Imagens das páginas

In conversation bo sincere,

Keep conscience as the noontide clear; 10

Think how all-seeing God thy ways

And all thy secret thoughts surveys.

By influence of the light divine
Let thy own light to others shine;
Reflect all heaven* s propitious rays
In ardent love and cheerful praise.

Wake, and lift up thyself, my heart,

And with the angels bear thy part,

Who all night long unwearied sing

High praise to the eternal King— 20

I wake, I wake!—ye heavenly choir,
May your devotion me inspire;
That I like you my age may spend,
Like you may on my God attend.

May L like you, in God delight,
Have all day long my God in sight,
Perform, like you, my Maker's will—
Oh may I never more do ill.

Had I your wings, to heaven I'd fly;

But God shall that defect supply; 30

And my soul, winged with warm desire,

Shall all day long to heaven aspire.

All praise to Thee, who safe hast kept,
And hast refreshed me whilst I slopt.
Grant, Lord, when I from death shall wake,
I may of endless light partake.

I would not wake, nor rise again,

Even heaven itself I would disdain,

Wert not Thou there to be enjoyed,

And I in hymns to be employed. 40

Heaven is, dear Lord, where'er Thou art;
Oh never then from me depart;
For to my soul 'tis hell to be
But for one moment void of Thee.

Lord, I my vows to Theo renow,
Disperse my sins as morning dew;
Guard my first springs of thought and will,
And with Thyself my spirit fill.

Direct, control, suggest, this day,

All I design, or do, or say; 50

That all my powers, with all their might,

In thy sole glory may unite.

Praise God, from whom all blessings flow,
Praise him, all creatures here below;
Praise him above, ye heavenly host,
Praise Father, Son, and Holy Ghost.


All praise to thee, my God, this night,
For all the blessings of the light!
Keep me, O keep me, King of kings,
Beneath thine own almighty wings.

Forgive me, Lord, for thy dear Son,
The ill that I this day have done;
That with the world, myself, and Thee,
I, ere I sleep, at peace may be.

Teach mo to live, that I may dread
The grave as little as my bed;
To die, that this vile body may
Rise glorious at the awful day.

Oh may my soul on Thee repose,
And may sweet sleep mine eyelids close-
Sleep, that may me more vigorous make,
To serve my God when I awake.

When in the night I sleepless he,
My soul with heavenly thoughts supply;
Let no ill dreams disturb my rest.
No powers of darkness me molest

Dull sleep!—of sense me to deprive:
I am but half my time alive.
Thy faithful lovers, Lord, are grieved
To lie so long of Thee bereaved.

But though sleep o'er my frailty reiiras.
Let it not hold me long in chains:
And now and then let loose my heart,
Till it an Hallelujah dart.

The faster sleep the senses binds.
The more unfettered are our minds:
Oh may my soul, from matter free,
Thy loveliness unclouded see.

Oh when shall I, in endless day.
For ever chase dark sleep away:
And hymns with the supernal choir
Incessant sing, and never tire!

Oh may my Guardian, while I sleep,
Closo to my bed his vigils keep,
His love angelical distil.
Stop all the avenues of ill.

May he celestial joy rehearse.
And thought to thought with me convers
Or in my stead, all the night long.
Sing to my God a grateful song.

Praise God, from whom all blessings &>*•
Praise him, all creatures here below:
Praise him above, ye heavenly host.
Praise Father, Son, and Holy Ghost

In 1681, Ken published a " Manual of PraTts* the Scholars of Winchester College." He w»s £»" Bishop of Bath and Wells not manv days W*" the death of Charles II. On the 8th of June. 1"*' he was among the seven bishops committed »t* Tower for seditious libeL On the 30th of if the day of the acquittal of the seven Usdm* messenger was sent to invite William of Onerwho landed in Torbay on the 5th of Now*1** William and Mary became King and Qw* 5 England on the 13th of February, 16S& & William Sancroft, Archbishop of Canterbury, and four more of the seven, including Ken, refused to take the oaths of allegiance to the new sovereigns, and, with about four hundred clergymen and members of the university, they were deprived. Ken was housed and cared for by his friend Lord Weymouth, at Longleate House, until his death in 1711. In these latter years he was suffering excruciating pain from chronic disease, and "for many years travelled with his shroud in his portmanteau, as what he often said might be as soon wanted as any other of his habiliments." During these years of suffering he wrote several poems entitled "Anodynes," of which these are two :—


Since 'tis God's will, Pain, take your course,

Exert on me your utmoBt force—

I well God's truth and promise know.

