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their backs with their tongues, which causeth envy, and sets on fire every man that useth it against his neighbour, according to the Scripture, Jam. iii. and this cometh for want of mortifying the old man in the flesh, Rom. viii. 13. These and many other helps there are in the Scriptures, if we will believe it, to overcome the flesh; for Christ saith, Mat. vii. 8. 'Whosoever asketh receiveth, and he that seeketh findeth, and to him that knocketh it shall be opened.' This Scripture seems to reach further than the disciples in some cases; for some that did not believe made use of his name to cast out devils, and it seems the power of God assisted them therein; for they could not do it by the power of the devil, for then they would not have made use of Christ's name. Again, Christ himself saith, ' If Satan cast out Satan, his kingdom cannot stand,' Mat. xii. 26. And it is contrary to any reason, that God should cast out God, or the devil cast out the devil. So we find according lo the whole tenour of Scripture, that God answereth all sorts of people according to that dispensation they are under, if their desires are fervent, whether it be for their good, or their hurt, as I have proved sufficiently in my discourse concerning the flesh given to the children of Israel, 1 Sam. viii. 7. where God saith to Samuel, ' Hear the voice of the people in all that they shall say unto thee.' So God condescended to the desires of the people for the hurt of their bodies in granting them a king; but if any out of zeal towards God in the spirit will pray unto him, and yet would uphold the righteousness of God in the flesh; God answering them with such spirits as may dishonour them in this world, by lying or false prophesying, to destroy the honour of the old man in them, that they may be brought forth as tried in the fire, rtiore pure in the spirit of light; but if any shall enquire after God at the mouth of his prophets, only to uphold the honour and ambition of the old man in this world, God will send them false spirits to preach lyes, on purpose to destroy them; and this will come upon those that are for their own ambitious ends, as you may see in 1 Kings xxii. where the false spirits wait on God for their message, and God sends them forth, and bids them prosper, to please Ahab in his request. Thus we see for the love of this world people are destroyed. Then let us conclude, that it is high time to cast off the old man with his rudiments, with his malice and envy, and entertain light, love, peace, and joy in the Holy Ghost. That this may be our treasure, leading us up to that throne of grace, full of unspeakable joys, where Christ sitteth in the council of his father, with all his angels, entertaining all with fulness of joy, that enter in at this narrow gate, wiping away all tears, and all desires shall cease, and sorrow shall never more come near them; and instead thereof such joy, that neither tongue of men or angels can express.

If men and angels do prove silent, then
Why should not I, an inferior man;
Now am I silent, and indite no more,
Pray use no violence then against the poor.


OMortal form, what dost thou mean, To make such long delay;
Keeping thy soul so poor and lean, Against the dreadful day i
To which we all must once appear,

To receive our sentence deep;
The sorrowing heart, and terrible fears,

Making our souls to weep.
Two things there are to us propos'd, Whilst we on earth do dwell;
In chusing one, the other's lost,

Let it be heaven or hell.
Then must our choice be circumspect,

Without a worldly mind:
Lest God one day do us reject,

And we no mercy find.
If heaven we choose, then hell is lost,

We cannot it embrace;
But to the glory of joy we must, Swallowed be in endless grace.
If hell we choose, the world is gain'd,

Which is that flesh desires:
Then need we nothing to refrain, That pride and lust requires.
Such are our lusts and covetousness,

The belly and back to please;
With selling and buying, dissembling and lying,

Yet we cannot live at ease.
But still in discontent abide,

Desiring after more:
Our envy would that all had died,

That loved not the whore.
Her merchants they do howl and weep,

Their traffick none will buy:
They wishing now to sow or reap,

One year before they die.
In Revelation, Chap, nineteen,

In truth there you may read;
Who 'tis shall bear the scepter, When the old whore is dead.
Thus to the wise in their conceit,

As 1 myself have been:
They now shall know that once they might,

Have left the greatest sin.
O England then repent

For the misery thou art in,
Which have all, by consent,
Liv'd on each others sin.
If pride should banish'd be away,
Then tradesmen out would cry,

Come let us kill, eat, and slay,

Or else for want we die.
Then would the gentry mourn,

Without pride they cannot live;
And slaves to get them corn,

Whilst they themselves deceive.
Thus pride becomes our God,

And dear to us as life;
Whose absence makes us sad,

And cannot please our wife.
If the poor labouring men,
Live of their own increase;
Where are your gentry then,

But gone among the beasts?
If any would know who is the author,

Or ask whose lines are these,
I answer, one that drinketh water,

And now a liver at ease.
In drinking cannot be drunk,

Nor am I mov'd to swear:
And from wenching am I sunk,

My bones are kept so bare.
For it is the grossness of the flesh

That makes the soul to smart,
And is the cause of his own lust,

That commits adultery in his heart.



Of such inventions, as at present I can call to mind to have tried and perfected, which, my former notes being lost, I have, at the instance of a powerful friend, endeavoured now, in the year 1655, to set these down in such a way as may sufficiently instruct me to put any of them in practice.

Artis Sf naturct proles.

