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I. TRAVELS FROM VIENNA THROUGH LOWER HUNGARY, with some Account of Vienna during the Congress. By RICHARD BRIGHT, M.D. With numeTous Engravings. One Volume 4to. Price L.4, 4s. boards.

II. WOMEN; or, POUR ET CONTRE, a Tale. By the Author of Bertram, a Tragedy. In 3 Vols. 12mo. Price L.), 1s. boards.

III. TALES OF MY LANDLORD. Second Series. Collected and arranged by JEDEDIAH CLEISHBOTHAM, Schoolmaster and Parish-Clerk of Gandercleugh. Four Volumes 12mo. . Price L.1, 12s. boards.

IV. CRIMINAL TRIALS, illustrative of the Tale entitled, “ The Heart of Mid-Lothian," published from the Original Record, with a Prefatory Notice, including some Particulars of the Life of Captain John Porteous. One Vol. Price 8s. bds.

V. INQUIRY into the RELATION of CAUSE and EFFECT. By THOMAS BROWN, M. D. Professor of Moral Philosophy in the University of Edinburgh. Third Edition enlarged. One large Volume Octavo. 15s. boards.

VI. SERMONS and LECTURES, By ALEXAN. DER BRUNTON, D. D. one of the Ministers of the Tron Church, and Professor of Oriental Languages in the University of Edinburgh. In 8vo. 12s. boards.

VII. An ACCOUNT of the SMALL POX, as it appeared after Vaccination. By ALEXANDER MONRO, M.D. Professor of Anatomy in the University of Edinburgh. Including, among many cases, three which occurred in the Author's own Family. In 8vo. With Plates. 10s. 6d. boards.

CONTENTS OF No. LX.

P. 275

ART. I. Considérations sur les Principaux Evénemens de la

Révolution Françoise. Ouvrage Posthume de Mad.
la Baronne de Staël. Publié par M. le Duc de

Broglie et M. le Baron A. de Staël
II. 1. Osservazioni Intorno alla Questione sopra la Origi-

nalita del Poema di Dante. Di F. Cancellieri.
2. Observations concerning the Question of the Origi-

nality of the Poem of Dante. By F. Cancellieri 317 III. Mélanges d'Histoire et de Litterature

351 IV. 1. Observations on the Geology of the United States

of America. By William Maclure.
2. An Elementary Treatise on Mineralogy and Geo-

logy. By Parker Cleaveland, Professor of Mathe-
matics and Natural Philosophy, and Lecturer on

Chemistry and Mineralogy, in Bowdoin College 374
V. 1. Voyage of H. M. Ship Alceste along the Coast of

Corea, to the Island of Lewchew ; with an Account
of her subsequent Shipwreck. By John M'Leod,

Surgeon of the Alcesté.
2. Naufrage de la Fregate la Meduse, faisant partie de

l'Expedition du Senegal en 1816; Relation conte-
nant les Evenemens qui ont eu lieu sur le Radeau,
dans le Desert de Sahara, à St Louis, et au Camp
de Daccard ; suivi d'un Examen sous les Rapports
Agricoles de la Partie Occidentale de la Cote d'Af-
rique, depuis le Cap Blanc jusqu'à l'Embouchure de
la Gambie. Par Alexandre Correard, Ingenieur-
Geographe, et J. B. Henri Savigny, Ex-Chirurgien
de la Marine

388 VI. An Account of Experiments for Determining the

Length of the Pendulum Vibrating Seconds in the
Latitude of London. By Captain Henry Kater,
F. R. S.

407 VII. Mémoires pour Servir à l'Histoire des Evénémens de la

Fin du Dix-Huitième Siècle. Par Feu M. L'Abbé
Georgel

425 P. 444

ART. VIII. Manuscrit de l'Isle d'Elbe. Des Bourbons en 1815.

Publié par le Comte
IX. 1. An Inquiry, whether Crime and Misery are Pro-

duced or Prevented, by our present System of
Prison Discipline. Hustrated by Descriptions of
the Borough Compter ; Tothill Fields Prison;
the Jail at St Albans; the Jail at Guildford ; the
Jail at Bristol ; the Jails at Bury and Ilchester ;
the Maison de Force at Ghent ; the Philadelphia
Prison ; the Penitentiary at Millbank; and the
Proceedings of the Ladies' Committee at New-

gate. By Thomas Fowell Buxton.
2. A Letter to the Common Council and Livery of

the City of London, on the Abuses existing in
Newgate, and the Necessity of an Immediate Re-
forn in the Management of the Prison. By the
Hon. H. G. Bennet, M. P.

