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UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN

PRESIDENT'S REPORT.

To the Honorable, the Board of Regents :

I offer you my annual report for the year ending Sept. 30, 1887.
The following changes have occurred in the Faculties:

October 12, Alviso B. Stevens, Ph. C., was appointed Instructor in Pharmacy

December 7, the title of Acting Professor Spaulding was changed to that of Professor of Botany.

December 21, the Executive Committee granted.leave of absence for the rest of the year to Professor T. M. Cooley, and appointed for the same time William P. Wells Lecturer on American History and Constitutional Law. They also appointed J. M. Schaeberle, who was Assistant in Astronomy, Instructor in Mathematics and Astronomy for the remainder of the year.

At the March meeting of the Board the above action of the Executive Committee was ratified. _At the same meeting the resignation of the Jay Professorship of Law by H. B. Hutchins, was accepted to take effect on October 1st. It is with regret that we lose from our corps of teachers Professor Hutchins, who has rendered very valuable services as a member of the Law Faculty and in former years as a member of the Literary Faculty. The new law school of Cornell University is fortunate in securing him as one of its professors.

At the June meeting of the Board, Henry C. Adams, Ph. D., who as Lecturer in Political Economy, had for six years given instruction for one semester of each year, was appointed Professor of Political Economy and Finance and required to give instruction through the whole year; Assistant Professor W. W. Beman was appointed Professor of Mathematics; the title of Professor Morris was changed from Professor of Ethics and History of Philosophy and Logic to Professor of Philosophy; and Professor Steere received leave of absence for one year to conduct a scientific expedition to the Spanish East Indies. J. E. Reighard was appointed Acting Assistant Professor of Zoology during the absence of Professor Steere. The following appointments of instructors for one year were made : Arthur W. Burnett, Instructor in English; Andrew C. McLaughlin, Instructor in History; Walter Miller, Instructor in Latin ; S. W. Clary, Instructor in Modern Languages; J. M. Schaeberle, Instructor in Astronomy; Ludovic Estes, Instructor in Mathematics; F. L Washburn, Instructor in Zoology.

At the July meeting of the Board the resignation of B. C. Burt, Assistant Professor of English and Rhetoric, was offered and accepted.

The University sustained a heavy loss in the death of Professor Olney, which occurred on the sixteenth of January. He had filled the chair of Mathematics since 1863. He had thus given nearly twenty-four of the ripest years of his life to the service of this institution, Few of its professors have contributed more to its usefulness and its reputation. As a teacher of Mathematics his gifts were remarkable. He awakened in his classes a genuine enthusiasm in his favorite science. The number of students who chose the elective courses which he offered was always large. His methods of instruction were so simple and lucid and charming that I have heard his pupils say that the art of teaching could nowhere be better learned than in his classroom. His mathematical writings won for him an enviable reputation, and Teflected honor on tne University. But his interest in the University was by no means confined to his class-room. He took broad views of the work and policy of the University. He was largely instrumental in introducing the various changes, which during the last twenty years have so widened and enlarged and enriched the teachings in the Literary Department, and have brought that department into so fruitful relation with the schools and with the public. He was always among the foremost in laboring for the moral and religious upbuilding of his pupils. His activity both with voice and with pen in all moral and religious enterprises, whether designed for the welfare of the students or for that of the wider public, helped to win favor for the University which he represented. His earnest, positive, forceful character was a power for good which was recognized far beyond the limits of his personal acquaintance. It is such men as he who are the true builders of a University.

Below is given the list of degrees which have been conferred. In accordance with the usage of Universities, we mark our semi-centennial year by bestowing a much larger number of honorary degrees than we are accustomed to confer. The policy of this institution in respect to honorary degrees has been very conservative. It has recognized the propriety of acknowledging distinguished merit by academic distinctions, as the great Universities of the world have long done, but it has selected a very small number in each year as the recipients of such an honor. For the past ten years it has abstained from giving degrees “in course."

DEGREES ON EXAMINATION.
Bachelor of Letters....
Bachelor of Science (Course in Mining Engineering)..
Bachelor of Science (Course in Mechanieal Engineering).
Bachelor of Science (Course in Civil Engineering).
Bachelor of Science (Course in General Science)..
Bachelor of Philosophy..
Bachelor of Arts....
Master of Science..
Master of Philosophy
Master of Arts
Doctor of Philosophy..
Doctor of Medicine (Department of Medicine and Surgery).
Bachelor of Laws......
Pharmaceutical Chemist..
Doctor of Medicine (Homøopathic Medical College).
Doctor of Dental Surgery..

