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Why did ye not seize them?” The soldiers answered and the people!” And they all kissed him; and Nicodemus took said, “We know not who the women were; besides, we became him to his house, having prepared a large entertainment. But as dead persons through fear, and how could we seize those on the morrow, being a preparation-day, Annas, and Caiaphas, women?” The Jews said to them, “As the Lord liveth, we do and Nicodemus said to Joseph, “ Make confession to the God not believe you." The soldiers answering said to the Jews, of Israel, and answer to us all those questions which we shall “When ye saw and heard Jesus working so many miracles, ask thee; for we have been very much troubled, that thou and did not believe him, how should ye believe us? Ye well didst bury the body of Jesus ; and that when we had locked said, “As the Lord liveth,' for the Lord truly does live. We thee in a chamber, we could not find thee; and we have been have heard that ye shut up Joseph, who buried the body of afraid ever since, till this time of thy appearing among us. Jesus, in a chamber, under a lock which was sealed; and Tell us therefore before God, all that came to pass." Then when ye opened it, found him not there. Do ye then pro Joseph answering, said, “ Ye did indeed put me under confineluce Joseph whom ye put under guard in the chamber, and ment, on the day of preparation, till the morning. But while we will produce Jesus whom we guarded in the sepulchre." I was standing at prayer in the middle of the night, the The Jews answered and said, “We will produce Joseph, do ye house was surrounded with four angels; and I saw Jesus as produce Jesus. For Joseph is in his own city of Arimathæa.” the brightness of the sun, and fell down upon the earth for The soldiers replied, “ If Joseph be in Arimathæa, Jesus also fear. But Jesus laying hold on my hand, lifted me from the is in Galilee; we heard the angel tell the women.” The ground, and the dew was then sprinkled upon me; but he, Jews hearing this, were afraid, and said among themselves, If wiping my face, kissed me, and said unto me, ‘Fear not, by any means these things should become public, then every- | Joseph; look upon me, for it is I.' Then I looked upon him, body will believe in Jesus. Then they gathered a large sum and said, Rabboni Elias ! He answered me, 'I am not Elias, of money, and gave it to the soldiers, saying, “Do ye tell the but Jesus of Nazareth, whose body thou didst bury.' I said people that the disciples of Jesus came in the night when ye to him, “Shew me the tomb in which I laid thee.' Then were asleep, and stole away the body of Jesus; and if Pilate Jesus, taking me by the hand, led me unto the place where I the governor should hear of this, we will satisfy him and laid him, and shewed me the linen clothes, and napkin which secure you.” The soldiers accordingly took the money, and I put round his head. Then I knew that it was Jesus, and said as they were instructed by the Jews: and their report worshipped him, and said, · Blessed be he who cometh in the was spread abroad among all the people. But a certain priest name of the Lord.' Jesus again taking me by the hand, led Phinees, Ada a schoolmaster, and a Levite, named Ageus, me to Arimathæa, to my own house, and said to me, * Peace they three, came from Galilee to Jerusalem, and told the chief be to thee; but go not out of thy house till the fortieth day; priests and all who were in the synagogues, saying, “We have | but I must go to my disciples.'”. seen Jesus, whom ye crucified, talking with his eleven disciples, and sitting in the midst of them in Mount Olivet, | There is nothing here of the Holy Graal, nor is and saying to them, “Go forth into the whole world, preach there evidence of any connection of that legend with the Gospel to all nations, baptising them in the name of the growing traditions of St. Joseph, until Walter Map Father, and the Son, and the Holy Ghost ; and whosoever told of the appearance of St. Joseph to a certain shall believe and be baptised, shall be saved. And when he herinit in the year 717, as a way of opening the had said these things to his disciples, we saw him ascending story which was to introduce a new element into up to heaven." And they sent forth men, who sought for

Arthurian romance :Jesus, but could not find him: and they returning, said, “We went all about, but could not find Jesus, but we have found

PRELUDE TO THE FIRST ROMANCE OF THE ST. GRAAL. Joseph in his city of Arimathæa.” The rulers hearing this, and all the people, were glad, and praised the God of Israel,

