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If they do not, upon the next Sunday after Easter, appoint publickly in the church six days betwixt that and Midsummer, foi the neighbours to meet for mending the highways in the parish.
If they do not attend at the days appointed to direct the works.
If they do not present to the next justice of the peace, or at the next sessions, the defaults of absent parishioners.
If they do not present to the two next justices of peace the defects o£ high-ways, and of not scouring the ditches, that should lead and avoid the water from standing in high-ways.
Touching artificers, labourers, masters, and servants.
. If artificers, labourers, or servants conspire what wages to take, and not to work under those rates.
If artificers or labourers undertake work, and depart before it be finished.
If they do not continue from five of the clock in the morning till seven at night in the summer, and from seven till five in winter.
If labourers or servants take any more wages than the rates allowed by the justices.
If any servant assault master or mistress.
If a tradesman retain a journeyman for less time than a year.
If for every three apprentices they do not keep one journeyman; and for every apprentice above three, one journeyman more.
If they refuse to labour in hay-time or harvest.
If a servant depart from one parish to another, without a testimonial from his master.
If any master hire any such servants wanting such a testimonial.
If any servant depart within his term, or at the end of his term, without a quarter's warning, unless the cause be allowed before two justices of peace.
If any master put away his servant within his term, or at the end of his term, without a quarter's warning, unless the cause be allowed before two justices of peace.
Brasiers and Peicterers. >
If any brasier or pewterer buy or exchange any metal belonging to his trade, but in open shop, or fair, or market. If they sell their wares of metal not of the allay of London. If they use any deceitful weights or false beams.
Cordwainers, viz. a tanner, carrier, shoe-maker, and butcher, dealing with
If he set his fats in tan-hills.
If he over-lime his hides.
If he tan any leather in warm owze.
If he do not work the lime well out of the leather.
If he use any stuff but malt, meal, tapwort, hen dung,' culver-dung, ash-bark, and oak-bark.
If he use any deceitful mixture for raising his hides.
If he suffer his hides to be frozen with winter-frost, or to be parched with summer-sun, or to be dried by the fire.
If he tan any rotten hides.
If he do not renew his owze so often as need requires.
If he do not keep his soal-leather twelve months, and upper-leather nine months in the owze.
If he sell any tanned leather, which is insufficiently tanned.
If he sell any tanned leather out ofa market.
If he sell any tanned leather, before it be searched and sealed.
If any tanner be a currier or a shoemaker, or use any other trade which cuts leather, or e contra.
If he dwell out of a market town, or exercise his trade in a shoemaker's house.
If he curry any leather but such as is sufficiently tanned.
If he use any other stuff in currying outer-soal-leather, but good hard tallow, and no less thereof than the leather will receive.
If he gash or scald any hide, or shave any leather too thin.
If he refuse to curry leather brought to him with stuff to work it, or if he keep it in summer above eight days, and in winter above sixteen days.
If he be a tanner or shoemaker, while he is a currier.
If he do not make his wares of good leather, soal and upper-leather well-tanned, and well sewed with thread well waxed and twisted, and hard drawn with hand-leathers.
If he mix his wares, part neats-leather, part calf, horse, or bull-hide.
If he sell any wares upon Sundays.
If he gash, slaughter, or cut any hide in fleaing.
If any buy tanned leather, red and unwrought, and do not make it into made wares.
If any but tanners buy rough hides.
If any buy tanned leather out of a market.
If any buy tanned leather before it be searched and sealed.
If any refuse and resist the searchers to make search.
If any ingross oak-bark.
If any use raking of linnen.cloth, or use lime or other undue mixture in whitening linnen.cloth.
If he make his ware of unseasoned wood.
If he do not make it of due assize, viz. The barrel thirty-six galloni of beer, and of ale or soap thirty-two. The kilderkins after the same proportion. The firkins after the same proportion. If he do not set his mark upon it.
If he do not dig his earth before the first of November, and turn it over before the first of February, and turn it again before the first of March, and then try and tue it from stones.
If he make his tile of less assize than ten inches and an half long, and six inches and a quarter broad; and gutter-tile ten inches long, and ridge-tile fourteen inches long, and half an inch and a quarter thick.
And so I have done with theoffences of this kind, which are against publickjustice; and now I cometo those which are against the publick plenty of the stores of food and provision for the people, and are therefore in these hard and dear times to be most carefully prevented, if it may be, at least by such ways as the law directs.
Touching the plenty of the country, and the disorders by victuallers.
In general, whatsoever tends to inhance the price of victuals for unlawful increasing particular men's profits by it, this is an offence against the plenty of it; and therefore,
If any do buy any sort of victuals as it is coming to a market or fair, either by water or land, it is fore-stalling.
If any buy victuals in a market, and sell it again within four miles, it is regrating.
If any buy any dead victuals, or corn growing upon the ground, with intent to sell it again, it is ingrossing.