He never sends a woo,

But His supports divine

In due proportion with the affliction join.

Though I am frailest of mankind,

And apt to waver as the wind—

Though me no feeble bruised reed

In weakness can exceed—

My soul on God relies,

And I your fierce, redoubled shocks despise.

Patient, resigned, and humble wills

Impregnably resist all ills.

My God will guide me by His light,

Give me victorious might:

No pang can me invade

Beneath His wing's propitious shade.


In pity my most tender God

Now takes from me His rod;

And the transporting Easo I feel,

Knkindles in mo ardent zeal,

That love, joy, praise, may all combine,

To sing infinity of love divine.

My love, joy, praise, all powera within,
Your heavenly task begin!
My love shall ever keep on wing,
Incessantly shall heaven-ward spring;
Love, the beloved still keeps in mind,
Loves all day long, and will not be confined.


''bom The English Revolution To The Death Of Queen Anne.Tillotson, Locke, Burnet, Steele, Addison, Blackmore, Isaac Watts, And Others.Ad. 1689 To A.d. 1714.

OHS Dryden remained firm to his principles, and ied a Roman Catholic, on May-day of the year 700. There is a paraphrase by him of the hymn to he Holy Ghost, "Veni, Creator Spiritus," said to

have been written in the fourth century by St. Ambrose, for Pentecost. In the year 1100 it was inserted in the office for the consecration of a bishop, and afterwards into that for the ordination of priests. It was retained, as opening part of the same ceremony, in the Lutheran churches. This is Dryden's Paraphrase :—


Creator Spirit, by whose aid

The world's foundations first were laid,

Come, visit every pious mind;

Come, pour thy joys on human kind;

From sin and sorrow set us free,

And make Thy temples worthy Thee.

O source of uncreated light,

The Father's promised Paraclete!

Thrice holy fount, thrice holy firo,

Our hearts with heavenly love inspire;

Come, and Thy sacred unction bring

To sanctify us while we sing.

Plenteous of grace, descend from high,

Rich in Thy sevenfold energy!

Thou strength of His Almighty hand,

Whose power does heaven and earth command;

Proceeding Spirit, our defence,

Who dost the gift of tongues dispense,

And crownst Thy gift with eloquence;

Refine and purge our earthly parts;

But, oh, inflame and fire our hearts!

Our frailties help, our vice control,

Submit the senses to the soul;

And when rebellious they are grown,

Then lay Thy hand, and hold them down.

Chose from our minds the infernal foe,

And Peace, the fruit of Love, bestow;

And lest our feet should step astray,

Protect and guide us in the way.

Make us eternal truths receive,

And practise all that we believe:

Give us Thyself, that we may see

The Father and the Son by Thee.

Immortal honour, endless fame,

Attend the Almighty Father's name:

The Saviour Son be glorified,

Who for lost man's redemption died:

And equal adoration be,

Eternal Paraclete, to Thee.

The religious aspect of the Revolution as it was regarded by a leader among the clergy who most favoured it, may be found in "A ThanksgivingSermon for our Deliverance by the Prince of Orange," preached at Lincoln's Inn Chapel, by Dr. John Tillotson, on the 31st of January, 1689.

John Tillotson (whose great-grandfather had changed the family name from Tilston to Tillotson) was eldest of three sons of a clothier at Sowerby, in Yorkshire, and was born there in 1630. He entered Clare Hall, Cambridge, in 1647, commenced B.A. in 1650, and M.A. in 1654. His tutor had been a Nonconformist who was among those in controversy with Stillingfleet. Writings of Chillingworth had much influence upon his mind, and he had a long personal friendship with Dr. John Wilkins. Jn

[merged small][graphic]

Johh Tillotson. (From the Portrait be/on lii> Works: 1*01.)

