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Name and Rate.

Where and when

built.

Commanded by

Where employed.

Steamers. 13.

Guns.
Mississippi, *10 Philadelphia, 1841 18. S. Lee,
Fulton,

4 New York, 1837 Union,

4 Norfolk,

1842 Princeton,

9 Philadelphia, 1843 *F. Engle, Michigan,

1 Erie, Pa.,

1844 *S. Champlin, Alleghany,

Pittsburg, Pa., + W. W. Hunter, Spitfire,

3 Purchased, 1846 #D. D. Porter, Vixen,

Do.

1846 | William Smith, Scorpion,

Do.

1846 *A. Bigelow, Scourge,

Do.

1846 S. Lockwood. General Taylor,

Transf'd fm. W. D. Water Witch,

Washington, 1845 +G. M. Totten,
Engineer,

Purchased,
Store Ships and Brigs.-6.
Relief,

6 Philadelphia, 1836 10. A. Bullus, Erie,

8 Baltimore,

1813 J. M. Watson, Lexington,

8 New York,

1825 T. Bailey, Southampton,

6 Norfolk,

1845|R. D. Thorburn, Supply,

Purchased, 1846J. DeCamp, Fredonia,

1846 +T. Turner, * Paixhan.

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Do.

VII. THE MARINE CORPS.

The Marine Corps has the organization of a brigade, and numbers now 75 commissioned officers, and 2,320 non-commissioned officers, musicians, and privates; in all, 2,395 men. The pay and allowances of the officers of the marine corps are the same as those of officers of the same grades in the infantry of the army, except the adjutant and inspector, who have the same pay and allowances as the paymaster of the marines. The marine corps is subject to the laws and regulations of the navy, except when detached for service with the army by the order of the President of the United States. A portion of the corps, under Lieut.-Col. Watson, is now with General Scott in Mexico. The head-quarters of the corps are at Washington.

Staff of the Marine Corps. *Col. Archibald Henderson,

Major Thomas Linton,
Lieut-Col. Samuel Miller,

Capt. Parke G. Howle, Adj, and Inspector fMajor Samuel E. Watson,

Capt. G. W. Walker, Þaymaster.
Major Levi Twiggs,

Capt. A. A. Nicholson, Quartermaster.
Major John Harris,

* Brigadier-General by brevet. + Lieut.-Col. by brevet.

VIII. POST-OFFICE ESTABLISHMENT.

1. Post-office Statistics for the year ending June 30, 1846; the first year

under the New Law. (Exclusive of Texas.) Number of contractors,

3,530 Number of post-routes,

4,285 Increase in aggregate length of routes over last year,

5,739 Number of post-offices supplied,

14,60: Increase of mail transportation over last year,

1,764,145 Receipts for the year,

$3,487,199.35 Expenditures for the year,

4,084,297.22 The receipts fell short of the expenditures,

597,097

During the year, 877 new post-offices were established, and 459 were discontinued. 2,905 postmasters were appointed in consequence of resignations or deaths ; 301 for changes of sites of the offices ; 877 to new offices ; 871 by removals ; 4 where commissions expired, and were not renewed; in all, 4,958.

The mails have been expedited one business day between New York city and New Orleans ; 24 hours from Washington to St. Louis and Nashville by the way of Louisville, and 55 hours to St. Louis, by Springfield and Dayton.

The Magnetic Telegraph between Baltimore and Washington, including salaries of officers, cost, between the 1st of April, 1845, and the 1st of October, 1846, $9,906.66; and the receipts have been $2,312.38. Between the 1st of December, 1846, and the 4th of March, 1847, the line was kept for its profits, and without aid from the treasury.

2. Table of Mail Service for the year ending June 30, 1846.

States and
Territories.

An al Transportation.
Length

Total
of
Routes. Mode not In

Railroad Transpor- Total Cost.

tation.

and specified. Coaches.

St’mboat.

Miles. Miles. Miles. Miles. Miles. Maine,

3,955 784,728 258,870 70,824 1,114,422 $40,791 New Hampshire, 2,384 242,684 400,264 62,400 705,348 25,409 Vermont, 2,520 280,696 444,928 2,100 727,724

26,723 Massachusetts,

3,618 376,980 811,626 722,204 1,910,810 105,898 Rhode Island,

385 53.250

74,880

30,264 '158,394 9,102 Connecticut,

1,788 363,896 156,936 211,176 732,008 43,863 New York,

13,304 1812,529 1,678,318 1,453,652 4,944,499 237,918 New Jersey, 2,021 106,097 404 456 223,288

