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the personal knowledge of every | its precepts; but having solemnly inhabitant of Baltimore, the loss promised a religious toleration, I of the Americans on this occasion, also leave all my subjects a full li. in killed, wounded and missing, berty of conscience. Well, the ca. did not exceed two hundred and tholics therefore suspect me of inthirteen men.

fidelity, while the protestants represent me as a superstitious bi.

got. Though I am unable to saLOUIS XVIII.

tisfy at once all the sufferers in my London, June 30,-Extract of a cause by the revolution, all are genuine letter from a French no- impatient for immediate reward; bleman, dated Paris, May 6, 1816. those whom I can remunerate

“ The best answers I can give blame me for not doing enough, to questions about Louis XVIII. while the other pretenders hold is to relate, as nearly as possible, me out both as unjust and unfeel. his own remarks, at an audience ing. If I think any particular me. with which I was honoured last rit deserves particular distinction, week, after my return from an ex favoritism is the general cry; ile of 24 years. To my congratu- while, when I disregard some un. lations on his majesty's restoration, merited claims, I am accused eihe said,

ther of envy or ignorance, or ne“ My friend, I wear indeed the glect. My situation is not less uncrown of my ancestors, but it is fortunate with regard to foreigners. changed into a crown of thorns, Russia has one idea of governing the pangs of which are only known France, England has another, Auto, as they are only felt, by its un. stria differs from both, and Prussia fortunate bearer. The most abused differs from the three other allies. of my predecessors have been When therefore I please one I praised for some good traits, while am sure to displease the other, and I am blamed without mercy by I am equally tormented with their every one, though it is the study projects, and humbled by thcir of my life to do nothing but what menaces and pretensions. From my conscience approves as just Rome and Madrid I am reproachand praiseworthy. If I select my ed for not introducing religious counsellors among the revolu- intolerance; while I am libelled in tionists, because I think them best England and America for pot adacquainted with the present state mitting democratic licentiousness of France, I am reproached by the under the name of liberty, and anroyalists with worse than ingrati-li-social doctrines under the name tude. If I appoint a royalist coun. of liberty of the press. If I punish cil, the revolutionists create an a traitor, I am styled a merciless alarm, by accusing me of an inten. tyrant; if I pardon him I am ridition to subvert the constitution. If culed as a trembling imbecile. I have a mixed ministry, as at pre. Had I pardoned the three Englishsent, their jealousy and disunion men, other foreigners would have leave me no quiet; and to thwart reproached me with partiality to each other, they display either an England; while the French and untimely severity or a dangerous English factions would have asweakness. Having a firm belief inserted, that fear and not clemency the religion of my ancestors, I on was my motive. Even in my own ly do my duty in observing strictly family, opinions are divided about

iny public acts: some of my rela- | physicians the nature of their rives seem to think that I sway too diseases: he heard with graciousmuch like a successor of a revolu ness the supplications of those tionary upstart; while on the other who implored his clemency from hand, the duke of O—and his the bed of suffering, and like a party appear discontented because kind and benevolent father he conI do not govern enough like a re- soled them, deigning to receive volutionary usurper. After these the memorials that were presentlamentable facts, you cannot doubted to him, and ordering that the of my sincerity when I affirm, that verbal solicitations of others I long for the moment when my should be committed to writing: Creator will retake this my crown He extolled the neatness and of thorns, by exchanging my cleanliness of the rooms, and the throne in this palace of the Thuil-attention paid the patients. leries, for my tomb in the abbey His majesty in going to the of St. Dennis."

apartment of St. Domingo, passed “During the whole time his ma- by the door of the dissecting jesty thus condescended speaking room of the royal chair of practito me, tears were in his eyes, and cal medicine, where was Dr. his whole countenance bespoke a Josef Blasquez, anatomical dissec grief which must have been so tor, surgeon of the royal family, much the more poignant, as policy and of the hospitals, co-operating must generally require its con. as far as possible in the great decealment. I am convinced this signs of his majesty suggested by good prince would never have the indefatigable zeal of the wor. reigned so long, had he not consi- thy director Dr. Ignacio Jauregui, dered it as a duty Providence has and the professors Dr. Hilario imposed on bim by his birth."

Torres, and Dr. Antonio Hernandez, in educating the scholars of said royal establishment in histo

rical and pathological anatomy, VISIT OF FERDINAND VII. TO THE for which purpose he had dissectGENERAL HOSPITAL OF MADRID. ed in a body the nervous system Translated from the Madrid (offi- of both the animal and organic cial) Gazette, of 24th Feb. 1817. life. His majesty desirous of exa.