He who accounts himself the least and most sinful of all, because Joseph was found, whom they had shut up in a | salutes, and begins this history to all those whose heart and chamber, and could not find. And when they had formed a faith is in the Holy Trinity. The name of him who wrote large assembly, the chief priests said, “By what means shall this history is not told at the beginning. But by the words we bring Joseph to us to speak with him ?” And taking a piece that follow you may in a great measure perceive his name, of paper, they wrote to him, and said, “ Peace be with thee, | country, and a great part of his lineage. But he would not and all thy family. We know that we have offended against disclose himself in the beginning. And he has three reasons God and thee. Be pleased to give a visit to us thy fathers, for that. The first is that if he named himself, and said that for we were in utmost surprise at thine escape from prison. God had revealed through him so high a history, the felon We know that it was malicious counsel which we took against | and envious would turn it into scoff. The second is that all thee, and that the Lord took care of thee, and the Lord him who knew him, if they heard his name, would value the less self delivered thee from our designs. Peace be unto thee, his history, for being written by so mean a person. The Joseph, who art honourable among all the people.” And they third reason is, that if he put his name to the history, and chose seven of Joseph's friends, and said to them, “When ye any fault were found committed by him, or by a transcriber come to Joseph, salute him in peace, and give him this letter." from one book into another, all the blame would fall on his Accordingly, when the men came to Joseph, they did salute name; for there are so many more mouths that speak evil him in peace, and gave him the letter. And when Joseph than good, and a man gets more blame for a single fault than had read it, he said, “ Blessed be the Lord God, who didst praise for a hundred merits. And however he may wish to deliver me from the Israelites, that they could not shed my cover it, it would be more seen than he should like. But he blood. Blessed be God, who hast protected me under thy will tell quite openly how the History of the Saint Graal was wings.” And Joseph kissed them, and took them into his commanded to him to be made manifest. It happened 717 house. And on the morrow, Joseph mounted his ass, and years after the passion of Jesus Christ that I, the most sinful went along with them to Jerusalem. And when all the Jews of all men, was in a place wilder than I can describeheard these things, they went out to meet him, and cried out, saying, “ Peace attend thy coming hither, father Joseph !” | And then the story begins with the vision of Joseph, To which he answered, “ Prosperity from the Lord attend all who tells how the Holy Graal, or dish from which the

had been any chrissom child." Map took the legend
of Joseph of Arimathea, who also was said to be
buried at Glastonbury, and to whom the monastery
had a chapel consecrated, by additions of his own
drew from it a symbol of the mystery of godliness,
and by his genius associated this for all time with
the animal romances. The simplest form of the
tradition of Joseph of Arimathea is that about sixty-
three years after the birth of Christ he was sent by
the Apostle Philip, with eleven more of Philip's
disciples, into Britain. The twelve, it was said,
obtained leave from Arviragus, the British king,
to settle in a small uncultivated island, afterwards
known as Avalon, and the king gave each of them
a hide of land for his subsistence, in a district long
afterwards known as the “ Twelve Hides of Glaston.”
By them the religious house was founded, St. Joseph

flesh to the birds of the air and the beasts of the earth." Joseph answered, “That speech is like the speech of prond Goliath, who reproached the living God in speaking against David. But ye scribes and doctors know that God saith by the prophet, Vengeance is mine, and I will repay to you evil equal to that which ye have threatened to me. The God whom you have hanged upon the cross, is able to deliver me out of your hands. All your wickedness will return upon you. For the governor, when he washed his hands, said, I am clear from the blood of this just person.' But ye answered and cried out, “His blood be upon us and our children!' According as ye have said, may ye perish for ever.” The elders of the Jews hearing these words, were exceedingly enraged ; and seizing Joseph, they put him into a chamber where there was no window; they fastened the door, and put a seal upon the lock; and Annas and Caiaphas placed a guard upon it, and took counsel with the priests and Levites, that they should all meet after the sabbath, and they con

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CHAPEL OF ST. JOSEPH OF ARIMATHEA, GLASTONBURY. (From Warner's “ History of Glastonbury.”)

being its first abbot, and great privileges were ob- trived to what death they should put Joseph. When they tained for it.

had done this, the rulers, Annas and Caiaphas, ordered Joseph Of Joseph's history, after he had begged the body to be brought forth. of Christ for burial, as told by all the four Evan

In this place there is a portion of the narrative lost or gelists, this was the account given in the apocryphal | omitted, which cannot be supplied. Gospel of Nicodemus, and familiarly known before

When all the assembly heard this, they wondered and were Map's time :

astonished, because they found the same seal upon the lock or

the chamber, and could not find Joseph. Then Annas and JOSEPH OF ARIMATHEA.

