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" that the clergy were infinitely superior to their neigh6 bours ; and that, if they had not possessed the power 66 they did, it would have been in far worse hands." Those who knew Henry Mackenzie will recognize these last few words as altogether characteristic of his mind: they well convey his hatred of all special pleading, most of all in defence of the Faith which was so dear to him, along with that trust in history as a guide to truth, which is happily taking possession of the more thoughtful men of England, France, and Germany. Indeed the pervading spirit of this his only literary legacy cannot be better expressed than in the words of St. Augustine, whose Confessions were his favourite companion, along with his Greek Testament, during the latter months of his illness : “ Narratione autem historica quum præterita “ etiam hominum instituta narrantur, non inter humana “ instituta ipsa historia numeranda est; quia jam quæ 6 transierunt, nec infecta fieri possunt, in ordine tem“ porum habenda sunt, quorum est conditor et admi“nistrator Deus.”
FENTON J. A. HORT.
TRINITY COLLEGE, CAMBRIDGE,
The subject of this Essay the practical benefits of our faith, as
seen in its representatives the clergy. . . .
telligible except in combination with the polity of the Church.
temporaries. . .
(2) to the political state and progress of nations. .
The progress of the Church due less to its teaching than
Influence of the clergy legitimately strengthened by the
consent of the people in episcopal appointments. . 32—34
Effects of theology on literature and philosophy.
Value of early Christian literature in itself,
Substitution of ethics and politics for physics. .
II. Political influence of the clergy less during this period than
hold civil offices. . . . . .
They laboured not to subvert the empire, but to sow their
I. Difficulty of distinguishing their moral from their political
influence in this period, as acting partly through the
emperor. . .
Law de alimentis for prevention of infanticide. .
affected by Christian improvements of Roman law. .
Early clerical discipline a valuable preparation for future
Bishops authorized as judges.
its rude force, .
and use in keeping alive a taste for speculation.
The more practical theology of the West resulting
in a similar form of monasticism. . .
Improvement of the Roman state through the clergy no