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5. We are aware that it is objected to poëtry that it gives wrong views and excites false expectations of life, peoples the mind with shadows and illusions, and builds up imagination on the ruins of wisdom. That there is a wisdom against which poetry wars—the wisdom of the senses, which makes physical comfort and gratification the supreme good, and wealth the chief interest of life—we do not deny ; nor do we deem it the least service which poetry renders to mankind, that it redeems them from the thraldom of this earth-born prudence.

6. But, passing over this topic, we would observe that the complaint against poëtry, as abounding in illusion and deception, is, in the main, groundless. In many poems there is more of truth than in many histories and philosophic theories. The fictions of genius are often the vehicles of the sublimest verities, and its flashes often open new regions of thought, and throw new light on the mysteries of our being. In poetry, when the letter is falsehood, the spirit is often profoundest wisdom.

7. And if truth thus dwells in the boldest fictions of the poet, much more may it be expected in his delineations of life ; for the present life, which is the first stage of the immortal mind, abounds in the materials of poetry, and it is the highest office of the bard to detect this divine element among the grosser pleasures and labors of our earthly being. The present lifo is not wholly prosaic, precise, tame, and finite. To the gifted eye it abounds in the poetic.

8. The affections which spread beyond ourselves, and stretch far into futurity ; the workings of mighty passions, which seem to arm the soul with an almost superhuman energy ; the innocent and irrepressible joy of infancy; the bloom, and buoyancy, and dazzling hopes of youth; the throbbings of the heart when it first wakes to love, and dreams of a happiness too vast for earth ; woman, with her beauty, and grace, and gentleness, and fullness of feeling, and depth of affection, and her blushes of purity, and the tones and looks which only a mother's heart can inspire,---these are all poetical.

9. It is not true that the poet paints a life which does not exist. He only extracts and concentrates, as it were, life's ethereal essence, arrests and condenses its volatile frāgrance, brings together its scattered beauties, and prolongs its more refined but ěvaněs'cent joys; and in this he does well ; for it is

good to feel that life is not wholly usurped by cares for subsistence and physical gratifications, but admits, in measures which may be indefinitely enlarged, sentiments and delights worthy of a higher being.

10. This power of poëtry to refine our views of life and happiness is more and more needed as society advances. It is needed to withstand the encroachments of heartless and artificial manners, which makes civilization so tame and unin'teresting. It is needed to counteract the tendency of physical science, which-being now sought, not, as formerly, for intellectual gratification, but for multiplying bodily comforts—requires a new development of imagination, taste, and poetry, to preserve men from sinking into an earthly, material, čp'icurē'an' life.

CHANNING. WILLIAM ELLERY CHANNING, D. D., an eminent American divine, was born at Newport, R. I., April 7th, 1780. At the age of twelve he was sent to New London, Conn., to prepare for college under his uncle, the Rev. Henry Channing. His father, an able and hospitable lawyer, soon afterward died, to which, in connection with a revival which then swept over New England, he attributed the commencement of his decidedly religious life. He entered the freshman class of Harvard College in 1794, where he graduated with the highest honors. He became pastor of the Federal Street Church, Boston, in 1803. The society rapidly increased under his charge, and his reputation and influence became marked and extensive. He married, in 1814; visited Europe for his health, in 1822 ; and died at Bennington, Vt., October 2, 1842. He published many admirable addresses and letters. His nephew, William E. Channing, collected and published six volumes of his writings in 1848. A selection of his writings, entitled “Beauties of Channing," has been published in London; and many of his essays, at various times, have been translated into German. Among the best of his general writings are his “Remarks on the Character and Writings of Milton;" on "Bonaparte;" on “Fenelon;" and on “Self-Culture."

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IV.

178. TO THE POET.

T

HOU, who wouldst wear the name

Of poët mid thy brethren of mankind,
And clothe in words of flame

Thoughts that shall live within the general mind,-
Deem not the framing of a děathlèss lāy
The pastime of a drowsy summer day.

