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ODULATION is the act of varying the voice in read
ing and speaking. Its general divisions are PITCH, FORCE, QUALITY, and RATE.
The four general divisions, or modes of vocal sound, presented in this section, are properly the elements of expression; as, by the combination of the different forms and varieties of these modes, emphasis, slur, monotone, and other divisions of expression are produced.
ITCH' refers to the key-note of the voice—its general
degree of elevation or depression, in reading and speaking. We mark three general distinctions of Pitch: High, MODERATE, and Low.
2. High Pitch is that which is heard in calling to a per
Exercise on Pitch.-For a gen. top of the voice shall have been eral exercise on pitch, select a sen. rcached, when the exercise may be tence, and deliver it on as low a key reversed. So valuable is this exer. as possible; then repeat it, gradu. cise, that it should be repeated as ally elevating the pitch, until the often as possible.
son at a distance. It is used in expressing elevated and joyous feelings and strong emotion; as,
1. Go ring the bells, and fire the guns,
And fling the starry banners out;
Give back their cradle shout.
I hold to you the hands you first beheld,
As though I could embrace you!
First came renowned Warwick,
Seize on him, ye furies, take him to your torments." 3. MODERATE Pitch is that which is heard in common conversation and description, and in moral reflection, or calm reasoning; as,
1. The morning itself, few people, inhabitants of cities, know any thing about. Among all our good people, not one in a thousand sees the sun rise once in a year. They know nothing of the morning. Their idea of it is, that it is that part of the day that comes along after a cup of coffee and a beef-steak, or a piece of toast.
2. The mountains look on Marathon,
And Marathon looks on the sea ;
I thought that Greece might still be free ;
I could not deem myself a slave. 4. Low Pitch is that which is heard when the voice falls below the common speaking key. It is used in expressing reverence, awe, sublimity, and tender emotions; as, 1. 'Tis midnight's holy hour, and silence now
Is brooding, like a gentle spirit, o'er
She hath had her bud and blossom ;
Earth, into thy gentle bosom!
ORCE is the volume or loudness of voice, used on the
same key or pitch, when reading or speaking. Though the degrees of force are numerous, varying from a soft
· Exercise on Force.-For a gen- until the whole power of the voice is ! exercise on force, select a sen- brought into play. Reverse the protence, and deliver it on a given key, cess, without change of key, ending with voice just sufficient to be heard; with a whisper. This exercise can then gradually increase the quantity, not be too frequently repeated.
whisper to a shout, yet they may be considered as three : LOUD, MODERATE, and GENTLE.
2. LOUD FORCE is used in strong, but suppressed passions, and in emotions of sorrow, grief, respect, veneration, dignity, apathy, and contrition; as,
1. How like a fawning publican he looks!
I hate him, for that he is a Christian.
I will feed fat the ancient grudge I bear him. 2. VIRTUE takes place of all things. It is the nobility of ANGELS! It is the MAJESTY of GOD! 3. Roll on, thou deep and dark-blue ocean-roll!
Ten thousand fleets sweep over thee in vain.
Look’st from thy sole dominion, like the God
Warring in heaven against heaven's matchless King. 3. MODERATE FORCE, or a medium degree of loudness, is used in ordinary assertion, narration, and description; as,
1. Remember this saying, “The good paymaster is lord of another man's purse.” He that is known to pay punctually, and exactly at the time he promises, may, at any time, and on any occasion, raise all the money his friends can spare. 2. What is the blooming tincture of the skin,
To peace of mind and harmony within ?
But these, these only, can the heart retain. 3.
I have seen
Of inland ground, applying to his ear
Is to the ear of Faith. 4. GENTLE FORCE, or a slight degree of loudness, is used to express caution, fear, secrecy, and tender emotions; as,
1. Heard ye the whisper of the breeze,
As softly it murmured by,
It tells, with meaning sigh,
Pause a moment-Softly tread ;
Vigils by the sleeper's bed!
One remains—that slumber deep :
From that sweet, that saving sleep.
UALITY has reference to the kinds of tone used in
reading and speaking. They are the PURE TONE, the OROTUND, the ASPIRATED, the GUTTURAL, and the TREMBLING.
2. THE PURE TONE is a clear, smooth, round, flowing sound, accompanied with moderate pitch ; and is used to express peace, cheerfulness, joy, and love; as, 1. Methinks I love all common things
The common air, the common flower ;