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should be natural to man ; Dobet rises within him- then dost thou well and wisely.” “ Certes, sir," then self above simple equity, to the grace of a true said I, “ in that ye divide not with the poor ye pas Christian charity and self-denial ; Dobest multiplies not do well, and do not live as our Lord would, in others these blessings, represses evil in the world, who hath visited and redeemed his people.” Then calls forth its good, is the human head of the Church Conscience courteously asked the Doctor concerning when he fulfils his duty, and is, above all, the divine | Dowel and Dobet. “Do well,” he replied, " is do Head of the Church, who wipes out the sins of the | as the doctors tell you ; Dobet is travail to teach people, and brings many to salvation.
others; and he that doth as he teacheth I hold it Imaginative tells the Dreamer of the grace of God, for a Dobest." Then Conscience asked Clergy alv), of the right use of learning, and of the attention due “ What is Dowel ?” “Have me excused," quoti from the unlearned to those who bring them know | Clergy; “for me that shall remain' a question of ledge. It is well with the lowly who seek heaven. the schools, for love of Piers the Plowman, who has The peacock's tail hinders his flying, and he is harsh rejected all kinds of learning and craftof voice. Many a man's riches are as the peacock's tail. The lark is a smaller bird, but he is sweeter of “ Save love and loyalty and lowness of heart, song, sweeter of savour, and swifter of wing:
And no text taketh to prove this for true
But Dilige Deum et proximum 3 and Domine quis habitabit it “ To low living men the lark is resembled,
tabernaculo, &c., And to leal and to life-holy that loven all truth."
And proveth by pure skill imperfect all things,
Nemo bonus,5 To heathen men who had loved all truth they knew But leal Love and Truth, that loth is to be yfound." or could discover, Langland makes Imaginative apply the saying of the lord to the steward in Christ's
Quoth Piers the Plowman, “ Patientes rincunt."* parable of the talents, “ Thou hast been faithful
Suddenly here breaks in the voice of Piers the Plow. over a few things, I will make thee ruler over
man, “Disce, doce, dilige. Learn, teach, and love many things.”
God and thine enemy; help him with all thy might;
heap coals of gentle words upon his head; give to " And that is love and large hire, if the lord be true, him again and again in the day of his need ; lay on And courtesy more than covenant was, what so clerks him thus with love until he laughs, and if he do not carpen.
yield him to this beating, blind he must be.” And For all worth? as God will—and therewith he vanished.” when he had said thus no man knew what was
become of Piers the Plowman, so privily he went. The Dreamer awoke, and mused upon his dreaming
Reason ran after and went with him, but no others till he slept again. In this, his sixth dream, Con
except Conscience and Clergy. Then Patience sail, science and Clergy came to himn and bade him rise
when Piers had passed from them, “ They who love and roam, for he should dine with Reason. To the loyally covet but little. I could win all France if I allegorical dinner
would, without any bloodshedding. Patientes circual
Neither poverty nor malice, heat nor hail, can hurt “ Patience as a poor thing came and prayed meat for
the man who has taken Patience to his bosom. Per. charity, Ylike to Piers Plowman.”
