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and reign with Thee in thy kingdom of peace for ever. Grant | a year, out of his £200, for a preacher who would this, O God, for thy Son's sake, Jesus Christ our Lord, to satisfy his people. During the sixteen years of whom with Thee and the Holy Ghost be ascribed all praise, Baxter's work at Kidderminster he never occupied might, majesty, and dominion, now and for ever.
the vicarage house, though authorised to do so by the Parliament, but left the old vicar there to end his days in peace. The vicar was deprived by Parliament, and although Baxter would not take his place or receive more than a maintenance of a hundred a year and a house, the inhabitants, to keep to themselves the benefit of the sequestration, secretly got an order to settle Baxter in the title. To the deprived vicar they gave forty pounds a year with the vicarage that Baxter would not take.
Questions in Church and State were being argued by main force while Richard Baxter was at Kidderminster.
William Laud, son of a clothier at Reading, was born in 1573, and educated at Reading free school and St. John's College, Oxford, where he obtained a fellowship) in 1594. He was small of stature, eager and confident of spirit. His health was very bad before and after the time of his taking his M.A. degree, which he received in July, 1598. He was ordained priest in 1601, and in 1602, in a divinity lecture read at St. John's College, he maintained against Puritan opinions the Church as Elizabeth
established it. About six weeks after the Queen's RICHARD BAXTER, (From a Portrait taken in 1677.)
death, William Laud, then in his thirtieth year, was
chosen Proctor for his University, and took part Richard Baxter was born in November, 1615, at in the “ Answer of the Vice-Chancellor, Doctors, High Ercal, in Shropshire. He was the son of a small Proctors, &c., in the University of Oxford, to the freeholder. Part of his boyhood was spent at Eaton Petition of the Ministers of the Church of EngConstantine, about five miles from Shrewsbury. The land desiring Reformation.” Towards the close of best part of his education he received at the free the same year, Laud was appointed chaplain to the school of Wroxeter, and thence he went to be taught Earl of Devonshire. In July, 1604, he took the for a time by Mr. Richard Wickstead, chaplain todegree of B.D., and in the public exercise on that the Council at Ludlow. But Mr. Wickstead taught occasion maintained—as his opponents said, with him little, and Baxter considered the year and a half arguments drawn from the writings of Cardinal Belat Ludlow to have been unprofitably spent. Then larmin—the necessity of baptism to salvation, and he taught for a time at Wroxeter, to help his old that there could be no true Church without bishops. schoolmaster there, who was dying of consumption. In December, 1605, on St. Stephen's Day, Laud Hindered himself by much ill-health, young Baxter married the divorced Lady Rich—Sidney's Stellastudied privately for the ministry. For two years to her old and constant lover, formerly Sir Charles after he had attained the age of twenty-one Richard Blount, then Charles Lord Mountjoy, and next Baxter had his religious thoughts intensified by created Earl of Devonshire for his conduct in the expectation of death from violent cough with spit- Irish wars. James was offended by the act of marting of blood. He presented himself to the Bishop riage to a divorced wife in her husband's lifetime. of Worcester for examination for orders, was or- The Earl of Devonshire was in disgrace at court, dained, and licensed to teach in a newly-founded free and Laud lost royal favour. A sermon preached by school at Dudley, where he often preached in the Laud in 1606, at St. Mary's Church, before his Unitown and the neighbouring villages. From Dudley | versity, revived the charge of Popery against his he removed in less than a year to assist the minister doctrine on church matters, and Peter Heylin says at Bridgenorth. There he was somewhat troubled Laud told him that it was then reckoned a heresy by “the Et-cetera Oath " framed by the Convocation to speak to him, and a suspicion of heresy to salute then sitting, which obliged the clergy, on pain of him in the street. Joseph Hall, afterwards Bishop expulsion, to swear “that they would never consent of Norwich, wrote to Laud at this time, “I would I to the alteration of the present government of the | knew where to find you, then I could tell how to Church by Archbishops, Deans, Archdeacons, &c." | take direct arms, whereas now I must pore and conThis set Baxter on the study of Episcopacy, and in |jecture. To-day you are in the tents of the Romanthe same year, 1640, he was invited to be preacher ists, to-morrow in ours; the next day between both; at Kidderminster, where the vicar had been declared against both. Our adversaries think you ours, we insufficient by the townspeople and reduced to the theirs, your conscience finds you with both, and reading of the prayers and the payment of £60 neither; I flatter you not. This of yours is the worst of all tempers.” In November, 1607, Laud, signified. “Yet was there great confusion,” wrote aged thirty-four, received his first preferment—the David Calderwood, “ great confusion and disorder in vicarage of Stamford, in Northamptonshire; and many kirks, by reason of the late innovation. In in the April following, the advowson of North Kil some kirks the people went out and left the minister worth, in Leicestershire. In the summer of 1608 alone; in some, when the minister would have them he proceeded to the degree of D.D., and was made to kneel, the ignorant and simple sort cried out, chaplain to Dr. Neile, Bishop of