733,841 58,850 Pennsylvania,

10,276 902,060 1,603,056 359,216 2,864,332 155,304 Delaware, 605 66,040 84,874

'150,914 7,887 Maryland,

2,351 228,956 302,276 391,768 923,000 133,679 Virginia,

10,021 1,048,260 857,177 515,112 2,420,549 193,586 North Carolina, 7,323 582,524 666,952 337,272 1,586,748 172,557 South Carolina,

4,605 366,548 421,220 229,320 1,017,088 117,959 Georgia,

5,782

475,566 422,336 330,720 1,228,622 150,162 Florida,

2,937 86,216

173,861 87,984 318,061 44,909 Ohio,

11,337 911,599 1,569,496 617,344 3,098,412 166,954 Michigan,

4,073 334,384 300,456 195,312 830,152 48,288 Indiana, 6,855 617,906 594,670

1,212,576 68,875 Illinois,

8,473

563,262 1,285,496 35 776 1,884,534 125,291 Wisconsin, 2,881 210,792 91,312

302,104 15,691 Iowa,

110,344 64,004

174,408 8,658 Missouri,

7,909 576,072 427,400 473,616 1,477,088 68,259 Kentucky,

7,613 570,448 655,724 1,056,016 2,282, 189 125,850 Tennessee,

6,906
622,076 704,292

1,326,368 91,160 Alabama,

6,723

607,6 0,936 197,704 1,456,324 227,412 Mississippi,

4,361 484,328 318,240 28,704 831,272 95,109 Arkansas, 4,458 438,412 105,456

46,800 590,668 56,264 Louisiana,

2,806 225,216

7,488 103,256 365,960 42,670 Total,

* 149,679 14,079,553 15,537,033 7 781,828 37,398,414 $2,665,0787 Cost,

$629,018 $1,164,5901 $870,570 The entire service and pay of the route are set down to the State under which it is numbered, though extending into other States.

*Add Texas, 3,186 miles; in all, 152,865 miles.

Also, expenses of mail agencies, #42,406 ; service in Texas, from Feb. 16, 1846, $9,189 ; making in all $2,716,673.

1,409

3. Number of Post-Offices, Extent of Post-Roads, and Revenue and Expen

ditures of the Post-Office Department ; with the Amount paid to Postmasters and for Transportation of the Mail.

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1790 1795 1800 1805 1810 1815 1816 1817 1818 1819 1820 1821 1822 1923 1324 1825 1826 1827 1828 1829 1830 1831 1832 1833 1334 1835 1836 1837 1838 1839 1840 1841 1842 1843 1844 1845

75 453

903 1,558 2,300 3,000 3,260 3,459 3,618 4,000 4,500 4,650 4,799 4,043 5,132 5,677 6,150 7,003 7,530 8,004 8,450 8,686 9,205 10,127 10,693 10,770 11,091 11,767 12,519 12,780 13,468 13,778 13,733 13,814 14,103 14,183 14,601

Extent of Revenue Expenditures Amount paid for
Post
of the

of the
Roads. Department. Department. Compen. of Transporta'n

Postmasters. of the Mail. Miles. Dollars. Dollars. Dollars. Dollars. 1,975 37,935 32,140

8,198 22,081 13,207 160,620 117,893 30,272

75,359 20,817 280,804 213,994 69,243 123,644 31,076

421,373 377,367 111,552 239,635 36,406

551,684 495,969 149,438 327,966 43,748 1,043,065 748,121 241,901

487,779 48,673 961,782 804,422 265,944 521,970 52,089 1,002,973 916,515 303,916

599,139 59,473 1,130,235 1,035,832 346,429 664,611 67,586 1,204,737 1,117,861 375,828 717,881 72,492

1,111,927 1,160,926 352,295 782,425 78,808 1,059,087 1,184,283 337,599 815,681 82,763 1,117,490

1,167,572 355,299 788,613 84,860 1,130,115 1,156,995 360,462 767,464 84,866 1,197,758 1,188,019 383,804

768,939 94,052 1,306,525 1,229,043 411,183 795,646 94,052 1,447,703 1,366,712 447,727 885,100 105,336 1,524,633

1,468,959 486,411 942,345 105,336 1,059,915 1,689,945 543,049 1,086,313 115,000

1,707,413 1,782,132 559,237 1,153,646 115,176 1,850,583 1,932,708 595,234 1,274,009 115,486 1,997,811 1,936,122 635,028 1,252, 226 101,466 2,258,570 2,266,171 715,481 1,482,507 119,916 2,617,011 2,930,414 826,283 1,894,638 119,916 2,823,749 2,910,605 897,317 1,925,544 112,774 2,993,356 2,757,350 945,418 1,719,007 113,264 3,408,323 2,841,766

812,803

1,638,052 141,242 4,100,605 3,303,423

891,352 1,996,727 134,818 4,235,078 4,621,833 933,948 3,131,308 133,999 4,477,614 4,654,718 980,000 3,285,622 155,739 4,539,265 4,759,110 1,028,925 3,296,876 155,026 4,379,296 4,443,768 1,013,645 3,159,375 149,732 4,546,246 4,235,052 1,147,256

3,087,796 142,295 4,295, 925 4,374,713 1,426,394 2,947,319 144,687 4,237,285 4,297,867 1,358,316 2,938,551 143,940 4,239,842 4,320,732 1,409,875 2,905,504 152,865 3,487,199 4,084,297

2,716,673

*1846

* The returns for 1846 are for the first year under the new law, passed March 3, 1845.