fect love casteth out fear. Live as thou teacher,
and the world is at thy feet.” “This is all dido." The Dreamer sat with Patience at a side table,
said the Doctor. “All the wit of this world and served with the sour bread of Penitence and the strength of the strong cannot make a Peace between drink of Long Perseverance. Will was grieved at
the Pope and his enemies that shall be profitable to the gluttony of a doctor at the high dais, whom both parties.” Will noticed that Conscience soon he had heard preach three days ago at St. Paul's,
quitted this doctor and said to Clergy, “I would of the penance through which Paul and all who liever, if I should live, have patience perfectly than sought heaven attained its joy. He wondered why half thy pack of books. I will depart, therefore, the doctor never preached of “perils among false | with Patience to find Perfectness." So they went brethren.” But (ac), he says,
their way, and, with great will, the Dreamer followel
They talked by the way of Dowel and met Hawkin " Ac me is loth, though I Latin know, to lacky? any sect,
the Active man, a baker of wafer-bread, who said be For all we ben brethren, though we be diversely clothed." was prentice to Piers Plowman, for the comfort of
all people. He was very poor, and wished the Porter Yet this doctor with the great cheeks hath no pity | might bear in his mouth mercy and amend us all: on the poor. Let him be asked, when he is full, since he hath the power that Saint Peter had, why said Patience, what penance is ; and whether Dobet shall he not lay hands on the sick and they recover, do any penance. Presently this doctor, ruddy as a why did he not give health to the sickly air, and rose, began to cough and converse. “What is Dowel, stay the pestilence? Is it that men are no longer Sir Doctor ?" quoth I. “Is Dobet any penance ?"
worthy of such grace? There would be less pride “ Dowel ?" quoth this Doctor, and he drank after, “Do thy neighbour no harm nor thyself neither,
3 Love God and thy Neighbour. (Matthew xxii. 37, 39.)
5 “There is none good." (Mark x. 18.) 1 All worth, all is, all becomes.
6 The patient conquer. “If we sutter we shall nlso reign with lia - Lacky, find fault with.
(2 Timothy ii. 12).
among men if there were bread for all. But Patience Francis. He seldom comes to court, because of said that though there were no bread, plough, or the brawling and backbiting there, or to the conpottage in existence, yet Pride would shoot forth. sistory, for law there is too slow, except when silver Hawkin's own coat was soiled with sins, and he was is wanting. He would live with bishops for the so busy that he had not time to clean it. But Con sake of the poor, but Avarice keeps him outside science taught him, and Patience satisfied his hunger their gates. Whoso coveteth to follow Charity must with a piece of the Paternoster called “ Thy-Will-be be of such kind as I told you not long ago. He Done.”
holds it a shame to beg or borrow but of God only, Then they met one who was named Free-Will, Give us this day our daily bread.” and well known to both Conscience and Clergy. At this point in the narrative the MSS. mark the He said he was Christ's creature, to whom neither close of the Vision as far as it concerns Dowel, and Peter nor Paul would deny admission into heaven. the beginning of Dobet. There is no man, says the He went about in man's body and had many names Dreamer, who does not sometimes borrow or beg, -Mens, Memoria, Ratio, Sensus, &c.
and who is not at times wrathful without any sin. “You would like to know what they all mean?" “Whoso is wroth and desires vengeance," he is “I should,” said the Dreamer.
told, “puts aside Charity, if Holy-Church be true. “ Then you are one of the knights of Pride. Charity suffers all things. Holy men have lived God alone can know everything. The priesthood also without borrowing or begging. Paul, the first should leave fallacies and insoluble problems that hermit, if Augustine be true, was fed by the birds ; cause men to doubt their own belief, and show the Paul the Apostle made baskets after his preaching, way of holiness by walking in it as guides of the and earned what he needed with his hands; Peter people. Unsound priests get with guile and spend and Andrew fished. To Mary of Egypt three little ungraciously; but there is an ill end to those who loaves sufficed for thirty years. But now no prayers live against holy love and the love of Charity.” bring us peace; the learned err so much that the
“Charity!" said the Dreainer. “I have often heard unlearned lose belief. The sea and the earth fail, that praised, but never met with it. I have lived in though sea and seed and sun and moon daily and London many long years and have never found, as nightly do their duty. If we did the same our the friars say, Charity that seeketh not her own, is peace would be perpetual. Weatherwise shipmen not easily provoked, thinketh no evil. I never have now lost their faith in the air and in the lodefound layman or clerk who would not ask after his star. Clerks say that faith alone suffices. It would own, and covet besides what he could do without, and be better for us if they did their duty. Saracens get it if he could.”
