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their duties, without an appeal to the puerile ambition, engendered by rank in classes, and prizes and medals, and other such rewards of merit. It is doubtful whether these even promote good scholarship in the general, and it is certain that they engender strife and envy, if not hatred, and tend also to lower the proper self-respect of all who are influenced by them. The proper stimulants to study are not medals, or position in class, or prizes, but the gratification produced by an enlarged acquaintance with truth, and by the greater influence for good thereby produced. Experiment in this University has demonstated, to the entire satisfaction of the Faculty, many of whom have been professors and instructors in Colleges where the other system was practiced, that the method pursued in this University produces the best general scholarship, and is inexpressibly more valuable in its moral influence upon the students.

We do not, therefore, ask the liberal friends of education in this State to establish prizes or scholarships for us, to stimulate a few to extraordinary efforts, and to discourage the many. We should be reluctant to accept any such gift, but we should be pleased to receive a fund for the endowment, in part or in whole, of the Museum, or Library, or Observatory, or for the endowment of any Professorship, or for any legitimate purpose of advantage to the University.

Many of our students, in all the Departments, are from other States. So large now is the attendance, that we have been obliged to increase the number of our recitation and lecture rooms, and enlarge them, increase the number of our instructors, and in many ways greatly add to our expenses. It is, therefore, proper that the fees charged for incidental expenses should be made to cover the actual expenditures.

The Departments of Medicine and Surgery, and of Law, have both been remarkably successful during the year. A fourth Professorship in the Department of Law has been formally established, rendered necessary by the great number of students.

We boldly assert that nowhere in the country has a more economical use of funde, for educational purposes, been made, than in this State institution. While others seem to be surprised at its success, we would express our profound gratitude to a superintending Providence, which has thus far guided us, and we cherish the hope that the State, which has really done so little by the way of contributing money, and so much by its wise watch-care over the institution, will yet 'make creditable contributions to its support, and that the time is not far distant when, as in the case of many other American Colleges, liberal friends shall contribute largely for its improvement and support.

E. O. HAVEN, September 25th, 1866.



ETHNOLOGY AND RELICS," FOR THE YEAR ENDING 20TH SEPTEMBER, 1866. Rev. E. O. Haven, D.D., LL. D., President of the University :

SIR--The growth of the Museum during the past year, in the Department of Geology, Zoology and Botany, has been unusually gratifying. The additions have been as follows:


By a resolution of the Board of Regents, adopted September 26th, 1865, $300 were appropriated to enable Dr. C. Rominger to make additions to the geological collection. The money has been expended as ordered, and Dr. Rominger, as Assistant Curator in this department, has cleaned, arranged and mounted the specimens, and placed them in cases in the Museum. The following is a summary of the collections made under this appropriation: 1. From the Hudson River Group, of Richmond,

Ind., besides several large slabs, composed
of a mass of the more characteristic fossils
of the formation,..

20 species. 2. From the Hudson River Group, of Madison, Ind.,.....

28 species. 3. From the Clinton Group, of Dandas, C. W., and Rochester, N. Y.,.......

10 4. From the Niagara Group, of Waldron, Ind.,.. 40 5. From the Niagara Group, at Charleston Landing, Ind.,....

12 6. From the Lower Heldeberg Group, of N. Y.,

near Albany, and at Clarksville and Scho.

30 7. From the Corniferous Limestone, C. W., and Indiana,

30 8. From the Hamilton Shales, of Widder, O. W., 20 9. From the Lower Carboniferous Shales, of New

Providence and Crawfordsville, Ind., ....... 20 10. From the Warsaw Limestone, of Spergen Hill, Ind., (76 entries,) 65 to.....

70 11. From the Upper Silurian and Devonian Strata of Europe,..


cic 12. From the Drift deposits of Michigan, a suite of finely preserved corals, (say).



Total,.... Of these 320 species, the greater part are new to the Museum, and are represented by about 340 entries and 1200 speci


Another most important accession to the Geological Collection, is Dr. Rominger's Cabinet of European fossils, on deposit. By a resolution of the Board, adopted March 30th, 1864, Dr. Rominger was authorized to deposit this cabinet in the cases of the University. The cabinet constitutes almost our only illustration of extinct faunas which play a most important part in the geology of the old world, and furnishes a most welcome accessory to the geological student. The cabinet is offered to the Board of Regents, on sale, for $1,500, to be paid at their option, in three equal annual installments. It is truly a magnificent collection, both for its fulness, and the excellent state of preservation of the specimens. In the family of Ammonites it is excelled by very few collections of the country. The specimens are nearly all mounted, labelled and exhibited in the cases. The following is a synopsis of the collection: 1. Cephalopods from the Jurassic and Cretaceous formations of Europe,.....

557 entries. 2. Brachiopods and Rudistes from the same formations,

208 3. Crinoids,

50 4. Echinoids, ..

148 5. Corals, Sponges, Bryozoans,

151 6. Crustaceas and Fishes,..

52 7. Lamellibranchiate shells from the Jurasic, Cre

taceous and Tertiary, and a few from the

652 8. Gasteropoda,



Total on exhibition, Specimens yet to be added,..


Total of the collection,...

2500 The whole number of specimens is about 6000.

It would be a great misfortune to fail to secure this collec.. tion permanently for the University.

The following further additions have been made to the Geo-logical collection:

Prof. W. B. Morgan-Prism of glassy quartz, from a gold mine in Randolph county, N. C.

N. A. Prudden, Ann Arbor-Specimens of superior bog iron ore, from London, Monroe county.

C. M. Day--Crude Petroleum from a flowing well at Oil Springs, C. W.

Hon. A. S. Berry, Adrian--Amber Petroleum, remarkably odorless and heavy, from Coshocton Co., O.

George B. Smith, Detroit-Collection of fossils from the

“ Michigan Salt Group," at Alabaster, Iosco Co. This completo collection constitutes the only fossils as yet discovered in this formation.

Dr. Da Bois, Alumnus, Unadilla, Livingston Co.-Pine Cone, from a buried tree; no living pine trees being nearer than 60 miles.

J. J. Palmer, Ann Arbor-Twenty-three samples of native Petroleum, from Kentucky, W. Virginia, Pennsylvania, Canada West and Manitoulin, I.

H. W. Lewis, Student-Fossil Coral from the Drift, Ann Arbor.

There has also been purchased of J. T. Coleman a collection of 24 mounted fish skins, illustrating some of the larger species from Lake Erie.

The Smithsonian Institution has laid the Museum under renewed obligations for suites of duplicates from its stores. The following packages of shells have been received:

1. “ Marine Shells from the West Indies." " Registered Collection No. S. 28." 87 species, 286 specimens.

2. “ Vancouver and California Shells." “ Student's Series, No. 24.' Estimated 75 species, 200 specimens.

.3. “U. S. Exploring Expedition Shells." « No. 37." Estimated 89 species, 200 specimens.

4. “U. S. Exploring Expedition Shells." “Small species, mostly marine." "No. 10." Estimated 150 species, 500 specimons.

5. “U. S. Exploring Expedition Shells." "Land and fresh water species.” No. 24." Estimated 190 species, 200 specimens.

Total, estimated, 482 species, 1386 specimens.

Below is the summary of the total acquisitions from this source since 1859:

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