Caiaphas went forth, and while they were all wondering at Joseph, when he came to the Jews, said to them, “Why are Joseph's being gone, behold one of the soldiers, who kept the ye angry with me for desiring the body of Jesus of Pilate ? sepulchre of Jesus, spake in the assembly, that while they Behold, I have put him in my tomb, and wrapped him up in were guarding the sepulchre of Jesus, there was an earthclean linen, and put a stone at the door of the sepulchre: I quake; “and we saw an angel of God roll away the stone have acted rightly towards him; but ye have acted unjustly of the sepulchre and sit upon it; and his countenance was against that just person, in crucifying him, giving him vine- like lightning and his garment like snow; and we became gar to drink, crowning him with thorns, tearing his body through fear like persons dead. And we heard an angel with whips, and prayed down the guilt of his blood upon saying to the women at the sepulchre of Jesus, 'Do not fear: you." The Jews at the hearing of this were disquieted, and I know that you seek Jesus who was crucified; he is risen, as troubled; and they seized Joseph, and commanded him to be he foretold. Come and see the place where he was laid ; and put in custody before the sabbath, and kept there till the go presently, and tell his disciples that he is risen from the sabbath was over. And they said to him, “ Make confession; dead, and he will go before you into Galilee; there ye shall for at this time it is not lawful to do thee any harm, till the see him, as he told you.'" Then the Jews called together all first day of the week come. But we know that thou wilt the soldiers who kept the sepulchre of Jesus, and said to not be thought worthy of a burial; but we will give thy them, “ Who are those women, to whom the angel spoke? Why did ve not seize them?” The soldiers answered and the people !” And they all kissed him; and Nicodemus took said. “We know not who the women were; besides, we became him to his house, having prepared a large entertainment. But as dead persons through fear, and how could we seize those on the morrow, being a preparation-day, Annas, and Caiaphas, women" The Jews said to them, “ As the Lord liveth, we do and Nicodemus said to Joseph, “ Make confession to the God not believe you." The soldiers answering said to the Jews, of Israel, and answer to us all those questions which we shall "When ye saw and heard Jesus working so many miracles, ask thee; for we have been very much troubled, that thou and did not believe him, how should ye believe us: Ye well didst bury the body of Jesus; and that when we had locked sud. As the Lord liveth,' for the Lord truly does live. We thee in a chamber, we could not find thee; and we have been have heard that ye shut up Joseph, who buried the body of afraid ever since, till this time of thy appearing among us.

estus, in a chamber, under a lock which was sealed; and Tell us therefore before God, all that came to pass.” Then when ye opened it, found him not there. Do ye then pro Joseph answering, said, “Ye did indeed put me under confineInce Joseph whom ye put under guard in the chamber, and ment, on the day of preparation, till the morning. But while we will produce Jesus whom we guarded in the sepulchre." I was standing at prayer in the middle of the night, the The Jews answered and said, “We will produce Joseph, do ye house was surrounded with four angels; and I saw Jesus as produce Jesus. For Joseph is in his own city of Arimathæa."