might so be saved, if they believed in Holy-Church.” The reply pictures Charity as child-like in glad “What is Holy-Church, friend ?” asked the ness with the glad and sadness with the sorry, child
Dreamer. like in faith that what a man declares for truth he “Charity," was the answer. “Life and love and holds for truth, and for reverence to God who is so loyalty in one belief and law, a love-knot of loyalty good, unable to beguile or grieve another. Charity and leal belief. All kinds of Christians joined has no laugh of scorn, and takes all griefs of life as together by one will, without guile and gabbing give ministries from heaven.
and sell and lend. Jews, Gentiles, and Saracens “And who," the Dreamer asked, “feeds Charity? judge themselves that they believe loyally (that is, What friends hath he, what rents or riches to relieve according to law), and yet their law him at his need ?"
with good heart they honour one God, who is source “For rents and riches," was the reply, “ he never of all. But our Lord loveth no love unless law be cares. He hath a friend that faileth never. He the cause. For dissolute men love against the law, and can find all in Thou-openest-thine-hand,' and Thy at the last are damned; thieves love against loyalty, Will-be-Done feasteth him each day. He visits the and at the last are hanged; and leal men love as the prisoners; he tells men of the sufferings of Christ; law teacheth, and love thereof ariseth which is head he takes all the apparel of Pride into his laundry, of charity and health of man's soul. Love God, for and it is washed white with his tears.”
he is good and ground of all truth. Love thine “Were I with him I would never leave him," said | enemy entirely, God's hest to fulfil. Love thy friend the Dreamer. “But they know him not, who keep | that followeth thy will, that is thy fair soul.” the church."
When Free Will had said much more upon this “ Piers Plowman," it was answered, “knoweth head, “Dear Free Will," quoth I, “I believe as him most perfectly. By clothing and talking thou I hope that thou couldst tell me the way to Charity.” shalt know him never, but by works thou mightest Then he smiled, and led me forth with tales till we come into his way. He is pleasant of speech and came into a garden land, its name was Cor Hominis companionable, as Christ himself teacheth, Be not | (the Heart of Man). In the midst was a tree called as the hypocrites of a sad countenance.? I have Imago Dei (the Image of God). This was the tree seen him myself sometimes in russet and some of True-Love, which shot forth blossoms named times in gold. He was found once in a friar's | Benign Speech, and thereof cometh a good fruit frock, but that was long since in the far days of | which men call Works of Holiness, of Gentleness, of
Help-him-that-needeth, the which is called Caritas, 1 "That thou givest them they gather; thou openest thine hand, they are filled with good.” (Psalm civ. 28.)
2 Francis of Assisi, founder of the Franciscan order. See page 53. 2 Matthew vi 16.
• "Dever" ("devoir") is the word here representing duty.
Christ's own food. The tree is shored up with three This was the text truly I took full good gome, props against the wind of Covetise, that shakes the The glose gloriously was writ with a gilt pen: tree and nips its fruit. The first prop is the Might
In his duobus mandatis pendet tota lex et prophetæ." of God the Father; the second is the Wisdom of the Father in the passion and penance and perfectness
During the talk that arose from the words of 1 of the Son. The Devil comes with a ladder, of which
Faith (for whom Abraham spoke) and Hope, a the rungs are lies, to shake the tree; but Free Will | Samaritan, travelling their own way, came by them then brings down the evil spirit with the third | quickly on a mule. He was on his way from Jericho shorer, which is Spiritus Sanctus, and that firm belief
to joustings at Jerusalem. Abraham, Hope, and He which is grace of the Holy Ghost. The Dreamer
came together in a wild wilderness where thieves had gazed intently on the fruit, and saw that it was
fast bound a man who was naked, and who seemed to wondrous fair, and asked if it were all of the same
be half dead. Faith and Hope saw and passed him kind. Yes, he was told, but, as in an apple-tree, some
at a distance; the Samaritan at once drew near, disare sounder and some sweeter than others. Then
mounted and led his mule, poured wine and oil into the tree was Adam ; the fruit in different positions on
the stranger's wounds, bandaged them, set him on the tree, some getting more light to ripen the love in
Bayard, and led him to a grange called Lex Dei (the them, were men in different positions of life. The
law of God), where he left him to be healed, giving contemplative life has more light than the active.
