V. Middle high German taken up in this course. The grammar taught by talks. The class translates into modern German Hartmann von der Aue's Der arme Heinrich, das Nibelungenlied, etc. ITALIAN. I. Toscani's Grammar. Composition. I Promessi Sposi. SPANISH. I. Jose's Grammar. Composition. El Eco de Madrid, Gil Blas. ANCIENT LANGUAGES. LATIN. The Roman method of pronouncing Latin is used. Required.-I. The work of the first year (3d Preparatory) comprises the translation of the first Book of Cæsar's Gallic War; the memorizing of selected passages and idioms; the reading at sight in class of passages afterwards carefully prepared; the translation of Latin sentences into English, and of English into Latin; and an outline study of Latin Etymology and Syntax. The text books in the year are Comstock's First Latin Book, Kelsey's Cæsar, and Harkness' Standard Latin Grammar. II. In the second year (4th Preparatory) Cæsar is read the first term and part of the second, (three Books); Sallust's Cataline follows Cæsar in the second term, and is continued two hours a week in the third term, with Latin Prose Composition three hours a week. Text books Kelsey's Cæsar, Harkness' Sallust, Jones' Latin Prose Composition. Freshman Year. III. Cicero, (three Orations)—first term-four hours. Harkness. Orid (extracts from the Metamorphoses)-third term-three hours. Lincoln. Sophomore Year. IV. Virgil (Æneid, Books I and II)—first term-three hours. Greenough. Virgil ( Æneid, Books III, IV and V)-second term-five hours. Greenough. Virgil (Æneid, Book VI, Eclogues)--third term--three hours. Greenough. Elective.-1. Cicero (Essays, De Senectute and De Amicitia) first term-two hours. 2. Horace (Odes)--first term--two hours. 3. Composition-first term-one hour. 4. Latin Literature—with selections from representative authors from the rise to the end of the classical period --second term-two hours. 5. Horace (Ars Poetica and selections from the Satires and Epistles) second term-two hours. 6. Composition-second term-one hour. [6 can only be taken by students who have already had 3.1 7. Livy (Extracts from Books I to V, or Book XXI)—third term—three hours. 8 Terence (Andria or Adelphi)-third term-two hours. 11. Plautus (Captivi and one other Comedy at sight)-second term-three hours. 12. Cicero (Epistles); Pliny (Epistles); second term-two hours. GREEK. I. 1. Historical Selections-Xenophon and Herodotus. 4. Demosthenes. 7. Homer's Iliad. 10. Greek Drama. 13. Greek Testament. 16. Greek Composition. 19. Hebrew. 22. Philology II. 2. Historical Selections continued. 5. Plato's Apology and Crito. 8. Homer's Odyssey. 11. Greek Drama. 14. Greek Testament. 17. Mythology. 20. Hebrew. 23. Philology. III. 3. Lysias and Isocrates. 6. Thucydides—Speeches in. 9. Pindar. 12. Plato, Phædo, or the Tenth Book of the Laws. 15. Greek Testament. 18. Greek Literature. 21. Hebrew. 24. Philology. The above courses in Greek, and in Hebrew, are arranged according to the succession of terms in which they regularly come—“I," Fall Term; “II," Winter Term; and “III," Spring Term. The numerals, 1, 2, 3, indicate the courses of the Freshman year; 4, 5, 6, those of the Sophomore year; 7, 8, 9, those of the Junior year; 10, 11, 12, those of the Senior year. From 13 on, the courses are collateral or elective. Those from 7 to 12, that is, of the Junior and Senior years, are also elective. Course I is always to be taken first. To find the number of hours a week allotted to each course in each term, turn to the “Courses of Study.” The methods used in teaching are based upon a firm conviction that it is not best to make the work dry and difficult; that it is best to aim at a good reading knowledge for the student; to introduce him early to a large amount of reading; and to let his knowledge of the language grow, largely, out of the text itself, rather than be confined to the outside help of books. More minute study comes later, as the aptitude for it is developed. Careful attention is given to matters of history, archæology, and mythology, related to the texts read. There is, everywhere, a free use of maps and charts, of which the Department has a good and constantly increasing supply. Collateral research is required at every stage of all parts of the work. Philology is one recitation a week, running through the year, beginning with the facts, and proceeding from them to the principles. In Hebrew the same principles and methods govern as in Greek. MATHEMATICS. The Preparatory work covers the completion of arithmetic, three terms in algebra, and two terms in geometry. The following courses are provided in the collegiate department: 1. Advanced Algebra—a course of five hours. Fall Term. 2. Solid and Spherical Geometry-a course of four hours. Winter Term. 3. Application of Algebra to Geometry, and Original Geometrical Demonstration and Solution—a course of four hours. Spring Term. 4. Plane and Spherical Trigonometry—a course of five hours. Fall Term. 5. General Geometry—a course of five hours. Winter Term. 6. Differential and Integral Calculus, with their applications to Geometry and Physical Science-a course of five hours. Spring Term. 7. Advanced Calculus--a course of three hours. Fall Term. 9. Modern Higher Algebra, including Determinants—a course of two hours. Spring Term. 10. Quaternions--a course of three hours. Fall Term. Courses 1, 3, 5 and 6 may be elected by students in whose General Courses they are not required studies. ASTRONOMY AND APPLIED MATHEMATICS. Astronomy. A course of three hours, during the fall term, in descriptive astronomy. 2. A course of three hours, during the winter term, being a continuation of the above, with special attention to the description and use of astronom. ical instruments and the simpler mathematical reductions. Elective.