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Sec. 3. All county officers shall hold their offices for the term County officers of two years, and until their successors shall be qualified; but long. no person shall hold the office of Sheriff or County Treasurer for more than two consecutive terms.

Sec. 4. Township officers, except Justices of the Peace, shall hold office how hold their offices one year from the Monday next succeeding their election, and until their successors are qualified.

Sec 5. All county and township officers may be removed from May be removed, office, in such manner and for such cause, as shall be prescribed

Township officers

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every five years.

until Legislature acts,

APPORTIONMENT. SECTION 1. In the future apportionment of the State, each Each county to organized county shall have at least one Representative; and sentative. each county shall be divided into as many districts as it has Representatives.

SEO. 2. It shall be the duty of the first Legislature to make First Legislatare an apportionment, based upon the census ordered by the last tiorment, Now Legislative Assembly of the Territory; and a new apportionment shall be made in the year 1866, and every five years thereafter, based upon the census of the preceding year.

SEQ. 3. Until there shall be a new apportionment, the State apportoghment shall be divided into election districts; and the Representatives and Senators shall be apportioned among the several districts as follows, viz:

First District — Doniphan county - four Representatives, two Senators.

Second District Atchison and Brown counties — six Representatives, two Senators.

Third District - Nemaha, Marshall and Washington counties — two Representatives, one Senator.

Fourth District — Clay, Riley and Pottawattamie counties four Representatives, one Senator.

Fifth District - Dickinson, Davis and Waubaunsee counties three Representatives, one Senator.

Sixth District - Shawnee, Jackson and Jefferson counties eight Representatives, two Senators.

Seventh District -- Leavenworth county — nine Representatives, three Senators.

Eighth District Douglas, Johnson and Wyandott counties - thirteen Representatives, four Senators.

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Ninth District — Lykins, Linn and Bourbon counties -- nine

Representatives, three Senators.
Tenth District - Allen, Anderson and Franklin counties -

six Representatives, two Senators.

Eleventh District - Woodson and Madison counties -- two
Representatives, one Senator.

Twelfth District - Coffey, Osage and Breckinridge counties - six Representatives, two Senators.

Thirteenth District -- Morris, Chase and Butler counties two Representatives, one Senator.

Fourteenth District Arrapahoe, Godfrey, Greenwood, Hunter, Wilson, Dorn and McGee counties - one Representative.

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Notes, bills, eto., to be taxed.

Rovende provided each year.

SECTION 1. The Legislature shall provide for a uniform and equal rate of assessment and taxation ; but all property used exclusively for State, county, municipal, literary, educational, scientific, religious, benevolent and charitable purposes, and personal property to the amount of at least two hundred dollars for each family, shall be exempted from taxation.

SEC. 2. The Legislature shall provide for taxing the notes and bills discounted or purchased, moneys loaned, and other property, effects, or dues of every description, (without deduction) of all banks now existing, or hereafter to be created, and of all bankers; so that all property employed in banking shall always bear a burden of taxation equal to that imposed upon the property of individuals.

SEC. 3. The Legislature shall provide, each year, for raising revenue sufficient to defray the current expenses of the State.

SEC. 4. No tax shall be levied except in pursuance of a law, which shall distinctly state the object of the same ; to which object only such tax shall be applied.

Seo. 5. For the purpose of defraying extraordinary expenses and making public improvements, the State may contract public debts ; but such debts shall never, in the aggregate, exceed one million dollars, except as hereinafter provided. Every such debt shall be authorized by law for some purpose specified therein, and the vote of a majority of all the members elected to each House, to be taken by the yeas and nays, shall be necessary to the passage of such law; and every such law shall provide for levying an annual tax sufficient to pay the annual interest of such

No tax without lawful object.

Publio debts, how
contracted, and
to what extent.

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debt, and the principal thereof, when it shall become due; and shall specifically appropriate the proceeds of such taxes to the payment of such principal and interest; and such appropriation shall not be repealed nor the taxes postponed or diminished, until the interest and principal of such debt shall have been wholly paid.

SEC. 6. No debt shall be contracted by the State, except as accepter datter herein provided, unless the proposed law for creating such debt rotool people. sball first be submitted to a direct yote of the electors of the State at some general election; and if such proposed law shall be ratified by a majority of all the votes cast at such general election, then it shall be the duty of the Legislature next after such election to enact such law and create such debt, subject to all the provisions and restrictions provided in the preceding sections of this article.

Sec. 7. The State may borrow money to repel invasion, sup- May borrow morpress insurrection, or defend the State in time of war; but the locato be applied money thus raised, shall be applied exclusively to the object for that purpose. which the loan was authorized, or to the repayment of the debt thereby created.