Rochester. To be The danger, if any be, light upon your own soul, near him he exchanged his living of North Kilworth and not upon ours. Some, when they could not get in October, 1609, for the rectory of West Tilbury, in the sacrament sitting, departed, and besought God Essex. In May, 1610, he was presented by the to be judge between them and the minister. It is Bishop of Rochester to the living of Cuckstone in not to be passed over in silence, how that when John Kent. He then resigned his fellowship in St. Lauder, minister at Cockburnspeth, was reaching the John's and lived at Cuckstone, but the place was bread till? one kneeling, a black dog start? up to unhealthy, and he was laid up with ague. Bishop snatch it out of his hand.” Neile was translated to Lichfield, and, before leaving King James used to say to Laud that he had given Rochester, obtained from the king for his friend | him nothing but the Deanery of Gloucester, “a shell Laud a prebend's stall in Westminster. Dr. Neile's without a kernel;” but in 1621 Laud was nominated successor at Rochester was another hearty friend to the bishopric of St. David's. Archbishop Abbot of Laud's--his old tutor, Dr. Buckeridge, who left in that year, while on a visit to Lord Zouch at the Presidency of St. John's College to take the Bramhill, by chance hit one of the gamekeepers, bishopric. Dr. Buckeridge and Dr. Neile exerted who was concealed in a thicket, when he had levelled all their influence to secure Dr. Laud's election to the | his crossbow at a deer. The man died, and although vacant Presidency, and obtained it in May, 1611, the Archbishop, deeply afflicted, was cleared of blame against strong opposition based on the opinion that by a Commission, and received a full pardon under Laud was “a Papist at heart, and cordially addicted the Great Seal, declaring him capable of exercising to Popery." King James presently appointed Dr. | his ecclesiastical authority as if the accident had not Laud one of his chaplains. After the death, in occurred, Laud and three other nominated bishops November, 1610, of Archbishop Richard Bancroft, objected to be consecrated by him. They were conhe was succeeded in the primacy by George Abbot, secrated by a commission of five bishops appointed a man moderate of temper and strict Calvinist in to act in the place of the Primate. his opinions, who reversed, as far as he could, the When Laud was thus made bishop the “ Pilgrim policy by which Bancroft had driven many of the | Fathers,” first driven from this country by the policy clergy from the Church. The new primate con of Archbishops Whitgift and Bancroft, had just sidered Laud's opinions too near to those of the established themselves at New Plymouth. A sepaRoman Church. It was he, indeed, who in opposing ratist or Brownist congregation following the counsel Laud's election to the Presidency of St. John's, had of Robert Brown to form, apart from the authorised described him as a Papist at heart. Laud was worship, separate and independent Churches on a neglected at court for some time, but his friend Scripture model.-had met at the village of Scrooby, Dr. Neile gave him a prebend in Lincoln, and in in Nottinghamshire, on the Yorkshire border. It December, 1615, the archdeaconry of Huntingdon, met at an episcopal manor house which had come to and in 1616 King James made Dr. Laud Dean of be used as a station for post-horses, and was occuGloucester. Dr. Miles Smith, one of the producers pied by William Brewster as postmaster. John of King James's authorised version of the Bible, was | Robinson was its minister, William Brewster its then Bishop of Gloucester, and openly expressed his ruling elder, and a youth named William Bradford indignation at the proceedings of the new Dean in walked in from the neighbouring hamlet of Austerchanging the place of the communion-table, and so field to worship there. Bradford's heart had been ordering the services that tumult arose against Popish first stirred by the preaching of Richard Clifton, revival, the civil authority had to interfere, and some rector of Babworth, near Scrooby. When Clifton rioters had to be sent to prison. Laud then returned was silenced as a Puritan, young Bradford, indigto court, and took part in action against the Oxford nant at this act of oppression, declared himself a Puritans. In 1617 Dr. Laud went with King James Separatist, and joined the congregation of John to Scotland, and urged the enforcement of a Liturgy Robinson at Scrooby, where his energy soon made upon the Scotch. Five Articles were then forced by him the civil head of the community, and he took King James on an unwilling people. These were, afterwards his place in history as Governor Bradford kneeling at sacrament, observation of Christmas and of New Plymouth. John Smith, pastor of a Sepaother holy days, episcopal confirmations, private ratist congregation at Gainsborough, had removed baptism, and private communion. In June, 1618, his church to Amsterdam to avoid persecution, and King James's declaration concerning lawful sports | he had been preceded by another minister--his tutor, and games on the Lord's Day was also introduced Johnson. Disputes arose among the people at Aminto Scotland. It would need force to supersede | sterdam, and when the refugee Church of Scrooby among the Scottish people one prejudice with another, joined them in 1608, the dissension calised John and this was not tried till the reign of Charles. The Robinson to remove with his followers to Leyden, outward conflict was about symbols that many on both sides held to be in themselves indifferent, but to
1 Till, to. the ignorant the symbols were in place of the things Start, for started; the ed being dropped after the ending in t.
