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he would “make him repent it.” This, wearing the shape of a menace, naturally rekindled the officer's anger, and intercepted any disposition which might be rising within him toward a sentiment of remorse ; and thus the irritation between the two young men grew

hotter than before. 3. Some weeks after this a partial action took place with the enemy. Suppose yourself a spectator, and looking down into a valley occupied by the two armies. They are facing each other, you see, in martial array. But it is no more than a skirmish which is going on; in the course of which, however, an occasion suddenly arises for a desperate service. A redoubt, which has fallen into the enemy's hands, must be recaptured at any price, and under circumstances of all but hopeless difficulty.

4. A strong party has volunteered for the service; there is a cry for somebody to head them ; you see a soldier step out from the ranks to assume this dangerous leadership; the party moves rapidly forward ; in a few minutes it is swallowed up from your eyes in clouds of smoke ; for one half' hour, from behind these clouds you receive hieroglyphico reports of bloody strife—fierce repeating signals, flashes from the guns, rolling musketry, and exulting hurrahs' advancing or receding, slackening or redoubling.

5. At length all is over; the redoubt has been recovered ; that which was lost is found again ; the jewel which had been made captive is ransomed with blood. Crimsoned with glorious göre, the wreck of the conquering party is relieved, and at liberty to return. From the river you see it ascending.

6. The plume-crested officer in command rushes forward, with his left hand raising his hat in homage to the blackened fragments of what once was a flag, whilst with his right hand he seizes that of the leader, though no more than a private from the ranks. That perplexes you not; mystery you see none in that. For distinctions of order perish, ranks are confounded ; “high and low" are words without a meaning, and to wreck goes every notion or feeling that divides the noble from the noble, or the brave man from the brave.

7. But wherefore is it that now, when suddenly they wheel

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Half, (håf).

Hurrahs, (hår råz' ), huzzas ; * Hi'e ro glõphic, expressive of shouts of joy or exultation. meaning by characters, pictures, or * None, (nún). figures.

Wherefore, (whår' for).

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into mutual recognition,' suddenly they pause ? This soldier, this officer—who are they? O reader! once before they had stood face to face—the soldier that was struck, the officer that struck him. Once again they are meeting ; and the gaze of armies is upon them. If for a moment a doubt divides them, in a moment the doubt has perished. One glance exchanged between them publishes the forgiveness that is sealed forever.

8. As one who recovers a brother whom he has accounted dead, the officer sprang forward, threw his arms around the neck of the soldier, and kissed him, as if he were some martyr glorified by that shadow of death from which he was returning; whilst, on his part, the soldier, stepping back, and carrying his open hand through the beautiful motions of the military salute to a superior, makes this immortal answer—that answer which shut up forever the memory of the indignity offered to him, even while for the last time alluding to it : “Sir,” he said, “I told you before, that I would make you repent it.”

THOMAS DE QUINCEY. THOMAS DE QUINCEY was born at Manchester, England, on the 15th of August, 1785. He passed his childhood in rural retirement. He was matriculated at Oxford, at Christmas, 1803, being then in his nineteenth year, where he remained till 1808. He resided for twenty years, between 1808 and 1829, among the lakes and mountains of Westmoreland, and occupied Wordsworth’s cottage seven years of the time. De Quincey's first work, “ Confessions of an English Opium-Eater," which appeared in the London Magazine, in 1821, and was printed in book form in 1822, was immediately and immensely popular. It passed through several editions in Europe and this country, and at once placed its author in the front rank of vivid and powerful writers. After this period, his numerous contributions to the periodical press were paid for at a large price. He has written upon a wider and more diversified range of subjects than any other author of his time. He is noted for his original genius, stores of learning, depth of insight, and subtlety of thought. His matter is always abundant and good. He has acquired a style of the rarest brilliancy and richness, but his force is often diminished by his capricious use of words, and the weary length of his digressions.

V.

7. BEAUTY.

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HE high and divine beauty which can be loved without

effeminacy, is that which is found in combination with the human will, and never separate. Beauty is the mark God sets

Recognition, (rêk'og nish’un), ed or confessed; act of knowing again. acknowledgment; knowledge avow- Again, (å gen').

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upon virtue. Every natural action is graceful. Every heroic act is also decent, and causes the place and the bystanders to shine.

2. We are taught by great actions that the universe is the property of every individual in it. Every rational creature has all nature for his dowry and estate. It is his, if he will. He may dīvěst himself of it; he may creep into a corner, and abdicate his kingdom, as most men do ; but he is entitled to the world by his constitution. In proportion to the energy of his thought and will, he takes up the world into himself. “All those things for which men plow, build, or sail, obey virtue," said an ancient historian. “ The winds and waves,” said Gibbon,' " are alway on the side of the ablèst navigators.” So are the sun and moon and all the stars of heaven.

3. When a noble act is done,-perchance in a scene of great natural beauty; when Leonidas' and his three hundred martyrs consume one day in dying, and the sun and moon come each and look at them once in the steep defile of Thermopylæ ; when Arnold Winkelried,' in the high Alps, under the shadow of the avalanche,' găthers in his side a sheaf of Austrian spears to break the line for his comrādes ; are not these heroes entitled to add the beauty of the scene to the beauty of the deed ?