the brightness of the sun, and fell down upon the earth for The soldiers replied, “ If Joseph be in Arimathæa, Jesus also fear. But jesus laying hold on my hand, lifted me from the is in Galilee; we heard the angel tell the women.” The

ground, and the dew was then sprinkled upon me; but he, Jews hearing this, were afraid, and said among themselves, If

wiping my face, kissed me, and said unto me, ‘Fear not, by any means these things should become public, then every Joseph; look upon me, for it is I. Then I looked upon him, body will believe in Jesus. Then they gathered a large sum and said, Rabboni Elias! He answered me, I am not Elias,

f money, and gave it to the soldiers, saying, “Do ye tell the but Jesus of Nazareth, whose body thou didst bury.' I said people that the disciples of Jesus came in the night when ye to him, “Shew me the tomb in which I laid thee.' Then vere asleep, and stole away the body of Jesus; and if Pilate Jesus, taking me by the hand, led me unto the place where I the governor should hear of this, we will satisfy him and laid him, and shewed me the linen clothes, and napkin which saytre vou." The soldiers accordingly took the money, and I put round his head. Then I knew that it was Jesus, and and as they were instructed by the Jews: and their report worshipped him, and said, “ Blessed be he who cometh in the

to spread abroad among all the people. But a certain priest name of the Lord.' Jesus again taking me by the hand, led Pintes, Ada a schoolmaster, and a Levite, named Ageus, me to Arimathæa, to my own house, and said to me, Peace they three, came from Galilee to Jerusalem, and told the chief | be to thee; but go not out of thy house till the fortieth day;

iets and all who were in the synagogues, saying, “We have but I must go to my disciples.'sen Jesus, whom ye crucified, talking with his eleven decizies, and sitting in the midst of them in Mount Olivet, There is nothing here of the Holy Graal, nor is od saying to them, 'Go forth into the whole world, preach there evidence of any connection of that legend with

- limpel to all nations, baptising them in the name of the growing traditions of St. Joseph, until Walter Map Tabs, and the Son, and the Holy Ghost; and whosoever told of the appearance of St. Joseph to a certain

di believe and be baptised, shall be saved.' And when he hermit in the year 717, as a way of opening the nad said these things to his disciples, we saw him ascending story which was to introduce a new element into to heaven." And they sent forth men, who sought for | Arthuria

Arthurian romance :Ism, but could not find him : and they returning, said, “ We *vall about, but could not find Jesus, but we have found

PRELUDE TO THE FIRST ROMANCE OF THE ST. GRAAL. ispod in his city of Arimathæa.” The rulers hearing this, dal the people, were glad, and praised the God of Israel, He who accounts himself the least and most sinful of all,

Joseph was found, whom they had shut up in a salutes, and begins this history to all those whose heart and arter, and could not find. And when they had formed a faith is in the Holy Trinity. The name of him who wrote 22 24mbly, the chief priests said, “By what means shall this history is not told at the beginning. But by the words se 'gring Joseph to us to speak with him?" And taking a piece that follow you may in a great measure perceive his name, : pup-t, they wrote to him, and said, “ Peace be with thee, country, and a great part of his lineage. But he would not in thy family. We know that we have offended against disclose himself in the beginning. And he has three reasons made and thee. Be pleased to give a visit to us thy fathers, for that. The first is that if he named himself, and said that **** wire in utmost surprise at thine escape from prison. God had revealed through him so high a history, the felon * Lew that it was malicious counsel which we took against | and envious would turn it into scoff. The second is that all y me that the Lord took care of thee, and the Lord him who knew him, if they heard his name, would value the less

dj red thee from our designs. Peace be unto thee, | his history, for being written by so mean a person. The - sbart honourable among all the people.” And they third reason is, that if he put his name to the history, and tr o f Jorph's friends, and said to them, “When ye any fault were found committed by him, or by a transcriber

dosph, salute him in peace, and give him this letter.” | from one book into another, all the blame would fall on his rrindly, when the men came to Joseph, they did salute name; for there are so many more mouths that speak evil

forf, and gave him the letter. And when Joseph than good, and a man gets more blame for a single fault than mait, he said, “ Blessed be the Lord God, who didst praise for a hundred merits. And however he may wish to songs may from the Israelites, that they could not shed my cover it, it would be more seen than he should like. But he when Brisud 1 God, who hast protected me under thy will tell quite openly how the History of the Saint Graal was * " And Jumph kissed them, and took them into his commanded to him to be made manifest. It happened 717

Act on the morrow, Joseph mounted his ass, and years after the passion of Jesus Christ that I, the most sinful * Uz with them to Jerusalem. And when all the Jews of all men, was in a place wilder than I can describe--

may be thing they went out to meet him, and cried out, : * P atund the coming hither, father Joseph !" | And then the story begins with the vision of Joseph,

to the be answered, “ Prosperity from the Lord attend all who tells how the Holy Graal, or dish from which the