two pence to the hosteler, and saying that he would Widowhood is above matrimony, maidenhood above
| make good to him what more was spent on medicine; them both. The Dreamer, wishing to taste this fair
for I may not stay, he said, and re-mounted and sped fruit, asked that the tree might be shaken. Eld
on towards Jerusalem. Then the Dreamer hurried (Old Age) shook it, but as the fruit fell, the Devil
after that Samaritan, and was taught by him, of the picked it up. Then Free Will of God struck at the
Trinity upon which Faith (Abraham) had dwelt; fiend with the middle prop, and the Son, with the
and of Love, the theme of Hope. “Every man can Father's will, flew with the Holy Spirit to recover
love his neighbour if he will,” said the Samaritan, the fruit from that accuser. Then spake the Holy
and hasted on. Ghost, through Gabriel's mouth, to a meek maid
Here ended the seventh dream of the Vision, named Mary. Here the narrative proceeds from the
but the poet slept again and dreamt much of Palmı Annunciation to the Birth and Life of Christ, and to
Sunday, of the Palm Sunday hymn, the Gloria, the betraying kiss of Judas, and the noise of the
laus (sung as the procession halts before re-entering carrying of Christ by the Jews to judgment. With
the church), and of Hosanna sung by old folk to that William awoke from his sixth dream.
the organ. One who was like the Samaritan, and He awoke and knew not whither Free Will was
some part like Piers Plowman, came barefoot on an gone, but waited for him till, on Mid-Lent Sunday,
ass's back, without spurs or spear, as a knight on he met a man hoar as a hawthorn, and Abraham he
his way to be dubbed. Then was Faith in a window, hight. “Whence came you ?” the poet asked. “I am
and cried, “O Son of David !” as a herald cries with Faith,” he said, “ who was a herald before there
when adventurers come to the jousts. Old Jews of was any law.” “What is his cognisance ?” “Three Jerusalem sang for joy, “ Blessed is he who cometh persons in one pennon ;” and the allegory goes on to
in the name of the Lord !" Then the Dreamer asked set forth a Triune God as the mark of faith. Abra
of Faith what this meant. ham bare in his bosom a thing that he often blessed.
“ • And who should jousten at Jerusalem?'-'Jesus,' he said; It was a leper. The fiend claimed Abraham and the
* And fetch that the fiend claimoth, Piers' fruit, the Plow. leper too. Christ only could ransom them by giving
man.' life for life. The poet wept at hearing, but presently
*Is Piers in this place ?' quoth I." there came one who ran swiftly.
Then he was told that Free Will of God had under“I am Spes,'? quoth he, "and speer after a knight
taken for love that Jesus should joust in the arms of That took me a mandement upon the Mount of Sinai,
Piers the Plowman ; in his helm and habergeon of To rule all realms therewith in right and in reason.
human nature. He asked who should joust with Lo here the Letter,' quoth he, .in Latin and in Ebrew,
Jesus, Jews or scribes ? None, he was told, but the That I say is sooth, see whoso liketh.'
Fiend, and the false doom of Death. Death claims • Is it a-scaled?' I said. "May men see the letters?'
and threatens all, but Life hath laid his life to pledge • Nay,' he said, “I seek him that hath the seal to keep, The which is Christ and Christendom, and a Cross thereon
that within three days he will recover from the Fiend
the fruit of Piers the Plowman. to hang
Then came Pilate to the judgment-seat, and Jesus Were it therewith a-sealed, I wot well the truth, That Lucifer's lordship lie should full low.'
was condemned and suffered on the cross, and said, Let see thy letters,' quoth I; “we might the Law know.'
