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PREFACE.

library; we cannot restore the manuscripts that have mouldered, or the buildings that have been destroyed: but it is in our power to exhibit a praiseworthy carefulness in preserving what remains from further injury; and in bringing an enlightened spirit of critical inquiry to the study of them, with liberal feelings and comprehensive views. We may therefore naturally expect that our advancement in all the separate branches of antiquarian science and art, as well as early literature, will proceed with a celerity and speed unknown before; that gradually error will be removed and improvement gained: so that at length, if we may be permitted to use an illustration, Trehuology, which in the seventeenth century appeared, in its rude and shapeless outline, like some old Celtic or Druidical temple, may in the nineteenth, under the direction of more skilful hands, and with improved knowledge, assume the scientific regularity, the beautiful order, and the attractive grace of the finished and august cathedral.

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S. URBAN.

E PIJRIBUS UNUM.

THE

GENTLEMAN'S MAGAZINE.

JULY, 1847.

BY SYLVANUS URBAN, GENT.

nuscripts that have mouldered, or
d: but it is in our power to exhibit
erving what remains from further
tened spirit of critical inquiry to
eelings and comprehensive viens.
ect that our advancement in all

science and art, as well as early
rity and speed unknown before;
ored and improvement gained:
Dermitted to use an illustration,
ath century appeared, in its rude

id Celtie or Druidical temple,
Hirection of more skilful hands,
me the scientific regularity, the
rrace of the finished and august

PAGB

CONTENTS.

MINOR CORRESPONDENCE.—Norwich Meeting of the Archäological Institute

The Episcopalians of Scotland-Dyer the Poet ....

2

Prescott's HISTORY OF THE CONQUEST OF PERU

3

Inscription in the Chapel at Alverna (with a Fac-simile).

23

Ecclesiastical Badge or Token of Copper (with an Engraving)

24

Remarks on a Persian Legend in Athenæus

25

Inscription at Angora, in Asia Minor, illustrating Ancient British History, and

the Chronicles of Ancient Britain, and its Coins

29

List of Writers in the Quarterly Review (continued)

34

The Rules of Precedency in England ......

37

Mr. D'Alton's Collections for the Counties of Ireland.-No. II. Galway

38

Memorials of St. Peter existing in Suffolk .....

40

REVIEW OF NEW PUBLICATIONS.

Sir N. H. Nicolas's Edition of Thomson, 41; The River Dove, with Thoughts

on Angling, 43 ; Niebuhr and Schmitz's Histories of Rome, 44 ; Monro's

Acta Cancellariæ, 47; Evelyn's Life of Mrs. Godolphin, 49; Lectures by

John Foster, 51; Dr. D'Oyly's Sermons, 53; Phillipps's Letter to the

Landholders of Hereford, 54; Bouterwek's History of Spanish Literature,

55 ; Ord's History of Cleveland, 56; Miscellaneous Reviews ..

60

LITERARY AND SCIENTIFIC INTELLIGENCE.-University of Oxford,

62 ; University of Cambridge, Parker Society, London Library, Royal

Society of Literature, 63 ; Royal Geographical Society, Royal College of

Chemistry

65

ARCHITECTURE.–Architecture at the Royal Academy, 66 ; Institute of

British Architects, 67 ; Oxford Architectural Society, 69; St. John's Gate 70

ANTIQUARIAN RESEARCHES.-Society of Antiquaries

70

HISTORICAL CHRONICLE.-Proceedings in Parliament, 73; Foreign

News, 75; Domestic Occurrences

76

Promotions and Preferments, 77; Births and Marriages....

79

OBITUARY : with Memoirs of the Duke of Argyll; the Earl of Bessborough ;

Viscount Ashbrook ; Lord Saye and Sele; Lord Cowley ; Rt. Hon. Sir H.
J. Brydges ; Rt. Hon. Joseph Planta ; Hon. W. J. G. Chetwynd, Capt.
Gibson, and Dr. Howell ; Hon. Sir Edw. Vavasour ; Sir W. T. Pole, Bart. ;
Sir Archibald Dunbar, Bart. ; Sir Valentine Blake, Bart. M.P.; Sir Arthur
Chichester, Bart. ; General Dyott; Lt.-Gen. Sir Thomas Pearson ; Colonel
Sir Henry Webster; Sir Alex. Wood; Daniel O'Connell, Esq. M.P.; Rev.
Thomas Chalmers, LL.D.; B. D. Duppa, Esq. ; Mons. de la Fontenelle de
Vaudoré ; Mr. Alfred Beesley; J. C. Hüttner, Esq.; Dr. Kerrison; J. P.
Potter, Esq.; Mr. John Read ; and Mr. G. S. Taylor.