463 X. The Speech of Henry Brougham Esq., M. P. in the

House of Commons, May 8th, 1818, on the Edu

cation of the Poor, and Charitable Abuses 486 XI. Documents connected with the Question of Reform in the Burghs of Scotland

503 XII. A Journey to Rome and Naples, performed in 1817;

giving an Account of the present State of Socie-
ty in Italy, and containing Observations on the
Fine Arts. By Henry Sass, Student of the Royal
Academy of Arts

524 Quarterly List of New Publications

536 Index

546

ERRATUM.
p. 388, 1. 26. For l'un Bouchere, read l’Embouchure.

THE

EDINBURGH REVIEW ,

SEPTEMBER, 1818.

NO. LX.

Art. I. Considérations sur les Principaux Evénemens de la Rés

volution Françoise. Ouvrage Posthume de Mad. la Baronne de Staël. Publié par M. le Duc de BROGLIE et M. le BARON A. DE STAEL. En Trois Tomes. 8vo. pp. 1285. Londres, 1818.

N O BOOK can possibly possess a higher interest than this which

is now before us. It is the last, dying bequest of the most brilliant writer that has appeared in our days ;—and it treats of a period of history which we already know to be the most important that has occurred for centuries; and which those who look back on it, after other centuries have elapsed, will probably consider as still more important.

We cannot stop now to s:y all that we think of Madame de Staël :—and yet we must say, that we think her the most powerful writer that her country has produced since the time of Voltaire and Rousseau--and the greatest writer, of a woman, that any time or any country has produced. Her taste, perhaps, is not quite pure; and her style is too irregular and ambitious. These faults may even go deeper. Her passion for effect, and the tone of exaggeration which it naturally produces, have probably interfered occasionally with the soundness of her judgment, and given a suspicious colouring to some of her representations of fact. At all events, they have rendered her impatient of the humbler task of completing her explanatory details, or stating in their order all the premises of her reasonings. She gives her history in abstracts, and her theories in aphorisms :--and the greater part of her works, instead of presenting that systematic

unity from which the highest degrees of strength and beauty and clearness must ever be derived, may be fairly described as a VOL. XXS. No. 60.

T

collection of striking fragments—in which a great deal of repetition does by no means diminish the effect of a good deal of inconsistency. In these same works, however, whether we consider them as fragments or as systems, we do not hesitate to say that there are more original and profound observations-more new images-greater sagacity combined with higher imagination—and more of the true philosophy of the passions, the politics, and the literature of her contemporaries—than in any other author we can now remember. She has great eloquence on all subjects; and a singular pathos in representing those bitterest agonies of the spirit in which wretchedness is aggravated by remorse, or by regrets that partake of its character. Though it is difficult to resist her when she is in earnest, we cannot say that we agree in all her opinions, or approve of all her sentiments. She overrates the importance of Literature, either in determining the character or affecting the happiness of mankind; and she theorizes too confidently on its past and its future history. On subjects like this, we have not yet facts enough for so much philosophy; and must be contented, we fear, for a long time to come, to call many things accidental, which it would be more satisfactory to refer to determinate causes. In her estimate of the happiness, and her notions of the wisdom of private life, we think her both unfortunate and erroneous. She makes passions and high sensibilities a great deal too indispensable; and varnishes over all her pictures too uniformly with the glare of an extravagant or affected enthusiasm. She represents men, in short, as a great deal more unhappy, more depraved and more energetic, than they are and seems to respect them the more for it.-In her politics she is far more unexceptionable. She is everywhere the warm friend and animated advocate of liberty-and of liberal, practical, and philanthropic principles. On these subjects we cannot blame her enthusiasm, which has nothing in it vindictive or provoking; and are far more inclined to envy than to reprove that sanguine and buoyant temper of mind which, after all she has seen and suffered, still leads her to overrate, in our apprehension, both the merit of past attempts at political amelioration, and the chances of their success hereafter. It is in that futurity, we fear, and in the hopes that make it present, that the lovers of mankind must yet, for a while, console themselves for the disappointments which still seem to beset them.' If Mad. de Staël, however, predicts with too much confidence, it must be admitted that her labours have a powerful tendency to realize her predictions. Her writings are all full of the most animating views of the improvement of our social condition, and the means by

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