where they remained eleven years in peace. But the Parliament, he went to his see, and had its income desire grew in them to found an easier and happier improved by the king's presentation to a rectorysociety than they could have as exiles in a foreign that of Creeke in Northamptonshire—which was to town, where men bred to English husbandry must be held with it. In August, 1622, he was at court learn town ways of earning their bread among again, ready with aid and encouragement to any strangers ; William Bradford had become a silk contest against Puritanism. Laud was thoroughly dyer, William Brewster a printer. Colonisation was in earnest, thoroughly honest, and as religious as a then, in England and elsewhere, occupying energetic man can be who battles for that which he holils to thought. John Robinson and his congregation of be the highest truth in a breast-plate of righteousthree hundred resolved to live no longer among ness that is not tempered with charity. Bulstrode foreigners, but to go out and found in the New Whitelock said of him truly, that “ he was too full World an English province in which their religion of fire, though a just and good man; and his want should be free. They sought in vain an Act of tole- of experience in State matters, and his too much ration from the king. While they were negotiating, zeal for the Church, and heat, if he proceedel in the Puritans of Lancashire were forced, by a royal the way he was then in, would set this nation on declaration, to conform, or leave the kingdom ; but fire.” When, in May, 1622, John Fisher, the Jesuit by the help of Sir Edwin Sandys (to whose brother who had been hoping to convert the Duchess (then the Scrooby manor house belonged), the English the Marchioness) of Buckingham to Romanism, was congregation at Leyden obtained a patent from the invited to argue openly before the Duke with an Virginia Company. They bought in London the English divine, Dr. Francis White was the divine Speedwell, a vessel of about sixty tons, and hired appointed. They argued twice, and as, on both in England the Mayflower, a vessel of 180 tons, occasions, nothing had been said on the dogma of brought these little ships to Delft Haven, and there an infallible church, the king appointed a third embarked in them, on the 22nd of July, 1620, as meeting, at which Laud was appointed to argue, and many of the congregation as they would contain. was held to have confuted Fisher. He wrote of William Brewster went as their leader, William his argument afterwards : “The Catholic Church of Bradford and Miles Standish being of the company. | | Christ is neither Rome nor a conventicle; out of John Robinson, their pastor, stayed with those that there is no salvation, I easily confess it ; but who were left, and blessed the departing vessels out of Rome there is, and out of a conventicle too. from the shore. “I charge you," he said, in his | Salvation is not shut up into this narrow conclave. solemn farewell, “I charge you before God and His In this discourse I have, therefore, endeavoured to blessed angels, that you follow me no farther than lay open those wider gates of the Catholic Church, you have seen me follow the Lord Jesus Christ. | confined to no age, time, or place, not knowing any The Lord has more truth yet to break forth out of bounds, but that faith which was once, and but once His Holy Word. I cannot sufficiently bewail the for all, delivered to the saints. And in my pursuit condition of the Reformed Churches, who are come of this way, I have searched after, and delivered with to a period in Religion, and will go at present no a single heart, that truth which I profess." In June, farther than the instruments of their Reformation. 1622, the Marquis of Buckingham appointed Laud Luther and Calvin were great and shining lights his chaplain, who became his confidential agent in in their times, yet they penetrated not into the London during the secret visit to Spain with Prince whole counsel of God. I beseech you remember it | Charles, arising out of the question of the Spanish -'tis an article of your Church-covenant--that you match. After the death of James I., on the 24th of be ready to receive whatever truth shall be made | March, 1625, Laud remained firm in the patronage known to you from the written Word of God.” On of the Duke of Buckingham, who was the new king's the 11th of December, 1620, after various explora- | favourite. Thus Laud became upon church matters tions for a fitting place of settlement, the Pilgrims the chief adviser of Charles I. He drew up the list landed where they could resolve to moor the May. | from which the new king was to appoint chaplains flower and begin a settlement, which they