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ning of the year and we are pleased with the result. Quite a large number of students in our regular college courses have added this to their other work, while others have come to the institution expressly to pursue these studies. We are convinced that these labors are not only valuable in and for their special line, but in their reflex influence upon the general written work of the college in securing greater neatness of execution in the manual part of our daily exercises.


Of apparatus for illustrating the work in Language, Literature and History, we have probably as large a collection as any school in the United States. Both the Greek and Latin departments are provided with full sets of classical maps. The Greek department has abundant materials for the illustration of Greek Archæology, and a rarely complete set of charts for exhibiting in detail the topography of ancient Athens. The head of this department is working out on an original plan a series of language charts which, when completed, will present to the eye a full outline of the leading facts of Greek Grammar.

The History department, where the “ Layer Map” plan has been introduced, has at its command about 180 maps, representing successive stages in territorial history. If every change which can be represented singly be counted, the total number of possible maps would aggregate about 800. In addition to the series formerly prepared, showing the development and break-up of the Roman Empire, the formation of the new nations up to 843 A. D., the break-up of the Ottoman Empire from 1699 to 1885, the development of Prussia to 1866, the growth and dissolution of the Napoleonic Empire, and the unification of Italy, we have this year prepared a set of “layer maps" for the United States, showing every territorial change in its history from 1763 to 1876,- changes, the number of which fall but little short of 100.


The attendance of students during the year was 413, about 13 per cent. larger than the previous year. This giowth was shared about equally by the different departments.


Considerat le money was raised for the endown.ent of another Chair, but as the final statement on the same was not made in June last, we will defer till our next report any record of the amount secured.


The College at its last commencement conferred on eight persons the degree of B. A., and on eight the degree of B. Ph. It also granted diplomas of graduation from the Conservatory to ten persons. Heretofore conferred: By Female College before the present College was chartered : M. A. S.. 116 By the College : B. A...

82 B. Ph...

47 B. S.

61 M. A..

27 M. Ph..

1 M. S.

16 D. D....

8 LL. D....

2 Graduates in Music.

63 All of which is respectfully submitted.






Superintendent of Public Instruction : DEAR SIR:-I have the honor to submit herewith the annual report of Battle Creek College.

The past year has witnessed some important changes in this institution. A new dormitory has been erected and other changes and improvements made involving an expenditure of about $25,000. The new Hall is a substantial brick building of four stories in height and with suficient capacity to accommodate 150 students, besides the necessary public rooms and suites of rooms for the President and for the Preceptress. It also has dining facilities for about 250. The building formerly used as a Boarding Hall has been refitted and is used as a dormitory for gentlemen exclusively, while the new Hall is occupied by both sexes. The plan, which has been tried in some similar institutions in New England for several years, of having the students do the greater share of the work connected with the various departments of the institution, bas been introduced this year and is regarded favorably by all. The principle of division of labor is carried to its utmost limit and each student is assigned one hour's work each day. The results are gratifying both from an educational and from a financial point of view and the students co-operate quite heartily in the new plan. The Industrial Department has received a new impetus and is meeting more fully than ever the wishes of the managers. There are four classes per day(each class continuing one hour and a half) in printing, carpentry, tent-making, and sewing, and the total number of students thus instructed is over 150. It is expected that other departments of Manual Training will be added soon.

Some changes have been made in the courses of study, the most important of which is that the study of the English Bible, covering a period of two years, has been made a part of each course. This work is almost entirely historical and practical. Johnston's United States History, Kellogg's Rhetoric and English Literature, and Houston's Physical Geography have been adopted as text-books. The instructors are as follows:

William W. Prescott, President.
Uriah Smith, Biblical Exegesis.

E. B. Miller, Biblical History and Literature.
C. C. Lewis, Eng. Language and Literature.
Joseph H. Haughey, Mathematics.
A. W. Kelley, Sciences.
G. W. Caviness, Latin and Greek.
Ida E. Rankin, Preceptress, Reading.
James W. Loughhead, Geography and History.
Mrs. Cora M. Lough head, Assistant in Eng. Language.
Mrs. W. W. Prescott, German.
Fred Jenson, Danish.
August Swedberg, Swedish.
Edwin Barnes, Vocal and Instrumental Music.
Mrs. Hattie Biser, Intermediate Department.
Vesta D. Miller, Primary Department.
Burton 0. Carr, Carpentry.
B. H. Welch, Printing.
John F. Welch, Printing.
John Armstrong, Tent-making.

Kristine Dahl, Sewing. The physical culture of the students is under the direction of Dr. G. A. Hare, a graduate of Ann Arbor and a pupil of Dr. Sargent of the Harvard gymnasium at Cambridge, Mass. Six classes per week are held in the gymnasium and much interest is manifested in this direction.

Moral and religious instruction is given a prominent place in this institution. Modern philosophy has not discovered any educational aphorism that can supplant the one written 80 many centuries ago: The fear of the Lord is the beginning of wisdom. It is the purpose of the instructors to make a practical application of this principle in the work of this College. All of which is respectfully submitted.






Superintendent of Public Instruction : SIR:-In compliance with the law, I have the honor to submit the following report of Detroit College for the Academic year, ending June 29th, 1887: The Board of Trustees for the past year has been: Rev. John P. Frieden, S. J., President. Rev. Hugo J. Erley, S. J., Secretary. Rev. Dominick Niederkorn, S. J., Treasurer. Rev. Charles Coppens, S. J. Rev. Hugo M. Finnegan, S. J.

The Faculty, increased by the addition of several valuable members, stood as follows:

Rev. John P. Frieden, S. J., President and Prefect of Studies.
Rev. Cornelius B. Sullivan, S. J., Chaplain.

Rev. Charles Coppens, S. J., Professor of Mental and Moral Philosophy, Evidences of Religion, French.

Rev. Hermann Meiners, S. J., Professor of Natural Sciences, Higher Mathematics and Astronomy.

Mr. Thomas E. Sherman, S. J., Professor of English Literature, Latin, and Greek, Rhetoric.

Mr. James J. Corbley, S. J., Professor of Poetry, Latin and Greek, Elocution.

Mr. William L. Hornsby, S. J., Professor of Humanities.

Mr Thomas F. Brown, S. J.; Rev. Hugo J. Erley, S. J.; Mr. Cornelius Shyne, S. J., Instructors in the Academic Department.

Mr. Edward P. Coppinger, S. J., Instructor in the Preparatory Department.

Mr. Edward P. Hemann, S. J., Instructor in the Commercial Department, German.

Mr. William H. Machen, Professor of Drawing.
Mr. John M. Tice, Instructor in Penmanship.
Mr. Gregory Freytag, Professor of Vocal Music.

Detroit College, now in the eleventh year of its existence, received its charter on April 27th, 1881. The course of studies is divided into three depart

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