their verdict
charges. They could laugh at them, and despise “ You have been told that I have been charged such kind friends as those who advanced them
them; nay more, they would do what probably in my place in Parliament with instigating to did not intend or wish that they should do—they assassination! I, who received a diploma from would profit by their censures.” (Loud cheers.) the Society of Friends as a peacemaker, on account of my writing, long before I was known as Mr. Bright delivered a very long speech, a politician: I, who in all shapes, to the best of in the course of which he said, that as long my humble ability, endeavored to depress the as the Corn-laws existed, they would be lia. false boast of mere animal powers at the expense ble to such outbreaks as those of the auof the immortal part of our being: I, who abhor capital punishments: I, who am conscientiously tumn: so long as human nature remained of opinion that it is worse than useless to take as it was, he felt satisfied that vast multilife, even for the punishment of murder: I have tudes of men, who could live if the law been accused of instigating to assassination !"- permitted them, would not lie down and die (Loud groans.)
quietly with wives and children starving He then proceeded indignantly to de- l around them. He believed that if the late
disturbances had taken place in the agricul- this commencing pattern in calico printing. tural districts, the probable results would His third son, the late Sir Robert, was the have been such as he dared not contemplate. founder of the family. He was born at The brutal ignorance of the agricultural la- Blackburn in 1750, and after having traded borer might be in some degree explained, in that town for some years, he removed to when they recollected that there were no Bury, and established that larger cotton persons above their own situation in life manufactory, which ultimately led to his who had for them a word of sympathy or great wealth. Having acquired a fortune, comfort. Such was not the case with the he procured himself to be returned as a operatives in the manufacturing districts. member of the House of Commons, was Their employers interested themselves in made a baronet, and died in 1830, leaving their condition ; but had the rural squire behind him a plentiful landed estate, and and the clergyman any sympathy with their between one and two millions of personal unfortunate laborers ?
property The present Sir R. Peel, the Colonel Thompson ridiculed Sir R. Peel's prime minister, thus speaks of his father :fears of assassination
My father moved in a confined sphere, and "The Prime Minister had been represented as employed his talents in improving the cothaving been much excited at something--a threat ton trade.
He had neither wish nor opporof assassination! (Laughter.) If this was true, tunity of making himself acquainted with it must have arisen from the still small voice of his native country, or society far removed conscience; and he would not wish him visited from his native county, Lancashire. I lived with any greater censure. He knew a little girl under his roof till l'attained the age of who stood being shot at a great deal better than he did. (Tremendous cheering for some min manhood, and had many opportunities of utes, intermingled with cries of The Queen discovering that he possessed in an eminent God bless her!) He believed that the whole degree a mechanical genius and a good affair was a political stratagem. The Quarterly heart. He had many sons, and placed them Review had charged him with saying it was all in situations that they might be useful time to do something more than talk: that was to each other. The cotton trade was preuttered during the progress of the late election, ferred, as best calculated to secure this oband referred to the conduct of the electors on the hustings. That was a specimen of the truthful-ject; and by habits of industry, and impartness of the charges against the Anti-Corn-law ing to his offspring an intimate knowledge League in reference to a late event."
of the various branches of the cotton manuThe meeting was also addressed by Mr.
facture, he lived to see his children conHume, Mr. Milner Gibson, and Dr. Bow: nected together in business, and by their ring; and, thanks having been voted to the one exception, opulent and happy. My
successful exertions to become, without Chairman, it peaceably separated.
father may be truly said to have been the founder of our family; and he so accurately appreciated the importance of commercial
wealth, in a national point of view, that he SIR ROBERT PEEL AND HIS ERA.
was often heard to say that the profits of
individuals were small, compared with the From Bell's Weekly Messenger.
national gains arising from trade.” Sir Robert Peel and his Era. Cotes, London.
Sir R. Peel, the father of the Premier, As nothing is more sought after in this had a very early presentiment that his son day than biography and anecdotes of public would rise to high public station, and in his characters, we candidly confess ourselves plain way of speaking he even mentioned pleased with the work now before us, as ihis in the House of Commons. "I taught largely contributing to the curiosity and him," he said, “ from early life to walk in entertainment of the reader, and disclosing the steps of Mr. Pitt, and I felt persuaded many particulars relating to the family of that he would deserve the praise which the eminent statesman whose name stands some honorable gentleman had been pleas$0 prominently on the title-page. This, ined to bestow upon the speech which he has deed, may be emphatically called the “Era” just made.” The present Sir Robert, the of Sir R. Peel, and his name seems stamped Premier, was born at Chamberhall, near upon it, for all posterity, as the leading Bury, in Lancashire, in 1788. He was sent character of the age.
at a proper age to Harrow school, where he The grandfather of Sir R. Peel is said to was a schoolfellow of Lord Byron, who thus have been traditionally known in Lancashire speaks of him while he was his companion as Parsley Peel,” from the circumstance at Harrow. “He was my form-fellow, and of his first having used the parsley leaf as we were both at the top of our class. We