Last Supper was eaten, was taken by a Jew to Pilate, Westminster. But Malory only reproduced in his who gave it to Joseph of Arimathea, whom he knew own English the old material, and an English reader to be one of the Saviour's devoted friends. When ! has no book that will bring home to him the form Joseph took the body of the Lord down from the and spirit of Map's “ Quest of the Graal" so well as cross he washed the wounds in the same dish. When the chapters of Malory which reproduce its story. the Jews, angered at the Resurrection, imprisoned From him I take, therefore, some illustrations of Joseph, he is said to have been forty-two years in a dungeon preserved by sight of the Holy Graal

THE QUEST OF THE GRAAL.' miraculously placed in his hands. Released by Ves

The king and all estates went home unto Camelot, and pasian, Joseph quitted Jerusalem, and went with the

so went to evensong to the great minster. And so aftur Graal through France into Britain. Here he taught,

upon that to supper, and every knight sat in his own place and died at Glastonbury, and the Holy Graal was

as they were toforehand. Then anon they heard cracking preserved in the treasury of one of the kings of the

and crying of thunder, that them thought the place should island, known as the Fisherman King. But it is so

all to-drive. In the midst of this blast entered a sun-beam sacred that it is not visible to the impure. This more clearer by seven times than ever they saw day, and all made the Quest of the Graal by Arthur's knights a they were alighted of the grace of the Holy Ghost. Then type of the striving to come near to God, the sight began every knight to behold other, and either saw other of the Graal an embodiment of the thought of the by their seeming fairer than ever they saw afore. Not for Psalmist, “Who shall ascend into the hill of the then there was no knight might speak one word a great Lord, or who shall stand in his holy place? He that while, and so they looked every man on other, as they hath clean hands and a pure heart: who hath not had been dumb. Then there entered into the hall the holy lifted up his soul unto vanity, nor sworn deceitfully;" Graile covered with white samite, but there was none might or of the words of Christ himself, “Blessed are the see it, nor who bare it. And there was all the hall full pure in heart, for they shall see God.” Beginning filled with good odours, and every knight had such meats with this new legend of Joseph of Arimathea, Map

and drinks as he best loved in this world; and when the took next from Geoffrey of Monmouth the prophecies

holy Graile had been borne through the hall, then the holy of Merlin, then reproduced in a form of his own

vessel departed suddenly, that they wist not where it became. the fleshly charm of Arthurian romance in the story

Then had they all breath to speak. And then the king of Lancelot; gave Lancelot a son Galahad, pure as

yielded thankings unto God of his good grace that he had a maid ; and in the Quest of the Graal, which Galahad

sent them. “Certes," said the king, “ we ought to thank our especially accomplished, he caused men to find the

Lord Jesu greatly, for that he hath shewed us this day at the charm of romance in religious teaching; then he

reverence of this high feast of Pentecost.” “Now," said Sir

Gawaine, “ we have been served this day of what meats and went on to the close of the series, with the death of

drinks we thought on; but one thing beguiled us, we might Arthur, adapting all to his design so perfectly that

not see the holy Graile, it was so preciously covered: wherethe Graal story became thenceforth inseparable from

fore I will make here avow, that to-morn, without longer Arthurian legend. Although in conception and

abiding, I shall labour in the quest of the Sanegreal, that detail it was essentially poetical, Map seems to have

I shall hold me out a twelvemonth and a day, or more if worked out his scheme in Latin prose. Its several

need be, and never shall I return again unto the court till parts were then turned into French prose, and versi