“It is finished.” And the day became dark, and the He plight forth a patent, a piece of an hard rock,
dead rose, and one of the dead told of the battle in Whereon was writ two words in this wise glosed :
darkness between Life and Death. The side of the Dilige Deum et Proximum tuum.3
Saviour was pierced by Longeus, who, in doing so
• Gome, heed. First-English "gyme" and “gýmen," care, heed; "gymnan," to take care of.
1 Rageman is the name here given to Satan, from Icelandic “rezja," to slander or defame; First-English "wrégean," to accuse. The word is not related to the "rageman" of page 79, Note 1. * Spex,
* Love God and thy neighbour.
5 “On these two commandments hang all the law and the propbets" | (Matthew xxii. 40.)
against his will, begged Mercy of Jesus. Presently His colours and his coat-armour, and he that cometh so there came Mercy as a mild maiden walking from
bloody the west, and looking hell-ward. Forth from the It is Christ with his cross, conqueror of Christine.'” east, came softly walking, clean and comely, one who
Then Conscience tells the Dreamer of Our Lord seemed to be her sister, and her name was Truth.
as Jesus and as Christ. In his youth he was Dowel. They spoke of what they saw and what should follow,
When he was older, and gave eyes to the blind and and Truth doubted the high promises of Mercy, that
food to the hungry, he got a greater name, and was by this death Death should be destroyed. Then out of the north came to them Righteousness (Justice),
Dobet. When he had died for man, and said to
doubting Thomas, “ Blessed are they that see not as and Peace out of the south. Righteousness paid reverence to Peace, who said she was come forth to
thou hast seen, and yet believe,” and gave Piers welcome the redeemed. They shall sing, she said
power and might to show mercy to all manner of
men, and power to absolve the penitent who seek to “* And I shall dance thereto ; do also thou, sister,
pay that which they owe, and power to bind and to For Jesus jousted well; joy beginneth to dawn.'”
unbind ; then he became Dobest, and ascended into
heaven, whence he shall come to judge the quick So Mercy and Truth and Peace and Righteousness
and the dead. Then, says the poet, methought the spoke of Salvation.
Holy Spirit descended in likeness of lightning upon Then is set forth in lively narrative the Descent Piers and his fellows, and made them to know all into Hell. A spirit bade unbar the gates.
kinds of languages. I wondered, and asked Con
science what that was, and feared the fire with which “A voice loud in that light to Lucifer said,
the Holy Spirit overspread them all. Quoth Con• Princes of this palace, prest undo the gates,
science, then, and kneeled, “This is Christ's messenger, For here cometh with coroune the King of all Glory!"" and cometh from the great God; Grace is bis name.
Welcome him, and worship him with Veni, Creator Then Satan bade the fiends bar out the coming light Spiritus.” And I sang then that song, and so did and hold the gate, but, owning presently that they many hundreds, and cried with Conscience, “ Help had not power against Christ, he would appeal, he us, God of grace.” said, to his justice. Here also Christ crucified pre | Then began Grace to go with Piers Plowman, and vailed. Satan was bound ; the angels sang in Heaven, counselled him and Conscience to summon the Comand Peace piped a poet's note that when the dark mons, to take weapons for the battle against Anticloud disappears, much brighter for that is the sun christ. Antichrist and his kind were coming to shine ; so when the Hatreds are gone, brighter for grieve the world ; false prophets and flatterers would that is the Love.
have the ears of King and Earl ; Pride would be
Pope, with Covetise and Unkindness for his cardi6. " After sharpest showers,' quoth Peace, 'most sheen is the nals. “Therefore,” said Grace, “ere I go I will give sun;
you treasure, and weapons for the conflict." Is no weather warmer than after watery clouds
Here follows an enumeration of the gifts of the Neither love liever, ne liever friendés
Spirit, followed by the Holy Spirit's counsel to all Than after war and wrack, when Love and Peace ben
to be loyal, and each one craft to love others withmasters.'"
