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.good compliance, no question, with the new court, and settling the Protector a-ncvv in all those things for which the King was cut off; wherefore he is fit, no doubt, to be taken out of the house and made a Lord; the rather, for that his younger brother, Walter, is so great a Lord, and by whom, in all likelihood, he will be steered to use his negative voice in the other house over Yorkshire, and the people of these lands, to the interest of the court.
38. Sir Richard Onsloe, knight of the old stamp, a gentleman of Surrey, of good parts, and a considerable revenue; he was of the long parliament, and with much ado, through his policy, steered his course between the two rocks of King and parliament, and weathered some sore storms. Was not his man taken in his company, by the guard ofSouthwark, with commissions of array in his pocket from the King, and scurrilous songsagainst the roundheads? Yet, by his interest, rode it out till Colonel Pride came with his purge, then suffered loss, and came no more in play till about Worcester fight; when, by the help of some friends in parliament, he was impowercd. to raise, and lead as colonel, a regiment of Surrey men against the Scots and their King, but came too late to fight, it being over. Being popular in Surrey, he was of the latter parliaments, is fully for Kingship, and was never otherwise, and stickled much among the seventy Kinglings to that end; and, seeing he cannot have young Charhs, old Oliver will serve his turn, so he have one; so that he is very fit to be Lord Onsloe, and to be taken out of the house, to have a negative voice in the other house over Surrey, if they please, and all the people of these lands besides, whether they please or not. 39. Mr. John Fiennes,son of the Lord Say, and brother to Commissioner Fiennes; brought in, it is likely,for one upon his score, is, in a kind, such a one as they call a sectary, but no great stickler; therefore, not being redeemed from the fear and favour ofnian, will, it is probable, follow his brother, who is, as it is thought, much steered by old subtlety, his father, that lies in his den, as Thurloc by his Mr. St. John, and will say No with the rest, when any thing opposes the interest of the new court, their power, and greatness; and may therefore pass for one to be a Lord, and to have a negative voice in the other house over all in Oxfordshire, the university-men only excepted, and overall the people of these lands besides.
40. Sir John Hubbard, knight baronet of the old stamp, a gentleman of Norfolk, of a considerable estate, part whereof came lately to him by the death of a kinsman; he was of these latter parliaments, but not of the former; had meddled very little, if at all, in throwing down King6hip,but hath stickled very much in helping tore-establish and build it up" again; and a greatstickler among the late kinglings,who petitioned fheProtectorto be King. His principles being so right for kingship and tyranny, he is in great favour at court, as well as Dick Ingoldsby, and, no question, deserves to be a Lord, and to be taken out of the house to exercise a negative voice in the other house overall the good men in Norfolk, and all the people of these lands besides, being become so very tame and gentle.
41. Sir Thomas Honywood, knight of the old stamp, a gentleman of Essex, of aconsiderable revenue; he was a committee-man in the time of the long parliament, and also a military man, and led, as colonel, ar»giment of Essex men to the fight at Worcester; came in good time, and fought well against kingship and tyranny in the house of the Stewarts; was of the last parliament. He is not so wise as Solomon, or so substantial and thorough in his principles for righteousness and freedom, as Job, chap. xxix. but rather soft in his spirit, and too easy, like a nose of wax, to be turned on that side where the greatest strength is. Being therefore of so hopeful principles for the new court-interest, and so likely to comply with their will and pleasure, no doubt need be made of his fitness to be a Lord, and to be taken out of the house to have a negative voice in the other house over all the good men in Essex, the now Lord of Warwick, the Protector's brother-in-law, excepted, and all the people of these lands besides.
42. Lord Ewre, a gentleman of Yorkshire, not very bulky or imperious for a Lord; he was once well esteemed of for honesty, and therefore chosen to be one of the little parliament; hath also been of all the parliaments since. The Yorkshire men happily may like his being new lorded, and that he should have a negative voice over them; the rather, because they never chose him to any such thing. The Protector being so well satisfied with his principles, and easiness, like his fellow-lord Horiy wood,'to be wrought up to do whatever their will and pleasure is, and to say No, when they would have him; it is very meet he also passes for one to be taken out of the house to have a negative voice in the other house, not only over Yorkshire, but all the good people of the commonwealth besides, being a Lord of the old stamp already.