called- free from Puritanism. He preached at the opening after the last bit of England they had received kind- of Parliament, and as the Archbishop of Canterbury, ness from at their departure-Plymouth. Every who would place the crown on Charles's head, man of them built his own house in hard winter happened to be also Dean of Westminster, and in weather. The Governor first appointed was among | that character had also duties at the coronation, its victims; his son died when they landed, he died | Laud was appointed to supply his place as dean. It himself soon after, and the bereaved wife and mother was afterwards urged against him that at the coroquickly followed. At the end of March, 1621, nation he caused a silver crucifix found among the William Bradford became his successor. Until the regalia to be placed upon the altar, and modified, in harvest of 1623 the infant colony that was to de- two places, the coronation oath. Laud preached. velop into a new world of English energy and free- four days after the coronation, at the opening of dom suffered much from want. Food was obtained the second Parliament. He dwelt upon unity. from ships at famine prices, and there is a tradition “Would you," he said, “ keep the State in unity? that at one time there was only a pint of corn in In any case, take heed of breaking the peace of the the place, and that, being divided with strict justice, Church. The peace of the State depends much upon gave to each inhabitant five kernels.
it: for, divide Christ in the minds of men, or divide In November, 1621, Laud was consecrated Bishop the minds of men about their hopes of salvation in of St. David's. After maintaining liis cause in ! Christ, and then tell me where will be the unity 1"
Lawful Sports to be used on Sundays,” first issued by James I. in 1618, was revived and extended, with requirement upon all clergy to publish it in their churches on pain of cognizance by the High Com
And so he gave his influence in aid of the old policy of compulsion. In 1626 William Laud was translated from his see of St. David's to that of Bath and Wells, was made also Dean of the Chapel Royal, and a Privy Councillor. In July, 1628, he was translated from the bishopric of Bath and Wells to that of London ; in April, 1630, Laud was made Chancellor of the University of Oxford ; in July, 1630, as Dean of the Chapel Royal, he baptized the infant who afterwards became Charles II. In the same year, a Scotch minister, Alexander Leighton, father to the more famous Robert Leighton, personally presented to members of the House of Commons a book he had written, called “ An Appeal to Parliament, or Zion's Plea again Prelacy." He was sentenced by the Star Chamber to a fine of £10,000 and imprisonment for life, then transferred to the High Court of Commission to be degraded from his ministerial office, because the Star Chamber could not pass sentence of corporal punishment upon a man in orders. Having been degraded by the High Commission, he was returned to the Star Chamber, where he was further sentenced to be pilloried at Westminster during the sitting of the court, and there whipped ; after the whipping to have one of his ears cut off, his nose slit, his forehead branded with S.S. for Seditious Slanderer, and then to be taken to his prison, whence at another time he was to be conveyed to the pillory in Cheapside, where his other ear was to be cut off and he was again to be whipped. Leighton's imprisonment lasted for ten years, until he was released by the Long Parliament in 1640. Alexander Leighton was then made keeper of Lambeth Palace, after Laud had been imprisoned in the Tower; but Leighton died insane in 1645. In 1633, William Prynne, a Puritan barrister, published against stage plays, masques, and dances his “ HistrioMastix.” It denounced masques and dances in terms that could be said to involve the queen in their condemnation. Therefore he was committed to the Tower. In the same year, 1633, Laud, Bishop of London, went with Charles I. into Scotland, and helped to impose a liturgy upon the Scottish Church against the will of the people ; and in August of that year Dr. Abbot, Archbishop of Canterbury, whose resistance to the policy of compulsion had withdrawn him from royal favour, died. Laud was immediately appointed his successor. At the same time he had secret offer of a cardinal's hat through a person to whom he records in his diary that he answered, “ Something dwelt within him which would not suffer that, till Rome was otherwise than it was at the present time.” Laul at once pursued his policy with excess of zeal. The “Declaration concerning
THE KINGS MAIESTIES DECLARATION TO HIS SUBJECTS, CONCERNING LAWFULL SPORTS TO BEE VSED.