Ifany victuallers conspire to sell their victuals at unreasonable prices.
If any victuallers sell any unwholesome victuals.
If any buy corn, having sufficient for his house-provision for a year, and do not the same day bring so much other corn to the market to be sold.
Ifany drover or other buy cattel, and sell them again alive, within five weeks.
Ifany person take uponhim to be abadger of corn, not being lawfully licensed by four justices of peace.
If any buy butter or cheese in gross, and sell it again in gross, or by retail out of an open shop.
If any forbear to rear calves yearly, viz. one calf for every two kine, or every three-score sheep he keeps; or do not keep a milched cow for every three-score sheep.
If any transport sheep, corn, butter, or cheese beyond sea. If any keep above two-thousand sheep at once. If any destroy wild-fowls eggs, or take wild-fowl between the last of May and the last of August.
If any hawk in standing corn.
If any, not qualified, keep dogs, ferrets, nets, or engines, to take hares, Conies, pheasants, or partridges. If any trace hares in the snow.
If any take or kill pheasants or partridges with engines, nets,or snares, or by shooting in guns.
If any shoot hail-shot in guns.
If any do unlawfully hunt or kill deer, or conies, in a park or warren. If any sell pheasants, partridges, or hares.
If any alehouse-keeper keep an alehouse, not being licensed thereunto.
If they sell less than a quart a penny the best, and two quarts a penny of the worse sort.
If they suffer unlawful tippling or drinking, games, tables, cards, or dice in their houses.
If inn-keepers do not sell their hay and oats at reasonable prices.
If tavern-keepers suffer people to sit tippling in their houses.
If any person continue tippling and drinking in taverns, inns, or ale» houses.
If any person be drunk.
If any baker sell his bread of less weight than the due assize, viz. proportionable to the price of corn in the market, as it is regulated by a printed assize-book, set out to that purpose.
If they do not set their proper mark upon their bread. If they give above thirteen to the dozen.
If any but bakers bake horse-bread to sell.
If any butcher kill and sell calves under five weeks old, or any weaning under two years old.
If they sell any measled hogs, or beast that died of the murrain, or other corrupt or unwholesome meat.
If any destroy the fry of fish, or fish with nets less than two inches and an half wide in the mash.
If any kill any salmon under sixteen inches long, or pickerils under ten inches long, or trouts under eight inches long, or barbels under twelve inches long.
If dried barrel fish (brought in by strangers) be not of due assize,viz. in barrels of herrings thirty-two gallons, in barrels of eels thirteen gallons, in a butt of salmon four-score and four gallons.
Jf any bring any cod or ling from beyond sea, in barrels to be sold, or otherwise than loose in bulk.
If any set a tax, or toll, or restraint upon fish brought into this nation to be sold.
If any cut out or destroy heads or dams of ponds, moats, or stew? of fish, in any man's several fishings. , .
If any malt-maker do not make his malt of good and sweet barley, not mow-burnt or spired barley.
If they do not rub it, and dress it well, and fan half a peck of dust out of every quarter.
If it be less time than three weeks in the fat, floor, and drying.
If any miller take excessive toll for grinding corn, viz. above a twentieth part, or twenty fourth part, according to the strength of the water.
If any bring in wine in foreign bottoms.
If any bring in wine in vessels, not of due assize, viz. the butt one hundred twenty-six gallons, hogshead sixty-three gallons, pipe one-hundred twenty-six gallons, terce eighty-four gallons, tun two-hundred fiftytwo gallons.
If any sell wine, above the price proclaimed in chancery.
And thus you see how the publick plenty of the country is diminished for a few men's particular gains; and you see also how the abuses may be reformed, to a general advantage of all the people.
Lastly, Common nusances are to be enquired after.
Touching common nusances, or offences, done against the general easements of the people, as, against the health, beauty, and good complexion of the body politick, are these.
If any erect a cottage, and do not lay four acres of ground to it, to be occupied with it.
If any continue such unlawful cottage.
If any keep an inmate, or undersitter, in a cottage.
If any common bridge be out of repair.
If high-ways to market-towns be not enlarged and cleansed of wood, two hundred feet at least.
If any common highway be out of repair, or if any ditches be unscoured, or undressed, which should conveigh and avoid the water from standing in high-ways.
If the parishioners have not met at the day appointed, to mend the high-ways, as the law directs.
If any keep common gaming-houses, bowling-allies, or the like.
If any common vagabonds and beggars, or wandering rogues, or dangerous rogues do pass, or be suffered to pass, from place to place, or be relieved, in places where they come.
If any keep, or use, unlawful weights and measures, not according to the standard of the exchequer; or if weights and measures, of the standard assize, be not kept in every market town.
If any use any weights or measures, unsearched or unsealed. ,
If any profane the Lord's day, viz. by travelling that day, or by using sports, and unlawful exercises that day.
If any profanely swear or curse.