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action administration admitted adopted already amount argument authority bank believe bill Calhoun called cause cent character citizens committee compact Congress consequence consider Constitution course currency dangerous defence delegated direct doubt duties effect entirely equal established executive exercise existence expressed extent fact favor federal feeling finally followed force foreign former friends give House important increase individuals institutions interests judge latter less limits maintain majority means measure ment nature necessary never notes object operation opinion opposed opposition party passed peace period political portion position present President principle proposed protection provision question reason received reference regard relation reported Representatives resistance resolutions respect Senate separate session side single South Carolina speech suppose taken tariff territory tion treasury treaty true Union United vote whole
Página 139 - That the government created by this compact was not made the exclusive or final judge of the extent of the powers delegated to itself; since that would have made its discretion, and not the Constitution, the measure of its powers; but that, as in all other cases of compact among parties having no common judge, each party has an equal right to judge for itself, as well of infractions, as of the mode and measure of redress.
Página 245 - The ratification of the convention of nine States shall be sufficient for the establishment of this Constitution between the States so ratifying the same.
Página 364 - Union!" can no more prevent disunion than the cry of "Health, health, glorious health!" on the part of the physician, can save a patient lying dangerously ill. So long as the Union, instead of being regarded as a protector, is regarded in the opposite character, by not much less than a majority of the States, it will be in vain to attempt to conciliate them by pronouncing eulogies on it.
Página 351 - I HAVE, Senators, believed from the first that the agitation of the subject of slavery would, if not prevented by some timely and effective measure, end in disunion.
Página 270 - I bold, then, that there never has yet existed a wealthy and civilized society in which one portion of the community did not, in point of fact, live on the labor of the other.
Página 225 - Government is not made the final judge of the powers delegated to it, since that would make its discretion, and not the Constitution, the measure of its powers ; but that, as in all other cases of compact among sovereign parties, without any common judge, each has an equal right to judge for itself, as well of the infraction as of the mode and measure of redress.
Página 374 - But will the North agree to this? It is for her to answer the question. But, I will say, she cannot refuse if she has half the love of the Union which she professes to have, or without justly exposing herself to the charge that her love of power and aggrandizement is far greater than her love ..of the Union.
Página 138 - The great and leading principle is that the General Government emanated from the people of the several States, forming distinct political communities, and acting in their separate and sovereign capacity, and not from all of the people forming one aggregate political community ; that the Constitution of the United States is, in fact, a compact, to which each State is a party...
Página 245 - It has been said by the Senator from Tennessee [Mr. Grundy] to be a measure of peace! Yes, such peace as the wolf gives to the lamb — the kite to the dove! Such peace as Russia gives to Poland, or death to its victim! A peace, by extinguishing the political existence of the State, by awing her into an abandonment of the exercise of every power which constitutes her a sovereign community. It is to South Carolina a question of selfpreservation; and I proclaim it, that, should this bill pass, and...