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LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS. .

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Stonehenge . .

Initial (from the MS. of Cædmon) ..

Lindisfarne . . . . .

The West Cliff at Whitby. . . . . . 3

Ruins of Whitby Abbey · · · · · · 3

The Uprearing of the Firmament (from the MS. of

Cædmon) . . . . . . . .

The Fall of Lucifer (from the MS. of Cædmon). .

Treasure of Wisdom (from the MS. of Cadmon) : 12

The Psalmist (from a Psalter of the Tenth Century).

Initial (from a MS. of Bede)

An Evangelist (from a MS.) . . . .

Death and Burial (from a MS. of Ælfric) . . .

A Courtly Writer (from MS. Book of the Coronation

of Henry I.) . . .

. ...

The Inscription over King Arthur's Coffin . . .

Chapel of St. Joseph of Arimathea, Glastonbury .

A Benedictine Nun . . . . . . .

Man's Peril and Safety (from a MS.). . . .

A Dominican . . . . .

A Franciscan · · · · · · · · 03

Lost Souls (from a Fresco). . . . . .

Hell Mouth (from an Old German Print) . . . 64

Wycliffe, Yorkshire . . . . . . : 69

John Wiclif (from the Portrait in the Wycliffe

Rectory) . . . . . . . .

John Wiclif (from Bale's “ Centuries of British

Writers," 1548) . . . . . . .

A Physician (from the Statues outside the Cloister of

Magdalene College, Oxford) . . . . 83

Suitors to Meed (from a Brass at King's Lynn). .

Breaking the Head of Peace (from a Column in

Wells Cathedral). . . . . . . 86

The Knight (from the Abbey Church at Tewkesbury). 91

Richard the Second (from the Picture in Westminster

Abbey) . . . . . . . . 102

Bas-relief from the Monastery Gate, Norwich . . 103

The Living and the Dead (from the MS. of “the

Pearl”) . . . . . . . . 108

Initial Letter (from the Mazarin Bible) . . . 112

The Lollards' Prison, Lambeth Palace . . . 113

Christ and the Cross (from R. Pynson’s Edition of

Lydgate's Testament) . . . . . 116

The Ship Religion (from a MS. of “ The Pilgrimage

of Man") . . . . . . . . 119

Thorney Abbey . . . . . . . . 122

The Tower of Doctrine (from Reisch's " Margarita

Philosophica,” 1512) . . . . . . 131

The Chamber of Music (from the same) . . . 132

John Fisher (from the Portrait by Holbein) . . 136

Emblematic Device (from a Treatise of Fisher's) . 137

Sir Thomas More (from the Portrait by Holbein) .

Hugh Latimer . . . . . . . . 150

Edward VI. (from the Portrait by Holbein) . ..

Latimer preaching before Edward VI. (from a Wood-

cut in Fox's “ Martyrs") . . . . . . 152

John Bale presenting a Book to Edward VI. (from

his “ Centuries of British Writers,” 1548) . .

Second View of the same (from the same) . . 161

John Knox . . . . . . . .

Mary Tudor (from the Portrait by Holbein) . . 169

Preacher's Hour-glass and Stand . . . . 169

John Fox . . . . . . . . . 170

Burning of an English Merchant in Seville (from

Fox's “ Acts and Monuments") . . . . 171

John Jewel . . . . . . . . 174

John Aylmer . . . . . . . . 177

Edmund Grindal . . . . . . . 178

Initial Letter (from the First Edition of Spenser's

“Complaints") . . . . .

Initial Letter (from a Monument) . . . . 193

The Red Cross Knight (from the First Edition of the

“ Faerie Queene") . . . . . . 194

The Good Shepherd (from the Title-page of Sidney's

Translation of Du Plessis Mornay) . . . 213

Richard Hooker . . . . . . . . 214

Old St. Paul's, with the Spire . . . . . 215

Old St. Paul's, after Loss of the Spire . . . 216

Church and State (from the Frontispiece of Hooker's

“Ecclesiastical Polity,” 1594) . . . . 219

Initial Letter (from King James's Authorized Version

of the Bible, 1611) . . . . . .

Head-piece from Donne's “Pseudo-Martyr" . .

Tail-piece from Donne's “ Pseudo-Martyr" . . 235

Effigy of Dr. Donne in St. Paul's Cathedral . . 237

Lancelot Andrewes . . . . . . 238

John Selden . . . . . . .

James Usher . . . . . . . . 252

George Wither. .

. . . 258

Sir Edward Herbert as Knight of the Bath . . 263

George Herbert's Church at Bemerton

266

George Herbert . . . . . . . .. 267

The Preacher (from Wither's Emblems, 1635) . .

Betwixt Two Worlds (from Quarles' Emblems, 1635).

Westminster Abbey (from a Print by Hollar, 1641). 279

Jeremy Taylor . . . . . . . . 286

Thomas Fuller . . . . . . . . 291

John Howe . . . . . . . 292

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RING the First-English at the form it gives to that conception of the highest

time nearly our life which is the special concern of Religion.
whole Literature Of the strength of a religious feeling in this
had Religion for | country before Christian times, Stonehenge and
its theme. I mean Avebury bear witness. No man knows when or
by Religion faith how those mighty stones, which defy time, were
in a beneficent lifted to their places; only the stones themselves
Creator, to whom, tell us that in a day long past, of which we have no
as supremely wise, other record, the people of this island gave their

just, and merciful, chief strength to the service of religion. Their Initial from the MS. of Cædmon.

man ascribes the bodies perished, their homes passed away, their form best qualities he can

of worship is forgotten, but they left imperishable conceive, and to whose likeness he then seeks to record of a soul of worship that was in them. conform himself; loving and serving all that he Two Epistles to the Corinthians were ascribed to thinks highest in his God, who is the source of Clement, who was called the third bishop of Rome Every good, and the helper of all faithful effort to draw after the apostles, and said to have been fellowDear to Him. In most men this aspiration is asso labourer with St. Paul at Philippi. In the first of mated with belief that the immaterial part, which these, Paul is said to have “travelled even to the years to be near God, survives to attain a heaven extreme boundaries of the West.” This has been of the happiness it rightly sought. In every age taken to mean that he visited Britain. Jerome, at and country, human nature has been able to conceive the end of the fourth century, said that St. Paul the excellence of God only by ascribing to Him all imitated the sun in going from one ocean to the that man thinks best, and to conceive the happiness other, and that his labours extended to the West,

an attained heaven only by associating it with Theodoret, Bishop of Cyrus in the fifth century, uman experiences of the highest bliss. Even continuing the tradition, spoke of Paul as having though more be revealed by God himself, man's brought salvation to the islands of the Ocean, and character determines how he shall receive the revela in his first discourse on Laws included the Britons don, and we understand a people best when looking among converts of the apostles. There was such a

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