out boast, or debate, or envy. All crafts are given Then Truth and Peace embraced ; Righteousness and
to men variously by the Grace of God. Let men not Peace kissed each other; Truth trumpeted and sang,
blame one another, but love as brethren, and crown “ We praise Thee, O God !” and then Love sang in a
Conscience for their king. Piers Plowman is aploud note, “Behold how good and how pleasant it is
pointed steward of God's Grace, and registrar to for brethren to dwell together in unity.” Till the day
receive Redde-quod-debes (pay that which is due), dawned these damsels danced.
the duty done by each. Piers also was appointed
Then men rang to the Resurrection, and the Dreamer awoke, and called
to be God's Plowman on earth, to till Truth with to Kit his wife and Calot his daughter, “ Arise, and
a team of four great oxen named Matthew, Mark, go reverence God's Resurrection, and creep on knees
Luke, and John the most gentle of all, the prize
neat of Piers' Plough, passing all other. Also four to the cross." Here the eighth dream ends, and the rest of the
stots-Austin, Ambrose, Gregory, and Jerome-to poem is said to be Vision of Dobest.
draw the harrow over all those oxen ploughed. Also
The awakened Dreamer went to mass and sacrament, and, sleeping
four seeds, the four Cardinal Virtues-Prudence, in the midst of the mass, he dreamt again
Temperance, Fortitude, and Justice. “Against thy
grains begin to grow," said Grace,“ prepare thee “ That Piers the Plowman was painted all bloody,
a house, Piers, for garnering thy corn.” “Give me And came in with a cross before the common people,
timber for it,” said Piers, “ere ye go hence" And And right like in all limbs to Our Lord Jesu ;
Grace gave him the cross with the crown of thorns, And then called I Conscience to ken me the sooth.
and Mercy was the name of the mortar made with * Is this Jesus the jouster,' quoth I, that Jews duden
the blood shed for man. to death,
Then Grace laid a good foundation, and Piers Other is it Piers Plowman? Who painted him so red?' built a house, and called that house Unity, in Quoth Conscience, and kneeled then, . These aren Christ's | English Holy-Church. Then he devised a cart, arms,
called Christendom, to carry home the sheaves, and
put two horses to it-Contrition and Confession “Yes,” said Conscience, “on condition that thou and made Priesthood work with him in tilling learn to rule thy realm right well in reason and in Truth.
truth, and that thou have thine asking is the law But Pride espied Piers at the plough, and gathered | asks. All things are thine to defend, but not to a great host for assault upon his ground, and sent | seize." forth his serjeants-of-arms and his spy Spill-love on Here the Vicar, who was far from home, departed, Speak-evil-behind, who came to Conscience and all and the ninth dream ended. Christians, preparing for the destruction of all Piers's Then William went by the way heavy of cheer, not work, and for bringing men out of the house Unity. knowing where to eat, and he met Need, who rePride and Lust then came in arms to waste the buked him for not excusing himself as the King and world. Conscience counselled all Christians to take others had done. He might have pleaded that as to refuge in the house Unity, Holy-Church, and defend food, water, and clothing, a man who has them not it, seeking Grace for helper. Kindwit (natural cannot be forbidden to take them without reference sense) joined Conscience in urging upon Christian to Conscience or the Cardinal Virtues, if only he men to dig a great moat about Unity, that might be obey the Spirit of Temperance, which is a virtue a strength to defend Holy-Church. Then most re greater than Justice or Fortitude, or even Prudence, pented of their sins. The cleanness of the people, | for Prudence may fail in many points. God himself and clean-living of clerks, made Unity, Holy-Church, taking the shape of man, was so needy that he said, to stand in holiness. Conscience called all Christians “ The foxes have holes, and the birds of the air have to eat together, for help of their health as partakers of nests, but the Son of Man hath not where to lay his the Lord's Supper, once a month, or as often as those head."2 Be not ashamed of poverty. And then needed who had paid to Piers Plowman Redde-quod- Will slept again, and there came to him the tenth debes."