The king our master, accom-amining the great work of God, en. panied by his excellency the duke tered the apartment and surprized of Alagon, captain of the guards Blasquez, who immediately cover, of his royal person presented him- ed the cavity of the abdomen and self at the General Hospital at 10 breast, supposing with reason, A. M. of Saturday 15th inst. He that the sight of them would be visited the pantry, kitchen, closet repugnapt to the sovereign, and for the clothes, and apothecary's only left exposed the brain, showshop, examined the provisions, ing and explaining to his majesty tasted the soup intended for the the whole of its anatomy. Il did sick, and in continuation examined not escape the sagacity of the sove. attentively the apartments of the reign that the body had been copatients whilst they were giving vered, and he ordered it to be laid ihem their dinner; he asked after bare, which Blasquez did with the their health, and enquired of the more pleasure as he had prepared

it for former lectures. Beginning ADDRESS FROM THE CITY OF SA-
with the upper extremities of the LAMANCA TO FERDINAND THE
breast and stomach, he pointed VII. AND HIS NEW QUEEN
out the several parts as he had From the Madrid (official) Gazette,
done with the head. He proceed of the 19ih March, 1817.
ed to the abdomen, and with sur The council of the city of Sa.
prise and admiration the bystanders lamanca represented by Don Tho-
saw this great king examine with mas Aparecio Santin, collector-
the minutest attention the source, general of ecclesiastical revenues,
direction, and distribution of the Don Josef de Cafranga, pensioner
diaphragmatic, hepatic, spermatic, of the royal and distinguished or-
&c. arteries, as far as the last die der of Charles III. secretary of his
vision of the internal iliacs, like- | majesty, charged with the execu.
wise one of the two ureters, tion of decrees, second officer in
&c. &c.

the secretary of state's office, and In all this time, which might be of the administration of grace and about a half an hour, his majesty justice; the municipal authorities asked many questions, and made Viscount de Rivella, and Don Jovarious observations from which it seph de Pando, a gentleman of the was supposed by those present, same royal order, had the honour and by the dissector Blasquez, to be admitted on the 13th inst. to that the theory of anatomy was

kiss the royal hand of their majesnot unknown to his majesty, a cir- ties and highnesses, and to felici. cumstance that excited the admira tate them on their august alliance tion of all, and of which there is and the announced pregnancy of not an example in history.

the queen; the address as folHis majesty had visited this lows:hospital several times, and the

To the King; public was cdified not only by his charity to the poor, but by his de Sire:- The legitimate succes. votion and piety on the days of the

sion of kings is the greatest suppaschal communion of the sick; port of monarchies, and the love when they saw him kneeling at of the people the best patrimony the foot of the bed of the unfortu- of princos. Thus it is, that even if nate sufferers whilst they received your majesty were not the great. the

sacrament, and succouring est king on earth by your vast and them with a generous charity numerous dominions, all the naafter the conclusion of the pious tions would regard you as the ceremony. But a fact of the na. most favoured by providence, since ture of this anatomical exasnination they have seen your majesty adorshould be transmitted to posterity; ed by his subjects, and the queen it is the most evident proof of the about to perpetuate the offspring desire of his majesty to promote of your majesty upon the throne the sciences, and particularly of Spain. Our nation ought to those which contribute to the alle. sing hymns of thanks and praise viation of suffering humanity, and to the All-Powerful for his merci. that all Spaniards may under- ful recollection of them in restorstand what the sovereign is who ing the best of monarchs, and deso felicitously governs them, it is livering them from the cruel yoke made known to the public for of their own countrymen, and of their intell'gence and satisfaction. strangers, and for rendering fruit. VOL. II.'

2 M

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sul the beautiful vine which is locations, the success of which is extend its robust roots over all the assured only by the progress o thrones of the world. The city of time, inspired the catholic kings Salamanca which we have the ho with the desire of protecting as nour to represent, the first lo suf- enterprize whose principal resul fer the devastating scourge by was to be the holy union of Ferdi. which the tyrants took vengeance nand and Isabelet the best means on their loyalty, their love, and for the mutual support of the two the profound sighs which marked kingdoms. Her flatteriog predictheir grief, at the painful ab- tions being now accomplished, sence of your majesty; now full of Salamanca reposes in peace and joy at such prosperous events, joy; contented, she felicitates your blesses the designs and inscrut majesty, &c. &c. able decisions of the Most High; it felicitates your majesty in mul