43. Mr. Hampden, now Lord Hampden, a young gentleman of Buckinghamshire, son of the late Colonel Hampden, that noble patriot and defender of the rightsand liberties of the English nation; of famous memory, never to be forgotten, for withstanding the King in the case of ship-money; being also one of the five impeached members, which the said King endeavoured to have pulled out of the parliament, whereupon followed such feud, war, and shedding of blood. This young gentleman, Mr. Hampden,was the last of sixty-two, which were added singly by the Protector, after the choice of sixty together; it is very likely, that Colonel Ingoldsby, or some other friend at court, got a cardinal's hat for him, thereby to settle and secure him to the interest of the new court, and wholly take him off from the thoughts of ever following bis father's steps, or inheriting his noble virtues; as likewise, that the honest men in Buckinghamshire, and all others that are lovers of freedom and justice, that cleaved so cordially to, and went so chearfully along with his father, in the beginning of the late war, might be out of all hopes of him, and give him over for lost to the good old cause, and inheriting his father's noble spirit and principles, though he doth his lands. He was of the latter parliament, and found right, saving in the design upon which he was made a Lord after all the rest, and the Protector's pleasure. I( is very hard to say how fit he is to be a Lord, and how well a negative voice over the good people of this land, and his father's friends in particular, will become the son of such a father, and how well the aforesaid good people, now called sectaries, will like ofit; but, seeing it is as it is, let him pass for one as fit to be taken out of the house, with the rest,
to have a negative voice, and let him exercise it in the other house, over the good people for a season.
44. Sir Arthur Haslerigg, Lord? No; stop there! not Lord Haslerigg, a knight of the old stamp, a gentleman of a very large estate and revenue, was one of the long parliament, and one of the five impeached members, whom the King endeavoured to haye pulled out of the house with the other, but was hindered from doing of it; was a colonel in the army; and adventured far in the wars, continued of that parliament till the dissolution thereof; was also chosen of these latter parliaments, but not permitted to sit at the first; he was, by the Protector, as may be seen in the printed list, cut out for a Lord of the other house, and to have a wooden dagger, to wit, a negative voice, with the rest; but he missed his way, and, instead of going into the other house, among the simple negative men, the * off-spring of the bastard of William, the sixth Duke of Normandy, he went into the parliament-house among his fellow Englishmen, and there spake freely, bearing a good witness in behalf of the good old cause, the rights and liberties of the people of England; at which the court were vexed and sore displeased. However, for all this losing of his way, and the loss sustained by it, his fame and name, amongst all true English spirits, will be higher and more honourable than the simple title of a new Lord could make him; and, instead of a negative voice in the other house, he will be honoured by after ages as a rare phoenix, that, of forty-four, was found standing alone to his principles, and the good old causeso bled for. Oh sad and wonderful! but one of forty-four, to be found standing firm to so noble a cause as ever was set on foot since the world began? Let all true English spirits love and honour him, and that will be better than a feather in his cap, or a wooden dagger. His name for ever in the chronicles will live, as one that was a true patriot of his country's liberties; which noble action (if he persevere, and be more refined in that honest spirit) may deservedly obliterate all human frailties and miscarriages of his,during the sitting of the long parliament, and the free people'of England may, doubtless, for ever bury them in oblivion. No question, the protector found he was mistaken in him, and that he was not fit to be a Lord, or to have a negative voice, being of no more complying principles to his interest and designs, and the then new model of government, and will scarcely adventure to give him a second invitation to that great honour and dignity he so ungratefully and disdainfully slighted.
There were one or two more of the new champions, that with their wooden daggers went into the other house to fight against the rights and liberties of the good people of these lands; but, their names being wanting, and not worthy the enquiring after, nothing can be said of theirnoble virtues, save that in all likelihood they were of such worthy princi
• See Army's Declaration in a Looking-Glass, p. 5- (say they) The first ground and rise of tyranny, over the free people of this nation, did proceed from the bastard" of William, the sixth Puke of Normandy, who, to prevent the English of all relief by their parliaments, created Lords by his patent and prerogative, to sit by succession in the parliament, as representatives of his conquest and tyranny over us, and not by election of the people, as the representee and patrona of the commonwealth; and to make his usurpation firm and inviolable, he subdued the law. aivinc. power of the free people in parliament, to the negative voice of himself and posterity; and under the yoke of this Norman captivity and villainage, we have been held by that succei' ti*n to this very day, Set. See targe Petition, p. II, 12. nf that book.
pies as their fellows were of, and such as would concur to carry on any design or interest they should be put upon, and would say No with the rest, when any thing came in question that seemed to be against the Protector's height and absoluteness, or interest of the new court; which he, that hath but half an eye may see, was the only design of calling theru thither, as a balance of government to the parliament, so greatly, though falsly, pretended for the good of the people.