Sec. 8. The State shall never be a party in carrying on any works of internal improvement.

to in

exclusively to




CORPORATIONS. SECTION 1. The Legislature shall pass no special act confer- No special corporing corporate powers. Corporations may be created under general laws; but all such laws may be amended or repealed.

Sec. 2. Dues from corporations shall be secured by individual puse from oorpoliability of the stockholders to an additional amount equal to the stock owned by each stockholder; and such other means as shall be provided by law; but such individual liabilities shall not apply

; to railroad corporations, nor corporations for religious or char

rations sooured, how.

itable purposes.

SEO. 3. The title to all property of religious corporations, Trust cop pe relishall vest in Trustees, whose election shall be by the members of such corporations. · SEO. 4. No right of way shall be appropriated to the use of Norised of them any corporation, until full compensation therefor be first made in compensation be money, or secured by a deposit of money, to the owner, irrespective of any benefit from any improvement proposed by such corporation.

of .


granted, until full

Goneral law for the organization

&c. Powers restricted.

SEC. 5. Provision shall be made by general law for the organof dition, towns ization of cities, towns and villages; and their power of taxation,

assessment, borrowing money, contracting debts and loading their credit, shall be so restricted as to prevent the abuse of such power.

. Sec. 6. The term corporations, as used in this article, shall include all associations and joint stock companies having powers and privileges not possessed by individuals or partnerships; and all corporations may sue and be sued in their corporate name.

The term “Corpo ration.'


Genoral banking law.

Law to require what.


When security depreciates in valu..

BANKS AND CURRENCY. SECTION 1. No bank shall be established otherwise than under a general banking law.

SEO. 2. All banking laws shall require, as collateral security for the redemption of the circulating notes of any bank, organized under their provisions, a deposit with the Auditor of State of the interest paying bonds of the several States or of the United States, at the cash rates of the New York stock exchange, to an amount equal to the amount of circulating notes which such bank shall be authorized to issue, and a cash deposit in its vaults of ten per cent. of such amount of circulating notes; and the Auditor shall register and countersign no more circulating bills of any bank, than the cash value of such bonds when deposited.

SEC. 3. Whenever the bonds pledged as collateral security for the circulation of any bank, shall depreciate in value, the Auditor of State shall require additional security, or curtail the circulation of such bank, to such extent as will continue the security unimpaired.

SEC. 4. All circulating notes shall be redeemable in the money of the United States. Holders of such notes shall be entitled, in case of the insolvency of such banks, to preference of payment oyer all other creditors.

SEC. 5. The State shall not be a stockholder in any banking institution.

SEC. 6. All banks shall be required to keep offices and officers for the issue and redemption of their circulation, at a convenient place within the State, to be named on the circulating notes issued by such bank.

Sec. 7. No banking institution shall issue circulating notes of a less denomination than five dollars.

SEC. 8. No banking law shall be in force until the same shall proved by the poo- have been submitted to a vote of the electors of the State at

Notes redeemable in money of the U. Si

State not to be * stockholder.


No notes less than

ve dollars.

No banking law in force until ap


some general election, and approved by a majority of all the votes cast at such election.

SEC. 9. Any banking law may be amended or repealed.

Amended or repealed.




SECTION 1. Propositions for the amendment of this Consti- Amondmonte 16 tution may be made by either branch of the Legislature; and if how mado. two-thirds of all the members elected to each House shall concur therein, such proposed amendments, together with the yeas and Days, shall be entered on the journal; and the Secretary of State shall cause the same to be published in at least one newspaper in each county of the State where a newspaper is published, for three months preceding the next election for Representatives, at which time the same shall be submitted to the electors for their approval or rejection; and if a majority of the electors voting on said amendments, at said election, shall adopt the amendments, the same shall become a part of the Constitution. When more than one amendment shall be submitted at the same time, they shall be so submitted as to enable the electors to vote on each amendment separately; and not more than three propositions to amend shall be submitted at the same election.

SEC. 2. Whenever two-thirds of the members elected to each the revision of branch of the Legislature shall think it necessary to call a Convention to revise, amend or change this Constitution, they shall recommend to the electors to yote at the next election of members to the Legislature, for or against a Convention; and if a majority of all the electors voting at such election shall have voted for a Convention, the Legislature shall, at the next session, provide for calling the same.

this constitution,

vided for.


MISCELLANEOUS. SECTION 1. All officers whose election or appointment is not other are not prootherwise provided for, shall be chosen or appointed as may be prescribed by law.

SEC. 2. The tenure of any office not herein provided for may Tonure of otico, be declared by law; when not so declared such office shall be held vided for. during the pleasure of the authority making the appointment, but the Legislature shall not create any office the tenure of which shall be longer than four years.

SEC. 3. Lotteries and the sale of lottery tickets are forever Lottories. prohibited.

otherwise pro

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