.81-102

CLERGY DECEASED...

102

DEATHS, arranged in Counties....

104

Registrar-General's Returns of Mortality in the Metropolis-Markets, 111;.

Meteorological Diary-Stocks

112

Embellished with a View in Cleveland, from Handale Priory; View of the

BRIDGE at Danby Castle; Representations of the Inscription at ALVERNA;

and ECCLESIASTICAL TOKEN, &c.

MINOR CORRESPONDENCE.

ARCHÆOLOGICAL INSTITUTE. - The licensed the Rev. J. C. Chambers, M.A. ensuing General Meeting of the Archæ. formerly of Emmanuel college, Cam. ological Institute at Norwich will com bridge, and priest in the diocese of Ripon, mence on Friday the 29th of July. The to use his efforts to regain the congregareceptio i-room for the members is St. tion, lost to the Church for forty years. Andrew's Hall, and on the same after Since the death of Mr. Skeete, on the noon the members will make an excursion morning of Christmas Day last, the ser to Caistor camp. The next day will be vices of his chapel have been carried on devoted to the cathedral, where Professor by the Rev. John Dodgson, formerly Willis will explain its architectural charac- minister of St. Peter's chapel, in Montrose, teristics, and other objects of curiosity in who was neither at any time recognised by the city. Saturday will be devoted to the Bishop of Brechin, in whose diocese Ely, where Professor Willis will also be Montrose is situated. In no way, therepresent. On Monday the members will fore, can the congregation under the late take the rail to Yarmouth, will visit Burgh Mr. Skeete, and at present under Mr. and Caistor castles, and dine in the Town. Dodgson, be with truth considered and hall with the Mayor. Tuesday will be styled Episcopalians. In the present re. spent in the sectional meetings, and in viving condition of the Scotch Episcopal other objects in Norwich. On Wednesday Church, and with the prospect of the either Castle Acre or Walsingham may be Trinity college being opened so immevisited, the travellers proceeding in either diately and speedily in the vicinity of this case by railroad to East Dereham. On town, it is desirable that the truth should Thursday the closing meeting will be be disseminated, and that “true Episcoheld.

palians" should know in whom they have SIGMA objects to the accuracy of the to trust. statement (copied from a newspaper), in Mr. James F. MORGAN would be our April Magazine, p. 444, that “the glad to know whether there are any male Rev. I. A. Skeete was minister of the representatives of Sir Thomas Rawlinson, Episcopalian congregation of Perth for Knight, Lord Mayor of London 1706. forty years." So far (remarks our cor- His surviving children were, Thomas respondent) from this being the case, Mr. (Tom Folio); Richard, of St. John's, Skeete, though recommended by the Bishop Oxon; John; Constantine; Tempest; of Edinburgh to that congregation, with. Mary; Anne, Mrs. Andrews; and Honor, drew the people from the Bishop of Dun- who married first a Mr. Ellis, and, keld, and by that act rendered what was secondly, a Mr. Smith, who was her an Episcopalian congregation Indepen. cousin. dent. "Again, when it is said that the In answer to the inquiry in our last congregation notwithstanding were recog- respecting the family of Dyer, the poet, nised as true Episcopalians, it is difficult Mr. W. MORGAN of Bradford, Yorkshire, to imagine that they could be so recog- says there was a clergyman of the name of nised by any persons who understand Dyer, he believes the brother of the poet, the meaning of the term, unless indeed by officiating at St. George's church, in that term, wbich would at first sight ap- Southwark ; he was afterwards Rector of rear anomalous and contradictory, the Llanbadarn-vawr, in Radnorshire, where soi-disant “ true Episcopalians” be de. he died at an advanced age, about the end sirous of drawing a line of distinction of 1803, or the beginning of 1804. between the Episcopalians as in England LL.B. inquires for " Vernon's Life of and those belonging to the Scotch Epis. Peter Heylin,” published about 1680, and copal Church. It is equally erroneous to “ Bernard's Life of Peter Heylin," pub. state that the Bishop of Dunkeld, a few lished in 1663. [It is not within our weeks before the death of Mr. Skeete, ap- practice to advertise such wants; but if he pointed a gentleman to be his assistant will address the Editor of the Publishers' and successor. On the contrary, three Circular, that paper will do what he remonths before his death, the Bishop quires.]