pains with his sermons, endeavouring to make theni ■clear and unaffected in their style and reasoning. Several of his early sermons, like that of 1664, on "The Wisdom of being Religious," which he enlarged before publication into a small treatise, were •directed against the growing tendency to Atheism. Under Charles II., Tillotson became Dean of Canterbury, and chaplain to the king, who did not like him. Dean Tillotson warmly supported the bill for the exclusion of the Duke of York, yet both he and his friend Gilbert Burnet sought to persuade Lord William Russell, before his execution, to acknowledge the unlawfulness of resistance to authority, and as Lord Russell's chaplain, Mr. Samuel Johnson, afterwards put it, "to bequeath a legacy of slavery to his country." But Tillotson recovered ground, and became a trusted friend of Lady Russell. At the Revolution this is the reference to political events in liis Thanksgiving-Sermon, on a text from Ezra ix. 13, 14 :—-"And after all that is come upon us for our •evil deeds, and for our great trespass, seeing that Thou our God hast punished us less than our iniquities deserve, and hast given us such deliverance :as this; should we again break thy commandments, and join in affinity with the people of these abominations, wouldst not Thou be angry with us till Thou hadst consumed us, so that there should be no remnant nor escaping]"

THE GREAT DELIVERANCE OF 1688. The case in the text doth very much resemble our*. AW that in three respects. God hath sent groat judgm-inti *.•: us for our evil deeds and for our great trespasses: H* k£i punished us less than our iniquities have deserved, and iij given us a very great and wonderful deliverance.

1. God hath inflicted great judgments upon us for oarer] deeds, and for our great trespasses. Great judgments, ';■" for the quality, and for the continuance of them. It «bu suffice only to mention those which are of a mare sxc*i date. Scarce hath any nation been more calamitous Ins* "-< of ours, both in respect of the invasions and canqusff foreigners, and of our own civil and intestine divisions, f-z times we have been conquered; by the Romans, Sum Danes, and Normans. And our intestine divisions han A* wise been great and of long continuance. Witness the B&: • Wars, and that long and cruel contest between the In Houses of York and Lancaster.

But to come nearer to our own times, what fearful j«Lments and calamities of war, and pestilence, and fire, av? many of us seen? and how Ciobo did thoy follow one snothr' What terrible havoc did the sword make amongst tr many years? And this not the sword of a foreign ee""?, but a civil war; the mischiefs whereof were all nrassstsl upon ourselves, and have given deep wounds, and left br— scars upon the most considerable families in the nation. . . . . Alia sedent cir'U'u vulnera dextT** This war was drawn out to a great length, and i»i i tragical end, in the murder of an excellent king; and is i banishment of his children into a strange country, whath thcy were exposed to the arts and practices of those of uu&r religion; the mischievous consequences whereof we k^ ever since sadly laboured under, and do feel them at thi • fcj. And when God was pleased in great mercy at last to sat an end to the miserable distractions and confusions of afc-X twenty years, by the happy restoration of the royal f*-r>, and our ancient government; which seemed to promise : ■ 3 a lasting settlement, and all the felicities we could wish: y* how soon was this bright and glorious morning overcafi.'' the restless and black designs of that sure and invekrsx enemy of ours, the Church of Rome, for the restoring of tber religion amongst us. And there was too much eneae-utment given to this design, by those who had power in tis hands, and had brought home with them a secret Fmc-" • to it.

For this great trespass, and for our many other sr-s, G°« was angry with us, and sent among us the most n~~a: pestilence that ever was known in this nation, which is "»• spaco of eight or nine months swept away near a third jet of the inhabitants of this vast and populous city, and of £' suburbs thereof; besides a great many thousands meet: several parts of the nation.5 But we did not return to "Lord, nor seek Him for all this.

And therefore the very next year after, God sent a ten*1'* and devouring nre, which in less than three days* tin* — the greatest part of this great city in ashes. And them B >

1 Lucan's M Pharsalia," bk. i., Hue 32—

"Nor thou, fierce Pyrrhus, nor the Punic 1
This waste have made; no sword could rvsi.b so fisf:
Deep pierce the wound* received in civil war."

IMar'g • Tillotson, quoting from memory, wrote "monent " for "e * The plague of 1665: in which year there wire 97.00*: the City of London within the Bills of Mortality; sad d I 68,596 were of perrons who died of the plaa-ue, bendea assay V ■ no account was given by the parish clerks, and who were sen buried.

much reason to believe that the enemy did this: that perpetual and implacable enemy of the peace and happiness of this nation.'