I have seen it more openly than it hath been seen here fied by many. Chrestien of Troyes, who was born,

and if I may not specd, I shall return again as he that may like Map, between the years 1140 and 1150, first not be against the will of our Lord Jesu Christ." Whea sang the romance of Erec and Enid. Kyot, a Pro they of the Table Round heard Sir Gawaine say so, they vençal poet, gave new development to the Graal | arose up the most party, and made such avows as Sir story in his romance of Percival, and this was the Gawaine had made. groundwork of the “Parzival" of Wolfram von Anon as king Arthur heard this he was greatly displeased, Eschenbach, in which the conception of the Graal for he wist well that they might not againsay their avows. legend is developed with deep spiritual feeling. “ Alas!” said king Arthur unto Sir Gawaine, " ye have nigb Wolfram von Eschenbach was a Bavarian knight of slain me with the avow and promise that ye have made. For good family, who in and after the year 1204 was at through you ye have bereft me of the fairest followship and the court of the Thuringian landgrave, Hermann, the truest of knighthood that ever were seen together in on the Wartburg, near Eisenach, then a centre of

any realm of the world. For when they depart from he nee. intellectual life, such as Weimar became 600 years I am sure they all shall never meet more in this world, for later. Wolfram von Eschenbach had strength and they shall die many in the Quest.” depth rather than surface grace. He wrote but few lyrics, and was rather knight than scholar; though a

But Sir Launcelot rode overthwart and endlong in a wild poet born, having that large sense of the essentials

forest, and held no path, but as wild adventure led him. of life which may be said, perhaps, to belong to the

And at the last he came to a stony cross, which departa! religious feeling of the Teuton, whether he be an English Walter or a German Wolfram. But Map's

1 "The History of King Arthur and of the Knights of the Rimad genius owed some of its vivacity to marriage of the

Table. Compiled by Sir Thomas Malory, Knt. Edited from the T-15

of the Edition of 1631, with Introduction and Notes, by Thou Teuton with the Celt. It was long after Map's time Wright, M.A., F.S.A.," in three volumes of the “ Library of that Sir Thomas Malory compiled his History of Anthors," published by J. R. Smith, is the most accessible eltion King Arthur. He is said to have ended the work

Sir Thomas Malory. The same text, with some abridgmeats, to make

it suitable for general home use, is contained in one of the cheap in the ninth year of Edward IV. Fifteen years

volumes of the “Globe Editions" of English authors, publisbet ty later, in 1485, it was first printed by Caxton, at Messrs. Macmillan & Co

two ways in waste land, and by the cross was a stone that this he was passing heavy, and wist not what to do, and so was of marble, but it was so dark that Sir Launcelot might departed, sore weeping, and cursed the time that he was born. not wit what it was. Then Sir Launcelot looked by him, For then he deemed never to have had worship more. For and saw an old chapel, and there he wend to have found those words went to his heart, till that he knew wherefore he people. And Sir Launcelot tied his horse till a tree, and was called so. Then Sir Launcelot went to the cross, and there he did off his shield, and hung it upon a tree. And

found his helm, his sword, and his horse taken away. And then he went to the chapel door, and found it waste and then he called himself a very wretch, and most unhappy broken. And within he found a fair altar full richly arrayed of all knights: and there he said, “My sin and my wickedwith cloth of clean silk, and there stood a fair clean candle ness have brought me unto great dishonour. For when stick which bare six great candles, and the candlestick was of I sought worldly adventures for worldly desires I ever silver. And when Sir Launcelot saw this light, he had great achieved them, and had the better in every place, and will for to enter the chapel, but he could find no place where never was I discomfit in no quarrel, were it right or he might enter: then was he passing heavy and dismayed. wrong. And now I take upon me the adventures of holy Then he returned and came to his horse, and did off his things, and now I see and understand that mine old sin saddle and bridle, and let him pasture; and unlaced his hindereth me, and shameth me, so that I had no power to helm, and ungirded his sword, and laid him down to sleep stir nor to speak when the holy blood appeared afore me." upon his shield tofore the cross.

