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The answer of the gentlemen in the house to the fore-mentioned address, was to this effect, viz. that those gentlemen must address themselves to the council.
Upon the unsatisfactoriness.and injustice of which answer these gentlemen, rather than they would yield to so great a violation of parliamentary power, nsolved to depart to their own countries again, which accordingly they did.
Upon this breach made in the house, and giving up the rights and interest of the English nation in parliament to be judged without doors, by an inferior power; divers gentlemen then sittmg in the house, who being endued with principles of justice and righteousness, and love to the nation's freedom, immediately withdrew, and others would not enter into the house at all, but departed to their several habitations.
Upon all which, it is proposed and queried:
1st. Whether since the conquest there was ever such a blow given (by a people owning themselves a parliament) to the interest and freedom of the English nation, as the suff ring to be secluded from them (by an inferior power) so great a number of members chosen by the people to sit, as their representatives in parliament, without any cause shewn for such ■ proceeding?
2. How this upstart protector and his council, of a little more than three years standing, should come to be impowered to do those things, which a King and his council, of more than four-hundred years descent, could not, nor durst not do. And whether the late, together with the former force put upon the house, by excluding so many of their members, be not a crime twenty-fold beyond that of the late King's, in going about to seclude the five members, so highly dis-resented in that day by the people, and afterwards attended with so great feud and bloodshed i
3. Whether, till this unworthy generation, there ever were such a company of false-hearted, low-spirited, mercenary Englishmen sitting in that house before, that would at once so easily give up the right, interest, and freedom of this nation, in suffering their fellow-members to be rent from them, and judged without doors? As if there were a just power at present upon earth, higher and greater than the good people's representers in parliament; which, by all well-affected people, in the army and elsewhere, was so generally acknowledged the supreme authority,
4. Whether these persons, in thus doing, as also in confirming (as it were) this usurpation by a law, in settling the government in a single person and his council, with a House of Lords as it was before; giving him a negative voice, and the power of disposing the militia and navy,, things formerly so much* complained of, and opposed, as the effects of
• See a representation of the army, and large petition, in a book called Looking-glass, p. 5, 11,12, 13. And in Alb. Remonst. p. 25. 26. A Letter, p. 40. An Act of Parliament, after be. heading of the King p. 44 of the same book; and a Declaration 19 July, l650, p. 47- and Decla. ration 1 August following, p. 49, 50. And a Declaration dfter the old parliament was dissolved, ». 54 of the same book, all procured in that day by the now protector, so called, and the the* honest part of the army.
tyranny and usurpation in the late King, together with many other things dune by them, tending to oppress and enslave the people, have not, as much as in them lies, pulled upon themselves,and the three nations, the guilt of all the blood of the late wars, acknowledged by the army and others, to be shed in removing the foresaid evils; as likewise to make void and fruitless the vast sums of money and treasure expended upon that account?
5. Whether the aforesaid gentlemen are not therefore to be esteemed, by all true-hearted Englishmen, as* betrayers of, and traitors to the cause of God, and their country's liberties, and a company of salarymen; sons, servants, kinsmen, and lawyers, &c. purposely packed to inthrone their protector's single interest, rather than a parliament of the commonwealth of England, lawfully called and constituted to carry on the good old cause, viz. the promoting of reformation, and vindication of the people's liberties?
6. Whether some of those gentlemen who were secluded, with others that were injuriously hindered from being chosen, have not been more faithful to the cause formerly contended for, and better patriots to their country; and such who less deserve why they should be rejected, than such as Mr. Glyn, Mr. Nicholls (two of the eleven members, who, endeavouring to settle the same things upon the King, they have now pretended to do upon their protector, were counted false to God and the people,) Sir Charles Ousley, and commissioner Fines.
7. And whether Mr. Thomas, St. Nicholas, Colonel Dixwell, &c. were not as capable, and every way more likely to counsel and advise lor the good of their country, than the sons of major-general Desbrow, of Mr. Lawrence president of the council, and of Sir Hardress Waller, as yet both in years and experience children?
8. Doth not this picking a lukewarm neuter from one place, a cavalier from another, and young youths of no principle from another, and packing them with his kindred, sons, servants, and salary-men, and a sort of conquered Scotchmen, a thing formerly so much f feared and complained of in the late King, now plainly declare, that his pretence in dissolving the old parliament, for not making provision in their act for a new representative to J keep our presbyters and neuters, was false; and that it was rather done as a farther step, whereby he might ascend into this present greatness, than for the preservation of the cause, which, at that time, was so highly pretended to?