PONDENCE.

THE

GENTLEMAN'S MAGAZINE.

History of the Conquest of Peru. By W. N. Prescott. 2 vols.

ensed the Rev. J. C. Chambers, M.A. merly of Emmanuel college, Cam. dge, and priest in the diocese of Ripon, use his efforts to regain the congregte , lost to the Church for forty years

. ce the death of Mr. Skeete, on the ning of Christmas Day last, the ter s of his chapel have been carried on the Rev. Jobn Dodgson, formerly ister of St. Peter's chapel, in Montrose, was neither at any time recognised by Bishop of Brechin, in whose diocese trose is situated. In no way, there. can the congregation under the late Skeete, and at present under Mr. 'son, be with truth considered and ! Episcopalians. In the present re

condition of the Scotch Episcopal h, and with the prospect of the s college being opened so imme. ' and speedily in the vicinity of this it is desirable that the truth should seminated, and that "frue Episco-" should know in whom they bare

THE History of the Conquest of Mexico, by Mr. Prescott, a work still fresh in the recollection of our readers, served greatly to increase that reputation as an historian which he had acquired by his Ferdinand and Isabella. The subject was happily chosen by him. His intimate knowledge of the Spanish language, and the manuscript documents and authorities which were freely opened to him at Madrid and elsewhere, gave him great advantage over those who had previously written on the same subject, while the rich and copious materials which he collected were so ably used, disposed with such skill and judgment, and adorned with such elegance of language and such picturesque variety of description, that his work appeared to possess at once the fidelity of history and the attraction of romance. The same subject indeed, the conquest of the two great nations of America by a few bold adventurers, so fascinating in its outline, and admitting such brilliancy of colouring, such striking contrasts, such new and vivid pictures of pature,—such delineations of men in a state halt' savage and half civilised, such novel forms of government, religious and social, and such intimate development of character-all seen amidst the dangers and glories of the struggle and the victory,--this subject had not been overlooked by some who were well able either to adorn it with the attraction of poetic genius, or to survey it with the cool eye of the philosopher,--to draw from it fresh illustrations of social life, or to combine its new materials with what previous experience had afforded of the history of the human race.

It would however appear that whatever merit Robertson could claim * for the judicious disposition

JAMES F. MORGAN would be know whether there are any male tatives of Sir Thomas Rawlinson,

Lord Mayor of London 1706. viving children were, Thomas olio); Richard, of St. John's, ohn; Constantine ; Tempest ; 'ne, Mrs. Andrews; and Honor, ried first a Mr. Ellis, aod, a Mr. Smith, who was her

r to the inquiry in our last he family of Dyer, the poet, Gay of Bradford, Yorkshire, 1 & clergyman of the name of Fes the brother of the poet, St. George's churchi

, in : was afterwards Rector of rr, in Radnorshire, where Ivanced age, about the end beginning of 1804. es for "Vernon's Life of published about 1660, and of Peter Herlin," pub.

(It is not within our ise such wants; but it be ditor of the Publishers er will do what be 18

* For the character of Robertson as an historian the reader may refer to the com-
plimentary letters of his great rival Gibbon, to the friendly praises of Hume, and to
the later eulogies of Lord Brougham. It is supposed that Burke reviewed the America
in the Annual Register, which is said to bear marks of his philosophical criticism, and
an extent of moral and political views similar to that which his writings usually display.
See Bisset's Life of Burke, p. 290. We now lay before our readers the opinion of one
whose historical researches and knowledge, as well as his love of truth, must command
our respect and attention. " Robertson,” says Mr. Southey, "in what he calls his
History of America, is guilty of such omissions, and consequent misrepresentations, as
to make it certain, either that he had not read some of the most important documents
to which he refers, or that he did not choose to notice the facts which are to be found
there because they were not in conformity to his own preconceived opinions. The
reputation of this author must rest upon his History of Scotland, if that can support
it: his other works are miserably deficient.” Vide Southey's Brazil, i. 639. Again :
"What Robertson has said of Ant. Solis may be applied to himself: I know no author
in any language whose literary fame has risen 80 far above his real merits." Vide
Omniana, i. 141. Again : “ Hume is chargeable with want of industry, and Robertson
in a far greater degree, beyond any other writer of eminence, not even excepting the
Abbé Raynal," Vide Annual Review, iv. 467. Another writer says, " Robertson, if

