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2d. To produce a slighter disjunction than would be made by a pause; and thus at once to separate and unite; as,

Would you kill your friend and benefactor? Would you practice hypocrisy and smile in his face, while your conspiracy is ripening?

3d. To break up the current of sound into small portions, which can be easily managed by the speaker, without the abruptness which would result from pausing wherever this relief was needed; and to give ease in speaking; as,

Warms in the sun, refreshes in the breeze,
Glows in the stars, and blossoms in the trees;
Lives through all life, extends through all extent,

Spreads undivided, operates unspent. GENERAL RULE.—When a preposition is followed by as many as three or four words which depend upon it, the word preceding the preposition will either have suspensive quantity, or else a pause; as,

He is the pride of the whole country.

Require students to tell which of the preceding rules or principles is illustrated, wherever a mark, representing the pause or suspensive quantity, is introduced in the following

EXERCISES IN PAUSES. 1. It matters very little what immediate spot may have been the birth-place of such a man as Washington. No people can claim yo no country can appropriate him. The boon of Providence to the human race his fame is eternity 4y and his dwelling-place – creation.

2. Though it was the defeat of our arms, and the disgrace of our policy WI almost bless the convulsion in which he had his origin. If the heavens thundered and the earth rocked yy yet when the storm passed how pure was the climate y that it cleared y how bright in the brow of the firmament was the planet which it revealed to us!

3. In the production of Washington - it does reälly appear as if nature was endeavoring to improve upon herself and that all the virtues of the ancient world, were but so many studies preparatory to the patriot of the new. Individual

instances no doubt there were splendid exemplifications of some single qualification. Cæsar was merciful Scipio was continent , Hannibal - was patient. Butit was reserved for Washington to blend them all in one ym and like the lovely masterpiece of the Grecian artist to exhibit in one glow of associated beauty the pride of every model and the perfection of every master.

4. As a general y he marshaled the peasant-into a veteran and supplied by discipline - the absence of experience. As a statesman , he enlarged the policy of the cabinet vinto the most comprehensive system of general advantage. And such was the wisdom of his views and the philosophy of his counsels 4y that to the soldier and the statesman he almost added, the character of the sage.

5. A conqueror, he was untainted with the crime of bloody a revolutionist - he was free from any stain of treason - for aggression commenced the contest and his country called him to the field. Liberty unsheathed his sword y necessity stainedy victory returned it.

6. If he had paused here, history might have doubted, what station to assign him whether at the head of her citizens or her soldiers 4 her heroes or her pātriots. But the last glorious act crowns his career and banishes all hesitation. Who like Washington after having emancipated a hemisphere - resigned its crown and preferred the retirement of domestic life y to the adoration of a land , he might almost be said to have created ? 7. How shall we rank thee upon glòry's page,

Thou more than soldier, and just less than sage!
All thou hast been reflects less praise on thee,
Far less than all thou hast forborne to be.

KEY TO THE USE OF MARKED LETTERS.

åge or āge, åt or št, årt, áll, båre, åsk; wè or wē, end or ěnd, hêr; ice or īce, în or in, fly, hymn; old or old, on or ön, då; múte or māte, ủp or ŭp, füll; this; azure; reäl, (not rēl); oʻvershoot'; badness, (not năss); agèd, (not ājd); ġ as j.

INDEX TO EDITIONS.

The figures refer to the pages where the same lessons may be found in the two editions of this work.

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NEW ED.

OLD ED. 256......... 294 257...

163 261...

316 263...

318 267.

322 270... 275....... 277.....

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280.....

NI

282.. 283.. 284....

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235

189.

1877

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239

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398

198... 199..... 202. 204... 207.....

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92.... 94... 97. 100... 101.... 103.... 105... 106..... 110.... 113.... 117...... 120....... 123. 126... 129... 132.... 134. 136. 139... 140.. 142...... 144...... 147... 148.. 150..... 153.. 155....... 175 ......... 160.........

264

289.. 291. 293...... 294....... 295... 297... 299.. 301........ 304. 305... 307.... 309.

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311......

232..... 234.... 237..... 240...... 243.... 247..... 249....... 253....... 255.......

313. 315. 317. 318..... 321...... 243 324...... 327....... 330...... 333............ 436

162.........

OLD ED.

445

OLD ED. 378 483 486 489 493 510 511 505

540 543

424 427 430 459 465 468 470 449 454

549

416

528

OLD ED.

NEW ED.

NEW ED.

272 273 275 277 420 422 359 356 334 595 412 330 336

515.. 518. 521. 524. 527. 532 533. 535. 537. 543. 544.

547..

NEW ED. 338. 339. 341. 343. 346. 348. 350. 352. 355. 357. 359. 362. 365. 370. 373. 378. 381. 384. 387. 390. 394. 396. 398. 400.. 403. 405. 406.

419.
422.
426.
434.
436.
440.
443.
447.
450.
452.
455.
458.
461.
463.
466.
469.
473.
479.
480.
482.
483.
485.
487.
493.
498,
501,
505.
507.
509.
511.

344
502
381
479
387
391
394
395
363

549.
551.
555.
558.
562.
565.
568.
571.
575
577...
580..
583.
583.
587.
590.
593.
596.

565 569 572 562 583 575 578 586

588 592 477

410...

374
365
369
597
314

414.
417...

518

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3

JAN
ANUARY! Darknèss and light reign ălike. Snow is on

the ground. Cold is in thē’ air. The winter is blossoming in frost-flowers. Why is the ground hidden? Why is the earth white? So hath God wiped out the past, so hath he spread the earth like an unwritten page, for å° new year! Old sounds are silent in the forest and in the air. Insects are dead, birds? are gone, leaves have perished, and all the foundations of soil remain. Upon this lies, white and tranquil, the emblem of newness and purity, the virgin' robes of the yet unstained year!

2. FEBRUARY! The day gains upon the night. The strife of heat and cold is scarce" begun. The winds that come from the desolate north wander through forests of frost-cracking boughs, and shout in the air the weird ” cries of the northern bergs": and ice-resounding oceans. Yět, as the month wears on, the silent work begins, though storms rage. The earth is hidden yệt, but not dead. The sun is drawing near. The storms cry out. But the sun is not heard in all the heavens. Yet he whispers words of deliverance into the ears of ěvery sleeping seed and root" that lies beneath the snow. The day opens, but the night shuts the earth with its fröst-lock. They strive together, but

The, (thă), see Rule 3, p. 32. Virgin, (ver' jin). 2 Thē, see Rule 3, p. 32.

10 Scarce, (skårs). Air, (år), see Note 2, p. 22.

" Wēird, like witches; skilled in * Earth, (érth), see Note 4, p. 22. witchcraft ; unearthly ; wild. • Past, (påst), see Note 3, p. 22. » Bergs, (bêrgz), hills; an iceberg A, (ă), see Rule 2, p. 32.

is a hill or mountain of ice, or a vast ? Birds, (bērdz).

body of ice floating on the ocean. Göne, see Note 1, p. 23.

13 Root, (r8t).

8

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