To the King's brother; tiplied congratulations, announces Most SERENE SIR:- The city the entire redemption of the Span- of Salamanca, in which there is ish people, prognosticates the scarcely to be found a family that resuscitation of those master has not sealed with the martyrdom works by which the Herreras, the of some one of its members its anCovarrubias, the Berruguetes, and cient and ardent loyalty to the soother celebrated artists have ren vereign house of Bourbon, when dered Salamanca illustrious: it it saw your highness a prisoner to sees abundance diffused over its the worst of men, who dared to fertile soil by the indefatigable deprive us even of all hope of the arm of noble and pure agriculture, return of your mild and pacific and by the industrious hand of an government; by one of those transactive commerce; resting on the formations so rare in history, heroic virtues which shine found itself converted, from a city splendently in your majesty and of learned men,t into an army of in the queen; it presages the combatants: it deserted the altars happy events which must transmit of Apollo to rush in crowds to the from age to age your august names temple of Mars. The satellites of as an example to sovereigns and a the tyrant are not ignorant of it, consolation to the people.

and are enraged against Salaman

ca as if it was the only city destinTo the Queen;

ed to be the prey of their rapacity MADAM:—The city of Sala- and violence. manca, in which the bold project When Salamanca confiding in of Columbus was first welcomed, its own impoverishment and the saw, through the obscurity of fu- strength of the friendly armies, ture ages, the necessity of a new thought that it might be left to la. world for the defence and preser ment over its past misfortunes, it vation of the most precious jewel saw itself again assailed, sacked, of the house of Braganza;* and and devastated. by one of those happy prognosti But why relate such sad and la


• Meaning her majesty, and alluding to the flight of the liouse of Braganza to the Brazils.

† Meaning the present Ferdinand and Isabel.

(Pueblo de sabios.)

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mentable scenes in days of rejoic- torches, menaced to set fire to the
ing, of joy and gladness, when houses of the unbelievers, and com-
the arm of the Omnipotent con mitted a thousand extravagancies
founds the genius of ruin, consoles which would have ended it is im-
innocence, strengthens the throne possible to say where, if some of
of Spain, and binds it to perpetuity the municipality had not adroitly
by ties as strong as indissoluble. spread the report, that the com-
We approach you with no other munion cup, &c. had been found.
object, most serene Sir, than to The whole population exclaimed:
make known to your highness, Nostro Signore si è trovato, and re-
that your marriage with the most turned to their own abodes. Some
serene Dona Maria Francisco de houses were pillaged, and some
Braganza, and the hopes entertain. individuals ill-treated. The day af-
ed of its fruits, fill all Salamanca ter, when the falsity of the report
with joy, that this joy is no less was known, the people, who show-
constant than lively, and that we ed symptoms of wishing to recom-
now congratulate your highness mence the preceding scenes, were
with transports of content, great restrained by the presence of the
as were those of the grief of the troops of the line, and the campag-
inhabitants at the captivity of your nott or militia, who had been pru.

dently assembled. The processions,

however, continue every day, nor
Their majesties and their high- do they dare to open the tribunals
nesses manifested their satisfac or shops, to work in the port, &c.
tion with the goodness, dignity, Even the soldiers have covered
and sweetness which characterize their arins with crape."

“ A letter from Messina, of a
later date, announces, that the cup
has been really found, and tran-

quillity entirely re-established.”
From the Gibraltar Gazette.
Extract of a letter from Messina,
in Sicily, Dec. 14, 1816.-" We
were all witnesses of an event NEW FRIGORIFIC POWDER.
which might have produced fatal Professor Leslie, whose philo-
consequences. On the 10th the sophical labours and discoveries
communion cup, with the host, was are well known to our readers, has
plundered from the church of St. lately made an important addition
Auforne. The whole town was in to his curious and beautiful dis-
movement; the people ordered the covery of artificial congelation.
gates to be shut; neither coffee. He had found by his early experi-
house, nor shop, nor theatre were ments, that decayed whinstone, or
left open. The streets

friable mould, reduced to a gross
crowded with processions, and the powder, and dried thoroughly, will
church-bells set a ringing. The po exert a power of absorbing mois-
pulace obliged the old infirm arch- ture scarcely inferior to that of
bishop to accompany the proces- sulphuric acid itself. But circum-
sions; he had, at last, the good for-stances having lately drawn his at-
tune to escape in a convent. The tention to this subject, he caused
people were absolutely furious; some mouldering fragments of
they passed through the city with porphyritic trap, gathered from the

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