and last of the dreams that form the Vision of Piers “How?" quoth all the Commons; "counsellest Plowman. thou us to give to every one his due ere we go to He saw Antichrist, in the form of man, spoilingi housel ?"
the crop of Truth, and causing Guile and Falsehood “ That,” said Conscience, “is my counsel.”
to spring and spread in its place in each country that is “ Yea, bah!" quoth a brewer; “I will not be ruled. / he entered. Friars followed that fiend, for he gave It is my business to sell dregs and draff, and draw at them copes. Whole convents, except only the fools one hole thick and thin ale, and not to hack after more ready to die than live while loyalty was so holiness. Hold thy tongue, Conscience."
rebuked, came out to welcome him, and rang bells in Conscience warned him that he could not be saved his honour. A false fiend Antichrist ruled over all, unless he lived as the spirit of justice taught.
and cursed all mild and holy men, and kings who com“Then," said a Vicar, “many men are lost. I never forted them. So many gathered about Antichrist's heard talk in the church of cardinal virtues, or knew banner, and Pride was its bearer. a man who cared a cock's feather for Conscience. Conscience counselled men to fortify themselves in The only Cardinals I know are those sent by the Unity, Holy-Church, and call Kind (nature) to their Pope, and it costs us much, when they come, to pay help for love of Piers the Plowman. Then Kind came for their furs and their commons, and to feed their out of the planets, and sent forth his forayers; fevers palfreys and the thieves that follow them. There- and fluxes, coughs and cramps and frenzies, and foul fore," said this Vicar, “I would that no Cardinals ills. Death came, with his banner borne before him came among the common people, but that they stayed by Old Age, who claimed that office as his right at Avignon among the Jews, or at Rome, if they There was wild battle. Death dashed into dust damit pleased, to take care of the relics; and that thou, kings and knights, kaisers and popes, learned and the Conscience, wert in the King's Court, never to come unlearned. thence; and that Grace, of whom thou criest aloud so Conscience besought Kind then to stay his wrathe much, were the guide of all clergy; and that Piers, and see whether the people would amend and turi kis with his new plough and his old, were Emperor of from Pride. But when the punishment was stayed all the World ; that all men were Christian !” | then Fortune flattered those who were alive, ani
A Lord said, as to Redde-quod-debes, that he held promised them long life ; and the sins warred stima it right and reason to take of his reeve whatever his against Conscience and his company. Simony fo auditor or steward and the writing of his clerks lowed Avarice, and they pressed on the Pope, an : made to be his. With a spirit of Understanding they made prelates who held with Antichrist to sat make out the rent-roll, and with a spirit of Fortitude their pockets. Avarice came into the King's count they gather it in, will-lie, nill-he. A King said that | as a bold baron, and struck Conscience in the coun as he was head of the law, crowned to rule Commons before them all, compelled Good Faith to fly, hem and defend the Church, law would that if he wanted | Falseness there, and boldly bare down with many anything, he should take it wherever it could most bright noble much of the wit and wisdom of Wealsele readily be had. “Whatever I take, I take by the minster Hall. He jogged to a justice, and joust 11.69 spirit of Justice, for 1 judge you all; so I may be | in his ear, and overtilted all his truth ; hied then it "Th houseled.”
the Arches, and turned Civil Law to Simony.
“Alas !” said Conscience, “I would that Coveti * Redde-quod-debes. Render to all their dues. . . . . Owe no man so keen in battle, were a Christian !”.
anythinx. but to love one another : for he that loveth another hath fulfilled the law. (Romans xiii. 7, 8.)