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the public, and not individual benefits merely, should be had in view. And as it is a matter of public policy to encourage the settlement of the country, and to effect this object, previous legislation has borne heavily upon the holders of unsettled and unoccupied lands, with a view to compel their sale to actual settlers; can it be said to be good policy to leave our own lands waste and unoccupied ? Shall we oppress the speculator who withholds his lands from sale and settlement, for the purpose of enhancing their value, and at the same time withhold our own lands from the market with the same view ? Shall we, as a body politic, pursue the same course we condemn in others ?— Consistency is a jewel worthy of every man's pursuit, whether in public or private life.
It is believed that the settlement of the country, which the sale of these lands would encourage, would be a greater public benefit than the enhanced value of the lands, which delay might afford, would be to future immigrants, or to a generation yet unborn. We need the strength of a present population to share in the burdens of the government, of schools, of roads, and of the public defence in case of war.
In view of these things, and to carry out the measures herein recommended, your committee herewith submit a bill for the consideration of the House. All which is respectfully submitted.
A. BRUNSON, Chairman. And also reported bill No.5, entitled “ A bill to establish the Wisconsin University and to provide for the sale, investment, and use of the proceeds of the University lands.”
Mr. Whiton moved that the reading of the report be dispensed with, and that 200 copies thereof be printed.
Which motion being put, was disagreed to.
The said report was then read and two hundred copies thereof ordered to be printed.
The said bill No. 5, was then read the first and second times. Mr. Brunson, by leave, introduced a bill No. 6, entitled “A bill to provide for the reception and disposition of the proceeds of the public land sales.”
Which was read the first and second times, and referred to the committee on Territorial Affairs.
Mr. Rockwell, from the committee on Engrossed bills, reported bill No. 1, to be correctly engrossed, entitled " A bill to incorporate the Fond du Lac Company."
Mr. Brown gave notice that he should on a future day, by leave, introduce a “memorial to Congress for the survey of a road from Fort Howard to Fort Snelling," and "a resolution relative to the survey of the public lands.” And then the House adjourned until half past 2 o'clock, P. M.
HALF PAST 2 O'CLOCK, P. M.
“ Mr. Speaker,—The Council have passed bill No. 8, entitled " A bill concerning the partition of lands,” in which I am directed to request the concurrence of this House: '
And have refused to approve the resolution, entitled “ Resolution authorizing the Secretary of the Territory to borrow money,” which had been presented to the Governor on the 24th ult., and by him returned to the Council on the succeeding day with his objections thereto."
The undermentioned bill was read the third time, passed, and the title thereof agreed to, to wit: ..
No. 1, “A bill to incorporate the Fond du Lac Company." Ordered, That the clerk request the Council to concur therein.
On motion of Mr. Whiton, The House resolved itself into the committee of the whole House, Mr. Ellis in the chair, for the consideration of bill No. 2, entitled “A bill to incorporate the Janesville Bridge Company;" and after some time spent therein, the committee rose and by their chairman reported the bill with amendments.
Mr. Whiton moved to amend the report of the committee, by adding the following amendment to the bill:
Amend the 4th section by inserting after the word “ cents” in the fourth line, the words “for each man and horse twelve and a half cents."
Mr. Barber moved to amend the amendment by striking out the word “ man” and inserting the word " person;" which was agreed to, and the amendment adopted.
The question was then put on agreeing to the report of the committee, and passed in the affirmative.
Ordered, That said bill be engrossed and read the third time. Mr. Whiton moved that the said bill be read the third time now by its title.
Mr. Shepard, by unanimous consent, offered the following amendment:
All persons residing within one mile of the said bridge, shall pass free of toll in going to or returning from any religious meeting.”
Mr. Gray moved to strike out the word “one” before the word “mile” and insert the word two in lieu thereof; which was disagreed to.
The question was then put on adopting the amendment, and it passed in the negative.
The question then recurred on the motion of Mr. Whiton, that the bill be read the third time now by its title, and it was agreed to,
The bill was then read the third time by its title, passed, and the title thereof agreed to.