And even since the time of that dreadful calamity, which is now above twenty years agone, we have been is a continual fear of the cruel designs of that party, which had hitherto been incessantly working underground, but now began to show themselves more openly; and especially since a prince of that religion succeeded to the crown, our eyes have been ready to fail us for fear, and for looking after those dreadful thini{3 that were coming upon us, and seemed to be even at the door. A fear which this nation could easily have rid itself of, because they that caused it were but a handful in comparison of us, and could have done nothing without a foreign force and assistance; had not the principles of humanity, and of our religion too, restrained us from violence and cruelty, and from everything which had the appearance of ii m lutif ulness to the government which the providence of Clod hud set over us. An instance of the like patience, under the like provocations, for so long a time, and after such visible and open attempts upon them, when they had the laws so plainly on their side, I challenge any nation or church in the world, from the very foundation of it, to produce. Insomuch, that if God had not put it into the hearts of our kind neighbours, and of that incomparable prince who laid and conducted that great design with so much skill and secrecy, to havo appeared so seasonably for our rescue, our patience had infallibly, without a miracle, been our ruin. And I am sure if our enemies had ever had the like opportunity in their hands, aud had over-balanced us in numbers but half so much as we did them, they would never have let it slip; but would long hi nee havo extirpated us utterly, and have "made the remembrance of us to have ceased from among men."

And now if you ask me, for what sins more especially God huth sent all these judgments upon us? it will not, I think, become us to bo very particular and positive in such determinations. Thus much is certain, that we have all sinned and contributed to these judgments; every one hath had some hand, more or less, in pulling down this vengeance upon t he nation. But we are all too apt to remove the meritorious rause of God's judgments as far as we can from ourselves ;i.'l our own party, and upon any slight pretence to lay it ipon others.

Yot I will venture to instance in one or two things which nay probably enough have had a more particular and imncdiate hand in drawing down the judgments of God upon us. Our horrible contempt of religion on the one hand, by our n fidelity and profaneness; and our shameful abuse of it on he other, by our gross hypocrisy, and sheltering great i ickedaess and immoralities under the cloak and profession f religion.

And then, great dissensions and divisions, great unehariibleness and bitterness of spirit among those of tho same religion; so that almost from the beginning of our happy It-formation the enemy had sown these tares, and by the un•caried malice and arts of the Church of Rome, tho seeds of i.sscnsion wcro scattered vory early amongst us; and a sour umour had been fermenting in the body of tho nation, both pon account of religion and civil interests, for a long time iforc things broke out into a civil war.

'The report was that the Soman Catholics had plotted to burn radon. Pope expressed hi* indignation at this in his reference to o inscription on the Monument, cut in 1681, erased under James IL, cat under William III., and finally erased in 1831.

"Where London's column, pointing at the skies,
Like a tall bully lifts the head and lies."

(•' On the Use of Riches.")

And more particularly yet; that which is called the great trespass here in the text, their joining "in affinity with thepeople of these abominations," by whom they had beendetained in a long captivity, this, I say, seems to have had, both from the nature of the thing, and the just judgment of God, no small influence upon a great part of the miseries and calamities which havo befallen us. For had it not been for the countenance which Popery had by the marriages and alliances of our princes, for two or three generations together, with those of that religion, it had not probably had a continuance among us to this day. Which will, I hope, now bea good warning to those who have the authority to do it, to make effectual provision by law for the prevention of thelike inconvenience and mischief in this nation for ever.

2. Another parallel between our case and that in the text is, that God hath punished us less than our iniquities did deserve. And this acknowledgment we havo as much reasonto make for ourselves, as Ezra had to do it in behalf of the Jews; "Thou our God hast punished us less than our iniquities deserve." Thou, our God, hast punished us; there is the reason of so much mercy and mitigation. It is God, and not man, with whom we havo to do; and therefore it is that we, the children of men, are not consumed. And it is our God likewise, to whom we have a more peculiar relation, and with whom, by virtue of our profession of Christianity, we are in covenant. '' Thou our God hast punished us less than our iniquities deserve." He might justly have poured forth all His wrath, and have made His jealousy to have smoked against us, and have blotted out the remembrance of us from under heaven: He might have given us up to the will of our enemies, and into tho hands of those whose tender mercies are cruelty: He might have brought us into the net which they had spread for us, and have laid a tcrriblo load of affliction upon our loins, and suffered insolent men to ride over our heads, and them that hated Ub with a perfect hatred to have had tho rule over us: but He was graciously pleased to remember mercy in the midst of judgment, and to repent Himself for His servants, when He saw that their power was gone, and that things were come to that extremity, that we were in ail human probability utterly unable to have wrought out our own deliverance.

