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the matter.” Gibbon's legions are heavily armed, and march with precision and dignity to the music of their own tramp. They are splendidly equipped, but a nice eye can discern a little rust benēath their fine apparel, and there are suttlers in his camp who lie, cog, and talk gross obscenity. Macaulay, brisk, lively, keen, and energetic, runs his thoughts rapidly through his sentence, and kicks out of the way every word which obstructs his passage. He reins in his steed only when he has reached his goal, and then does it with such celerity that he is nearly thrown backward by the suddennėss of his stoppag :
4. Gifford's' words are moss-troopers, that waylay innocent travelers and murder them for hire. Jeffrey is a fine “lance," with a sort of Ar'ab swiftness in his movement, and runs an iron-clad horseman through the eye before he has had time to close his helmet. John Wilson's camp is a disorganized mass, who might do effectual service under better discipline, but who under his lead are suffered to carry on a rambling and predatory warfare, and disgrace their general by flagitious excesses. Sometimes they steal, sometimes swear, sometimes drink, and some
5. Swift's words are porcupine's quills, which he throws with uněrring aim at whoever approaches his lair. All of Ebenezer Elliot's words are gifted with huge fists, to pummel and bruise. Chatham' and Mirabeau throw hot shot into their opponents' magazines. Talfourd's forces are orderly and disciplined, and march to the music of the Dorian flute ; those of Keats' keep time to the tones of the pipe of Phæbus ; ' and the hard, harsh
William Gifford, a celebrated greatestoratorsand writersof France, English writer, was born in 1756, and a leader of the revolution, was and diod in 1826.
born in 1749, and died in 1791. * John Wilson, a well-known and • Thomas Noon Talfourd, an able very eminent Scottish writer, was English poet and prose writer, an born in 1785, and died in 1854. advocate, judge, and member of Par
· Ebenezer Elliot, a genuine poet, liament, beloved for his social virtues, the celebrated “Corn Law Rhymer," was born in 1795, and died in 1854. was born in 1781, and died in 1849. ? John Keats, a true poet, born in
* Chatham, William Pitt, Earl of London, in 1796, and died at Rome, Chatham, one of the most celebrated in 1820. of British statesmen and orators, * Phæbus, the Brighť or Purc, an born November 15th, 1708, and died epithet of Apollo, used to signify the May 11th, 1778.
brightness and purity of youth, also Mirabeau, (mé'rå bå), one of the applied to him as the Sun.god.
featured battalions of Maginn,' are always preceded by a brass band. Hallam's' word-infantry can do much execution, when they are not in each other's way. Pope's phrases are either daggers or rapiërs.
6. Willis's words are often tipsy with the champagne of the fancy, but even when they reel and stagger they keep the line of grace and beauty, and though scattered at first by a fierce onset from graver cohorts, soon reünite without wound or loss. John Neal's forces are multitudinous, and fire briskly at every thing. They occupy all the provinces of letters, and are nearly useless from being spread over too much ground. Everett's weapons are ever kept in good order, and shine well in the sun, but they are little calculated for warfare, and rarely kill when they strike. Webster's words are thunder-bolts, which sometimes miss the Titans at whom they are hurled, but always leave enduring marks when they strike.
7. Hazlitt's verbal army is sometimes drunk and surly, sometimes foaming with passion, sometimes cool and malignant; but drunk or sober, are ever dangerous to cope with. Some of Tom Moore's words are shining dirt, which he flings with excellent aim. This list might be indefinitely extended, and arranged with more regard to merit and chronology. My own words, in this connection, might be compared to ragged, undisciplined militia, which could be easily routed by a charge of horse, and which are apt to fire into each other's faces. WHIPPLE.
E. P. WHIPPLE, onc of the youngest and most brilliant of American writers, was born in Gloucester, Massachusetts, on the 8th of March, 1819. When four years of age, his family removed to Salem, where he attended various schools until he was fifteen, when he entered the Bank of General Interest in that city as a clerk. In his eighteenth year, he went to Boston, where he has ever since been occupied mainly with commercial pursuits. Although, from the age of fourteen, Mr. Whipple has been a writer for the press, occasionally writing remarkably well, he was only known as a writer to his few associates and confidants until 1843, when he published in the Boston Miscellany a paper on Macaulay, rivaling in analysis, and reflection, and richness of diction, the best productions
'William Maginn, L.L.D., an able ar, one of the greatest British hisBritish writer of prose and poetry, a torians, author of “View of the State frequentcontributor to “Blackwood's of Europe during the Middle Ages," Magazine," the founder of “Frazer's born in 1777, and died Jan. 21st, 1859. Magazine," was born at Cork, in William Hazlitt, a well-known 1794, and died at Walton-on-the and very able British essayist and Thames, in 1842.
critic of art and poetry, born in 1778, 2 Henry Hallam, a profound schol- and died in 1830.
of that brilliant essayist. He has since published, in the North American Review, articles on the Puritans, American Poets, Daniel Webster as an Author, Old English Dramatists, British Critics, South’s Sermons, Byron, Wordsworth, Talfourd, Sydney Smith, and other subjects; in the American Review, on Beaumont aud Fletcher, English Poets of the Nineteenth Century, etc.; and in other periodicals, essays and reviewals enough to form several volumes. As a critic, he writes with keen discrimination, cheerful confidence, and unhesitating freedom; illustrating truth with almost unerring precision, and producing a fair and distinct impression of an author. His style is sensuous, flowing, and idiomatic, abounding in unforced antitheses, apt illustrations, and natural grace.
65. FROM THE ESSAY ON CRITICISM.
Thinks what ne'er was, nor is, nor e'er shall be.
And all to one loved folly sacrifice.
And glittering thoughts struck out at every line;
For works may have more wit than does them good,
As bodies perish through excess of blood. 3. Others for language all their care express,
And value books, as women men—for dress :
It gilds all objects, but it alters none.
Appears more decent, as more suitable :
Nor yet the last to lay the old aside.
And smooth or rough, with them, is right or wrong.
With sure returns of still expected rhymes ; 'Par năs' sus, a celebrated mountain in Greece, considered in mythology as sacred to Apollo and the Muses.
Where'er you find the "cooling western breeze,"
That, like a wounded snake, drags its slow length along. 6. Leave such to tune their own dull rhymes, and know
What's roundly smooth or languishingly slow ;
The hoarse, rough verse should like the torrent roar. 7. When Ajax' strives some rock’s vast weight to throw;
The line too labors, and the words move slow :
While, at each change, the son of Libyan Jove' 1 Al ex ån' drine, a verse or line num, was one of the swift-footed ser of twelve syllables, so called from a vants of Diana, accustomed to the poem written in French, on the life chase and to war. Virgil represents of Alexander.
her as so swift and light of foot, that * Sir J. Denham, an English wri- shecould run over a field of corn with. ter of verse, born in 1615, and died out bending the stalks, or over the in 1668.
sea without wetting her feet. · Edmund Waller, one of the most Ti mõ the us, a famous musician famous of the early English poets, and poet, born at Miletus, B. C. 446, born in 1605, and died in 1687. and died in 357, in the ninetieth
* Ajax, one of the Grecian princes year of his age. Also the name of a in the Trojan war, and, next to distinguished flute-player, the favorAchilles, the bravest.
ite of Alexander the Great. Camilla, daughter of King Meta- ? Son of Libyan Jove, a name bus, of the Volscian town of Triver. which AlexandertheGreatarrogated.