So thus he sorrowed till it was day, and heard the fowls And so he fell on sleep, and half waking and half sleeping, sing; then somewhat he was comforted. But when Sir he saw come by him two palfreys all fair and white, the Launcelot missed his horse and his harness, then he wist which bare a litter, therein lying a sick knight. And when well God was displeased with him. Then he departed from he was nigh the cross, he there abode still. All this Sir the cross on foot into a forest. And so by prime he came to Launcelot saw and beheld, for he slept not verily; and he | an high hill, and found an hermitage, and an hermit therein, heard him say, “Oh, sweet Lord, when shall this sorrow leave which was going unto mass. And then Launcelot kneeled me? and when shall the holy vessel come by me where down and cried on our Lord mercy for his wicked works. through I shall be blessed ? For I have endured thus long So when mass was done, Launcelot called him, and prayed for little trespass.” A full great while complained the knight him for charity for to hear his life. “With a good will," thus, and always Sir Launcelot heard it. With that Sir said the good man. “Sir," said he, “ be ye of king Arthur's Launcelot saw the candlestick with the six tapers come court, and of the fellowship of the Round Table?” “Yea before the cross, and he saw nobody that brought it. Also forsooth, and my name is Sir Launcelot du Lake, that hath there came a table of silver, and the holy vessel of the Sanc | been right well said of, and now my good fortune is changed, greal, which Sir Launcelot had seen aforetime in king for I am the most wretch of the world.” The hermit beheld Peschour's house. And therewith the sick knight set him him, and had marvel how he was so abashed. “Sir," said the up, and held up both his hands, and said, “Fair sweet Lord, hermit, " ye ought to thank God more than any knight living; which is here within this holy vessel, take heed unto me, for He hath caused you to have more worldly worship than that I may be whole of this malady.” And therewith on his any knight that now liveth. And for your presumption to hands and on his knees he went so nigh that he touched the take upon you in deadly sin for to be in His presence, holy vessel, and kissed it, and anon he was whole, and then where His flesh and His blood was, that caused you ye he said, “ Lord God, I thank thee, for I am healed of this might not see it with worldly eyes, for He will not appear sickness.” So when the holy vessel had been there a great where such sinners be, but if it be unto their great hurt, while it went unto the chapel, with the chandelier and the and unto their great shame. And there is no knight living light, so that Launcelot wist not where it was become, for he now that ought to give God so great thanks as ye; for He was overtaken with sin that he had no power to arise against hath given you beauty, seemliness, and great strength, above the holy vessel; wherefore after that many men said of him all other knights, and therefore ye are the more beholding shame, but he took repentance after that. Then the sick unto God than any other man to love Him and dread Him; knight dressed him up, and kissed the cross. Anon his for your strength and manhood will little avail you and squire brought him his arms, and asked his lord how he did. | God be against you." * Certes," said he, “ I thank God right well, through the holy vessel I am healed. But I have great marvel of this sleeping And here is a later adventure. Launcelot had knight, that had no power to awake when this holy vessel was entered a mystical ship :brought hither.” “I dare right well say," said the squire, " that he dwelleth in some deadly sin, whereof he was never So dwelled Launcelot and Galahad within that ship half a confessed.” “By my faith,” said the knight,“ whatsoever he year, and served God daily and nightly with all their power. be he is unhappy, for as I decm he is of the fellowship of the And often they arrived in isles far from folk, where there Round Table, the which is entered into the Quest of the repaired none but wild beasts; and there they found many Sancgreal.” “Sir," said the squire, “here I have brought strange adventures and perilous, which they brought to an you all your arms, save your helm and your sword, and end. But because the adventures were with wild beasts, and therefore by my assent now may ye take this knight's helm not in the quest of the Sancgreal, therefore the tale maketh and his sword." And so he did. And when he was clean here no mention thereof, for it would be too long to tell of all arined he took Sir Launcelot's horse, for he was better than those adventures that befell them. his own; and so departed they from the cross.

So after, on a Monday, it befell that they arrived in the edge Then anon Sir Launcelot waked, and set him up, and be- of a forest, tofore a cross, and then saw they a knight, armed thought him what he had seen there, and whether it were all in white, and was richly horsed, and led in his right hand dreams or not. Right so heard he a voice that said, “Sir a white horse. And so he came to the ship, and saluted the Launcelot, more harder than is the stone, and more bitter two knights on the high Lord's behalf, and said, “Galahad, than is the wood, and more naked and barer than is the leaf ' sir, ye have been long enough with your father, come out of the of the fig-tree, therefore go thou from hence, and withdraw ship, and start upon this horse, and go where the adventures thee from this holy place." And when Sir Launcelot heard shall lead thee in the quest of the Sancgreal.” Then he

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