There were also, of this chosen number of sixty-two, some of the old earls and lords, called peers, which stood off, viz. three earls, Warwick, Musgrave. and Manchester, and two Lords,Say and VVharton,and sat not at all, disdaining, as some thought, to sit with these new up-start Lords; though others again apprehend, that this theirforbearauce was only out of their old state-policy, till they saw whether a House of Lords formerly so abominated, and thrown down (by the consent and desire of th« good people) would again be resented and established, and then intended to come in; but I shall leave it. Some were in Scotland, viz. General Monk, Earl of Cassils,Lord Warriston, and Sir \\ illiam Lockhart; which persons may also discover to him, that hath but half an eye, what a pitiful, carnal, low design they were carrying on. Some in Inland, viz. Henry Cromwell,lord deputy (so called) Recorder Steel, and ColoBel Tomlinson. Some, it may be, had no areat mind to it, to wit. Colonel Popham, Air. Pierrepoint. Others, it is probable, were lettered by political or state-illness, or other occasions, viz. Chief Justice St. John, Mr. John Crew, Sir Gilbert Gerrard, so as they also appeared not, there being not above forty-four or forty-five of that worthy choice of sixtytwo, that appeared and sat there; and it is very likely, some think there were too many of them. . Thus far the description and narrative.
Three or four general queries are further proposed for a close to the whole; and it is humbly offered to all ingenious people, and queried,
First, Whether if it should come to pass (as how soon we know not) that that noble spirit should, like a lion raised from sleep, rise again in the English people, such as it was in forty-one, or forty-two, or about that time, whether these champions, with their feathers in their caps, and their wooden daggers, and those fifty-three persons, who pretended to settle the government by the ' Humble petition and advice,' would he able to fight with, stand against, and overcome the same, any otherwise than their predecessors the Lords temporal, and the bishops the Lords spiritual, did then? And whether it would not in all likelihood fare with them and their dependents, the patentees of the excise, and all others employed by them, that so oppress and impoverish the nation, as formerly it did with them, if not far worse? They may please to think of it at their leisure.
Secondly, Whether in these five years now passed of the protectoral government, that blessed reformation which the protector, then general, and other grandees of tbe army, so often promised, and for not bringing forth of which, they pretend they dissolved the old parliament, hath so been set upon, as to make any the least proceed therein? Or rather,hath there not been a gradual and an apparent relapsing into those very evils and enormities formerly so greatly shaken, and in some degree broken, but now healed again of their wound, and flourishing a-fresh with open face; the spirit of wickedness and profaneness being risen very high, even among professors, like the unclean spirit cast out, and entering again? And, in particular, that abominable corruption and abuse in the law, and administration ofjustice, touching which the protector, so called, sometime said, 'It was not to be endured in a Christian commonwealth, that some should so enrich and greaten themselves in the ruin of others.' So, likewise, that often complained of grievance of tythes, touching which he also said, as was lately attested in an open court of judicature, several standing by to witness the truth thereof, to whom the words were spoken, 'That if he did not take away tythes by the third of September next, to wit, 1654, or such a time, they should call him the greatest juggler that ever was, and would juggle in all things else.' Yet is there any thing done in either of these? Or any thing gone about tending thereunto, now in these five years? As if it were so, that no fruit would ever grow upon such a tree, viz. the monarchical foundation, which the Lord hath pulled up and cursed, as the bairen fig tree was. Only there is one goodly amendment, to wit, a confirmation of the act for treble damages, to the undoing of many an honest man, that, upon conscientious grounds, do scruple the payment of them. And, as for the law and the lawyers, they are as before, if not much worse; and is there any ground of hope, that the next five years, should he continue so long, will produce any better fruit, than the five that are already past?
Thirdly, Whether this calculation of these ignoble Lords of the new stamp, being of several complexions, and standing in the afore-mentioned capacities and relations, having also such dependence upon, and lying under so great engagements unto the protector, so called, as his sons and kindred,flattering courtiers, corrupt lawyers, degenerated swordsmen, and a sort of lukewarm indifferent country knights, gentlemen, and citizens, most of them self-interested salary-men, be not likely, according to the very specious pretence, to prove a brave balance of government? And whether the good people of this land are likely to have their just rights and freedoms, or religious men the liberty of their consciences by this constitution, any otherwise, than according to the pleasure of the protector and the court? Or than they had in the time of the late King? And whether this calculation were made to any other end than so?
Lastly, Whether, all things soberly weighed and considered, the times be now so happy and blessed, as some do loudly bespeak them to be? And whether, for the future, we are likely to have such prosperity, success, and good days, as some so largely promise themselves? And others it may be expected? Or whether such smiling upon old wickedness, and frowning and turning the back upon righteousness, suppressing its growth, be any comfortable ground of such hope and expectation? Or