1 Ep'i cu rē' an, pertaining to upon the opinion that pleasure conEpicurus, a celebrated Greek philo- stitutes the highest human happisopher, whose theory was based ness; hence, given to luxury.

2. But găther all thy powers,

And wreak them on the verse that thou dost weave,
And in thy lonely hours,

At silent morning or at wakeful eve,
While the warm cărrent tingles through thy veins,

Set forth the burning words in fluent strains. 3. No smooth array of phrase,

Artfully sought and ordered though it be,
Which the cold rhymer lays

Upon his page with languid in'dustry,
Can wake the listless pulse to livelier speed,

Or fill with sudden tears the eyes that read. 4. The secret wouldst thou know

To touch the heart or fire the blood at will ?
Let thine own eyes o’erflow;

Let thy lips quiver with the passionate thrill;
Seize the great thought, ere yět its power be past,

And bind, in words, the fleet emotion fast. 5. Then, should thy verse appear

Halting and harsh, and all unaptly wrought,
Touch the crude line with fear,

Save in the moment of impassioned thought;
Then summon back the original glow, and mend

The strain with rapture that with fire was penned. 6. Yět let no empty gust

Of passion find an utterance in thy lay, A blast that whirls the dust

Along the howling street and dies away; But feelings of calm power and mighty sweep,

Like currents journeying through the windless deep. 7. Seek'st thou, in living lays,

To limn the beauty of the earth and sky? Before thine inner gaze

Let all that beauty in clear vision lie; Look on it with exceeding love, and write

The words inspired by wonder and delight. 8. Of tempests wouldst thou sing,

Or tell of battles—make thyself a part

Of the great tumult ; cling

To the tossed wreck with terror in thy heart; Scale, with the assaulting höst, the rampart's height,

And strike and struggle in the thựckèst fight. 9. So shalt thou frame a lay

That haply may endure from age to age,
And they who read shall say:

What witchery hangs upon this poet's page!
What art is his the written spells to find
That

sway from mood to mood the willing mind! BRYANT.

SECTION XXXV.

I.

179. THE BELLS.

HEA

EAR the sledges with the bells

Silver bells-
What a world of měrriment their melody foretells !

How they tinkle, tinkle, tinkle,

In the icy air of night!
While the stars that oversprinkle
All the heavens, seem to twinkle

With a cròstallīne delight;
Keeping time, time, time,

In a sort of Runic 'rhyme,
To the tintinnabulation' that so musically wells

From the bells, bells, bells, bells,

Bells, bells, bells
From the jingling and the tinkling of the bells.
2. Hear the měllow wedding-bells,

Golden bells !
What a world of happiness their barmony foretells !

Through the balmy air of night
How they ring out their delight !

1 Runic (rở nik), an epithet ap

* Tín tin năbu lão tion, a tink: plied to the language and letters of ling sound, as of a bell or bells. the ancient Goths.

• World, (wêrlu).

From the molten-gölden notes,

And all in tune,

What a liquid ditty floats
To the turtlc-dove that listens, while she gloats

On the moon !

Oh, from out the sounding cells,
What a gush of euphony voluminously wells !

How it swells !

How it dwells
On the Future ! how it tells

Of the rapture that impels
To the swinging and the ringing

Of the bells, bells, bells
Of the bells, bells, bells, bells,

Bells, bells, bells-
To the rhyming and the chiming of the bells !
3. Hear the loud alarum bells---

Brazen bells !
What a tale of terror, now, their turbulency tells !

In the startled ear of night
How they scream out their affright!

Too much horrified to speak,
They can only shriek, shriek,

Out of tune,
In a clamorous appealing to the mercy of the fire,
In a mad expostulation with the deaf and frantic fire

Leaping higher, higher, higher,

With a desperate desire,
And a resolute endeavor,

Now—now to sit or never,
By the side of the pale-faced moon.

Oh, the bells, bells, bells !
What a tale their terror tells

Of despair!
How they clang, and clash, and roar!

What a horror they outpour
On the bosom of the palpitating air !

Yět the air, it fully knows,

By the twanging
And the clanging,

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