3. The last parallel between our case and that in the text is tho great and wonderful deliverance which God hath wrought for us. And whilst I am speaking of this, " God is my witness, whom I Berve in the Gospel of His Son," that I do not say one word upon this occasion in flattery to men, but in true thankfulness to Almighty God, and constrained thereto from a juBt sense of His great mercy to us all, in this marvellous deliverance, in this mighty salvation which He wrought for us. So that we may say with Ezra, "SinceThou our God hast given us such a deliverance as this :" sogreat that we know not how to compare it with anything but itself. God hath given us this deliverance. And therefore, "Not unto us, O Lord, not unto us, but to Thy name be the praise." For Thou knowest, and wo are all conscious to ourselves, that we did nowise deserve it; but quite the contrary. God hath given it, and it ought to be so much the weleomer to us, for coming from such a hand. "It is the Lord's doing," and therefore ought to be the more "marvellous in our eyes." It is a deliverance full of mercy, and I had almost said, full of miracle. The finger of God wasvisibly in it; and there are plain signatures and characters upon it, of a moro immediate divinity interposition. And if we will not wisely consider tho Lord's doings, we have reason to Btand in awe of the threatenings of His: "Because they regard not the works of the Lord, nor the operation of Hi* hands, He shall destroy them, and not build them up."

[merged small][ocr errors][merged small]

--- _- +rs after, God was pleased to bring about - ---- most happy deliverance. That horrid gun

[ocr errors]

---, without precedent and without parallel, _-- is have been executed upon the fifth day of =same day upon which his Highness the Prince - =ied the forces here in England which he __ ==r for our rescue. So that this is a day every ----to be solemnly set apart and joyfully celebrated -- arch and nation, throughout all generations, as _s of all other to comprehend, and to put us in mind amorate all the great deliverances which God hath - for us, from Popery, and its inseparable companion, ---> Power. And we may then say with the holy -as--This is the Lord's doing, it is marvellous in our * This is the day which the Lord hath made: we will

- as and be glad in it.”

- As Dean of Canterbury, Dr. Tillotson exercised

- rehiepiscopal jurisdiction after suspension of the - Primate, Dr. Sancroft, for refusal of the oaths ap- * * inted by the Act of Parliament of the 24th of

The same oaths were refused by Dr. Ken,

- *** Rishop of Bath and Wells, and by the Bishops of John TILlorson. (From the Port- * : * worcester, Gloucester, Peterborough, Chichester, - - Ely, and Norwich. Sancroft was deprived of his - - - *" or office in 1690, and Tillotson succeeded him as ArchPains with his sermons, end --" bishop of Canterbury in 1691. Tillotson's age was §. i". *. * * - -- - then sixty-one, and he died in 1694. loveral of his early or -- King William offered in Parliament to excuse l The Wisdom .." T - the oath to the nonjuring clergy, on condition †. before pu o are that Dissenters might be excused the sacramental §. o | “ T-sa test; but the legislature overruled his wish for an *:::: er o o in on - on as even-handed policy of toleration. The old discord †. "...". ----- about Unity continued, and a small series of nonexclusion of the Duo -----isor. juring bishops, in a separate free church, continued his friend Gilbert to ---, -o- it was to exercise their functions and consecrate non-juring William Russell, or so "?" the priests down to the year 1779, when Dr. Gordon, the unlawfulness --~~~se them the last of the line of nonjuring bishops, died. The Lord Russell's o -- --> furiously, breach might have been healed after the death of wards put it, - - - -es *** * | James II. in 1701, if the Act of Abjuration had not his country” to -- - - - to required, acknowledgment of William as king by became a trust ---> months * right of law as well as by fact of possession. Revolution the - ----> * troubles? George Hickes, best known in literature for his His Thanksgive ----> * * * * | studies of First English and the Northern languages 14:—“And -s to *. of Europe, was one of the chiefs of the non-jurors. evil deeds, - **** He was born in 1642 at Newsham, Yorkshire, Thou our to o- one of | educated at Northallerton School and St. John's quities des. -> --> and o and College, Oxford, became D.D. both of St. Andrews as this -> *.*.*. and of Oxford, and in 1683 was made pean of and ioi - - so lost we sho W ter. One of the most tic of th na Join - -- * very easy. orces - ost energetic of the non tions, wo o oso "o o iurors, he was deprived of his church offices at the - * •e waded through J • - I hadst co- --> * ` it more. But Revolution, openly opposed the government, and had nor esco- -- - -- o: o jink of it, to leave the country. . In 1694 he was consecrated -- - *** for there can by three of the nonjuring bishops to a new bishopric

[ocr errors]
« AnteriorContinuar »