4. When the bark of Columbus' nears the shore of América, -before it, the beach lined with savages, fleeing out of all their huts of cane—the sea behind, and the purple mountains of the

· Edward Gibbon, one of the most no other means of breaking the celebrated historians of any age and heavy-armed lines of the Austrians, country, author of the “ Decline and he ran with extended arms, and, Fall of the Roman Empire," was gathering as many of their spears as born at Putney, Surrey, England, he could grasp, thus opened a pasApril 27th, 1737, and died January sage for his countrymen, who, with 16th, 1794.

hatchets and hammers, slaughtered · Le Ön'i das, the first of the name, the mailed men-at-arms, and won king of Sparta, immortalized by his the victory. glorious defense of the pass of Ther * Avalanche, (dvừa lånsh), a snowmopylæ against Xerxes, reigned from slip; a vast body of ice, snow, or 491 to 480 B. C.

earth, sliding down a mountain. Arnold Winkelried, (wingk' el Christopher Colúm'bus, the disrét), a Switzer of the fourteenth cen coverer of the New World, was born tury, the glory of whose heroic, vol. in Gěn'oä, about the year 1435 or untary death, is not surpassed in the 1436, and died at Seville, Spain, on annals of history. In the battle of the 20th of May, 1506. Sempach, perceiving that there was Purple, (pêr' pl).

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Indian' Ar'chỉpěl'ago around,—can we separate the man from the living picture? Does not the New World clothe his form with her palm-groves and savannahs as fit drapery?

5. Ever does natural beauty steal in like air, and envělop great actions. When Sir Harry Vane' was dragged up the Tower-hill, sitting on a sled, to suffer death as the champion of the English laws, one of the multitude cried out to him, “You never sat on so glorious a seat.” Charles II., to intimidate the citizens of London, caused the pātriot Lord Russell' to be drawn in an open coach, through the principal streets of the city, on his way to the scaffold. “But,” to use the simple narrative of his biographer, “the multitude imagined they saw liberty and virtue sitting by his side."

6. In private places, among sordid objects, an act of truth or hěroism seems at once to draw to itself the sky as its temple, the sun as its candle. Nature stretchèth out her arms to embrace man, only let his thoughts be of equal greatness. Willingly does she follow his steps with the rose and the violet, and bend her lines of grandeur and grace to the decoration of her darling child. Only let his thoughts be of equal scope, and the frame will suit the picture. A virtuous man is in unison with her works, and makes the central figure of the visible sphere.

EMERSON. RALPH WALDO EMERSON, a son of the Rev. William Emerson, was born in Boston, about the year 1803, took his degree of bachelor of arts at Harvard College in 1821, studied theology, and, in 1829, was ordained the colleague of the late Rev. Henry Ware, jr., over the second Unitarian church of his native city; but subsequently, becoming independent of the control of set regulations of religious worship, retired to Concord, where, in 1835, he purchased the house in which he has since resided, except while absent on two excursions in Europe, during the latter of which, in 1847, he delivered a course of lectures in London, and other parts of England. He has been a contributor to“The North American Review" and " The Christian Examiner," and was two years editor of "The Dial," 1 Indian, (ind' yan).

ment, opposed the king, became one 3 Sir Henry Vane, a republican of the council of state on the estaband religionist, was born at Hadlow, lishment of the commonwealth, and, in Kent, England, in 1612. He was after the restoration, was condemned among the earliest of those whom for treason, and beheaded June religious opinion induced to seek a 14, 1662. He wrote several works, home in America. He was appointed chiefly religious. governor of Massachusetts in 1635, 'Lord William Russell, born on returned to England the following the 29th of September, 1639, and beyear, married there, entered parlia. headed on the 21st of July, 1683.

established in Boston, by Mr. Ripley, in 1840. He published several orations and addresses in 1837-38-39-40, and in 1841 the first series of his “Essays," in 1844 the second series of his “Essays,” in 1846 a collection of his “Poems," in 1851 “Representative en," in 1852, in connection with W. H. Channing and James Freeman Clarke, “Memoirs of Margaret Fuller Ossoli," and in 1856 "English Traits.” Mr. Emerson is an able lecturer, a most distinguished essayist, and an eminent poet. He perceives the evils in society, the falsehoods of popular opinions, and the unhappy tendenci of common feelings. He is an original and independent thinker, and commands attention both by the novelty of his views and the graces and peculiarities of his style.

SECTION III.

I.

8. SABBATH MORNING.

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OW still the morning of the hăllowed day!

Mute is the voice of rural labor, hushed
The plowboy's whistle, and the milkmaid's song.
The scythe lies glittering in the dewy wreath
Of tedded' grass, mingled with fading flowers,
That yester-morn bloomed, waving in the breeze.
Sounds, the most faint, attract the ear,—the hum
Of early bee, the trickling of the dew,
The distant blēating, midway up the hill.

Calmness sits throned on yon unmoving cloud. 2. To him who wanders o'er the upland léas,

The blackbird's note comes mellower from the dale ;
And sweeter from the sky the gladsome lark
Warbles with heaven-tuned sõng; the lulling brook
Murmurs more gently down the deep-worn glen ;
While from yon lowly roof, whose curling smoke
O'ermounts the mist, is heard, at intervals,

The voice of psalms,--the simple sõng of praise.
3. With dove-like wings, Peace y'er yõn village broods :

The dizzying mill-wheel rests; and the anvil's din
Hath ceased ; all, all around is quietness.
Less fearful, on this day, the limping hare

Těd' ded, spread out, or turned and scattered for drying.

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