9- Or is this practice, in the least measure, agreeing with that spirit pretended unto in the choice of the little parliament, or with that profession made by him in his speech to them, viz. that they had not allowed themselves, in the choice of one person, of whom they had not this good hope, there was || faith in Jesus Christ, and love to all the saints. And that they judged it their duty to chuse none but godly men of principles, men knowing and fearing the Lord; who had made observations of his maivellous dispensations; such as he had formed for himself, be* See Looking-glass p. if. in a declaration, July 19, l650; the army confess so much themselves. + See Looking-glass. p. 22. in remonstrance at Albans, t Sec p. 58, of the same book,in his speech to the little parliament.
(I Sae Looking-glass, p. 59,61, and 63, in the speech he made 10 them, in his own and officers
cause he expected not praises fr->m others, and these the only fit men to be entrusted with the cause, and no others; and therefore went in that extraordinary way, and not in the way of the nation, because, till the spirit was more poured forth, the people would not be in a capacity to chuse such men, &c. Now whether the lute picking and chusing, as is before expressed, a party of men of such a spi lit, and under such qualifications, as this present parliament, so called, is of, be not a notorious destroying of that profession and principle then owned, and seemingly practised 3 Let all honest and unbiassed men judge.
Here follows the truest and best account, that as yet can be gotten, of the 7iamesof those gentlemen, who continued in the house, and Itave places of profit, offices, salaries, and advantages, in the commonwealth. Together with the names of the sons, kinsmen, servants, and others, who are under engagements unto, and have dependence upon the protector, so called, who, being so well seasoned with the salt of his palace, according to Ezra iv. 14, must needs be devoted to his interest, wherein their own ia •wholly involved.
Of the council. Mr. LAWRENCE, as president, one-thousand pounds per annum. Major-general Lambert, as one of the council, one thousand pounds per annum; as major-general of the army, three-hundred and sixty-five pounds; as colonel of horse, four-hundred and seventy-four pounds ten shillings; as colonel of foot, three-hundred and sixty-five pounds; and, as it is reported, had the general's pay, three-thousand, six-hundred, and forty pounds per annum; as major-general of some countries, sixnundred sixty-six pounds, thirteen shillings, and four-pence; in all, sixthousand five hundred, and eleven pounds, three shillings, and fourpence. These places he had, but whether he hath the conscience to receive thus for them, or gives any away to those that act under him, is best known to himself, he is also a lord of the Cinque Ports.
Lieutenant-general Fleetwood, as one of the council, one-thousand pounds per annum; as Lord-deputy of Ireland, three thousand, sixhundred, and forty pounds per annum; as colonel of horse in Ireland, four-hundred seventy-four pounds, ten'shillings; as colonel of foot there three-hundred sixty-five pounds; as colonel of horse in England, fourhundred, seventy-tour pounds, ten shillings; as major-general of some counties, six- hundred sixty-six pounds, thirteen shillings, and four-pence. In all six-thousand, six-hundred and twenty pounds, thirteen shillings, and four-pence. It is said he remained lieutenant-general of the horse in England. It is supposed he hath all these places, but whether he receives all the pay, or gives any to those that act under him, himself best knows. He married the protector's daughter.
Major-general Desbrow, as one of the council, one-thousand pounds, per annum; as general at sea, one-thousand ninety-five pounds; as colonel of horse,four-hundred seventy-four pounds, ten shillings; as major-general of the western countries, six-hundred sixty-six pounds, thirteen shillings, and four pence; in all, three-thousand, two-hundred, thirty-six pounds, three shillings, and four pence per annum. It is said he is one of the Cinque Port Lords. He married the protector's sister, whereby he is doubly engaged to serve his brother's interest. Colonel Montague, as one of the council, one-thousand pound* per annum; commissioner of the treasury, one thousand pounds; as general at sea, one-thousand ninety-five pounds; in all, three-thousand ninety-five pounds per annum.
Colonel Sydenham, as one of the council, one-thousand pounds per annum ; one of the commissioners of the treasury, one-thousand pounds; in all, two-thonsand pounds per anuum; besides the government of the Isle of Wight.
Colonel Fines, as one of the council, one-thousand pounds per annum; commissioner of the great seal, one-thousand pounds; as keeper of tha privy-seal, supposed worth one-thousand pounds more; in all, three-thousand pounds per annum.
Mr. Strickland, as one of the council, one-thousand pounds per annum; and is captain of the gray-coat foot-guard at Whitehall.