By the King. Our Deare Father of blessed Memory, in his returne from Scotland, comming through Lancashire, found that his Subiects were debarred from Lawful Recreations ypon Sundayes after Euening Prayers ended, and vpon Holy dayes : And Hee prudently considered, that if these times were taken from them, the meaner sort who labour hard all the weeke, should haue no Recreations at all to refresh their spirits. And after His returne, Hee farther saw that His loyall Subiects in all other parts of His Kingdome did suffer in the same kinde, though perhaps not in the same degree: And did therefore in His Princely wisedome, publish a Declaration to all his louing Subiects concerning lawfull Sports to be vsed at such times, which was printed and published by His royall Commandement in the yeere 1618. In the Tenor which hereafter followeth.
9 By the King. Whereas opon Our returne the last yere out of Scotland, We did publish Our Pleasure touching the recreations of Our people in those parts vnder Our hand: For some causes Vs thereunto moouing, Wee haue thought good to command these Our Directions then giuen in Lancashire with a few words thereunto added, and most appliable to these parts of Our Realmes, to bee published to all Our Subiects.
Ilhereas Wee did iustly in Our Progresse through Lanceshire, rebuke some Puritanes and precise people, and tooke order that the like vnlawfull carriage should not bee vsed by any of them hereafter, in the prohibiting and vnlawfull punishing of Our good people for vsing their lawfull Recrea
i Or Sower of Sedition. When Prynne had been branded on the cheek with S. L. (Seditious Libeller), he made these lines on his way back in a boat to the Tower :
“S. L. STIGMATA LAUDIS.
Exultans remeo, victima grata Deo."
"S. L. Laod's SCARS.
Laud's scorching scars, God's grateful sacrifice.
tions, and honest exercises vpon Sundayes and other Holy men, leaping, vaulting, or any other such harmelesse Recreadayes, after the afternoone Sermon or Seruice: Wee now tion, nor from hauing of May-Games, Whitson Ales, and finde that two sorts of people wherewith that Countrey is | Morris-dances, and the setting vp of Maypoles & other sports much infected, (Wee meane Papists and Puritanes) haue therewith vsed, so as the same be had in due & conuenient maliciously traduced and calumniated those Our iust and time, without impediment or neglect of Diuine Seruice: And honourable proceedings. And therefore lest Our reputation that women shall haue leaue to carry rushes to the Church might vpon the one side (though innocently) haue some for the decoring of it, according to their old custome. But aspersion layd vpon it, and that vpon the other part Our withall We doe here account still as prohibited all vnlawfull good people in that Countrey be misled by the mistaking games to bee vsed vpon Sundayes onely, as Beare and Bull. and misinterpretation of Our meaning: We haue therefore baitings, Interludes, and at all times in the meaner sort of thought good hereby to cleare and make Our pleasure to be people by Law prohibited, Bowling. manifested to all Our good People in those parts.
And likewise We barre from this benefite and liberty, all It is true that at Our first entry to this Crowne, and King such knowne recusants, either men or women, as will abstaine dome, Wee were informed, and that too truely, that Our from comming to Church or diuine Seruice, being therefore County of Lancashire abounded more in Popish Recusants vnworthy of any lawfull recreation after the said Seruice, then any County of England, and thus hath still continued that will not first come to the Church, and serue God: since to Our great regreet, with little amendmēt, saue that Prohibiting in like sort the said Recreations to any that, now of late, in Our last riding through Our said County, Wee though conforme in Religion, are not present in the Church find both by the report of the Iudges, and of the Bishop of at the seruice of God, before their going to the said Recreathat diocesse, that there is some amendment now daily tions. Our pleasure likewise is, That they to whom it bebeginning, which is no small contentment to Vs.