London, printed by J. Grismond in 1663. Twenty-fours, containing ninetyone pages.

To the King's most excellent Majesty.


Scire mcum nihil est, nisi me scire hoc sciat alter, saith the poet, and I most justly in order to please your majesty, whose satisfaction is my happiness, and whom to serve is my only aim, placing therein my summum bonum in this world: Be therefore pleased to cast your gracious eye over this summary collection, and then to pick and chuse. I confess I made it but for the superficial satisfaction of a friend's curiosity, according as it is set down; and if it might now serve to give aim to yonr majesty, how to make use of my poor endeavours, it would crown my thoughts, who am neither covetous nor ambitious, but of deserving your majesty's favour upon my own cost and charges; yet, according to the old English proverb, ' It is a poor dog that is not worth whistling after.' Let but your majesty approve, and I will effectually perform, to the height of my undertaking: Vouchsafe but to command, and with my life and fortune, I shall chearfully obey, and maugre,envy, ignorance, and malice, ever appear

Your majesty's

Passionately devoted,

Or otherwise disinterested, Subject and servant,


To the right honourable, the lords spiritual and temporal, and to the knights, citizens, and burgesses of the honourable House of Commons, now assembled in parliament.

My lords and gentlemen,

BE not startled if I address to all, and every of you, this century of summary heads of wonderful things, even after the dedication of them to his most excellent majesty; since it is with his most gracious and particular consent, as well as indeed no ways derogating from my duty to his sacred self, but rather in further order unto it, since your lordships, who are his great council, and you gentlemen, his whole kingdom's representative, most worthily welcome unto him, may fitly receive intn your wise and serious considerations, what doth, or may publickly concern both his majesty, and his tenderly beloved people.

Pardon me if I say, my lords and gentlemen, that it is jointly your parts to digest to his hand these ensuing particulars, fitting them to his palate, and ordering how to reduce them into practice in a way useful and beneficial, both to his majesty and his kingdom.

Neither do I esteem it less proper for me to present them to you, in order to his majesty's service, than it is to give into the hands of a faithful and provident steward, whatsoever dainties and provisions are intended for the master's diet; the knowing and faithful steward being best able to make use thereof to his master's contentment, and greatest profit, keeping for the morrow, whatever should be overplus, or needless for the present day, or at least to save something else in lieu thereof. In a word, my lords and gentlemen, I humbly conceive this simile not improper since you are his Majesty's provident stewards, into whose hands I commit myself, with all properties fit to obey you; that is to say, with a heart harbouring no ambition, but an endless aim to serve my King and country. And if my endeavours prove effectual, as I am confident they will, his Majestyshall not only become rich, but his people likewise, as treasurers unto him; and his peerless Majesty, our King, shall become both beloved at home, and feared abroad; deeming the riches of a King to consist in the plenty enjoyed by his people.

And the way, to render him to be feared abroad, is to content his people at home, who then, with heart and hand, are ready to assist him; and whatsoever God blesscth me with to contribute towards the increase of his revenues in any considerable way, I desire it may be employed to the use of his people; that is, for the taking off such taxes or burthens from them, as they chiefly groan under, and by a temporary necessity only imposed on them; which being thus supplied, will certainly best content the King, and satisfy his people; which, I dare say, is the continual tendency of all your indefatigable pains, and the perfect demonstrations of your zeal to his Majesty, and an evidence that the kingdom's trust is justly and deservedly reposed in you. And if ever parliament acquitted themselves thereof, it is this ofy ours, composed of most deserving and qualified persons; qualified, I say, with your affection to your prince, and with a tenderness to hispeople; with a bountiful heart towards him, yet a frugality in their behalfs.

Go on therefore chearfully, my Lords and gentlemen, and not only our gracious King, but the King of Kings, will reward you, the prayers of the people will attend you, and his Majesty will with thankful arms embrace you. And be pleased to make use of me and my endeavours to inrich them, not myself; such being my only request unto you, spare me not in what your wisdoms shall find me useful, who do esteem myself not only by the act of the water-commanding engine, which so chearfully you have past, sufficiently rewarded, but likewise with courage enabled to do ten times more for the future; and my debts being paid, and a competency to live according to my birth and quality settled, the rest shall I dedicate to the service of our King and country by your disposals; and esteem me not the more, or rather any more, by what is past, but by what is to come; professing really from my heart, that my intern ions arc to out-go the six or seven-hundred-thousand pounds already sacrificed, if countenanced and encouraged by you,ingenuously confessing that the melancholy, which hath lately seized upon me, the cause whereof none of you but may easily guess, hath, I dare say, retarded more advantages to the publick service than modesty will permit me to utter. And now, revived by your promising favours, I shall infallibly be enabled thereunto in the experiments extant,and comprised under these heads, practicable with my directions by the unparalleled workman both for trust and skill, Casper Kaltoff's hand, who hath been these thirty-five years, as in a school under me employed, and still at my disposal, in a place by my great expences made fit for publick service, yet lately like to be taken from me, and consequently from the service of King and kingdom, without the least regard of above

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