Ordered, That the clerk request the Council to concur in said bill. Mr. Brunson gave notice that he should on a future day, by leave, introduce a bill to organize certain towns in the county of Crawford.
Mr. Ellis, by leave, presented the petition of citizens of Calumet county for the organization of said county; which was referred to the committee on the Judiciary.
And then the House adjourned.
Tuesday, January 11, 1842.
Mr. Barber presented a petition of citizens of Watertown, in Jefferson county, praying for a change of the name of said town; which was read and laid on the table.
Mr. Darling presented petitions of inhabitants of Wapaun in Fond du Lac county, praying for the organization of said county for judicial purposes; and of inhabitants of Fond du Lac county, praying for the
organization of said county for judicial purposes: which were referred to the committee on the Judiciary.
The Speaker laid before the House the report of Byron Kilbourn, Esq., as agent to negociate a loan to aid in the construction of the Milwaukee and Rock river canal. [See appendix document G.]
Which having been partly read by the clerk, a motion was made by Mr. Whiton, that the further reading of the report be dispenesd with, and that five hundred copies thereof be printed.
And the question being put it passed in the affirmative.
Mr. Darling presented the report of the Commissioner of Public Buildings; [See appendix document H.]
Which was read, ordered to lie on the table, and two hundred copies ordered to be printed.
Mr. Darling, by leave, presented the accounts of N. C. Prentiss for services as Commissioner of Public Buildings, and of C. D. Davis for expenses incurred in conveying witnesses to court subpænaed on behalf of the Territory.
Which were referred to the committee on Public Expenditures.
Mr. Ellis, from the committee on Territorial Affairs, to which the subject was referred, made the following report:
The “ Committee on Territorial Affairs," to whom was referred that part of the message of His Excellency the Governor, which relates to " a change in the form of Government of Wisconsin, from a Territory to a State,” respectfully report;
That they have given to this subject their most serious and deliberate consideration. His Excellency says: “ the expense of a State Government, and the number of our inhabitants, I am aware have hitherto deterred, and I think properly, the people from giving to this measure a favorable consideration.” The committee perfectly agreeing with the Executive in this point of fact, deem the inexpediency of changing our form of government a settled question; unless they can believe with his Excellency that “the adoption of a State Go. vernment is presented in a different light from what it has ever previously been, by the passage by Congress, on the 4th of September "last, “ of the act to appropriate the proceeds of the sales of public lands, and to grant pre-emption rights:” and that the provisions of the act do indeed - present a sufficient inducement for a change, in the pecuniary advantages which they offer." The first duty of the committee will be then to inquire into these “ pecuniary advantages,” and to compare them with those we now possess, and which we shall be obliged to surrender on going into state government.
The first information derived from the message, is that "Wisconsin so soon as she becomes a State and a momber of the Union, will receive 500,000 acres of land, for the purpose of constructing roads, rail-ways, canals, bridges, and the improvement of water courses and the draining of swamps."
But the 8th section of the act of Congress under which “any new State that shall hereafter he admitted into the Union,” may claim such quantity of land, provides that such State shall, upon such admission, receive so much land, including such quantity as may have been granted to such state before its admission, and while under a territorial government, for purposes of internal improvements as aforesaid, as shall make five hundred thousand acres of land; to be selected and located as aforesaid;" from which provision it will be perceived, that all lands hitherto granted this territory for purposes of internal improvements, must be deducted from the sum total of 500,000 acres: the quantity hitherto received for these purposes, is about 140,000 acres; leaving 360,000 acres still to be derived under this provision.
The committee can make but an imperfect estimate of the revenue to be derived from this source. It is tɔ be presumed that the legislature would in no case encroach upon the principal of this fund, but appropriate only the interest. As however such proceeds could only be applied to internal improvements, it could not be taken into account for the expenses of State Government.
The committee however, must respectfully dissent from the opinion set forth in the message, that this item “greatly exceeds any fund we can hope to obtain by appropriations by Congress for these pur- · poses,” or that “it is to this fund (alone) we must look for means to improve permanently our harbors.” We are not yet ready to embrace the doctrine, that the attainment in future of any appropriations for harbors on our lakes, is to be despaired of, or that all hope of fu