longeth in Office, shall present and sharpely punish all such as The report of this growing amendment amongst them, in abuse of this Our liberty, will vse these exercises before made Vs the more sorry, when with Our owne Eares We the ends of all Diuine Seruices for that day. And We likeheard the generall complaint of Our people, that they were wise straightly command, that euery person shall resort to his barred from all lawfull Recreation, & exercise vpon the Sun owne Parish Church to heare Diuine Seruice, and each Parish dayes afternoone, after the ending of all Diuine Seruice, which by it selfe to vse the said Recreation after Diuine Seruice. cannot but produce two euils : The one, the hindering of the Prohibiting likewise any Offensiue weapons to bee carried conuersion of many, whom their Priests will take occasion or vsed in the said times of Recreations. And Our pleasure hereby to vexe, perswading them that no honest mirth or is, That this Our Declaration shall bee published by order recreation is lawfull or tolerable in Our Religion, which from the Bishop of the Diocesse, through all the Parish cannot but breed a great discontentment in Our peoples | Churches, and that both Our Iudges of Our Circuit, and Our hearts, especially of such as are peraduenture vpon the point | Iustices of Our Peace be informed thereof. of turning; The other inconuenience is, that this prohibition
Giuen at Our Mannour of Greenwich the foure barreth the common and meaner sort of people from vsing
and twentieth day of May, in the sixteenth such exercises as may make their bodies more able for Warre,
yeere of Our Raigne of England, France and when Wee or Our Successours shall haue occasion to vse
Ireland, and of Scotland the one and fiftieth. them. And in place thereof sets vp filthy tiplings and drunkennesse, & breeds a number of idle and discontented Now out of a like pious Care for the seruice of God, and speeches in their Alehouses. For when shall the common for suppressing of any humors that oppose trueth, and for people haue leaue to exercise, if not vpon the Sundayes & the Ease, Comfort, & Recreation of Our well deseruing holydaies, seeing they must apply their labour, & win their People, Wee doe ratifie and publish this Our blessed Fathers liuing in all working daies ?
Declaration: The rather because of late in some Counties of Our expresse pleasure therefore is, that the Lawes of Our Our Kingdome, Wee finde that vnder pretence of taking Kingdome, & Canons of Our Church be as well obserued in
away abuses, there hath been a generall forbidding, not onely that Countie, as in all other places of this Our Kingdome. of ordinary meetings, but of the Feasts of the Dedication of And on the other part, that no lawfull Recreation shall bee the Churches, commonly called Wakes. Now our expresse barred to Our good People, which shall not tend to the breach will and pleasure is, that these Feasts with others shall bee of Our aforesayd Lawes, and Canons of Our Church: which obserued, and that Our Iustices of the peace in their seuerall to expresse more particularly, Our pleasure is, That the Diuisions shall looke to it, both that all disorders there, may Bishop, and all other inferiour Churchmen, and Church be preuented or punished, and that all neighbourhood and wardens, shall for their parts bee carefull and diligent, both freedome, with manlike and lawfull Exercises bee vsed. And to instruct the ignorant, and conuince and reforme them that Wee farther Command Our Justices of Assize in their seuerall are mis-led in Religion, presenting them that will not con Circuits, to see that no man doe trouble or molest any of Oar forme themselues, but obstinately stand out to Our Iudges
loyall and duetifull people, in or for their lawfull Recrui. and Iustices : Whom We likewise command to put the Law tions, having first done their duetie to God, and continuing in due execution against them.
in obedience to Vs and Our Lawes. And of this Wee comOur pleasure likewise is, That the Bishop of that Diocesse
mand all our Iudges, Iustices of the Peace, as well within take the like straight order with all the Puritanes and Pre
Liberties as without, Maiors, Bayliffes, Constables, and other cisians within the same, either constraining them to con Officers, to take notice of, and to see obscrued, as they tender forme themselues, or to leaue the County according to the Our displeasure. And Wee farther will, that publication of Lawes of Our Kingdome, and Canons of Our Church, and so | this Our Command bee made by order from the Bishops to strike equally on both hands, against the contemners of Our through all the Parish Churches of their seuerall Diocesso Authority, and aduersaries of Our Church. And as for Our respectiuely. good peoples lawfull Recreation, Our pleasure likewise is,
Giuen at Our Palace of Westminster the righ. That after the end of Diuine Seruice, Our good people be
teenth day of October, in the ninth yerre of not disturbed, letted, or discouraged from any lawful recrea
Our Reigne. tion, Such as dauncing, either men or women, Archery for
God sane the King