Sir Gilbert Pickering as one of the council,one-thousand pounds per annum; chamberlain at court, and steward of Westminster.
Major-general Skippon, as one of the council, one-thousand pounds per annum; as major-general of the city, it is supposed he hath six-hundred sixty-six pounds, thirteen shillings, and four pence, according to his brethren, major-generals of the counties.
Mr. Rouse, as one of the council, one-thousand pounds per annum; as provost of Eaton college, five-hundred pounds; in all, fifteen-hundred pounds.
Colonel Philip Jones, as one of the council, one-thousand pounds per annum; he either is, or was his Master Cromwell's steward, or overseer, of his lands in Wales, and is custos rotulorum of two or three counties there.
Mr. John I hurloe, secretary of state, and chief post-master of England, places t>f a vast income; he may justly be said to have a great hand in bringing all this abominablewickedness,slavery, and oppression, that hath been for above these threeyears, to this very day, upon the nation. Here follow the names of those lawyers that continued in the house, who have advantages from the State, who are placed in the van of the soldiers, as the more honourable persons; their general having lately laid aside, and delivered up his sword, to put on the gown.
SIR Thomas Widdrington, as speaker of the house, thirty-five pounds a week, which is one-thousand, eight-hundred, and twenty-nine pounds per annum; as commissioner of the treasury, one-thousand pounds per annum; in all, two-thousand, eight-hundred, and twenty-nine pounds per annum; and hath besides, for every private act, five pounds, and for every stranger that is naturalised, or made a free denison; and hath gotten for that already, as is supposed, near one-thousand five-hundred pounds; he is recorder of York. Having these great engagements upon him, he can do no other, if it be required, than put on the King's old robe upon his Lord protector.
Lord Whitlock,as commissioner of the treasury, one-thousand pounds per annum. His son is a captain in the army, and lately made a knight; he must needs serve the court interest.
Lord Lisle, one of the commissioners of the greaUseal, onfr-thousarid pounds per annum.
Mr. William Lenthal, speaker of the old parliament formerly, as master of the rolls, supposed worth two-thousand pounds per annum.
Mr. Prideaux, as attorney-general to the state, five pounds for every patent, and five pounds for every pardon; and by the liberty of pleading within the bar, together with two-thousand pounds he gets by great fees, it is supposed to amount to,in all, near six-thousand pounds per annum.
Mr. Glyn, one of the eleven members formerly impeached by the army of treason, now lord chief justice of England; for which he hnth one-thousand pounds per nimu.ii, besides other advantages; a man of principles fitted for the interest of monarchy.
Mr. Ellis, as sollicitor-general to the State, hath, as is supposed, near three-thousand pounds per annum.
Mr. Parker, as one of the barons of the exchequer, one-thousand pounds per annum.
Baron Nicholas, the same place and salary.
Baron Hill, the same place and salary.
Mr. Lechmere, attorney of the dutchy; his advantage thereby is not well known.
Mr. Nathaniel Bacon, as one of the masters of requests, five-hundred pounds per annum.
Mr. Francis Bacon, the like place and salary.
Lislebone Long, lately one of the masters of requests; and, the better to carry on his master's interest among thclow-spirited mayor, aldermen, and common-council in the city, is now made recorder of London,supposed worth two-thousand pounds per annum, and is also a new knight to the new court.
Miles Fleetwood, one of the clerks of the privy-seal, supposed worth between three and four-hundred pounds per annum.
Mr. Robert Shapcot, one of the commissioners for executing that abominable, oppressive, wicked act for the new buildings; his salary is at yet unknown.
Thomas Banfield, Recorder of Exon.
Thomas Westlake, Town-clerk.
Mr. Lister, Recorder of Hull.
Guibbon Goddard, Recorder of Lynn.
Lambert Godfrey, Recorder of Maidstone.
Colonel Matthews, Recorder of Maiden.
The names of the officers belonging to the armies of England, Scotland, and Ireland, and their garisons, and such as are of the country troops, and the late created major-generals.
Of the army in England.
COLONEL WHALEY, as commissary-general of the horse, onehundred, seventy-three pounds, fifteen shillings and four pence per annum; as colonel of horse, four-hundred seventy-four pounds, ten shillings, besides other advantages in the regiment; as one of the major-generals of the counties, six-hundred sixty-six pounds, thirteen shillings, and four-pence; in. aM, one-thousand, four-hundred, and fourteen pounds, eighteen shillings, and four pence per annum.