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of his matter, the graceful and subdued elegance of his style, and the careful selection of his language, yet that he was deficient in a more thorough and comprehensive acquaintance with his subject, and that his materials were inadequate to the success of his undertaking. Previously to him, Burke had rapidly passed over the same subject with that precision of touch, that justness of reflection, and that harmonious colouring of expression, that showed a master's hand ; * while two French writers of great fame, Vol.

he had applied to Monsieur Gerard, of Brussels, keeper of the archives, and many other persons in the Austrian Netherlands, might have procured documents and in. formation which would have rendered the History of Italy something more than a bare splendid relation of facts, already known to every common historical reader.” Vide Thicknesse's Journey through the Austrian Netherlands, iii. 53. Humboldt's high authority is more favourable ; he says, “ Robertson's History, admirable for the sagacity with which it has been compiled, but too much abridged in the part relating to the Toltecks and Aztecks." Vide Researches in America, ii. p. 248. To which we add a reference to the Foreign Quarterly Review, No. XVII. pp. 108-110, for a cri. ticism on this work on America. See also Maitland's Dark Ages for remarks on Robertson's Charles the Fifth, pp. 10, 13, 25, 52, No. I. to No. IV., where he shows " the extreme carelessness with which Robertson quotes authorities;” and in the Preface, p. V., he is placed with Jortin among “very miserable second-hand writers." As in all probability we shall not recur to this subject again, we shall produce another authority or two which we happen to recollect. “The reader must beware of following Robertson's romance,-his so-called History of Charles the Fifth.Vide Europe during the Middle Ages, vol. i. p. 280. Again : “ Robertson, the most inaccurate of all modern historians, with, perhaps, the single exception of Hume." Ibid. p. 278. See also the Life of William Taylor, of Norwich, for bis observations on Robertson, vol. ii. p. 169-171, and Professor Smythe on the French Revolution, vol. iii. p. 405. We quote, but without setting much value upon it, the sentiment of the following writer, where Robertson is censured for “his phlegmatic account of the Reformation, also the ambiguity of his opinion of the autbenticity of the Mosaic chronology, in his Disquisition on the Trade with India ; and bis Letters to Mr. Gibbon cannot but excite emotions of regret and shame in every sincere Christian." Vide Wilberforce's Practical Christianity, chap. vi. note. For some offence against grammar committed by Robertson in his opening lines of Charles the Fifth, see Granger's Letters, p. 395. But where praise can justly be given it is an unworthy act to withhold it, and therefore it is with pleasure we mention, in conclusion of this note, that Mr. Hallam gives high praise to Robertson for his account of the Private Warfare in the Middle Ages. See Hallam, vol. i. p. 231. Our rule when noticing the errors of great writers, like Robertson, is taken from Polybius, lib. iii. c. 56; see also Fabroni, Vita Scip. Maffei, p. 109.-Rev.

* " This work, called Account of the European Settlements in America," Sir Egerton Brydges says, “is supposed to have been written by Mr. William Burke, cousin to Mr. Edmund Burke, formerly secretary to General Conway, when Secretary of State, and several years Paymaster in India. Of this beautiful and luminous nar. rative the merits are above my feeble praise." Vide Theatrum Poetarum, p. 307. But Mr. Prior, in his Life of Burke, states that Lord Macartney said this work was the joint production of Edmund Burke, Richard his brother, and his namesake and inti. mate friend, William Burke ; pp. 51, 52. The editor of Stockdale's ed. 1808, saw the receipt for fifty guineas in Burke's writing. Lord Brougham says “ Mr. Burke's account of the European Settlements, a work taken from Harris's invaluable compilation." See History of Brazil, in Harris's Voyages, vol. ii. ; und Brougham's Colonial Policy, vol. i. p. 582 ; to which we add that the author of this work was also indebted to the Abbé Raynal's Histoire des Indes. In our copy of the latter work we have marked the passages which Burke evidently had before him, adopting even the language of the French historian. It must not be forgotten that the author of this elegant and amusing history has received the just praise he merits from the pen of one who was well able to judge of the ability with which it is written, as he followed on the same ground the footsteps of an author, “whose ingenuity has illustrated and whose eloquence has adorned the History of America, l'Abbé Raynal." Vide Robertson's America, vol. iii. p. 196. Had we space we might surprise some of our readers by giving them an account of the manner and purpose for which this work of Raynal's was written, the various persons who claim the honour of authorship, and the changes

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