—A course of three hours per week during the entire year, including a large amount of practical work in the Observatory, solar and lunar eclipses, observations and reductions for obtaining time, latitude, longitude, etc., etc. Students desiring to do more advanced work will be.given special direction in various lines of investigation, and will be granted free use of the observatory equipment in the prosecution of their studies. Physics. 1. A course of three hours during the fall term in elementary work covering Mechanics, Hydrostatics and Pneumatics. 2. A course of four hours during the winter term in Electricity and Magnetism, Optics, Heat and Acoustics. 3. With the Sophomore class, a course of three hours in the winter term and three hours in the spring term, largely mathematical in treatment, and covering the same general outline of topics as in the above elementary course. Elective.-A course of three hours extending through the entire year, and covering such topics as may be especially chosen by students electing advanced work in physics. Surveying. Elective.—A course of three hours during fall term in practical surveying. Land, Railroad, Leveling, Topographical Plotting, Field work. CHEMISTRY. Required.-1. Chemistry of the Non-Metals three times per week, together with Laboratory practice in the grouping and separating of Metals and Acids, two days each week and two hours each day, fall term. Electives.-2. Qualitative Chemical Analysis, winter term, Laboratory practice two hours each day of the week. 3. Organic Chemistry, Laboratory work two hours per day, two days each week, spring term. 4. Mineralogy, descriptive and determinative; Laboratory work two hours per day, three days each week, spring term. 5. Sanitary Science, lectures three times each week. This Course will be given the fall term of 1887, but not in 1888. 6. Geology, Dynamical and Historical, four times each week. 7. Advanced work in the above courses will be given to students showing special proficiency. Students expecting to teach will be given work to prepare them in chemical manipulations, the care and management of a Laboratory, etc. BIOLOGY. Required. As preparatory to the College work, a term's work each in Hu. man Physiology and Systematic Botany is taught. In Freshman Year all students are required to take Zoology, four hours. Study from actual specimens is carried on as far as possible, spring term. Electives.—1. Microscopy, the practical study of the use of the Microscope in Biological Research. Each student is furnished with a Compound Micro 1 scope and other appliances for the preparation and mounting of objects for study; winter term, two hours each day. 2. General Biology. in which underlying principles are discussed and low forms of life, both animal and vegetable, studied. Two hours of Laboratory Work each day, and three days per week; fall term. 3. Animal Biology, a combination of Course 2. Laboratory Work two hours per day, three days per week; spring term. 4. Vegetable Biology also a continuation of Course 2, in which several type forms of vegetable life are studied. Laboratory practice two hours a day, three days; spring term. 5. Research Class, for the discussion of current Biological topics, reviews of periodical literature, etc., will meet once a week, and a class will be formed, during any term, when a sufficient number apply for it. It is desirable that Course 1 should be taken before 2, 3 and 4, and Course 2 must precede 3 and 4. In Courses 2, 3 and 4, students are required to (a) collect their material as far as practicable, (b) observe and study the object itself, (c) make careful notes on all points observed, (d) make drawings of separate structures and diagrams showing their relation to other structures, and (e) embody the knowledge thus obtained, and no other, in a written account. Students who show special proficiency in Courses 2, 3 and 4 may continue the work as Collateral Research. HISTORY, POLITICS AND ECONOMICS. Students desiring to take any of the work here laid out must have been credited with at least five hours in U. S. History and ten hours in General History. 1. Modern Political History of Continental Europe. Lodge. Special attention given to the Rise and Decline of the Ottoman Empire, and to the Rise of Prussia and Russia. Three hours per week, 1st and 2nd terms. 2. Historical Geography, Ancient and Modern. Students will be required to make maps showing political condition of the world at different epochs. Two hours 1st term, three hours and term. 3. History of Civilization. Guizot. Three hours 2nd and 3rd terms. 4. Constitutional History of the United States. Von Holst. Two hours 1st term, three hours 2nd term. 5. Constitutional History of England. Gneist. Considerable attention given to recent changes in the Constitution of the British Empire. Four hours 3rd term. 6. Political Economy. Mill. Topical Reports from Students. The Importance of Experience as the final test of theory constantly emphasized. Three hours 1st and 2nd terms. 7. International Law. Woolsey. Prominence given to contemporaneous questions. Four hours 3rd term. 8. Political Science. Woolsey. Reports by students on standard authorities on the subject. Two hours 1st term, three hours 3rd term. 9. A Research Class will be formed for work in Politics and Economics, during the first and second terms. These will be prepared, as far as possible, by the use of original authorities; reports will be given upon books and articles from the periodicals, suggestions made as to best methods of work, |