4. Revenue under the New Law.
Revenue of the Post-Office from 1st July, 1836, to 30th June, 1846.

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The above statistics apply wholly to the revenue under the old law. The following table shows the income for the first year under the new law :

Year ending 30th June.

Letter Postage. and Pamphlets.
Newspapers

Miscellane-
Fines.

ous Receipts

Total Annual

Receipts.

1846 $2,881,697 $562,143 $235 $43,124 $3,487,199 From the above tables it will be seen that the annual average income for nine years, ending 30th June, 1845, was $4,364,625. For the year ending 30th June, 1846, the first under the new law, the income was $3,487,199 ; making a loss, as compared with the average of the nine preceding years, of $877,426; and with the year preceding of $802,642. This loss is chiefly on letter postages, in which, as compared with the average of the nine preceding years, the loss is $926,296, and with the year preceding, $778,534; being the entire loss of the department, under the first year of the new law, within $24,108, as compared with the year preceding; and $123,654 more than the entire loss, as compared with the average of the nine preceding years. The Postmaster-General supposes that this arises in part from packages of letters, addressed to different individuals, being directed to some third person for distribution. In this way, 100 letters, weighing eight ounces, would be charged (the law allowing one-half ounce to each letter) under 300 miles, 80 cents, and over 300, $1.60; the department being entitled to receive, under the law, $5 or $10 according to the distance. One provision of the law of March 3, 1847, is intended to remedy this evil, and to make the increased number of letters increase the revenues of the department. It will also be seen, that, while the income from newspapers and pamphlets, during the last year, is less than during the year preceding by $46,622, it is larger than that of the average of the nine preceding years by $33,164.

5. Gross amount of Letter Postage, and Newspapers and Pamphlets, for the

three Quarters preceding the 1st of April, 1846, compared with the three Quarters preceding 1st of April, 1847.

[Furnished from the Post-office Department, July 23, 1847.)
Newspaper

Newspaper
Letter
and

Letter

and Years 1485-6.

Years 1846—7.
Postage. Pamphlet

Postage. Pamphlet
Postage.

Postage. 3d Quarter, 1845. $692,037 71 125,754 39 3d Quarter, 1846. 752,718 64 144,656 09 4th 672,085 81 129,781 89 4th

784,792 14 144,261 28 1st

1846.
740,518 71 143,508 12 1st

1847

840,018 42 159,137 55 $2,104,642 23 399,044 401

$2,377,529 20 448,054 92 Aggregate average increase, 1210% per cent.

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6. Expenditures of the Post-Office from 1st July, 1836, to 30th June, 1846.

Year ending June 30.

1837 1838 1839 1840 1841

$3,544,630
4,430,662
4,636,536
4,718,236
4,499,528

Year ending June 30. 1842 1843 1844 1845

$5,674,752
4,374,754
4,296,513
4,320,732

Year ending June 30.

1846 $40,084,297 Total to 30

$40,496,343 June, 1845.

Average $4,499,594 for 9 years.

The expenditures under the first year of the new law were $4,084,297; being less than the average of the nine preceding years by $415,297, and less than that of the year preceding by $236,433. This saving has been effected by reducing the rates in reletting the contracts in New England and New York. Since the close of the last fiscal year, the new contracts have gone into operation in the North-western and South-western States and Territories, and the cost under them is $323,901; or 33 per cent. less than under those which expired 30th June, 1846. There have been no curtailments of the service; but the frequency and despatch of the mails have been increased.

7. Business of the Post-Office and Compensation of Postmasters. There are no returns to show correctly the increased business of the department. Some idea may be formed by comparing the weight of all the mails sent from three offices for one week in June, 1838, with the weight of the mails on the railroad and steamboat routes only, from the same offices, for one week in May, 1846. Weight of all Mails in

Weight of Railroad and
Places.

Excess in
June, 1838.

Steamboat Mails only,
in May, 1846.

May, 1846. New York,

19,221 lbs.
60,002 lbs.

40,781 lbs. Philadelphia, 20,849

48,287

27,438 Baltimore,

*20,000

17,280
Total,
42,790 lbs.
128,289 lbs.

85,499 lbs. * Estimated.

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