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81 154 81 13

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HONORARY DEGREES.
Doctor of Philosophy..
Doctor of Laws....

Total........
The number of students in attendance was as follows:

DEPARTMENT OF LITERATURE, SCIENCE, AND THE ARTS.
Resident Graduates.......
Graduates Studying in absentia..
Candidates for a Degree......
Students not Candidates for a Degree...

17 540 111-693

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HOMEOPATHIC MEDICAL COLLEGE. Students-Total in the College....

COLLEGE OF DENTAL SURGERY. Students-Total in the College......

91

1,572 The number of students exceeded that of the year 1885-6 by 171, and that of 1884-5 by 277. The largest increase during the past year, as compared with the previous year, was in the Literary Department, 97, and in the Law Department, 52. There was, however, a gain in every Department except in that of Medicine and Surgery, which lost six. As in the year 1885-6, we were gratified by the large accessions to the Literary Department from other colleges. About fifty were received from other institutions of collegiate rank. No better evidence can be furnished of the reputation which our advanced courses of instruction are giving to the University. With our elective system, our laboratories, and our means of illustrating higher instruction, we may well hope to attract many students, who have completed the more elementary studies in the smaller colleges, and who desire to procure for the latter part of their course the ampler range which is afforded here. It is our true policy, indeed it is our duty, while abating no jot of our thoroughness in the fundamental work of the first two years, to do all in our power to enrich and enlarge the higher work of the undergraduates, and the work of our resident graduates. It should not escape our attention that the number of graduates studying either in residence or in absentia was forty-two. The stimulating and lifting power of the presence of a body of graduate students on the general spirit and life of the University is very considerable. It is highly gratifying to see so many of the scholarly graduates of this and other institutions pushing their studies under our guidance far beyond the range of the undergraduate curriculum.

In this connection we may properly recognize with grateful appreciation

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the effort which the alumni are making to establish one or more fellowships, to be tenable by our graduates. The generous friends of the University can most effectively contribute to its usefulness and to the promotion of advanced scholarship by endowing fellowships, yielding from four hundred to six hundred dollars a year. Such assistance will enable a few gifted scholars to remain for a period after graduation and receive the amplest culture which we can here impart.

It must, however, be remembered by us that the development of the postgraduate work makes larger demands on the time of the Professors and so increases the necessity of giving them more help for the instruction of the under-graduates. Indeed the increase of the number of under-graduates by nearly one hundred this last year has made this necessity so apparent, that the legislature has readily made a timely appropriation for an addition to our force of instructors. But an increase in the number of graduate students, no two of whom, it may be, are pursuing the same line of studies, entails upon the Professors a much larger proportionate increase of labor than the addition of an equal or a much larger number of undergraduates.

The number of women in attendance during the past year was as follows: Department of Literature, Science, and the Arts..

175 Department of Medicine and Surgery..

51 Department of Law... School of Pharmacy. Homeopathic Medical College... College of Dental Surgery.. Total.......

285 The number of women present was greater by 36 than in the previous year. The number in attendance in the Literary Department was greater by 40, and in the Homeopathic College greater br 7, and in the Department of Medicine and Surgery less by 10 than in the previous year. In the other departments the difference was unimportant. The women form sixteen and eight-tenths per cent. of the whole number of students. Last year they formed sixteen and three-tenths per cent. There is therefore the slight proportionate gain of one-half of one per cent. The largest absolute and proportionate increase we find in the Literary Department. Twenty-five per cent, of the students in that department are women. That is a proportionate increase of two and a half per cent. as compared with the previous year.

For a few years after women were admitted, it used to be said, and with some truth, that our students of that sex were women of exceptional ability and force of character, since others did not venture to come. Their success in study, which could not be questioned, was ascribed to this fact. It was urged by those who doubted the expediency of receiving women, that when young women should come in larger numbers, including those of average ability as well as those of exceptional talent, embarrassments would occur and the impolicy of admitting them would become manifest. It is apparent that we are now put to the test thus predicted. But the unfortunate results prophesied have not appeared. We have indeed some women, as we have some men, not eminent in scholarship. But no embarrassments of administration due to that fact have presented themselves. Nor can any inferences against receiving women into our class-rooms be properly made from the fact. The women who partially or wholly fail in their work meet with the same fate as the men who have the same difficulties. They neither ask nor expect

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